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f. L1 iFi g ..i99, l r!MT,y.f 3UBL| c LIBRARY 

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Vol. XII MARCH, 1917 No. 1 











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The volume is now ready for distribution and is a continuation of 
the Proceedings of the General Assembly. It includes the sessions 
held from July, 1726, to August, 1729, and is edited by Bernard C. 
Steiner, Ph. D. An interesting feature of the volume is the appen- 
dix of about 100 pages, containing the text of statutes previously 
unpublished in the Archives, enacted from 1714 to 1726, and printed 
originally in two early compilations of Maryland Statutes which had 
not been drawn upon by previous editors. 

During the period of the three sessions indicated in this volume, 
Benedict Leonard Calvert, a younger brother of Charles, fifth Lord 
Baltimore, was Governor of the Province. He was a genial, studious 
high-minded man of upright life and warm friendships. He was fond 
of antiquities, and was a friend of Thomas Hearne, the antiquary, 
in spite of the fact that the latter was twenty years his senior. 
Governor Calvert was the only literary man and scholar in the whole 
Calvert pedigree. He had made the grand tour of the continent of 
Europe before coming to America and served as Governor of Mary- 
land from July, 1727, to September, 1731. He fell ill of consumption 
and died a few months after the close of his Governorship. The 
Proceedings of the Assembly do not show the encouragement to liter- 
ature which Governor Calvert gave, but they abound in references to 
the controversy over the oath of Justices and the extension of English 
Statute Laws to the Province. The perennial struggle over the regu- 
lation of officers' fees was at an acute stage. Tobacco, the great 
staple of the Province was in a depressed condition and earnest 
efforts were made to improve this. The Session of 1728 provided 
new County seats for Calvert and St. Mary's Counties and gave them 
their present names, Prince Fredericktown and Leonardtown. The 
Session of 1729 placed the County seat of Charles County at Port 
Tobacco, and incorporated Baltimoretown on the North side of the 
Patapsco River. The vice of local legislation had already begun and 
an Act is passed for the destruction of bears in Somerset County. 
" Languishing debtors " who are to be set free, Naturalization of 
foreigners, correction of defects in the testamentary laws, prevention 
of the importation of convict felons, the formation of new parishes; 
such are some of the topics which occupied the attention of the 
Legislature at this period. 

The attention of members of the Society who do not now receive the 
Archives is called to the liberal provision made by the Legislature, 
which permits the Society to furnish to its own members copies of 
the volumes, as they are published from year to year, at the mere 
cost of paper, press work and binding. This cost is at present fixed 
at one dollar, at which price members of the Society may obtain one 
copy of each volume published during the period of their membership. 
For additional copies, and for volumes published before they became 
members, the regular price of three dollars is charged. 









Corresponding Secretary, 


Recording Secretary, 





The Genebal Officess 








ISAAC F. NICHOLSON, .... Gift, . . 






Gift of the H. Irvine Keyser Memorial Building. 


"Z give and bequeath to The Maryland Historical Society the 
sum of dollars." 



List of Taxables in Baltimore County, Anno 169 - - - 1 

Journal of the Committee of Observation of the Middle Dis- 
trict of Frederick County, Maryland (Continued), - 10 

Extracts from the Carroll Papers (Continued), - - - 21 

Second Regiment, Maryland Volunteer Infantry, - - - 41 

LeCompte Family. Francis B. Culver, 46 

Proceedings of the Society, 59 

List of Members, - 89 

Committee on Publications 

SAMUEL K. DENNIS, Chairman. 





Vol. XII. 

MAECH, 1917. 

No. 1. 

ANNO 1699. 

[From the original manuscript in the collections of the Society, " A Book 
for recording the County Taxables an Leaveys."] 

Spes Utij Hundred 

Capt. John Hall 
Mr. Henry Fielding 
Joshua Fowler 
John Garell 
John Stanton 
Stansby Gabion 

Two Slaves 
Att Spes Utis Creek 
Daniel Johnson 
John Trafie 
Daniel Mockarly 
George Smith Seinior 
George Smith Junior 

and his Freeman 
Joshawa Wood 

One Slave 
Samuel Browne 

Edward Cantwell 
Edward Weelldy 
Tho: Fellps 

and one Slave 
Mr. James Phillips 
Ealph Eves 
Thomas Williams 
John Robertson 
John Jinkings 

and three Slaves 
Henry Jackson 
Robt. Jackson 
Deniss Kineard 
William Loney 
James Osborne Juinior 
Evan Miles 
Tho: Temple 
William Prichett 



Peter Boney 
William Hollis 
John Hall Juinior 
Mr. Mark Richardson 

One Servant man 
John Combest 
Edward Painter 

One Slave 
Mr. Anthony Drew 
John Elliss 

Six Slaves 
John Parker Sieniour 
John Parker Juiniour 
Clem Parker 

One Border 
Mr. Roger Mathes 
Henry Hedge 
Mr. Robert Gibson 
Denniss Mackarty 

foure Slaves 
William White 
James Eugate 
Martin Depost 
Thomas Newsum 
Owen Swillivant 
Mr. Benjamin Wells 
Edward More 
Philip Branockgun 

Three Slaves 
Mrs. Wells Two Slaves 
Samuel Jackson 
James Coseley 
Thomas Bevins 
Thomas Moress 
John Jackson 
Joseph Jackson 

Francis Smith 
John Elliss 

One Slave 
Robert Drisdall 
Thomas Sprible 
Thomas Cable 
James Ives 
Tho: Jackson 

One Man Servant 
John Kimpble, Sieniour 
John Kimpble, Juiniour 

Two Men, Servants 
John Sheelds 

One Man Servant 
At Ye Widdow Boothbys 
George Morgan 
Henry Smith 

One Slave 
Emanuel Ceeley 
John Cooke 
Miles Harriss 
Peter Leasher 
Henry Borne 
Ralph Gillum 
Thomas Bucknall 
William Jephf 
Richard Simpson 
Thomas Gillbord Sen 
Thomas Gillbord Jun. 
Thomas Browne 

Two Servants 
Garrett Garrettson 

One Servant 
John Gould 

One Servant 
William Loft an 


Richard Perkins 
Thomas Chapman 
Emanuel Smith 
William York 
John Coterell 

Two Servants 
At the Widdow Arnolds 
John Savory 
John English 

One Servant 

One Slave 
John Miles, Sen: 
Humphrey Jones 
Stephen Freestand 
Nicholas Waterman 
John Miles, Jun 
Charles Ramsey 
Thomas Coard 
Thomas Greenfield 
Lawrence Taylor 

Sum Total 141 
Charles Ramsey, Constable. 

North Side of Gunpowder 

Mr. Thomas Staly 
Henry Wriothesley 
Oliver York 
Enock Spinks 
Ja: Redhurst 
James Durham 
Charles Jones 
Henry Mathas 
Martin Taylor 
Abraham Delap 
One Slave 

At Eliza : Ebdens 
Charles Symmons 
Robert Couching 
Richard Smithers 
Tho: Burchell 
Nicholas Harbert 
John Rawlings 
Archabell Rawlow 
Samuel Standefer 
John Standefer 
James Gallion 
John Gallion 
Charles Addams 
Tho : Hawlings 
Corneilious Boice 
Richard Tylard 
William Robinson 
John Debrula 
Tho: Banks 
George York 
Abraham Taylor 
John Armstrong 
Mark Swifft 
James Denniss 
J ohn Evings 
Josias White 
William Bruton 

One Slave 
William Hill 
Robert Waters 
John Boone 
John Durham 
Samuel Durham 
Daniel Doney 
Mr. James Maxwell 
Jareamiah Hacks 


William Noble 
Charles Underwood 
Turla Kelley 
Thomas Sheard 
John Wattson 
William Deason 
Lewis Nowell 

Two Slaves 
William Lynnox 
Eichard Lynnox 
Jareamiah Downes 
James Cordrey 
At Rosamund Pruits 
Charles Swaine 
Robert Owliss 
Symon Pearson 
John Wright 
John Finch 
Isaral Skeltons 
William Robinson 
William Heicks 
Robert Shaw 
Charles Hewit 
Mr. Sam 11 Sicklemore 
Thomas Couching 
Richard Thrifft 
Benjamin Buck 
Mr. Stephen Johnson 
Peter Norton 
Mitchell Dawlingson 

Three Slaves 
Mr. Thomas Preston, Sr. 
Tho: Preston, Jun. 
John Hopkins 
At Dorithy Grooms 

Richard Isaac 
Mr. Moses Groome Jun. 
John Mackensey 
John Sly 
John Love 
Robert West 
John Fuller, Sen r . 
John Fuller, Jun r . 
William Pickett 
Michael Judd 
At. Deb. Benjer 
James Methuen 
Benjamin Johnson 
John Taylor 
Nicholas Day 
Obediah Prichet 
Philip Hungerdale 
John Webster 
Thomas Thirston 
John Elberton 
William Howard 
Aquila Paca 
William Braysier 
John Whitticur 
Edward Braynan 
Robert Love 
Daniel Scott, Junr. 
John Couching 
Thomas Noriss 
John Elles 
Cornelious Harrington 

Sum Total is 112 
Cornelious Harrington, 



Middle River Hundred. 

Mr. Edward Felks 
Lawrence folding 
Isaac Denton 
Tho. Philipson 
Edward Jones 
William Enock 
Bobert Smith 
John Anderson 
Benj a . Lego 
Rdchard Fouler 
William Denton 
George Grover 
Edward Ellett 
Fran: Dolahide 
John Hack 
George Goodwind 
Giles Stephens 
Oliver Harrett 
John Enloes 
William Wright 
Abraham Enloes 
Benjamin Bennett 
Danill Scott, Sen. 
John Pare 
Jarvis Gilbard 
Tho: How 
John Chadwell 
Fran. Whited 
Wilks Chirn 
Richard Olver 
James Orell 
John Williams 
Luke Raven 
Daniel Garquen 
George Backer 

Michael Ruthledge 
George Hall 
Walter Murro 
Tho: Litton 
Laruence Richardson 
John Sears 
John Rouse 
Tho: Richardson 
John Richardson 
Charles Smith 
James Duncoord 
John Leget 
Walter Bosley 
Benjamin Smith 
Paul Bullus 

The Totall Sume is 53 
Walter Bosley, Constable. 

North Side of Patapsco 

Mr. James Todd 
John Harriman 
Philip Grigs 

Three Slaves 
Richard Jefferys 
Henry Cosdon 

Hanah, a slave 
John Shaw 
Edward Serdan 
Morgan Wanson 

Three Slaves 
Robert Johnson 
Miles Teple 
John Rouse 
Jonas Bowen 
Henry Sheelds 


Edward Medben 
James Smith 
John Garnor 
Samuel Stevens 
Nicholas Fittzsimons 
William Fenton 
William Hall 
Steven Wells 

Two Slaves 
Att the Widow Bowen 
Benjamin Bowen 
Arthur Carnock 
Laurence Woulden 
Nicholas More 
John Burgin 
Edward Rutledge 
Thomas Smith 
John Waters 
Williams Finns 
Henry Jones 
Paule Jervis 
John Bajes 
William Pervill 
Thomas Cact 
Robert Carvill 
Robert Taylor 
Edward Stivenson 
Jolep Pericoy 
John Landish 
Tobius Stanborough 
Joseph Lobb 
Thomas Dade 
John Ellidg 
William Willkeson 
William Wollison 

One: Man Servant 

One Slave 

Robert Lince 
John Cook 
Danell Bembrig 
Alexander Lumly 
Jos'ha Howard 
Daniel Rushey 
John Mackarty 
John Thomas 
James Herrington 
Thomas Copias 
Robert Green 
Thomas Stone 
Samuell Guine 
John Guine 
John Broad 
Robert Stogdell 
Isacc Jackson 
John Scutt 
Denis Crouley 
Hictor Maxkchuen 
David Coutt 
John Cannon 
William Joseule 

One Slave 
Natha: Stenchcom 
John Bodis 
Cristifer Garner 
I. Edward Wille 
Patrick Murfey 
Robert Parker, Sen. 
Robert Parker, Juni, 
Martha Hawkings 
Will: Daunon 
Johnathan Musay 
Will: Lovdige 
Will: Martain 
Thomas Beetony 


Bray Pecttle 
And Two Slaves 

John Leacock 

Mr. Larence Yausten 

Samuel Greeneff 

Joseph Phillips 

Thomas Wheeler 

Eichard Sampson, Sen. 

Richard Sampson, Jun. 

John Goffa 

Will Barker 

James Isesom 

Robert Sipes 

Richard Hurton 

Tho: Hammon 

Tho: Williams 
Three Slaves 

Jobe Evings 

Samuel Holy day 
Three Slaves 

Samuel Willing 

Turla Michael Howen 

Edward Dun 

John Carrington 

Jacob Hoocker 

George Hollingsworth 

John Hollingsworth 

Nicholas Haile 

Moses Edwards 

Richard Miller 

Richard Ammon 

Charles Smith 

Edward Coffenten 

Newlus Coten 

John Ensur 

Thomas Hedge 

William Love 
John Cole 
David Rust 
Huges Jones 
John Cumpus 
Charles Gorsuch 
Nathaniel Ruxton 
Michal Young 

And Two Slaves 
John Barrett 
Thomas Tomal 
Nathaniel Corbin 
Joseph Goswich 
John Gony 
Josias Briges 
Thomas Weeks 
Michall Gorman 
Coll John Thomas 

Two Slaves 
John Willmott 

One Slave 
Charles Merryman 
Darby Watterman 
William Goaine 
John Hilling 
John Boreing 
William Demett 
Philip Wastinton 
John Gibins 
John Merryman 
John Leser 
George Hurnton 
Richard Lisey 
William Story 
John Fran Holland 
John Egdston 



Henry Basay 

One Slave 
John Coner 
Joseph Wells 
Richard Watkis 
Isacc Samson 
John Thornbourgh 
Jacob Ponnitt 
Joseph Peach 
Charles Merryman, Jr. 
Thomas Long 
John Gouge 

One Slave 
John Haies 
James Crook 
Thomas Bidison 
John Dauley 
Larence Andrews 

One Slave 

One Slave 
Henry King 
Daniell Swindell 
Selah Dormon 
George Hopum 
William Farfor 
Thomas Hancok 
Lance Burton 
Robert Garnor 
Alaxander Garnor 
John Robertson 
Steven Bentley 
Cristifer Shaw 
John Leakings 
Cristifer Bembridge 
Andrew Anderson 

Richard Louland 
Andrew Hurd 
Anthony Demdider 

Sum totall 212 
Anthony Demdider, 


On the South Side of 
Patapsco Hundred. 

Mr. Robart Boston 

Three Slaves 
Henry Leviss 
Att Ann: Weelocks 
Henry Waters 
Tho: Arpe 
John Reed 
Edward Smith 
Benjamin Smith 
Henry Jones 
William Wood 
William Foreman 
Sam 11 Grifin 
Martha Bryan 
Danil Winkford 
John Davis 
William Slade 
Josiah Harison 
Edward Tille 
Francis Sing Sing 
Henry Hale 
Thomas Cox 
Luke Reed 
Ralph Barron 
Abraham Parker 
Jacob Cobb 

One Slave 


Thomas Crooker 
William Reader 

Three Slaves 
Joseph Toulson 
David Elder 
Tho: Bond 
William Mackerty 
Humphrey Tudor 
John Lockett 
Petter Bond 
Tho: Morgan 
William Felps 
William Talpe 
Charles Bayker 
Peter Bond 
William Coke 
Francis Hall 
Daneil Keney 
William Rion 
William Crumell 
Joseps Cumfern 
Lorer Bryan 
Cristipher Banbell 
John Gardiner 

Two Slaves 
Richard Crumell 
Cristifer Durbin 
William Brower 

Two S (laves) 
Richard Underwood 
Jonas Williams 
Henry Wiott 
George Ashman 

Att his house 
John Christan 
Tho: Evens 

Foure Slaves 

Mr. William Britton 
Robert Hopan 
Thomas Martin 
James Morrey 
JSTathanil Brothers 
Tho: Crumwell 
Symon Thomson 
Christopher Curdue 

Two Slaves 
Thomass Hoocker 
John Briane 
Charles Cronel 
George Thope 
John Martin 
Humphrey Lobe 
Anthony Johnson 

One Servant 
William Davis 
George Mann 
George Bay ley 
At Elinor Harbords 

One Tidable 
Daniell Candell 
At John Dorseys 

Five Slaves 
Richard Shiple 

Three Tiddables 
Richard Keartlen 
John Deburd 
Mr. Edward Dorsey 
Timothy Connell 

Six Servants 

Twelve Slaves 
Tho: Kingsmith 
Christopher Cox 
William Sough 
Steven Wright 


William Hawkins The Lists in Genarele for 

Archable Camell the year 1699 contains the full 

William Hawkins sume of 647 Taxables. 

Totall Sum is 131 
William Hawkins, Constable. 




September 12, 1775— October 24, 1776. 

(Continued from Vol. xi, p. 321.) 

July 16, 1776. The Committee met. 

Present; Upton Sheredine Esq r in the Chair, Messrs. Wil- 
liam Luckett, Jun r , Charles Beatty, B. Johnson, John Adlum, 
Conrad Grosh, John Haas, Adam Fisher, Philip Thomas, 
George Murdoch, Joseph Wood, Jun r , William Beatty, Michael 
Raymer, Christopher Edelen. 

A Letter was received from the Council of Safety requesting 
an immediate return of all the Inhabitants in this District 
together with the Distinctions of Age, Sex, and Colour. 

Ordered that the several Constables in this District be 
appointed to ascertain the number of Inhabitants in this Dis- 
trict and make a Return to this Committee as soon as may be — 
for which Service a reasonable Compensation will be allowed, 
and that the Constables be furnished with this Resolve. 

Jacob Neat's fine reduced to £4. 

Ordered that Messrs. French and Tesstill appear. 

Messrs. French and Testill appeared and were discharged 
from any further Appearance before this Comm ee . 

Ordered y* their obligation as to their good Behaviour stand 
in force. 


Resolved that Mr Abraham Haaf be appointed Collector of 
the fines in Linganore Hundred in the place of Mr. Nathan 
Maynard who hath declined executing that Office. 

In Consequence of a Resolve of the last Convention the Com- 
mittee think proper to decline taking Bonds with Security from 
the several Non-associators who were required to attend here this 
day for the purpose of giving Security agreeably to the Resolve 
of the December Convention. 

A Copy of a Letter from the Congress to the Convention 
earnestly soliciting an instant Execution of the Influence of this 
and every other Committee towards equipping the Militia for 
the flying Camp was read, whereupon it was unanimously 
resolved that this Committee will and that every Militia Cap* 
and other Member of this District ought to exert himself for the 
immediate Supplying the Troops for the Flying Camp with 
every Necessary for their March. 

Resolved that a Quantity of Salt in the Possession of Mr. 
Miller be delivered to Mr. Christopher Edelen and be by him 
sold in Quantities not exceeding 1/2 a Bushell nor less than a 
peck at the rate of 12/6 per Bushell and that after the Deduc- 
tion of 6 d per Bushell for selling, the proceeds be paid to the 
Owners, that the 25 th Instant be the day when the Sale shall 

Ordered that the two next precedent Resolves be advertised. 

The Committee adjourns to Wednesday 31 July. 

The Committee met by Especial Order 23 July, 1776. 

Present, Christopher Edelen Esq r in the Chair, A. Fisher, 
Conrad Grosh, Michael Raymer, George Murdoch, John Haas, 
John Adlum, and Philip Thomas. 

A Letter from the Committee of the lower district together 
with Thomas Tonnerton who had been arrested on Suspicion of 
being a certain Moses Kirkland advertised in the Pennsylvania 
Packett of 8 th May were received and the said Tonnerton's 
answering the Description given of the same Kirkland, and not 
being able fully to satisfy the Committee that he was not the 


said Kirkland, it was Resolved that lie be committed to the Tory 
Goal for farther Examination to-morrow morning. 

The Committee met 24 July, 1776. 

Present, Christopher Edelen Esq r , in the Chair, John Adlnm, 
John Haass, Adam Eisher, Conrad Grosh, Michael Raymer, 
George Murdock, and Philip Thomas. 

Thomas Tonnerton was brought before the Committee accord- 
ing to the Order of yesterday, and was re-examined. Doct r 
Houbl attended who was at the apprehending of Col 1 Kirkland 
and had seen him since, and being sworn deposed that he verily 
believed the prisoner was not the Kirkland advertised. 

Thereupon Resolved that he be discharged without fees. 

Ordered that Jacob Coventry a prisoner in the Tory Goal be 
discharged on giving Security for his fees. 

The fees of Coventry's Imprisonment amount to 23/4. 
William Jenings became Security for the payment of said fees 
on 3 d August next, whereupon Coventry was discharged. 

Resolved, that Mr. Adam Grosh be recommended as third 
Lieutenant to Cap* Griffith's Company in the Rifle Battalion 
directed by the Congress to be raised. 

Committee adjourns to 31 st July. 

July 26, 1776. Committee met by especial Order. 

Present, John Hanson Jun r Esq 1- , in the Chair, Philip 
Thomas, John Adlum, Michael Raymer, Christopher Edelen, 
Conrad Grosh, Adam Eisher, John Haass and George Murdock. 

A Letter was received from the Board of War at Philadel- 
phia, inclosing a List of 15 Officers Prisoners, which they had 
ordered to this Place for safe Custody, under the care of Cap* 
Sterling, with Directions to the Committee that all those who 
should refuse to subscribe the Parol directed by Congress (a 
Copy whereof they enclosed us) should be closely confined. 
Whereupon the Parol was presented, when only y e three follow- 
ing signed it Cap* Godwin for himself and servant, Cap* 
Thompson and Surgeon Huddleston. Thereupon Resolved that 
as the Tory Goal is the only Place of Security in this Town, 


that Major Joseph Stopford, Major Dunbar, Major Hughes, 
Cap ts Stewart, Allge, Campbell, Commissary M c Cullough, 
Lieut ts Harrison, Shuttleworth, Lessly, M c Donald and Mid- 
shipman Symonds be immediately sent to the Tory Goal. 

Resolved that the Guard there receive the Addition of a 
Sergeant and Six Men from Cap* Hardman's Company, that 
the latter receive Wages equal to ye former. 

Ordered that the Chairman furnish the Midshipman with 
15/ p. week for his support. 

Ordered that Paroles signed be forthwith sent to the Board 
of War by Chairman. 

Resolved that George Murdock, Conrad Grosh, Adam Fisher, 
John Haass and Philip Thomas be a Committee to enquire into 
the State of the Tory Goal. 

Ordered that the Chairman write to the Council of Safety, 
respecting the Tory prisoners informing them that many of 
them had offered Security for their good Behaviour and for 
their remaining within any Limits that might be prescribed to 
them, and to enquire if those who bore Commissions were 
entitled to the Parol directed by Congress to be signed by all 

Committee adjourns to 31 July, 1776. 

July 31. The Committee met. 

Present: John Hanson Jun r Esq r , in the Chair, Messrs. 
Adam Fisher, John Adlum, John Haass, Philip Thomas, Con- 
rad Grosh, Michael Raymer, Win. Beatty, Joseph Wood Jun r , 
Christ 1 " Edelen & George Murdock. 

Ordered that a List of those persons who were appointed Col- 
lectors of the fines in this District, together with a List of those 
who were fined for not enrolling be immediately transmitted to 
the Council of Safety. 

Saturday 3 August 1776. 

The Officers who were confined to the Tory Goal (12) signed 
the Parole ordered by Congress. 


5 August 1776. The Committee met. 

Present: John Hanson Jun r Esq r , in the Chair, Messrs. W. 
Luckett, C. Grosh, P. Thomas, John Adlum, C. Edelen, D. 
Shriver, B. Johnson, C. Beatty, Wm. Beatty & John Haass. 

Ordered that 15 lb Powder and 45 lb Lead be delivered to each 
of the following Captains for the Use of their Companies, — 
Meroney, Hardman, Reynolds and Campbell, and that Mr. John 
Adlum deliver the same. 

Committee adjourns till to Morrow. 

August 6, 1776. The Committee met. 

Present; John Hanson Jun r Esq r , in the Chair, Messrs. D. 
Schriver, W. Luckett, Conrad Grosh, J. Adlum, J. Haass & 
M. Raymer. 

Ordered that a Precipe issue directed to James Wells to sum- 
mon Nicholas Seiple, Peter Wetsill and Jacob Myers to appear 
before the Committee on the 20 th - Ins*, and that one issue direct- 
ed to Adam Good to summon Michael M c Guire and William 
Pebble to appear before the Committee on same day. 

John Sliver's fine reduced to £4. 

Peter Van Horn's remitted. 

Ordered that Chairman write for Prisoners' Servants to 
Lancaster Committee. 

Committee adjourns to 8 th Instant. 

August 8, 1776. The Committee met. 

Present : John Hanson Jun r Esq r , in the Chair, Messrs. Con- 
rad Grosh, William Beatty, Philip Thomas, John Adlum, 
Adam Fisher and George Murdoch. 

Mr. Adam Grosh having declined the recommend 11 offered 
him the 24 th July, it was resolved that the Chairman recom- 
mend Mr. Elijah Evans as third Lieut* to Cap* Griffiths' Com- 
pany in the Rifle Battalion. 

Ordered that a Guard consisting of a Captain, Sergeant and 
12 men be employed on the following Terms, — Cap* 6/ p. day, 
Serg* 4/6, and each of the privates 3 p. day, that Messrs. 
Thomas and Adlum employ said Guard. 


Ordered that 90 Flints be delivered Cap* Meroney for his 

Committee adjourns to Tuesday the 20 th Ins*. 

August 13, 1776. The Committee met by especial Order. 

Present, John Hanson Jun r Esq 1- , in the Chair, Messrs. 
Philip Thomas, Conrad Grosh, Michael Eaymer, William 
Beatty, George Murdock, John Adlum. 

Ordered that each of the Servants prisoners of War, belong- 
ing to the Officers in this Town, be allowed a Ration equal to 
that of the Troops in the Service of this Province, that half a 
Ration be allowed to each of the Women & Children belonging 
to said Servants. That the Ration shall be delivered to the 
Servants or the price thereof paid them at the Election of the 

Ordered that the 21 st Instant be appointed for publishing 
the Declaration of Independence. 

Ordered that Doct r Thomas draw up Instructions for the 

Ordered that Mr. Doll be empowered to purchase Material 
for enlarging the Guard Room at the Tory Goal. 

Ordered that Messrs. Murdock & Thomas be appointed to 
distribute the public Powder here among the Inhabitants most 
convenient for the Reception of it. 

That 15 lb Powder and 45 lb Lead be delivered to each of the 
Cap ts Speaker & Deakens for the Use of their Companies. 

Committee adjourns to the 20 tb Instant. 

August 20, 1776. The Committee met. 

Present: John Hanson Jun r Esq r , in the Chair, Messrs. 
Philip Thomas, George Murdock, John Stoner, John Haass, 
Michael Raymer, Adam Fisher, William Beatty, William 
Luckett Jun r , Conrad Grosh. 

Stephen Bower's fine reduced to £5. 

Anthony Burnhart's fine reduced to £2. 

Ordered that the Collectors of the fines in this District in- 
dulge those persons who were fined till the first day of Decern- 


ber next for the payment of their Fines upon giving Security 
payable to the Chairman of the Convention. 

William Pepple's Enrollment of a Militia Company consist- 
ing of a Cap*, 2 Lieutenants, Ensign, 4 Sergeants, 4 Corporals, 
1 Drummer and 56 Privates returned this day. 

Messrs. Seiple and Wetsill appeared according to summons 
and were discharged. 

Peter Noffsinger's fine reduced to £5 

Doct r Philip Thomas brought in the Instructions for the 
Guard, which were approved of. 

Ordered that the Cap* be furnished with a Copy. 

Martin Shoupe's fine reduced to £6.10. 

John Kinsey's reduced to £3.10. 

The Guard employed by Messrs. Adlum & Thomas was ap- 
proved of. 

Comm te adjourns till this day fortnight. 

August 23, 1776. At a special meeting of the Committee 
Present: John Hanson Jun r Esq r , in the Chair, Messrs. Wil- 
liam Beatty, William Blair, John Adlum, Joseph Wood, George 
Murdock and Philip Thomas. 

The Reverend Mr. Booth appeared and informed the Com- 
mittee that he had received great Injury in his property by 
having a considerable part of a valuable Peach Orchard torn 
down last Saturday Night by sundry persons against whom he 
has sufficient proof. 

Resolved unanimously that it be recommended to Mr. Booth 
to apply to a civil Magistrate or the Court who it is not doubted 
will take order therein. 

Resolved unanimously that this Committee will upon this as 
well as every other Occasion support the civil Power in the due 
Execution of the Law where such Assistance may be necessary. 

Committee adjourns to 3 d Sep* 1776. 

Sept r 2, 1776. The Committee met by Especial Order. 

Present; John Hanson Esquire in the Chair, Messrs. Baker 
Johnson, Charles Beatty, George Murdock, Conrad Grosh, 
Michael Raymer & Philip Thomas. 


It being represented to this Committee that Mr. James Smith 
a ISTon-associator is very intimate with the officers in this Town, 
prisoners of War now on parol and that he is at this time asso- 
ciating with them, the Committee disapproving that Intimacy, 
Resolve that Mr. James Smith immediately leave the Town, 
and that he be served with a Copy of this Resolution. 

The Committee adjourns to to-morrow morning. 

Sept r 3. The Committee met. 

Preesnt: John Hanson Jun r Esq 1 ", in the Chair, Messrs. 
Philip Thomas, George Murdock, Michael Raymer, John Ad- 
ium, John Stoner, William Luckett Jun r , William Beatty, Con- 
rad Grosh, and Baker Johnson. 

On application of James Ogle, Warrants ordered against 
Henry Grove for 20/ and ag* Peter Shultz for 4 which Sums 
they were fined by a Court Marshal of Cap* Ogle's Company. 
Warrants to be directed to John Cyphers. 

On application of Cap* Snowdenberger, Warrants issued 
against Michael Unger for 3/, Michael Crowel 3/, George 
Heiter 3/, John Swedner 3/, Conrad Spoor 3/, Sebalt Bauther 
3/, Adam Wolf 2/6, and Cornelius Harken 1/6, which sums 
they were fined by a Court Marshal of Cap* Snowdenberger' s 
Company. Warrants directed to John Henry Daily. 

Jacob Verrefeltz's fine reduced to £6.10. 

Abraham Miller's fine reduced to £6.10. 

Michael Wine's fine reduced to £5.10. 

Jacob Miller's fine reduced to £5.10. 

Jacob Florough Sen r ' s fine reduced to £4. 

Joseph Doll produces an Account of £.3.2.6 for Materials 
purchased (by Order of the Committee) for building a Guard 
Room for the Use of the Guard. 

Ordered that the same be paid by the Treasurer. 

Ordered that the Tory prisoners be removed to the co mm on 
Goal agreeably to the Resolve of the Convention. 

Resolved that each Captain in this Town take an account of 
all the effective Arms in his Company, and number the same, 
and that he be furnished with 12 Rounds of Cartridges to fit 


each Gun, and that he number the Cartridges to agree with the 
Guns which they fit. 

Summons ordered for John Shellman and Alexander Mc- 
Donald to appear before the Committee on the 11 Instant. 
Ordered that Nicholas Highsler serve the same Summons. 

Whereas it appears that there is a very great Intimacy be- 
tween several Non Associators and the prisoners of War now on 
parol in this Town, and as it is notorious that said Non Asso- 
ciators are inimical to America consequently their Intercourse 
with the prisoners may prove dangerous to the State, 

Eesolved Unanimously that no person or persons who have 
refused or neglected to sign the Association prescribed by the 
Convention of this or any other of the united States, where such 
person, or persons reside, be hereafter permitted to have any 
Connection or Intercourse directly or indirectly with the pris- 
oners of War which now are or may hereafter be under the 
Care and Direction of this Committee without the permission of 
the same Committee. 

The Committee adjourns to y e 11 th Instant. 

September 10, 1776. The Committee met. 

Present: Conrad Grosh Esquire in the Chair, Messrs. Mich- 
ael Baymer, William Beatty, John Adlum, George Murdock, 
Philip Thomas & John Haass. 

Jacob Geiger was brought before the Committee on Sus- 
picion of being unfriendly to the American Cause, and the Accu- 
sation, Evidence and Defence being heard and fully consid- 
ered, it was resolved that he enter into Bond with Security in 
the Sum of £50 Currency for his good Behaviour in future. 
Ordered that the Clerk take said Bond this Evening. 

Ordered that Messrs. John Adlum and George Murdock be 

appointed to enquire respecting sundry Gun Barrells, Locks 

and other things sold by John Campbell Lindsey to a certain 

, which this Committee apprehend belong to 

y e Province. 

Committee adjourns till tomorrow morning. 


Sept r 11. The Committee met according to Adjournment. 

Present: Conrad Grosh Esquire in the Chair, Messrs. Wil- 
liam Beatty, Joseph Wood Jun r , John Stoner, Philip Thomas, 
Michael Raymer, John Adlum and George Murdock. 

Adam Smith's fine reduced to £5.10. 

Enoch Frey's fine reduced to £4. 

Resolved that Cap* William Duvall he appointed Collector 
of the fines in Linganore Hundred in the room of Mr. Abraham 

Ordered that Doct r Philip Thomas write to the Convention 
and inform them that there are several Deserters from Col 1 . 
Smallwood's Battalion now in this and the upper District, and 
also inform them that there are several sick Soldiers in this 
Town left by the Virginia Regiment. 

Ordered that Messrs. Philip Thomas, George Murdock, John 
Adlum and William Blair be appointed to meet the field Officers 
of the several Battalions in this District in Frederick Town on 
Friday next, to recommend Officers to the Council of Safety for 
the Company of Volunteers to be raised in this District, and 
that they in Conjunction with the said Officers exert their Influ- 
ence to expedite the Inlistment of said Men, and equipment 
of them with Arms and other Necessaries. 

Ordered, that for enabling the above Gentlemen to carry into 
Execution the Recommendation of Convention relating to rais- 
ing said Company, the money in the Hands of the Collectors of 
this District be immediately borrowed, to be replaced by the 
money which it is expected will be sent up by the Convention 
for that purpose. 

Ordered, that the Thanks of this Committee be returned to 
the Clerk for his Services in that Character and that he be 
requested to take care of the proceedings and Papers belonging 
to them, and not to suffer them to be taken out of his Possession 
unless by an order in Writing from a Majority of the Mem- 
bers who now compose this Committee. 

October 12, 1776. The late Committee induced by the Re- 


solve of the Convention as well as the Necessity of the Case met 
when were present, — 

John Hanson Jun r Esq 1 ", in the Chair, Messrs. Michael Ray- 
mer, John Stoner, J. Haass, Baker Johnson, George Mnrdock, 
Charles Beatty and Conrad Grosh. 

The Committee having examined several Accounts for the 
securing two Deserters laid before them order that the Chair- 
man pay the same allowing 14 d per day for their Diet. 

Ordered that the Guard he reduced to an Officer and four 

Committee adjourned to 14 th Instant. 

October 14, 1776. The Committee met. 

Present: John Hanson Jun r Esq r , in the Chair, Michael 
Raymer, Conrad Grosh, Baker Johnson, Charles Beatty, George 
George Murdock and John Adlum. 

Ordered that Messrs. Charles Beatty and Baker Johnson 
represent to the Convention the superior Strength of the Tory 
Goal and recommend that as a preferable Place of Confinement 
to the common Goal, for the Tories here, during the Winter 

Ordered that Messrs. Beatty and Johnson likewise inform 
the Convention that the Tory prisoners now here have offered to 
give Security for their good Behaviour, and for their remaining 
within any Limits which the Convention may prescribe; and 
request the Convention to make some Order therein. 

The Committee adjourns. 

October 24, 1776. The Committee met by Especial Order. 

Present ; Michael Raymer Esq 1 ", in the Chair, Messrs. Adam 
Fisher, Charles Beatty, John Haass, John Adlum, George Mur- 
dock, and Baker Johnson. 

Upon Information to the Committee that Cap* Hugh Scott 
a Non Associator is at this time with the prisoners in parol in 
this Town contrary to a Resolve of this Committee of the 3 d 
Sep* last, 

It was resolved that Mr. Potts be requested to deliver Cap* 


Scott a Copy of the same Resolve, and inform him that the Com- 
mittee expect he will immediately comply with it. 

Ordered that Mr. Hanson pay Cap* Doll his Account. 

On the Application of several Soldiers belonging to the third 
Virginia Regiment setting forth that they are on their Way to 
join their Regiment at New York and want money to pay their 
necessary Expences, It was ordered that Mr. Hanson pay them 
20/ out of the public money for that purpose. 

[End of Journal.] 


(Continued from Vol. XI, p. 348.) 

12 E"ovembe r 1763. [100] 
D r Papa 

This is to let you know I arrived safe in London the 6 instant : 
ever since, I have been in the greatest expectations of a letter 
from M r Crookshanks, who has promised me to get me intro- 
duced to M r Baker : wether I shall obtain that gentleman's con- 
sent to Marry his daughter seems very doubtful: he may per- 
haps object to my living in north America: if he does I must 
lay aside all thoughts of Miss Baker : the situation of our affairs 
absolutely require my residence in Maryland: and I can not 
sacrifice the future aggrandisement of our family to a woman: 
America is a growing country : in time it will & must be inde- 
pendent. As soon as I am introduced to M r Baker & know his 
determination I shall make you acquainted with it. 

Very good brood Mares I make no doubt can be had for 25 or 
thirty pound : the most difficult task is to procure a good, sober, 
understanding groom : the having a gardiner or other servant to 
take care of them on their passage will be merely accidental, 
besides unsafe, as either the ignorance or sloth of such a fellow 
might be fatal to the Mares. If I can procure two good Mares 
I intend to get them covered : 


My picture was done by Reynolds: tis a % length a half 
length wou'd come down to the knees, the price is fixed : I payed 
no more than what others pay. 

I shall take care to deliver y r message to M r Webb : or leave 
at his house an extract of that part of y r letter that relates to 
him. My friends think I look full as well in a wig as in my 
own hair. 

I shall endeavour to right Huson if possible: but I am 
affraid all my trouble will be to no purpose. I wish you the 
enjoyment of y r health & pray to God for it. I am D r Papa 

Y r affectionate Son 

Cha: Carroll. 

8 Decemb, 1763. [101] 
D r Papa, 

M r Perkins has informed me that a packet is to sail for "New 
York next Saturday : & tho' I wrote to you the 12 of last month 
& have nothing new or material to say yet as my letters seem to 
afford you some pleasure I am willing you should enjoy it as 
often as possible. 

Cap* Kelty & Hanson are arrived: the Cane Spirits have 
been delivered for w h I return you my thanks my fate is yet 
undecided. I wrote this very day to M r Baker at Southampton : 
I should have wrote sooner but the expectation of a letter from 
M r Crookshanks w h is not yet come to hand, made me put it off 
till now. M r Baker I hear has had two wives & Children by 
both, his daughter therefore will not probably have so great a 
fortune as M r Crookshanks imagined: the probability of my 
succeeding is the greater: women entitled to large fortunes are 
not easily persuaded to leave England. 

My Lady Webb has had the generosity & benevolence to con- 
tinue to M r Ireland the annuity paid by her Husb d Sir Thomas : 
instead of £30 she will remit annually to M r Ireland by M r 
Perkins 30 guineas. I am well acquainted with Jos: Webb his 
youngest son who has promised at my desire to introduce me to 
his mother. I shall return her M r Ireland's thanks for the con- 


tinuation of the charity & if an oportunity offers endeavours to 
get the additional sum of 10 guineas paid to his son. 

In yours of the 20 Septb r you promised to send me by Kelty 
the Genealogy. I have seen Kelty, but I forgot to ask him for 
it & perhaps he forgot to deliver it to me. I have rec d no letters 
this long time from M r Whitten I shall write to him soon and 
send him the copy of the genealogy if it is arrived with an ex- 
tract of that part of y r letter which relates to Kean Carroll. 
You may expect by Hanson the continuation of Geogans & 
Warner's irish histories as also the natural history of Kam- 
katska if they are published: I have acquainted M r Webb the 
seedsman with y r commission: your instructions for my voy a 
& about the Mares if they can be had at a reasonable rate shall 
be punctually followed : I have given a country gentleman of my 
acquaintance a commission to look out two for me at £25 each: 
their pedigree to be well attested &c. Before the receit of y r 
last I had a plate of our arms ingraved & 200 stamps with only 
my name at the bottom, & had ordered 400 more. I shall leave 
the plate with the ingraver to supply me with more stamps if 
wanted: the plate is too short to have the words you direct in- 
serted. M r Bird thanks you kindly for the Cane Spirits; I 
could not spare him the 2 Doz of Madeira as I have but a small 
quantity left which will be serviceable on ship board. I shall 
make M r Bird some other return for his civilities to me. M r 
Graves my fellow traveller has introduced me to the company 
he generally dines with: they are most of them Parlia* men, 
lawyers, or have had a law education and are men of sense, 
their conversation is instructive & entertaining & tho' the Tav- 
ern bills are pretty high, our quota generally amounting to 8 s 
6 d a head, it would be foolish & mean to decline their company 
on that account. One of these gentlemen got me twice admit- 
tance into the house of commons : the first debate I heard, arose 
upon a motion for an address to his Majesty on his most gracious 
speech : M r Beckf ord the most violent of the opposition said he 
should consider the speech not as the King's but as the Minis- 
ters : that he had been all along & still was of opinion that the 


peace was inglorious & inadequate to our successes: words 
directly contradictory of those made use of in the speech: he 
severely reflected on the proclamation for settling our new ac- 
quisitions: he openly declared the present ministry incapable 
of governing, ignorant of geography, arbitrary & despotick. 
M r Pitt made a long speech no less severe but more cautious: 
the peace he thought inadequate: that the greatest advantages 
had been given up to the French without an equivalent : that a 
total exclusion from the Newfoundland fishery should have been 
insisted on: for his part whatever notions people might enter- 
tain, he could safely say he did not censure for the sake of cen- 
suring or from any ill humour : that he entertained the highest 
opinion of those ministers who could derive advantages from a 
peace from which he himself could not foresee any: far from 
being fond of power or a ministerial influence he was resolved to 
shun both: it tis but just that those ministers who made the 
peace should be continued in office to improve their own work: 
should I, contrary to my wish, once more assume the cares of 
government a disapointed nation would attribute to my par- 
tiality & Dislike to the peace the small advantages derived to 
their country in proportion to the vast expense of blood & treas- 
ure. He very artfully touched upon the present divisions & dis- 
tracted state of the nation. I am really of opinion we are 
divided more by names than things : there was a time & that too 
not very distant (meaning his own administration) when the 
nation was all unanimity, to what is the present disunion 
owing? are not the principles of men now in power the same 
with those out of power ? are they not revolution principles, the 
principles of liberty, agreeable to this constitution ? let there be 
a kind of political test established, let it require the highest 
veneration for Magna Charta, express the strongest aversion to 
false imprisonment, a profound regard for the Habeas corpus 
Act the great protector on english liberty, is there even a Min- 
ister who would scruple to subscribe such a test ? and if he does 
what danger is to be apprehended from his administration, 
unless his hand subscribes what his heart, what his conduct dis- 


claims. M r Pitt's manner of speaking indeliberate yet ani- 
mated, his voice distinct tho' not loud, his words bold, some- 
times too pompons, his thoughts deep, his imagination truly 

The House of Commons has come to the following resolu- 
tions : the North Briton N° 45 voted a seditious libel tending to 
raise traiterous insurrections: a member of Parlia* writing a 
seditious libel has no privilege: the North Briton N° 45 to be 
burnt by the hands of the common hangman. It was accord- 
ingly burnt some days ago, the mob rose, insulted & slightly 
wounded M r Harley the Sheriff & rescued a part of the paper 
from the flames: this affair is now under the consideration of 
both houses. One of M r Wilke's actions against Wood was yes- 
terday determined in the Court of Common Pleas. After 15 
hours hearing the Jury which was special withdrew & brought 
in their verdict for the Plaintiff with £1000 damages & full 
costs of suit. M r Wilkes is out of danger but will not be able to 
attend the house these 3 weeks: the majority will not proceed 
against him any further till he can attend in his place : I say no 
further for certainly the above resolutions affect M r Wilkes : if 
he is proved the author of the North Briton he will be expelled 
the house, and no one here makes the least [doubt] but that he 
will be expelled : his story is pregnant with incidents : every day 
brings something fresh : yesterday one S MacDun was taken into 
custody for intending to assassinate M r Wilkes : he is a Scotsman 
& a madman and lately let loose from a private mad house: he 
will be brought to day to the bar of the house of Commons : 

The Acco* Cap* Kelty gives me of y r health affords me great 
satisfaction : I hope your wrist is quite recovered : the Cap* told 
me how sensibly you was affected at hearing I had the small 
pox: during my illness what gave me the most pain till I was 
out of danger, was the thoughts what sorrow and affliction you 
would feel at the news of my death: I am now enjoying my 
health very well & wishing you a continuation of yours I am 
D r Papa Y r affectionate & dutiful 

son Ch. Carroll. 


P. S. — I pray give my compli ts to M rs Darnall : I congratu- 
late with her upon the recovery of her daughter from the small 
pox. I desire to be remembered to John Darnall Ric : Croxall 
& to Cap* Carroll: tell him I thank him for his useful letter: 
but that in these times of liberty he should fill up his words : a 
dash is unnecessary. 

Janu: 9 th 1764. [102] 
D r Charley, 

I yesterday evening Received y rs of the 11 th of Oct r Past 
from Paris & as it is on a very Interesting Subject I Cannot 
Delay answering it. I hope Miss Baker may be Endowed with 
all the good Sense & good nature you say she has Giving this for 
granted you have my full Consent to Pay y r Addresses to her. 
But as you value y r Owne Happyness Endeavour to be well 
informed whether Miss Baker is th* sensible sweet temperd 
Lady you Represent her to be Believe me these are Essential 
to y r future happyness for without Domestick Peace & Content 
Matrimony must prove a Curse instead of a Blessing you have 
reason from her Education to Place Confidence in her virtue. 
As to her Fortune whatever it may be you know it does not with 
me enter into any sort of Comparison w th virtue good nature & 
Good Sense. I was so full to you on this Subject in my letters 
of the 1 st of Sep r 1762 and June 22 : 1763 th* I must begg you 
to refer to them I only add that I hereby again Bind myself to 
Comply with what I promised in the first Relating to the settle- 
ment to be made on y r Wife, knowing this letter will be as 
Binding on me as any Bond or Settlement Executed by me. 
Should the Lady Bring you a Considerable fortune w h you say 
you have Reason to Expect from the manner of her Education, 
you need not Apprehend y r Children or family will be Hurt by 
the settlement I propose in Case the Lady should survive you, 
unless you should turn out a spend thrift w h from y r Past Con- 
duct I have not the least Grounds to Surmise: for the growing 
Int: on the Ladys fortune with the Principall will be a very 
sufficient fund for the Payment of the Dower to be Stipulated & 
I Confess th* my whole Estate if necessary may be Bound to 


make good such settlem* Only note th* if hereafter you should 
Incline to leave Maryland The Lands may not he so Bound as to 
Prevent a Sale of th m in w h Case it may he Covenanted th* the 
Moneys arising hy such sale should he vested in other Purchases 
& th* such Purchases should he Lyahle to make good the Settle- 
ment. And th* M r Baker may he Convinced I am Capable of 
Securing whatever Fortune he may think proper to give his 
Daughter I hereby give you a short Abstract of the Value of 
my Estate 

40,000 Acres of Land two Seats above Contain- 
ing each upwards of 12000 would now sell at 20/ 
Ster p r Acre £40000 : : 

1-5 of the Iron Works Consisting of the Most 
Convenient Furnaces in America with two forges 
Built a third Erecting with all Convenient Build- 
ings 150 slaves young & old Teams Carts &c & 
30,000 Acres of Land Belonging to the works a 
very growing Estate w ch Produces to my 5 th 
Annually at least £400 ster at 25 years Purchase 10,000 : : 
2 Lots in Annapolis with the Houses thereon 4,000 : : 

285 Slaves on my Diff* Plantations at £30 sterl 

each in an Average 8550 : : 

Cattle, Horses & Stock of all Sorts on my 

Plantations with Working Tools &c 
Silver Household Plate 
Debts outstanding at Interest in 1762 when I 

Ballanced my Books 

You must not suppose my Annuall income to Equal the Interest 
of the Value of my Estate many of my Lands are unimproved 
But I Compute I have a Clear Revenue of at least £1800 p r 
Annum & the Value of my Estate is Annually Encreasing by 
the Increase of the Value of my Lands. A Thing of so much 
importance as Matrimony is not to be precipitated. But as you 
















took it into y r Head last Octo r I hope if you proceed you may 
finish it so as to be with me next Summer or at farthest in the 
fall. You have long been impatient to be with me, for y r good 
I have long deprived myself of the Pleasure. But as next Aprill 
I shall Enter into my Grand Climaterick, you must not wonder 
th* in my Turn, I should grow impatient. I long to see Miss 
Baker with you, as you paint her in so Amiable a Light, But 
see you I must, & when my eyes are Closed live where you 
Please, I think Maryland more agreable to sollid Happyness 
than any Country I have seen it is plentifull & the Climate 
Charming. If I can find a likelyhood of an Established Corre- 
spondence to Howard I will write to M r Eizet for wines at 
Present such a one does not exist. It was with great Pleasure 
I heard th* Mons r Labbe de Lisle Dieu was well I loved him 
the moment I saw him, his Virtue is so Conspicuous his manner 
so engaging th* a man must be insensible not to Esteem him on 
the slightest Acquaintance, tell him I am not Accustomed to 
make Compliments th* it would be Ridiculous to Endeavour to 
impose upon him by such at 1 200 Leagues Distance that these 
are the Sentiments of my Heart th* I love & Esteem him & th* 
I wish him Health & Every Happyness. I expect by the 1 st 
ships after y r Return from Paris every Paper & Phamphlet 
Relating to the Jesuits & the Journall of y r Tour. God Grant 
you Health & the Accomplishment of all y r wishes w h may 
Conduce to His Glory & y r Reall Happyness being My D r 
Charley Y r Mo : Aff* Father. 

Jan. 10 th 1764. [102] 
D r Charley 

I did not in myne of yesterday mention good M r Crook- 
shanks as it might not then have been Proper to Acknowledge 
the fresh obligation you & I are under to him for Introducing 
you to Miss Baker, I Cannot express the true Regard & Afection 
I bear him therefore only tell him I love & Esteem him most 
sincerely th* I wish him Health & Happyness here. His Virtue 
insures it to him hereafter. I am Persuaded he would not have 


made such an Overture to you had he not thought you deserved 
the Lady & th* she was deserving of you a View to y r Mutuall 
Happyness I am Convinced induced him to propose her to you. 
He as you tell me Candidly told you he was not Acquainted 
with M r Baker's Circumstances but Judged he must be a Man 
of Great Wealth by the unlimited Credit he allows his Daugh- 
ter ; Y r Prudence therefore I doubt not directed you to Enquire 
into his Circumstances before you waited on him. You will be 
informed whether his fortune Consists in Plantations & Negroes 
in the Islands or in Cash. If in Cash the settlement I think 
should only be for the Fortune paid downe. If he Proposes 
beside a fortune in hand to settle on his Daughter after his 
Death his Lands & Negroes it would be well if they Could be 
settled at least on her Male issue by you & the enjoyment in 
Case of y r Death to the Lady during life, in w h Case no Security 
Can be Required for the Reall Estate or Settlement stipulated 
by you for the same. If you find it will not be Prudent to 
make such a Proposall you must wait a future time to make it 
to the Lady in Case you marry her. I know not M r Bakers age. 
Even if old he may marry again, this Consideration will in- 
cline you (if you Can adroitly) to get his Estate settled on the 
Lady. At this distance were I acquainted with every Circum- 
stance I Could but advise & my advice in all Probability may 
Come too late, Incidents may arise w* 1 I cannot foresee there- 
fore I must leave all to y r Prudence & Discretion, Praying God 
to Direct you & wishing you Health & Happyness I again 
Assure you th* I am My D r Charly 

Y r Mo: Ani* Father 


Jan r y 16 th 1764. [103] 
D r Charley 

You no doubt will by every opportunity write to me on the 
Subject of y rs of the 11 th of Octo r from Paris, & let me know 
whether things turn out as you imagined as to M r Bakers Cir- 
cumstances &c. I am D r Charley 

Y r Mo: Aff te Father. 


[John Baker to Chas Carroll of Carrollton] 

Bath Thursday 15 Decemb r 1763. [104] 
S r 

It was not till late last night at my return from Bristol to 
this place that I was honoured with yours of the 8 instant, which 
was sent me from my house near Southampton, else good man- 
ners would not have suffered you to wait so long for an answer 
to it. 

Tis true S r I have not the pleasure of personally knowing you 
tho I am far from being altogether a stranger to the name of y r 
family ; but it is impossible for me to give a precise answer to 
y r proposal, tho' such satisfaction as I can give you, I will. 

As to what you suggest of my having perhaps already pitched 
upon some other Gentleman for my daughter, believe me S r tis 
a matter I had not yet begun to think of and perhaps but for so 
unexpected an incident as the present should not for a long time 
to come have at all thought about it, she being now but in her 
seventeenth year, which I think upon the whole, rather too 
early to engage in the married state ; so that on this particular 
head I can give you, I believe all the satisfaction you desire: 
neither her mother or myself having ever turned our thoughts 
on any particular gentleman, or indeed considered the matter 
as yet calling for our attention; and I have great reason to 
believe her own affections to be as utterly disengaged as they 
were ten years ago. 

As to your fortune S r I have some reason to suppose it such 
as I could have no objection to, and indeed to be far more con- 
siderable than my daughter might be (what the world call?) 
intitled to : so that should every other circumstance be agreeable 
to both parties, the objection in that article is more likely, as I 
take it to proceed from y r part than from mine, and even if the 
great liking you seem to have conceived for her should be power- 
ful enough to induce yourself to dispense with what another 
would insist on, what certainty is there that your father would 
so easily be brought to dispense with it too ? 

Y r father S r who is at so considerable a distance & yet with- 


out whose approbation I dare say neither would you yourself 
nor on any the most advantageous terms woud I, chuse to have 
effected what you seem so desirous of. 

Thus you S r (which is all that yet can be) I am not as yet 
sensible of any objections I should have to your proposal: what 
may hereafter arise from a farther enquiry into each other's 
situation & character or from a personal conference or from her 
liking or not liking your person, or you from a farther knowl- 
edge & acquaintance not continuing to like hers, it is impossible 
now to say. 

All I can assure you is that I should not affect to raise any: 
and will even ingenuously own to you that I seem to observe in 
y r manner of writing certain marks of candour & worth that 
rather incline me to wish I might not find any ; nor can I be 
wholly without sentiments of gratitude for one who appears to 
have entertained so sincere & disinterested regard for a daugh- 
ter who from her infancy has been so exceeding dear to me. I 
have the honour to be 

[Signed] John Baker. 

27 JanuT 1764. [104] 
D r Papa 

In my last of the 8 Decemb r I let you know of my having 
wrote to M r Baker : a week after I received the enclosed answer. 
I repaired immediately to Bath ; my Physician had advised me 
to drink the waters, and I think I find myself benefited by 
them: for this some time past I have felt a gradual decay cf 
strength and wasting of flesh attended with unusual low spirits : 
my nerves are weak and my whole frame very delicate, tho' my 
lungs are not the least affected : my Bath Physician has ordered 
a regimen which I am to stick to for 5 or 6 weeks & he doubts 
not of my being restored again to my usual strength. I am to 
drink every morning in bed a pint of asses milk, to breakfast & 
sup on milk & to use the cold bath twice a week : pray dont let 
my indisposition give you any concern as it is thought not the 
least dangerous & I find myself growing better. 


M r Baker left Bath 2 or three days after my arrival: he gave 
me an invitation to come and see him at his seat near South- 
ampton : I accepted the invitation and went from Bath to Grove 
Place where I remained a full fortnight. M r Baker is a man 
of sense and honour: his second wife the mother of the young 
lady is living, she is no favourite of mine, nor I of hers, if the 
daughter's temper ressembles the mother's I shall leave England 
next May or June : Miss Baker will come to England in April : 
my returning to Paris is therefore unnecessary. M r Baker pro- 
poses going next May or June to S* Croix, in which Island his 
estate lays : in his absence M r Tuite with whom he is much con- 
nected, will be intrusted and empowered to act in his stead; 
from the enclosed paper which is in M r Tuite's own hand writ- 
ing you will be able to form some judg* of M r Baker's circum- 
stances, for Tuite is as well acquainted with them as Baker 
himself. In talking of the settlement, in case the match takes 
place, M r Baker told me he intended to leave his estate real & 
personal equally divided among all his children his 4 sons and 
daughter: that gentleman's affairs at present are somewhat 
embarrassed: he owes £St 10000 which he was obliged to take 
up to clear, settle, and plant his sugar lands: this he himself 
acknowledged; from this circumstance and from several other 
limits I plainly understood I was not to expect any ready money 
with his daughter at least no considerable sum: he hinted that 
if you should not be contented with an equal division between 
all the children to take place at his death, a certain sum might 
be agreed upon, as a portion for the young lady to carry interest 
till the principal should be payed off. he will undoubtedly expect 
a great part of y r estate to be settled on me and the issue of the 
marriage, but these matters I leave entirely to y r own discretion 
& pleasure. I shall just here insert a few general terms which 
M r Graves at my request was so obliging as to set down upon 
paper: I have shown them to Baker, he read them & said he 
would return an answer when I received one to my letter from 
Paris : as I wrote in the latter end of Septb r and sent a copy of 
that letter in the beginning of Octob r I may expect an answer 
from you in February or March. 


General terms 
I think I mentioned in my last the company or set M r Graves 
has introduced me to : perhaps you may he desirous to know who 
they are: the following are the principal men: M r Hussey 
attorney general to the queen: M r Barington my lord Baring- 
ton's brother and one of the welch Judges, M r Prat member of 
Pari* and nephew to the chief Justice. M r Camphion mem br of 
Pari* and sometimes Doctor Hay favours us with his company. 
M r Hussey has desired me when I return to Maryland to send 
the company a buck : as I shall be detained here longer than he 
imagines I should be greatly obliged to you if you could send 
me one by the first oportunity ;. it must be cut up into several 
joints, each joint covered with bay salt and closely packed in a 
separate box: he says he has eat many sent from Virginia in 
that manner which proved exceeding good. I desire my cousin 
Each: Darnall may be intrusted with this commission Pray 
present her with my compliments and acknowledge* for the 
regard and tender concern she seems to bare me. I shall answer 
her letter which I have just received by Hanson : you no doubt 
hav heard of M r Wilke's fate: he has been expelled from the 
house of commons, but took care previously to withdraw to 
Prance it was said great wagers were laid wether he would 
return or not before the meeting of the Parlia*. I would like 
to have laid a considerable sum that he would not return so 
persuaded was I that he never intended to return. 

N : B : the 6 3P C* will not be thought sufficient settlement I 
am told that settlements are frequently made at the rate of 8 3P 
C* the going to America will no Doubt be made a reason for 
demanding a larger settlement on my Wife in case of my death : 
a woman that abandons father, mother, & all her relations out of 
love for her husband deserves a handsome jointure. I beg to be 
remembered to my friends in particular to John Darnall, Rich : 
Croxall & Capt. Carroll. 

I have sent you a copy of M r Baker's letter not caring to part 
with the original. I have not as yet seen M r Diggs as I am but 
lately arrived in town, you may depend on my treating him 



with that civility which is due to a gentleman you esteem. I 
have spoke to M r Bird about the toko man : he will endeavor to 
find one out to go on the terms proposed : but he doubts wether a 
good workman can be engaged to leave England on such terms, 
as they earn a great deal of money & have constant employ*: 
Kelty has delivered the Pedigree it shall be copied & sent to 
M r Witten by some safe oportunity: I have received no letters 
from that gentleman this long while. I am D r Papa 
Y r affectionate & dutifull 

Son Cha: Carroll. 
Some General terms. 

It being supposed that M r B : after every debt payed is worth 
£50,000 and that he has but 5 Children and intends to make 
them all equal in their fortune. 

What sum as a portion to his daughter will M r B. absolutely 
secure on her marriage to carry interest from that time & untill 
the principal be payed 

And what further fortune may she reasonably expect at his 
death under his promise to make her equal to any other child ? 
In consideration of the above supposing M r C's father to be 
worth £460,000 

What portion thereof will M r B. expect to be settled on the 
marriage ? 

And of what shall be so settled how much for life upon the 
wife (if she survive) as a Jointure, how much upon the younger 
Child or Children? 

And Provided there be no son of such marriage but one or 
more daughters how much of the above settlement to go to such 
daur or daurs & how much thereof to revert to the disposal of 
Mr C.? 

A List or valuation of the Estates of Jn° Baker Esq 1 " in the 
Island of S* Croix in America viz. 

A Plantation called Concordia ab* 480 acres of Land with 
Buildings proper for making sug r & Rum. about 150 negroes. 
30 to 40 head of cattle & mules. & now in a condition to make 
communibus annis 300 hhds sug r & 150 hh ds of Rum, but yearly 


improve^ & will I suppose in the space of 4 or 5 years make at 
Least 400 hhds of sug r & 200 hhds of Bum. 

Another Plantation called Plessens in w ch M r Baker is one 
moyety concerned, the whole containing 900 acres of Land with 
Buildings proper for making sug r & Bum, about 300 to 350 
negroes about 40 head of Mules & Cattle & now in a condition 
to make in the whole 500 hhds Sug r & 250 hhds of Bum but 
yearly improve^ & will I suppose in the space of 4 or 5 years be 
capable of makes at least 700 to 800 hhds of Sug r & 350 to 400 
hhds of Bum, so that M r Bakers moyety being added to his own 
Produce will be as follows viz. 

The Produce of Concordia at psent 450 hhds of sug r & Bum 
at 7 1 sterg <P hh d clear of freight Insurance & commissions &c 
£3150 .0.0 

one moyety of the Produce of Plessens at psent 375 hhds 

of sug r & Bum at 7 1 sterS <$ hhd clear of charges 2625 

673780 5775 

out of w ch you are to deduct the annual charges of Each Plant 3 - 
viz. for overseers wages taxes Doctors fees mortality of negroes 
& Cattle, feeding the negroes. Boards, staves & hoopes & all 
other charges about 2000 1 sterS for both Estates in their present 
condition deduct 2000. 

nett produce yearly in the present condition. 

But as the Plantations are not as yet come to their full perfec- 
tion & that in case of war, the nett value of sug r & Bum may be 
10 1 <$ hhd or upwards, I think the nett produce of the whole 
may be justly rated at Eour thousand five Hundred pounds 
sterS <$■ annum communibus annis for the next Twenty years 
to come & may be much more. 

Bath 22 d Dber 1763. 

The foregoing is a just & true acco* or valuation of the Estates 


or Plantations of Jn° Baker Esq r in the Island of S* Croix to 
the Best of my Knowledge w ch I will at any time confirm on 
oath if required witness my hand 

K Tuite 

Feb 27 th 1764. [105] 
D r Charley 

Y rs of the 11 th of Octo: 1763 I answered the 9 th & 10 th of 
last Jan r y immediately on the Kieceit of it. I have since y rs of 
the 12 th of Nov r w ch I was in hopes before I opened it would 
have informed me whether you had M r Bakers Consent to pay 
y r : respects to his Daughter and whether he was the man of th* 
fortune you expected ; this you might have known from the 6** 1 
to the 12 th of Eov r you might have also informed me why you 
did not bring M r Crookshanks Introductory Letter with you. 
You ought to have mentioned the Dates of such of my letters as 
had reached you. D r Charley if you would give y r self time to 
reflect w* my concern & anxiety must be, you would have been 
as particular as it was in y r power to be. Should M r Bakers 
objection be ag st his Daughters leaving him, if he be a good 
natured sensible man, he may come with his Daughter & retire 
with me to Elkridge where we may pass the remainder of our 
lives in an easy retirement becoming & I think agreeable to old 
men. In th* case I shall surrender my house in Annapolis to 
you, being desirous on my part to remove every difficulty or 
objection th* may have the appearance of reason, to promote y r 
happiness. I write but little because you may at this time be 
preparing for y r Voyage to Maryland, in th* case I pray to God 
to grant you a safe & pleasant one. I am D r Charley 

Y r Mo: Aff te Father 

Feb r y 28 th 1764. [106] 
D r Charley 

This is only to inform you I this day Reced y rs of the 8 th of 
Dec 1 ". If you like the Lady I hope her merit may in a great 
measure make up for w* her fortune may fall short of y r expec- 


tation. Act with Caution. May God direct you. What you 
say about M r Ireland will be most wellcome News to him & he 
will thank Lady Webb. As M r Baker has other Children my 
invitation to him to come here is at an end. You leave me in 
the greatest state of uncertainty, could you not learn w* M r 
Baker is supposed to be worth, where his Estate Lays, of w* it 
consists, w* sum you suppose he may, or may be able to give bis 
Daughter. I suppose you had some information as to these 
particulars & to many more before you wrote to him. I cannot 
write to you as fully as I would do were you more Explicit. 
I am My D r Charley 

Y r Mo: aff* Father 

27 th Feb r y 1764. [107] 
D r Papa, 

My last was dated the 27 of Jan r ^ this goes by Cap 13 Mac- 
gachan, by whom you will receive the news-papers & magazines. 

M r Lee proposes to return soon to Maryland, he will be so 
obliging as to bring with him Wards Medicines & the long- 
promised f rench Pamphlets : but I hope you will not be under a 
necessity of making me [torn] the medicines. I find myself 
much mended since my last & in better spirits. I keep at pres- 
ent a couple of horses : my Phy a recommended riding & as I find 
that exercise suits best my constitution, I shall continue to keep 
horses as long as I remain in England. 

By the newspapers you will learn the fate of M r Wilkes, and 
the event of the debates in the house of Commons subseq* to that 
gentlemen's expulsion and in consequence of a complaint made 
by him while a member of a breach of Privilege on being 
arrested and his papers seized by the Secretary's warrant: the 
compl* against Webb & Wood was discharged: The legality of 
the warrant as the house sat till 6 next morning was adjourn'd 
to the friday following: each party mustered all their force for 
that important day: the house ressembled more a hospital than 
a Senate. S r Lawrence Dundass was bro* upon a couch into 
the house just before the division & carried out in the same man- 


rier when he divided with the ministry: the division was upon 
the previous question being put; the ministry not daring to go 
into the general question concerning the legality or illegality 
of the warrant: that question has been adjourned for 4 months 
that is entirely put off. A Bill will soon be bro* into the house 
for taxing America: tis said a duty will be laid upon stamped 
paper. M r Baker is in town I am impatient to receive y r 
answer : wishing you health I am D r Papa 

Y r loving Son 
Ch: Carroll. 

21 March 1764. [108] 
D r Papa 

Cap* Kelty will deliver you this and the following books & 
Pamphlets : the natural history of Kamschatska : Orme's history 
of Indostan lately published: the second volume of Warner's 
Irish history is not yet come out: Gahagan's cannot be had at 
present there being none in town. Lord Clives letter, 2 numbers 
of the votes of the house of Commons, the newspapers & one 
magazine: the royal french Almanack, 6 Pamphlets relative to 
the Jesuites: I shall send by M r Lee or Cap* Hanson Wards 
medicines as also my journal, Accounts, & the dessertations 
upon the Irish history you wrote for. 

I have greatly exceeded this last year my allowance of £300 
by my journey to Holland & France, but I expect to be amply 
repaid the expence of that expedition in the possession of a sensi- 
ble, agreeable & virtuous woman. 

I have just purchased for 15 guineas a theodolyte the com- 
pleatest instrument for surveying that can be had: if I should 
have large tracts of land to survey a wheel will be necessary: 
the price is 5 guineas : however it will be time enough when by 
experience I have found a wheel to be necessary, to order one in. 

I have got the Genealogy copied & am waiting for an opor- 
tunity to get it conveyed to M r Whitten. By the newspapers 
you will see the french Jesuites have received the finishing 


By the votes I sent you, you will see the different taxes that 
have just been laid on the colonies: the Merchants have peti- 
tioned against the taking off the drawbacks upon coarse linens 
alledging it to be of great detriment to the trade of this kingdom 
that it will occasion the setting up linen manufactures in North 
America : I am informed that M r Greenville said in answer to 
the Merchants that the grievances complained of should be 
examined into, and if found liable to the above exceptions, some 
other tax less detrimental might be substituted in its stead. 

Should my marriage with Miss Baker not take place I shall 
leave England in the Autumn: I impatiently wish to be with 
you. I am rather of opinion that I shall not succeed with Miss 
Baker, supposing even upon a better acquaintance I should find 
she answers the character all her friends give her : the going to 
America is a prodigious objection to young ladies: should Miss 
Baker's good sense & inclinations overcome this objection, her 
mother will never be brought to consent to her daughter's part- 
ing from her especially as there will be little hope of their ever 
meeting again in this life: had I known the mother before I 
opened the affair to M r Baker I should have entirely dropt the 
thoughts of that marriage. 

I have sent you the gentlemen's register instead of Killers, 
as it is much more perfect & correct. Pray present my kind 
compliments to my Cousin Each. Darnall & to her daughters: 
remember me to John Darnall & Rich : Croxall : I am D r P : 

Y r most affectionate & 
dutiful son Ch : Carroll. 

P : S : I had just finished the above when I received your long 
& much expected letter of the 9 Jan ry in mine of the 27 of the 
same month you have as full and as circumstantial an account 
as I can give of M r Baker's circumstances & family : all I could 
say upon that subject at present would be useless repetition. 
M r Baker & his Lady will be in town in about a fortnight : but 
not to lose time I shall write to him & inclose a copy of your 
letter or at least of such parts as I judge most proper to be com- 


municated: matrimony is an affair of too much weight & im- 
portance to be precipitated: it will require some time to know 
the young lady's temper & disposition : but you may be assured 
I shall use all the expedition consistent with prudence & decency 
to bring the affair to a speedy conclusion. I have always been 
and still am as desirous as ever to return: and as the match is 
concluded or broke off that minute will I prepare for my voy a . 
I told M r Baker at our first enterview that my interest and 
more particularly my inclination led me to live in America; he 
hinted that during your life there was no necessity for my 
returning home. I made him this answer. You know little of 
me, Sir, and do me injustice to imagine that I can be prevailed 
on to live absent from a father, whom I most tenderly love, to 
whose company & conversation I would willingly sacrifice every 
other enjoy* should I not discover the utmost ingratitude & 
cruelty in complying with so unnatural a proposal, even sup- 
posing my Father's consent to it could be obtained ? & indeed, 
Sir, his consent would give me great concern & uncaring as it 
Avould betray a cool indifference, which I should merit, were I 
even to suffer such a proposal to be made. 

This short & firm reply convinced M r Baker he must adopt 
this alternative either to lose his daughter if the match should 
take place, or brake it off immediately, as he did not think 
proper to do the latter, he was then willing to make a sacrifice 
of his fondness to his daughter's welfare & happiness : But since 
my acquaintance with M rs Baker wether influenced by her or by 
a discovery of something disagreeable in me, he has shewn rather 
too much indifference to be thought desirous of the marriage: 
this may be only surmise or perhaps owing to his temper, or to 
care & disappointments: be it as it will in my letter I shall 
acquaint him of the settlement you propose to make, the neces- 
sity of my returning to Maryland and that too as soon as possi- 
ble after the marriage: and desire him to recommend to the 
earnest consideration of his Lady wether she can sacrifice 
maternal fondness to her daughters inclinations : wether or no I 
can prevail upon the young lady to accompany me to America 


will depend upon her affection for, or her dislike to me : But if 
the mother thinks she is not mistress of sufficient resolution to 
surmount the parting with her daughter, the affair is at an end 
& and you may expect me in this next summer or in the fall : 
I chuse rather to forego my own happiness than make a Parent 
miserable. Believe me to be D r Papa 

Y r most affectionate and 
dutiful son 
March 23 d 1764. Ch : Carroll. 



The second Maryland regiment was raised in the City of 
Baltimore by the government and the field officers were ap- 
pointed by the President. On leaving Baltimore for the North 
Carolina campaign it numbered 953 men. Shortly after arriv- 
ing at Newbern, N. C, the Colonel resigned, and Lieutenant- 
Colonel Duryee commanded the regiment through Burnside's 
campaign in North Carolina. 

In the Maryland campaign, the Second Maryland took an 
active part in the battles of South Mountain and Antietam. 
At Antietam it was the first regiment to assault the stone (Burn- 
side's) bridge at 10 a. m. on the 17th September, 1862. It 
made many attempts without the support of artillery to carry 
the bridge on which was concentrated the fire of Longstreet's 
artillery and rifleman, and in consequence suffered many 

Jacob Eugene Duryee was a private in Company F, Seventh 
regiment, New York State Militia, when it was mustered into 
the United States service April 17th, 1861. He was appointed 
First Lieutenant, Company G, Fifth Regiment, NT. Y. Vols., 

1 Condensed from documents presented to the Society by General Duryee, 
which contain numerous references to the " War of the Rebellion Records " 
and other sources, as to the services of the regiment. 


May 10, 1861 ; was promoted Captain, and on September 21st, 
1861, was appointed Lieutenant-Colonel, Second Maryland 
Regiment Volunteers by President Lincoln. On March 13th, 
1865, was brevetted Colonel, and Brigadier-General " for gal- 
lant and meritorious services.'' Col. Duryee was in command 
of the Second Maryland during the campaigns in North Caro- 
lina, under General Burnside; in the Army of Virginia under 
General Pope ;, and the Maryland campaign under General Mc- 
Clellan, doing double duty as Colonel and Lieutenant-Colonel. 
In the short space of less than three weeks he lead his regiment 
through five battles and many severe and hazardous skirmishes, 
his losses amounting to 212 men on the battlefield, and more 
than that number by sickness, owing to the fact that when 
the regiment was raised there were no physical examinations. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Duryee had been appointed Colonel by 
General Burnside during the North Carolina campaign, subject 
to the approval of Governor Bradford, who had given him his 
Lieutenant-Colonel's commission to date from September 21st, 
1861. A petition for the confirmation of this appointment 
was sent to the Governor signed by all of the officers of the 
regiment, and strongly urged by the Brigade Commander, Gen- 
eral Reno, and the commanding officer of the Department, Gen- 
eral Burnside. The Governor refused, his reason being that 
the Lieutenant-Colonel was a native of a northern state. As 
the regiment had never been in action before Lieutenant-Colonel 
Duryee took command, and as he had led it through seven en- 
gagements and seen it reduced in number to less than a com- 
pany, he felt that great injustice had been done and tendered 
his resignation by the advice of General A. E. Burnside. 

Colonel Duryee's statement of the reasons for his resignation 
follow, verbatim: 

Shortly after the Battle of Antietam I decided to resign as 
I had heard that Governor Bradford had been on the field, and 
had ignored us, not even visiting the regiment or our cowshed 
hospital where so many brave Maryland soldiers lay wounded 
and dying. We needed the Governor's sympathy, besides our 


wants were many, especially for medical supplies, etc. When 
I saw the governors of other States, Governor Morgan of New 
York, Curtin of Pennsylvania, Andrews of Massachusetts, and 
many others doing their best to alleviate the sufferings of the 
soldiers of their respective States, my heart went out to my 
poor men who had fought so bravely. Then to feel that I was 
entirely unable to help them at this time of their great distress, 
made the matter to me very trying. 

It came very hard upon the regiment as we only had our 
good surgeon Theodore Dimon, to rely upon. Our very able 
assistant surgeon, Joseph E. Beatty, had been detailed by Gen- 
eral Reno and left in charge of the hospital on the battlefield 
of Chantilly, about two weeks previous, and had not yet re- 
turned. In fact, he did not report for duty until after I had 
left the regiment. Owing to these unfortunate circumstances, 
great responsibilities fell on the shoulders of Surgeon Dimon 
who did all a man could do for the suffering men. When there 
were so many that needed prompt attention, it was only possible 
to give to very few the proper care they should have had, owing 
to the great number of the wounded. 

After giving the matter serious reflection, I made out my 
resignation and went to the Headquarters of General Burnside. 
The General received me kindly. I then told him of my in- 
tention, at the same time handing him the paper. He promptly 
returned it, asking very decidedly and firmly that we would 
not accept it. I then said : " General, at reveille this morning 
less than 100 men answered the roll call, out of 953 men who 
had reported to you in North Carolina for duty in April, not 
five months ago. 

" In these three strenuous campaigns just ended, I have com- 
manded the regiment in every battle and engagement, actually 
filling two positions, while the Colonel who had been com- 
missioned by the Governor and had never commanded, in fact 
had never seen the regiment, was in Baltimore during these 
most trying times. " 

To this statement of facts the General patiently listened, 


but was still obdurate, until I said: "General, did Governor 
Bradford call on you when he visited the field a few days ago ? " 
He replied : " He did not, but I suppose he visited the wounded, 
and dying men of your brave regiment ? " When I said : " He 
did not," the General's countenance seemed to change, now it 
showed deep sympathy, he said : " Colonel, I cannot accept 
your resignation, but let me sleep over it and come again to 
Headquarters to-morrow morning, and I will give you an 

The next morning I went to Headquarters for General Burn- 
side's answer. The General took me cordially by the hand, 
saying : " I have carefully gone over during the night, your 
request of yesterday. I accept your resignation. I see no 
other course, for as matters appear to me now, you would not 
get any assistance from the Governor to help you recruit the 
regiment." I replied that I had never seen Governor Brad- 
ford. All correspondence in regard to his commissioning me 
Colonel had been done by the Generals over me and by the 
officers of the regiment. That I was under the impression 
that it would be sometime before the regiment would be engaged 
in very active service as our ranks had been so thinned out. 
In this I was right, for the regiment was not engaged in any 
battle for over a year, with the exception of the unfortunate 
battle of Fredericksburg, December 12th, 1862. 

General Burnside said " Colonel, I accept your resignation 
with regret, and especially that it should be entirely owing to 
the unjustified treatment you and your regiment have received 
from the Executive of the State of Maryland." I then returned 
to camp, formed the remnant of the few brave soldiers left in 
the regiment and bade them farewell, shaking hands with every- 
one. I could plainly see by the expression on the face of every 
man that they all regretted my going fully as much as I did 
leaving them. 

The fatalities of the regiment were : Killed or died of wounds, 
5 officers and 84 men; from accidents, disease and in prison, 
3 officers and 148 men; total 240. 


At the battle of Antietam the following were killed or died 
of wounds: 

Captain Malcolm Wilson, Company F. 
Captain James A. Martin, Company E. 
William Barman, Private, Company A. 
George W. Connelly, Private, Company A. 
James S. Clark, Sergeant, Company A. 
Charles Hanptman, Corporal, Company A. 
James Keily, Private, Company A. 
Christian Lookert, Private, Company A. 
Harry Stewart, Sergeant, Company A. 
George Waltzen, Private, Company A. 
John Q. Adams, Private, Company C. 
James K. Klumper, Private, Company E. 
John Frazier, Private, Company F. 
John Osborn, Color Sergeant. 
Joseph Clark, Sergeant, Company H. 
W. Kelly, Private, Company H. 
P. Daily, Private, Company I. 
Jacob Muller, Private, Company K. 
Martin Becker, Private, Company K. 
Albert Bayer, Drummer. 

Among the forty-seven wounded were the following com- 
missioned officers : 

Captain John M. Santmeyer, Company H. 
Captain James D. Spangler, Company A. 
Lieutenant Thomas L. Matthews, Company A. 
Lieutenant William McLoughlin, Company D. 




{Copyrighted, 1911) 

1. Anthony LeCompte 1 was born in Picardy, France, and 
died during the autumn of 1673, in Dorchester County, 
Maryland. In 1655-6, he appears in the province of Mary- 
land, as the following entry among the land records attests : 
" I Antoine LeCompte do give all my right and title to 
Ishmael Wright and my man's Llenry Mites right and title 
which is the 200 acres due to me. As witness my hand, 
7th February, 1655." 

(Signed) Anthoine Le Compt. 
(L. O., Q. 440.441). 

In 1658-9, Anthony LeCompte appears as patentee of 
a free-hold in Calvert County, known as " Compton," and 
containing 75 acres, originally surveyed 8 August, 1651, 
for Ishmael Wright, on the North side of the Patuxent 
River (Calvert County Rent Rolls). Ishmael Wright ac- 
quired title to " Compton " in consideration of the trans- 
porting of himself and Anne his wife, into the Province, 
and assigned the same to Antoine LeCompte, 11 Feb- 
ruary, 1658 (L. O., Q. 401). 

Under an entry of 12 March 1658, one Arthur Wright 
demands land for transporting Katharine his wife, Wil- 
liam Squire, Thomas Middleton, Elizabeth Holston: and 
Thomas Raymond, Barbara Crouch, Thomas Jones, trans- 
ported by Antoine LeCompte. Warrant then issued to 
lay out for Arthur Wright and Anthoine Le Compt 700 
acres upon " the Eastern Shore " (L. O., Q. 440. 441). 

" Whereas, on the 12 March 1658, warrant issued for 
700 acres of land upon the Eastern Shore to Anth°. 
Lecompte and Arthur Wright, ret. 29 September foil. — 
which said warrant being given up, the said Anthony Le- 
Compte hath taken new warrant in his own name. War- 
rant inde for 700 acres on the Eastern Shore, return 25 
December next, to the said Anthony LeCompt." (ib. iv. 61). 

On 13 August 1659, there was laid out for Anthony Le 


Compte of this Province, planter, a parcel of land called 
" St. Anthoine " (or " Antonine"), lying on the East side 
of the Chesapeake Bay, and on the South side of the Chop- 
tank River, in Home's Bay, containing 800 acres (L. 0., 
iv. 244: Dorchester County Rent Rolls). 

The aforesaid tract was acquired by Anthony LeCompte, 
17 January 1659, "in consideration that Anthony Le 
Compte hath transported Thomas Raymond, Barbara 
Crouch, and Thomas Jones into this Province: and hath 
further due to him by assignment of Mary Guilford the 
land (200 acres) due to her for transporting herself and 
Barnes Johnson ; and also, by the assignment of Emperour 
Smith, the land due to him for transporting himself, Rob- 
ert Bailey and William Major. Granted unto said An- 
thony Le Compte the land called " St. Anthony," on the 
East side of Chesapeake Bay, and the South side of the 
Choptank River, in Home Bay, 800 acres." (L. O., iv, 

Shortly after this, Anthony LeCompte returned to 
France, where he met his future wife, took her over to 
London to be married, and then returned to Maryland. On 
2 March, 1662/3, " came Antonio LeCompte and enters 
four rights, viz*., for his wife Easter, John Goteer, Andrew 
Gundry and Ambrose, for which he demands warranty' ' 
which was accordingly issued for 200 acres, of date 21 Feb- 
ruary, 1662 (L. O., v. 243). On 22 Feby. 1664, a 
" Patent of Denization " was granted to Antoine Le 
Compte, his wife and children (Md. Arch, in, 513). 

On 18 March 1662, we find the following entry: "I 
Andrew Skinner of this Province, do alienate, etc. unto 
Mounsier Anthony Compt, land called " Compton," in 
Dividing Creek, on the north side of the Choptank River." 
This tract consisted of 100 acres, in Talbot county, and was 
originally laid out for Andrew Skinner (by assignment 
from James Smith). On 26 April 1663, Anthony Le 
Compte assigned his rights to John Edmondson, who 
assigned the same to James Elvard, merchant (L. O., vii, 
120, 125). 

In the Proceedings of the Maryland Assembly held at 
Patuxent, 24 September, 1657, among the " severall 
charges to be Satisfied by way of Levie out of the County 
of Patuxent," we find a bill allowed to Anthony LeCompte 


for killing three wolves, amounting to 300 lbs. of tobacco 
(Md. Arch, i, 365). 

In the Proceedings of April-May , 1669, out of the assess- 
ments of the Province charged to the several counties, there 
were due to Anthony LeCompte, as of Talbot county, 2022 
lbs. of tobacco (ib. n, 231). 

On 6 May, 1669, Anthony LeCompte was appointed a 
Justice of Dorchester County, which office he held until 
1671 (Md. Arch, v, 52-53: Liber C-D, 431). 

The will of Anthony LeCompte, of Dorchester County, 
Maryland, was made 9 September 1673, and filed 25 
October 1673 (Annapolis, Wills i, 562). He leaves to his 
eldest son, John Le Compte, all his " land on the other side 
of the creek, south from my house, with 50 acres I bought 
of Wm. Willoughby " : all the remainder of his lands, 
equally, to his sons Moses, Philip and Anthony LeCompte : 
to his eldest daughter Hester Le Compte, 8 cows : to Nicho- 
las Trippe, one cow: and appoints his wife Hester Le 
Compte sole executrix. The will was witnessed by Jacob 
Seth, Jno. Snookes and Margaret Bryant. 

Anthony Le Compte married 11 July 1661, in London, 
England, Esther Dottando (or, Dotlando). She was a 
native of Dieppe, in Normandy, Erance. The marriage 
record is given in the register of St. Helen's, Bishopsgate, 
London, as follows : " Anthony LeCompte of the parishe 
of Macke neere Callis in Erance & Esther Dottando of 
Deepe in Erance weare mar'ed," 11 July, 1661. 

A few months after Anthony LeCompte' s decease, his 
widow Esther, married (1674), "Monsieur" Mark Cor- 
dea, formerly of St. John's, in St. Mary's County, an inn- 
holder and merchant, and owner of " St. Elizabeth's 
Manor," which he purchased from John Nuthall, Jr., of 
St. Mary's County, gentleman (Annapolis, Chancery 
KecordsCD, i, 273). 

In Bacon's Laws of Maryland (1674), chapter xn, 
(original Libers: C & W H, 240: W H, 123 : W H & L, 
86), appears the petition for naturalization on the part of 
Hester Cordea, et al., as follows : " Petition of . . . 
Hester Cordea [born] at Deepe in Normandy, John Le 
Count, Mosses Lecount, Phillip Lacount, Anthony Lacount, 
all the sonns of Anthony Lacount borne at Picardie in the 
Kingdom of France ; Hester Lacount, Katherine Lacount, 
daughters to the said Anthony Lacount, and both sonns and 


daughters borne within Your Lordships Province of Mary- 
land . . . for divers years therein Inhabitants being in- 
vited to come and dwell within this Province by and upon 
confidence of Your Lordships declaration of the second of 
July 1649/' etc. They were naturalized under the Act 
passed 6 June 1674. 

On 17 July 1680, there was issued a subpoena to Mark 
Cordea and Hester his wife, executrix of the last will and 
testament of Anthony LeCompte, deceased, to answer the 
bill of complaint of Henry Fox and Hester his wife, one of 
the daughters of the said Anthony (Annapolis, Chancery 
Records CD. 273). Committees from the Upper and 
Lower Houses of Assembly met occasionally at Mark Cor- 
dea's house (Md. Arch, vii: xin). 

Anthony and Hester LeCompte had issue : * 

2. i. John, 2 b. 1662: d. circa 1705. 

3. ii. Moses, d. 1720. 

iii. Philip, d. unmarried (a minor). 

4. iv. Anthony, d. circa 1705. 

v. Esther, m. (1) Henry Fox, of Talbot Co.: (2) Wm. Skinner, Jr. 
vi. Katharine, m. (1) James Cullins: (2) Thomas BrufF. 

2. John LeCompte 2 (Anthony 1 ) was born in 1662, in 
Maryland, and died 1704/5, in Dorchester county. His 
will was made 4 November 1704, and proved 6 June 1705 
(Annapolis Wills in. 455). 

He bequeathed to his son William, " Linkwoods " (250 
acres), at the head of Transquaking, formerly belonging to 
Dr. Robert Winsmore: to son Philemon, " LeCompte's 
Adventure," at the head of Ingram's Creek: to sons An- 
thony and John (equally), part of 200 acres (unnamed) 
on the south side of Ingram's Creek, it having been jointly 
taken up with John Brannock : to sons James and Robert 
Winsmore LeCompte, residue of the tract last referred to, 
and lying on the north side of Ingram's Creek : to daughter 
Ann, all land taken up by testator jointly with John Bran- 
nock and Andrew Skinner, between the branch of Cabin 
Creek and the northwest fork of Nanticoke River: to son 
John (aforesaid) also " John's Good Luck" (50 acres), 
" LeCompte's Delight" (50 acres) and "Indian Ridge" 

* The source of a good deal of the following data relating to the LeCompte 
family of Maryland is an old manuscript record, said to have been com- 
piled in 1819, but the writer of this sketch can not vouch for its accuracy, 
except in so far as he has been able to verify the same from authoritative 
sources (F. B. C). 


(87 acres) : to wife Ann (executrix), the dwelling planta- 
tion during life, the same to revert to son Anthony. All 
the children to be of age at 18 years. The witnesses under 
the will were Jane Kemp: Margaret Nowell and John 

In the Annapolis Chancery Records there is an entry of 
the suit of one Thomas McKeele, lessee of William Warner, 
against John LeCompte, which suit was entered by the 
Court, 22 February, 1704/5, as " abated by the defend- 
ant's death " (Lib. PC. 516). 

John LeCompte married Ann Winsmore, daughter of 
Dr. Robert Winsmore, and had issue : 



John, 3 b. 1686: d. ] 



William, d. 1749. 



Philemon, b. 1690. 





Robert Winsmore. 





3. Moses LeCompte 2 (Anthony 1 ) was born in Maryland 
and died in 1720, in Dorchester County. According to a 
family record compiled in 1819, Moses LeCompte became 
partially blind at 18 or 19 years of age, and altogether so 
at 22 or 23, although he was sent to England for treatment 
of his affliction. Blindness appeared in several later gen- 
erations of this branch of the family. 

The will of Moses LeCompte was made 1 January 1717, 
and proved 15 March 1720/1. He bequeathed to his sons 
Philip, Thomas and Samuel LeCompte, " all my lands I 
now live on, but if it please God any more of my children 
should lose their sight except my sons Moses LeCompte 
and Peter LeCompte, that my said children so losing their 
sight should be equal partners in my said lands with my 
aforesaid three sons " : he gave to " my said children one 
small tract called " Padan-Aram," except my sons Moses 
LeCompte and Peter LeCompte," and to the last named 
" the said land lying in Little Choptank " : he mentions his 
three daughters Esther LeCompte, Mary LeCompte and 
Elizabeth LeCompte. The witnesses under the will were 
John LeCompte, Joseph LeCompte, Elizabeth Bonner 
and Kachel Bonner (Annapolis Wills, xvi. 365). The 
administration accounts of the estate mention the wife 
Mary, with three sons Philip, Samuel and Joseph, as the 
executors (Annapolis Accounts iv. 70: v. 18. 286). 


















Moses LeCompte married Marv Skinner (b. 1667) 
daughter of " old " (Thomas?) " Skinner of England." 
(according to family record of 1819). A deposition of 
Mary LeCompte in 1741 gives her age as " about 74 
years " (Dor. Court Records xrr. 200). 

Closes and Mary (Skinner) LeCompte had issue: 

Philip, 3 died 1734 unmarried: said to liave been •'blind."-' 
Moses, said to have been " blind.'"'' 
Thomas, died unmarried: said to have been '"'blind.'"'' 

Samuel, died 1775 unmarried: said to have been '•'blind.''' 
Joseph, said to have been " blind.'-' 

William, said to have been " blind.'-' 
Esther, died unmarried: said to have been "' blind.'"' 
Mary ( •■' blind " | m. Arthur Rigrby, of Talbot County, Md. 
Elizabeth (■''blind*-') m. James Sewers, of Philadelphia, Pa. 

4. Antblony LeCo^ipte - (Anthony 1 ) was born in Mary- 
land and died in 1705. in Dorchester County. The will of 
Anthony LeCompte was made 20 January 1704 and 
proved 6 June 1705 (A nn apolis Wills, in. 456). 

He left to his sons Xehemiah and Anthony Le Compte, 
jointly, the tract called " St. Anthony's." which was be- 
queathed to the testator by his father: to his eldest son 
Xehemiah. 25 acres of land " at the Island " : to his son 
Anthony. " Bluestone Branch " on the western shore, 
called the " Halfway House." The sons to be of age at 18 
years. To his wife Margaret (executrix) he bequeathed 
all personalty. The witnesses trader the will were Henry 
Beckwith. Magdalen Wardner and Mary Wardner ( Bald- 
win's Cal. of Md. Wills, m. 51). 

Anthony LeCompte married Margaret Beckwith, and 
had issue : 

14. i. Xehemtah, 3 b. 1693. 
ii. Anthony (no issue), 
iii. Margaret. 

5. Johx LeCompte 3 (John, 2 Anthony M was born in 16S6 
and died in 1754, in Dorchester County. Maryland. In a 
deposition dated 15 December, 1741, his age is given as 55 
years (Dor. Co. Court Records, xrr. 200). 

The will of John LeCompte was made 17 J amy. 1754, 
and proved 15 March 1754 (Annapolis Wills, xxix. 76). 
To his wife Blanche Le Compte he bequeathed " St. An- 
thonv," "Purkerdv'' (Picardv), " Chance. " " Roxall " 


and " LeCompte's Pasture " ; and one shilling to each of 
his following eight children — John, Charles, Anthony and 
Philemon LeCompte, Blanche LeCompte, Mary Woolford, 
Esther Cullens, and Clare Fowler (the last mentioned also 
received four negroes). His sons were named as the 

John LeCompte married Blanche Powell (d. 1769) and 
had issue : 

15. i. John. 4 

ii. Charles, m. Sarah Hirth ( ? ) , of Talbot County. 

15 a . iii. Anthony, m. Mary Sewell. 

iv. Philemon, m. Hatfield. 

16. v. William. 
vi. Sarah. 

vii. Mary, m. Woolf ord ( ? ) . 

viii. Clare, m. Fowler. 

ix. Esther, m. Cullins. 

x. Blanche, m. Anthony LeCompte 3 (Moses, 2 Anthony 1 ). 

xi. Elizabeth, m. Vickers. 

6. William LeCompte 3 (John, 2 Anthony 1 ) died in 1749 
in Dorchester county, Maryland. His will was made 18 
May 1749, and proved 8 July 1749 (Annapolis Wills, 
xxvii. 8). 

He bequeathed to his sons Philemon and John Le- 
Compte, the dwelling plantation and an equal division of 
the " land I have at the head of Transquaking " ; to son 
William LeCompte land in the northwest fork of Nanti- 
coke River, called " Poole's Outlet " (130 acres) : he makes 
a bequest to his daughter Sarah, " in case she should come 
back/' and mentions his daughter Anne Baynam and his 
son Levin LeCompte. 

William LeCompte married Smoot, and had 

issue : 

i. Philemon. 4 

ii. John, 

iii. William, 

iv. Sarah. 

v. Anne, m. Bayman. 

vi. Levin. 

7. Philemon LeCompte 3 (John, 2 Anthony 1 ) was born in 
1690, according to a deposition made in 1730, when his age 
is given as 40 years (Chancery Records I R, No. 1, 314), 
and died in 1769. His will was proved 28 August, 1769 
(Annapolis Wills, xxxvn. 401). 

Philemon Le Compte married Mary Seward (d. 1769) 
and had issue : 


i. William. 4 
ii. James. 

iii. John, d. 1768: m. Mary , and had one daughter, Elizabeth. 

iv. Abner, d. 1771. 

v. Esther, m. (cousin) William LeCompte 4 (John, 3 John, 2 An- 
thony 1 ), 
vi. Charles (of "Oyster Shell Point"), d. 26 March 1809, aged 

64 years: his wife's name was Drusilla. 
vii. Mary, married — — Dawson. 

viii. Ann, married (1) Phillips: m. (2) Owens: m. (3) 


8. James LeCompte 3 (John, 2 Anthony x ) was the ancestor 

of the Le Comptes of Caroline County, Md. He married 

Mallet, and had issue : 

i. James. 4 

ii. Philemon. 

iii. Anthony. 

iv. Charles. 

v. Nathan. 

9. Moses LeCompte 3 (Moses, 2 Anthony * joins in a deed, 
dated 11 Aug. 173 1, with Levinia his wife, conveying to 
" our loving son Matthew Driver," one half of the "Grove," 
on James Island (Dorch. Co. Deeds, viii. 429). He also 
made a deed of gift, hearing date 8 March 1768, for " nat- 
ural love and affection which I have and do bear to my 
three grandsons Levin Cator, William Geoghegan and 
Moses Geoghegan," as follows : " unto my grandson Levin 
Cator, one half of the whole survey of " Le Compters Addi- 
tion " (34% acres) on James Island, in Dorchester 
County: unto my two grandsons William and Moses 
Geoghegan the easternmost half of " Le Compters Addi- 
tion," equally, and my part of " Grove," (75 acres) lying 
on James Island, in Dorchester County." He also refers 
to his daughter Levinia Geoghegan (Dorch. Co. Land 
Records, xxn. 222). He married Levinia Pattison, daugh- 
ter of Thomas Pattison (and widow of Matthew Driver, of 
James Island) , and had issue : 

17. i. Moses. 4 

ii. Levinia, m. William Geoghegan, of Dublin, 
iii. Esther, m. Matthew Skinner. 

iv. Mary, m. (1) ante 1744 Edward Cator: (2) Marmaduke Dove: 
(3) Davey. 

10. Peter LeCompte 3 (Moses, 2 Anthony *) married 

Brannock, and had issue : 

i. Thomas, prob. died at sea. 
ii. Samuel, prob. died at sea. 
iii. Peter. 


iv. Joseph, m. Elizabeth Sewers: from whom among others were 
Samuel LeCompte, of Tuckahoe Neck; Joseph LeCompte, of 
Castle Haven, who married Delilah Thomas (nee Barnett) 
and had Esther Ann, who married Kobert Taylor, of Balfco. 

11. Joseph LeCompte 3 (Moses, 2 Anthony 1 ) d. 1776; he 
married the widow Shannon, and had issne : 

18. i. Samuel. 4 

ii. Nicholas, unmarried. 
iii. Joseph, 
iv. A daughter, married John Parker. 

12. Anthony LeCompte 3 (Moses, 2 Anthony *) married (1) 
ante 'Nov. 1744, Catharine, widow of William Bennett, of 
Talbot county: m. (2) Blanche Le Compte 4 (John, 3 
John, 2 Anthony 1 ) and had issue: 

By first wife : 

i. Elizabeth. 4 

ii. Catharine, 

iii. Mary, 

iv. Esther. 

By second wife : 

v. Sarah, 
vi. Dolly. 

13. William LeCompte 3 (Moses, 2 Anthony 1 ) married the 
widow Martin, of Talbot county, and had issue : 

i. Philip, 4 unmarried: d. circa 1846, in New Castle County, Dela- 

19. ii. Moses. 

iii. Thomas, unmarried, 
iv. Daniel, unmarried. 

20. v. Isaiah. 

vi. Mary, married Thomas Wingate. 
vii. Nancy, married Levin Wingate. 

14. Nehemiah LeCompte 3 (Anthony, 2 Anthony *) was born 
in 1698, according to a deposition made in 1720, which 
gives his age as 22 years (Chancery Records, PC. 602). 

ISTehemiah LeCompte married Clare Poole t and had 
issue : 

i. Anthony, 4 married Sarah Skinner, 

ii. Nehemiah. 

iii. John. 

iv. Margaret, 

v. Mary, 

vi. Elizabeth, 

vii. Esther. 

15. John LeCompte 4 (John, 3 John, 2 Anthony 1 ) married 
Sarah Peterkin, and had issue: 


i. John. 5 
ii. Charles, 
iii. James. 

15 a . Anthony LeCompte 4 (John, 3 John/ Anthony x ) married 
Mary Sewell and had issue: 

i. Fannie, 5 m. (1) Griffin (s. p.): (2) John Radcliffe 

( issue ) : ( 3 ) Leonard ( s. p. ) . 

ii. Katharine, d. 10 Oct. 1803, unmarried. 

16. William LeCompte 4 (John, 3 John, 2 Anthony 1 ) mar- 
ried (1) Linah Byus: m. (2) Esther LeCompte 4 (Phile- 
mon, 3 John, 2 Anthony x ), and had issue: 

By first wife : 

i. William. 5 

ii. Philemon, 

iii. John, 

iv. Sarah, m. Stephen LeCompte, of Chicacomieo. 

v. Eebecca, m. Levin LeCompte, of Chicacomieo. 

By second wife : 

vi. Charles, 
vii. Caleb. 

17. Moses LeCompte 4 (Moses, 3 Moses, 2 Anthony 1 ) died in 
1776, in Dorchester County, Maryland. The administra- 
tion bond for the estate of Moses LeCompte, deceased, was 
filed 20 February 1776, by Moses LeCompte, Jr., adminis- 
trator, with Joseph Robson and Henry Keene, as sureties 
(Annapolis, Testa. Proc. xlvii. 31). The inventory was 
appraised 29 April 1776 by Thomas Creaton (Creighton) 
and Henry Travers, in the sum of £710.4.2 (Annapolis, 
Inventories, oxxv. 116). 

Moses LeCompte married Nancy Pattison, and had 

issue : 

21. i. Moses, 5 b. 1748 (or 1752). 

ii. Nancy, m. 1759, Jeremiah Pattison. 

iii. Esther, 

iv. Rosamond, 

v. Elizabeth, b. 1761: d. 1803. 

18. Samuel LeCompte 4 (Joseph, 3 Moses, 2 Anthony 1 ) mar- 
ried Rachel Watts and had issue : 

i. Edmond. 5 
ii. Samuel. 

19. Moses LeCompte 4 (William, 3 Moses, 2 Anthony 1 ) mar- 
ried Wheeler and had issue : 


i. Moses. 5 

ii. Hugh, 

iii. Mary, 

iv. Mahala. 

20. Isaiah LeCompte 4 (William, 3 Moses, 2 Anthony 1 ) mar- 
ried Sarah Geoghegan (of John) and had issue: 

22. i. William G. 6 

23. ii. Samuel. 

iii. Isaiah ( " never married — poor soul " ! ) 

21. Moses LeCompte 5 (Moses, 4 Moses, 3 Moses, 2 Anthony *) 
was horn in 1748, or 1752 (the authorities differ), and 
died 23 October 1801, on Taylor's Island, Dorchester 

On 12 February 1776, a commission was issued to Moses 
LeCompte, Jr., as First Lieutenant of Captain Joseph 
Robson's Company of Minute-men, in Dorchester county. 
He succeeded Henry Keene, who had resigned (Md. Arch, 
xi. 153). On 24 May 1776, he was First] Lieutenant in 
Captain Denwood Hick's Company of Dorchester County 
militia, but was recommissioned as First Lieutenant of 
Captain Joseph Robson's Company (ib. 441). He later 
became Lieutenant Colonel Commandant of the Dorchester 
county militia in the re-organization of the State forces 
following the Revolutionary War. 

Moses LeCompte married twice. His first wife was 
Nancy Edmondson, who died prior to 1787. His second 
wife was Elizabeth Woodward (1763-1803). 

There is on record in the Dorchester County Court, a bill 
of sale deed, bearing date 15 September 1787, from Moses 
LeCompte and Elizabeth his wife, of Dorchester County, to 
Benjamin Keene, Jr.; William Geoghegan; Thomas 
Hooper ; John Aschcom Travers ; Peter Harrington ; John 
Aaron; John Geoghegan;, John Robson and Isaac Creigh- 
ton, trustees appointed " to take care and management of a 
chapel lately built on Taylor's Island for the use of minis- 
ters of the M. E. Church" (Lib. NH No. 9, 411). 

Issue by first wife : 
i. Nancy, 6 m. Colonel Moses Keene. 

Issue by second wife : 

24. ii. Benjamin Woodward, b. 1787. 

iii. Samuel W., d. 1861/2: midshipman, War of 1812: Lieut. Com. 


U. S. N.: m. Mary Eccleston, daughter of Washington 

iv. Elizabeth, m. James Pattison. 

v. Emily W., m. James Bryan, son of Charles Bryan, of Cambridge. 
vi. Margaret. 

22. William G. LeCompte 5 (Isaiah, 4 William, 3 Moses, 2 An- 
thony 1 ) married Mary A. Eaton, of Talbot County, Md. ? 
and had issue: 

Thomas. 6 

William G. 

Mamie, m. Henry Hooper. 

Sarah, m. Thomas Hubbard. 

Mary Matilda, m. Samuel Brattan. 

Annie Maria, m. John A. Applegarthe. 

Rebecca, m. Stephen LeCompte. 

Araminta, m. William Mitchell. 

23. Samuel LeCompte 5 (Isaiah, 4 William, 3 Moses, 2 An- 
thony * ) married Mary Simmons and had issue : 

27. i. Philip Isaiah. 6 











24. Benjamin Woodward LeCompte 6 (Moses, 5 Moses, 4 
Moses, 3 Moses, 2 Anthony 1 ) was born in 1787, and died 20 
November 1821. He married Mary E. Hooper (1786- 
1822), and had issue: 

i. Mary E. LeCompte, 7 m. John P. Hooper. 

ii. James Laird, d. 1853: m. Ann Werkmiller, of Norfolk, Va. 
iii. Gaston Cleves, b. 1815: d. 1878: m. Mary Hartshorn, daughter 

of Sylvanna Hartshorn, of Norfolk, Va. 
iv. Emily Ann. 
v. Benjamin Hooper. 

25. Thomas LeCompte 6 (William G., 5 Isaiah, 4 William, 3 
Moses, 2 Anthony *) married Margaret Cook, and had issue: 

i. Thomas. 7 

ii. Daniel H. 

iii. Samuel, 

iv. Mary, 

v. Margaret. 

26. William G. LeCompte 6 (William G., 5 Isaiah, 4 William, 3 
Moses, 2 Anthony 1 ) married Nannie Stewart, and had 
issue : 

i. William. 7 

ii. George, 

iii. Mamie, 

iv. Annie. 



27. Philip Isaiah LeCompte 6 (Samuel, 5 Isaiah, 4 William, 3 
Moses, 2 Anthony 1 ) married Susan Hubbard, and had 
issue : 


John. 7 



















LeCompte Notes 

Samuel LeCompte, called " the surveyor," said to have been 

a grandson of James 3 (John, 2 Anthony x ) married (1) 

Price, and had issue Edward P. LeCompte (d. 1843) who mar- 
ried 1829 Emily White, of Cambridge, and had issue Edward 
W. LeCompte who married 1853 Elizabeth Wall. 

Samuel LeCompte, called " the Surveyor," married (2) Ara- 
minta Smoot (nee Frazier) and had issue Samuel Dexter Le- 
Compte, Henrietta Maria LeCompte, Araminta Sarah Le- 
Compte, and Margaret Elizabeth LeCompte. 

Samuel Dexter LeCompte (Samuel) removed to the territory 
of Kansas, was appointed Chief Justice in 1854, and there died. 
He married Camilla Anderson, of Todd's Point, Dorchester 
County, and had issue: Samuel Edward LeCompte, Eugene 
Dexter LeCompte, Edward Palmer LeCompte, Alice Emily Le- 
Compte, Camilla A. LeCompte, and James Trippe LeCompte. 
Henrietta Maria LeCompte (Samuel) married 1837 Joseph R. 
Eccleston. They removed to Keokuk, Iowa, in 1852, and both 
died in 1853, leaving issue. 




Meeting of October 9th, 1916.* — The regular monthly meet- 
ing of the Society was called to order at 8.30 o'clock. Vice- 
President Harris, in taking the chair, expressed his regrets that 
President Warneld had been prevented by trouble with one of 
his eyes from being present at the meeting that evening. 

The following Necrology was read by the Recording Secre- 

Died on October 10, 1915, Mr. William B. Graves, who was 
elected to active membership, December 13, 1909. 

On May 21, 1916, Mr. Clayton C. Hall, who was elected to 
active membership on February 9, 1880. 

On June 20, 1916, Mr. Jordan Stabler, who was elected to 
active membership on March 14, 1910. 

On July 9, 1916, Mr. Gaun M. Hutton, who was elected to 
active membership on December 8, 1890. 

On July 10, 1916, Mr. William Fell Johnson, who was 
elected to active membership on February 10, 1902. 

On September 2, 1916, Mr. David Abercrombie, who was 
elected to active membership on February 10, 1908. 

On September 4, 1916, Mr. Raphael T. Semmes, who was 
elected to associate membership on April 9, 1906. 

On September 30, 1916, Col. John A. Tompkins, who was 
elected to active membership on May 14, 1883. 

Under the head of miscellaneous business, Mrs. Wm. Reed, 
President of the Maryland Society of Colonial Dames, spoke 
as follows: 

" It is with great pleasure that the Maryland Society of the 
Colonial Dames of America will have the privilege this evening 

* Inadvertently omitted from the December number of the Magazine. 


of presenting to the Maryland Historical Society a valuable old 
coin, which has come into our possession, through the courtesy 
of Judge Henry Stoekbridge. This copper six pence " trial 
piece " is said to be very rare, and we have requested Mr. Louis 
H. Dielman, to make the presentation in the name of the 
Society. Mr. Dielman needs no introduction to the Maryland 
Historical Society." 

In formally presenting the coin on behalf of the Colonial 
Dames, Mr. Dielman made a statement concerning the colonial 
coinage of Lord Baltimore and the varieties known to be in 

In moving a vote of thanks to the Maryland Society of 
Colonial Dames for the beautiful and valuable coin presented 
to the Society, Judge Stoekbridge gave a most interesting 
account of various aspects of Maryland Colonial Coinage, call- 
ing special attention to the beauty, value and rareness of the 
coin which the Maryland Society of Colonial Dames was 
presenting to the Historical Society. 

"While still under the head of miscellaneous business, Mr. 
Douglas H. Thomas took the floor and stated that it gave him 
great pleasure indeed to make an announcement to the Society. 
Mr. Thomas said that several months ago Mrs. Mary Washing- 
ton Keyser had spoken to him about her desire to erect a 
memorial to her late husband, Mr. H. Irvine Keyser. After 
careful consideration of the matter she came to the conclusion 
that she desired to offer a home to the Maryland Historical 
Society. Judge Stoekbridge was called into consultation and 
various plans for the purchase and improvement of the property 
at the south-west corner of Park Avenue and Monument Street 
were considered. Mr. Thomas then read the letters from Mrs. 
Keyser, printed in full in the December issue of the Magazine. 

Judge Stoekbridge spoke as follows : 
"Mr. President: 

" For a number of years this Society has been longing and 
hoping for a new home. The means available for procuring 


it have seemed to be beyond our reach. During the lifetime of 
our late President, Mr. Cohen, the location at the southwest 
corner of Monument Street and Park Avenue was considered 
and felt to be a most desirable one; but the cost of that lot, 
together with the cost of the erection of a suitable building on 
it for housing the priceless collections of this Society, has 
seemed to place it beyond the possibility of our grasp. 

" By the munificent offer which has just been tendered to 
this Society by Mrs. Keyser, through Mr. Thomas, that which 
has hitherto seemed scarcely more than a dream is now virtually 
placed at our disposal. I am sure that I but voice the senti- 
ment of every member present when I say that this Society 
entertains a deep feeling of gratitude to Mrs. Keyser and that 
it will be the pleasure of this organization to do everything 
which lies in its power to bring to full fruition the desires in 
every respect of the generous donor. 

" There was one condition attached to Mrs. Keyser's tender 
which Mr. Thomas overlooked in the announcement which he 
has just made, namely, that no encumbrance or lien should 
ever be placed upon the property, and this is a condition so 
reasonable and moderate that I am sure it will readily be 
acceded by all. There is another condition, not imposed by 
Mrs. Keyser through feelings of delicacy, but which it seems 
to me this Society should none the less regard as a condition of 
the gift, and that is, that there should be raised a permanent 
endowment fund sufficient that the income of it should be ade- 
quate to care for the ordinary maintenance expense of the 
building placed and to be placed upon this lot, less than this it 
seems we should not do, and that a failure to do it would evince 
a lack of appreciation of the gift now made. To that end I 
desire to offer certain resolutions, the second and third of which 
will of course be dependent upon the adoption of the first." 

[Printed in full in December Magazine.'] 

Vice-President Harris voiced the feeling of surprise and very 
great happiness with which the Society received notice of this 
most helpful and munificent gift and expressed his regrets that 


President Warfield had been prevented from being present 
upon such a happy and epoch-making occasion in the history of 
the Society. 

An interesting paper was read by Dr. Bernard C. Steiner 
entitled, "A New Englander's Southern Trip in 1833 ; Henry 
Barnard's First Experience with the South." This paper gave 
a delightful account of certain aspects of life in the South 
before the War. At the conclusion of Dr. Steiner's address, 
upon motion of Major Pegram, a vote of thanks was extended 
to Dr. Steiner. 

There being no further business before the Society, the meet- 
ing adjourned at 10.30 o'clock. 

Meeting of December 11, 1916. — The regular monthly meet- 
ing of the Society was called to order at 8.30 p. m. with Presi- 
dent Warfield in the chair. 

The minutes of the preceding meeting were read and ap- 
proved with corrections. 

The election of new members resulted as follows: 

Dr. Bonald T. Abercrombie — Active 

Mr. Alfred 0. P. A. Atkinson — Active 

Dr. W. H. H. Bixler— Active 

Hon. Carroll T. Bond — Active 

Mr. William J. Donnelly — Active 

Hon. Henry Duffy — Active 

Mr. John W. Frick — Active 

Mr. Carter H. George — Active 

Dr. Charles S. Grindall — Active 

Mrs. Charles Frederic Habighurst — Active 

Miss Elizabeth Gray Howard — Life 

Mr. B. F. Johnson — Associate 

Mr. J. Hemsley Johnson — Active 

Mr. John L. G. Lee — Active 

Mr. Robert Oliver Lehr — Active 

Mr. Thomas Mackenzie — Active 

Mr. Charles C. McColgan — Active 

Mrs. Elizabeth Morrison McElroy — Active 


Mr. Charles D. Mcolai — Active 
Mr. John Parker — Active 
Mrs. William S. Powell— Active 
Mr. John L. Sanford — Active 
Mrs. Chester B. Tnrnbnll — Active 
Mr. Raymond S. Williams — Active 

Under the head of necrology, the Recording Secretary re- 
ported the death of John J. Donaldson, on November 19th, 
1916, Richard Bernard on November 21, 1916, Edwin Schenck, 
Sr., on November 18th, 1916, Alfred Z. Hartman on December 
1st, 1916 and Henry C. Matthews on December 6th, 1916. 
President Warfield dwelt upon his long and intimate associa- 
tion with Mr. Donaldson and referred to his unusual qualities 
of force and culture. 

General Trippe on behalf of the Committee appointed to 
secure a roster of the Maryland soldiers at the Battle of Long 
Island, reported that he had the roster of four companies but 
that the roster of Captain Veasey's Company is still missing. 
He referred to the fact that out of 400 soldiers who were in 
that battle, 276 were killed in it. 

Mr. Dielman stated that Dr. J. Hall Pleasants was very 
anxious to see that the second volume of the Early Court Pro- 
ceedings of Baltimore County was indexed, and that if the 
Society would request the Supreme Bench of Baltimore City 
to turn over temporarily the records to the Society to be copied, 
Dr. Pleasants would see that none of the involved expense 
would fall on the Society. Judge Dawkins and Mr. Leigh Bon- 
sal discussed the proposition somewhat at length. 

The following resolution was adopted: 

"Resolved that the Secretary be requested to write to the 
Supreme Bench of the City of Baltimore, asking for the tem- 
porary deposit of the first Court record with the Society for the 
purpose of indexing. The record to be returned to the Court 
immediately on the completion of the index." 

Mr. Leigh Bonsai called the attention of the Society to the 
Marriage Licenses of Baltimore from 1777-1851. He stated 


that it would be a valuable acquisition to the library if they 
were indexed and a copy of the index placed here. He under- 
stood that Mr. Little was going to make an index of them and 
suggested that we make an effort to obtain a copy. Mr. Bonsai 
was appointed to take up the matter with Mr. Little and report 
at the next meeting. 

Mr. Dielman called attention to four interesting and valu- 
able acquisitions to the collections of the Society. They were 
as follows: 

1. Photograph from a painting of Augustin Herman. 

2. Photograph of the first fire engine at Annapolis. 

3. Ballot cast for Abraham Lincoln in 1864 by a soldier, being 

probably the only ballot in existence which was cast and 
counted in that Presidential campaign. 

4. Civil War Scrap Book made by the late Lennox Birckhead. 

The following motion was made by Mr. Duvall : 

" Resolved, that the Resolutions passed and adopted by The 
Maryland Historical Society, at its meeting on the 14th day of 
April, 1913, for the removal of the home of the Society to 
another location, and the appointment of a Committee to devise 
ways and means and adopt plans to increase the endowment 
fund of the Society, and to secure funds to purchase or acquire 
a site and improve the same, and to purchase or acquire such 
a site and improve the same, and to join with the Trustees 
of the Athenaeum in selling and conveying the lot of ground 
and building now occupied and used by the Society at St. Paul 
and Saratoga Streets, and with power to appoint sub-committees 
and to do all other acts necessary in the premises ; and all and 
every part of the said Resolutions, be and they are hereby 
rescinded and annulled." 

Mr. Howard in seconding the motion expressed the view that 
the activity of the Committee for Endowment purposes had 
stimulated interest generally in the condition of the Society. 
The motion was passed unanimously. 


The following motion by Judge Dawkins, seconded by Mr. 
Duvall was passed : 

" Resolved, that Messrs. Francis B. Culver, William H. 
Lytle and Edward Ingle be and they are hereby elected a com- 
mittee to suggest names of officers and members of the various 
committees to be submitted for nomination at Ithe regular 
monthly meeting of the Society on the evening of January 8th, 

The Society then had the pleasure of listening to a very 
interesting paper by John E. Semmes on the life of John H. 
B. Latrobe. Mr. Semmes read extensively from Mr. Latrobe' s 
Journal and from his own biography in reference to Mr. 
Latrobe's activity in the Maryland Colonization Society and 
the American Colonization Society of which Mr. Latrobe was 
president some thirty years ago. Upon the conclusion of this 
most interesting paper, which is one of a series which Mr. 
Semmes is reading to the Society from the Biography of Mr. 
Latrobe, General Trippe moved that a vote of thanks be ten- 
dered Mr. Semmes for the pleasure which he had afforded the 

There being no further business before the Society, the meet- 
ing adjourned at ten-thirty o'clock. 

Meeting of January %th, 1917. — The regular monthly meet- 
ing of the Society was called to order by President Warfield at 
8.15 o'clock. 

The following active members were elected: 

Mr. J. Mercer Garnett Mr. Eush W. Davidge Smith 

Mr. Charles M. Keyser Mr. W. Irvine Keyser 

Miss E. G. Mcllvane Mr. "Washington Perine 

Mrs. Rebecca H. Kilpatrick Mr. Foster Steuart 

Dr. Paul Eaton Miss Mary Hollingsworth Keene 

Mr. Harry Roberts, Jr. Mr. William H. Price, Jr. 

Mr. John Henry Sellman Miss Elizabeth W. Greenway 


The following letter from Mr. Bonsai was read: 

" Baltimore, Dec. 13, 1916. 
" Dear Governor Warfield : 

" I am writing a short note to let you know What I have done 
in regard to getting the Clerk of the Superior Court to make 
new indexes for the old marriage records in the Supreme Court 
from 1775 to 1851. 

" I first wrote to Mr. Stephen C. Little, stating of what great 
value the marriage records would be if arranged alphabetically 
and according to the vowel system, and they should be indexed 
also under the name of the woman as well as the man, and 
expressed the hope that when the work was done that a carbon 
copy could be had for the Maryland Historical Society. I 
have, today, had a talk with Mr. Little and I was very much 
pleased with his attitude, and he indicated that he thought that 
he would be able to do the work as desired; that he would not 
be able to take the matter up finally until after January 1st, 
but would talk with me again at that time. 
Very truly yours, 

(Signed) Leigh Bonsal." 

Upon motion of Mr. Bonsai, the Society voted its thanks to 
Mr. Little for the interest which he had taken in the matter. 
Mr. Bonsai made a further motion that a committee of five be 
appointed by the President to see Comptroller Mullen and to 
request him to authorize the copying of the records under con- 
sideration. The motion was duly passed, whereupon President 
Warfield appointed the following as the committee: Leigh 
Bonsai, Chairman, Joseph Y. Brattan, Judge Walter I. Daw- 
kins, Richard M. Duvall, Buxton M. Ridgely. 

Under the head of necrology, Recording Secretary Radclifie 
referred to the death of Mr. Moses R. Walter, on December 
28th, 1916. Mr. Walter had become a member of the Society 
on May 4th, 1883, on the nomination of the late Mendes Cohen. 
At the time of his death, Mr. Walter was a member of the 
Committee on the Library. 


The following letter from Mrs. Keyser was read by Record- 
ing Secretary Radcliffe: 

" To the President and Board of Managers of the 

Maryland Historical Society. 
" Gentlemen : 

" Complying with my offer of a Memorial to Mr. H. Irvine 
Keyser, that was graciously approved, I am herewith forward- 
ing to you the Deed of Gift. I have the same drawn to read 
December the seventeenth, 1916, because of that being my hus- 
band's Birthday, legally, it is due today. 

" With great pleasure I will see that its provisions are carried 

Very truly yours, 
(Signed) Mary Washington Keyser. 
104 W. Monument St., 
December 18, 1916." 

Recording Secretary Radcliffe also read the following letter 
of acknowledgment which he had sent Mrs. Keyser: 

"December 20, 1916. 
"Mrs. Mary Washington Keyser, 

" Dear Mrs. Keyser : 

" Your letter of yesterday to the President and Board of 
Managers of the Maryland Historical Society and the Deed of 
Gift which you enclosed, were promptly received. 

" I have been instructed by the Council of the Maryland 
Historical Society to acknowledge with grateful appreciation 
the receipt of your letter and deed and to advise you that they 
will be referred to the first meeting of the Maryland Historical 
Society which will be on January 8th next, since under the 
provisions of the Constitution and By-Laws the general meet- 
ing of the Society is the proper body to take definite action in 
regard to a matter of such great importance. 
Very respectfully, 

(Signed) George L. Radcliffe., 

Recording Secretary." 


President Warfield then requested Judge Stockbridge to 
read the deed of gift from Mrs. Keyser. Judge Stockbridge 
thereupon read the deed which was worded as follows : 

" This Deed made this 17th day of December, nineteen hun- 
dred and sixteen, by Mary Washington Keyser, widow, of Bal- 
timore City, Maryland, of the first part ; to the Maryland His- 
torical Society, a corporation under the laws of Maryland, of 
the second part. 

" Whereas the said party of the first part, desiring to estab- 
lish a memorial to her late husband, H. Irvine Keyser, has 
purchased the lot of ground and premises hereinafter described 
with the intention of conveying the same to the said party of 
the second part, and also of constructing a fire-proof building 
in addition to the building now upon said lot ; so that said pre- 
mises may be owned, used and enjoyed by said party of the 
second part for its principal corporate purposes. 

" Now therefore This Deed Witnesseth, that in consideration 
of the premises and the sum of one dollar, the said party of the 
first part does hereby grant and convey unto the said party of 
the second part all that lot or parcel of ground situate in 
Baltimore City, Maryland, and more particularly described as 
follows : 

" Beginning for the same at the corner formed by the inter- 
section of the south side of Monument St. and the west side of 
Park Avenue; and running thence westerly, binding on the 
south side of Monument Street, ninety-eight feet eleven inches 
to the wall of the dwelling house formerly owned by James M. 
Nicholson; thence southerly, binding along said wall, and con- 
tinuing the same course, in all, one hundred and twenty-five 
feet to the north side of " K " Alley, at a point distant ninety- 
eight feet ten inches westerly from the corner formed by the 
intersection of the north side of u K " Alley and the west side 
of Park Avenue ; thence easterly, binding on the north side of 
" K " Alley, ninety-eight feet ten inches to the said northwest 
corner of " K " Alley and Park Avenue ; thence northerly bind- 
ing on the west side of Park Avenue, one hundred and twenty- 
five feet to the place of beginning. 


" Being the same lot or parcel of ground which by deed 
dated November 15th, 1916, and recorded among the Land 
Eecords of Baltimore City in Liber S. C. L. No. 3090, folio 
237, etc., was granted and conveyed by the Trustees of the 
Sheppard and Enoch Pratt Hospital unto the said party of the 
first part in fee simple. 

" Together with the buildings and improvements upon said 
lot, erected or to be erected, and all the rights, alleys, ways, 
waters, privileges, appurtenances and advantages to the same 
belonging or in anywise appertaining. 

" To Have and to Hold the same unto and to the use of the 
said party of the second part and its successors, in fee simple. 

" Provided Always that the lot of ground and premises 
hereby conveyed shall never be sold, mortgaged, or aliened by 
the said party of the second part, or its successors, but the same 
shall be held, occupied, used and enjoyed by the said party of 
the second part and its successors for the corporate purposes of 
the said Maryland Historical Society, and for containing its 
library and other collections and records, and as the site and 
location of said Society, in order that the same may remain as 
a memorial to the said H. Irvine Keyser (but nothing herein 
shall prevent the party of the second part from permitting the 
occasional use of the halls or rooms of the building on said lot 
for purposes deemed consistent with the objects of said party of 
the second part) ; and provided further that upon breach of 
any of the conditions above stated, it shall and may be lawful 
for said party of the first part, her heirs and assigns, to reenter 
upon the premises hereby conveyed and the same to have again, 
possess, occupy and enjoy as if this deed had never been made ; 
and in such case this deed shall from thenceforth be utterly 
void and of no effect, in law or equity. 

"And the said party of the first part further reserves the 
right to construct and complete the fire-proof addition or library 
in the rear of the building now on said lot, for which plans are 
now being prepared by the party of the first part ; and for the 
payment of the cost of which she has made arrangements in the 


event of her own death before said plans are fully carried out 
and said addition completed. 

"And the said party of the first part hereby covenants that 
she will warrant specially the property hereby conveyed (sub- 
ject to the conditions aforesaid), and that she will execute such 
further assurances thereof as may be requisite. 

" In Testimony Whereof the said party of the first part has 
hereunto set her hand and seal. 

(Signed) Mary Washington Keyser." (Seal.) 

" Louis Pepplee." 

" State of Maryland ) 
_. _ } ss: 

City of Baltimore J 

" I hereby Certify that on this 18th day of December, in 
the year nineteen hundred and sixteen, before the Subscriber, 
a Notary Public of the State of Maryland, in and for Baltimore 
City, personally appeared Mary Washington Keyser, and 
acknowledged the foregoing deed to be her act. 

"Witness my hand and notarial seal. 

"Louis Pepplee, 

Notary Public." 

Judge Stockbridge thereupon made the following motion 
which was seconded by Mr. Spencer and passed unanimously: 

" I move that the deed from Mrs. Mary Washington Keyser 
to the Maryland Historical Society be accepted and that the 
Treasurer of the Society be directed to have the same duly 
recorded, and that when recorded that the Recording Secretary 
be directed to enter a transcript of the same in full upon the 
minutes of this Society, together with the letter from Mrs. 
Keyser transmitting the same." 

Judge Stockbridge made a very interesting statement also in 
regard to the development of the plans which Mrs. Keyser has 
in mind for the improvement of the property which is to be 
the new home of the Society. In doing so, he referred to the 


fact that Mrs. Keyser had visited personally with an architect 
a number of the libraries of Historical Societies in the eastern 
part of the United States. 

Under the head of miscellaneous business, President War- 
field called attention to the fact that according to the By-Laws 
of the Society, nominations should be made at that meeting 
of the Society. Mr. Culver thereupon made the following 
report : 

" Gentlemen : 

" Your Committee elected at a regular meeting of the Mary- 
land Historical Society, held on Monday, December 11th, 1916, 
for the purpose of suggesting for nomination at the next regular 
meeting to be held on Monday, January 8th, 1917, names for 
ameers of the Society and members of its Standing Committees, 
who shall serve the ensuing year 1917, (See Art. Ill, Sec. 9, 
of the Constitution), desire to report as follows: 

" Your Committee aforesaid, has prepared a list of proposed 
nominees which we respectfully submit to the consideration and 
action of this Society. During the year past, three members 
of Committees, Messrs. Clayton C. Hall, John A. Tompkins 
and Moses K. Walter have been removed by death. Their places 
are herein tentatively supplied by the names of gentlemen who 
are worthy to be their successors. With this exception, no ma- 
terial change has been made in the former personnel. Before 
preparing this list, various chairmen and members of the exist- 
ing committees were consulted. Attached hereto will be found 
a list of the proposed nominees.* 

" Very truly, 

Francis B. Culver, 
William H. Lytle, 
Edward Ingle, 


The Society had the pleasure of hearing another paper from 
Mr. Semmes based upon his biography of the late John H. B. 

*See pages 87, 88. 


Latrobe. Mr. Semmes gave a most interesting and instructive 
account of the early days of the foundation of the Maryland 
Institute which was the result very largely of the labors of Mr. 
Latrobe. He also spoke of Mr. Latrobe's connection with the 
American Historical Society and his relations with Mr. John 
P. Kennedy and other men of letters during his career as law- 
yer, painter, architect, poet and as the author of the classic work 
on the Justice of the Peace. Upon the conclusion of Mr. 
Semmes' paper, General Trippe voiced the feeling of apprecia- 
tion and gratitude of the Society to Mr. Semmes for the pleasure 
which his address had afforded. 

The Society adjourned at 10.15 p. m. 

Meeting of February 12th, 1917. — The regular monthly 
meeting of the Society was called to order at the home of the 
Society at 8.30 p. m. with President Warfield in the chair. 

In the absence of the Secretary, Vice-President Stockbridge 
served as Corresponding Secretary. 

Miss Harriett P. Marine presented three handsome volumes 
entitled " Art Essays," by Virginia Lowman Hoult, on behalf 
of the American Daughters of the Revolution. At the request 
of the chair Miss Marine explained the character of the work. 
She stated that copies of the work are not for sale, but are issued 
by Mr. Hoult at his personal expense for private distribution 
as gifts. 

Upon motion of Judge Stockbridge, the Society expressed 
its thanks to Mr. Cornelius Hoult and to the Daughters of 
the American Revolution for their interest through Miss Ma- 
rine in securing copies of his work for our library. 

The donations to the cabinet, which had been presented by 
Mr. George Warfield, were described by Vice-President Stock- 
bridge. These included a cane made by his brother from 
wood taken from the steamer Cumberland which was sunk by 
the Merrimac. These gifts also included two large medallions, 
one containing a representation of the signing of the Declara- 
tion of Independence and another an imprint of the language 


The election of new members to the Society resulted as 
follows : 

Mr. Joseph Pache — Active 

Mr. John Gittings Buchanan — Active 

Mr. John W. Grace — Active 

Mr. William Champ Eobinson — Active 

Mr. Thomas E. Cottman — Active 

Mr. Frank Gosnell — Active 

Mr. Tunstall Smith — Active 

Mr. Richard Trippe — Active 

Mr. Julien M. Friez — Active 

Mr. Lucien L. Friez — Active 

Mrs. H. C. Kirk — Active 

Mr. Talbot I. Albert-Active 

Mr. John D. Howard — Active 

Mr. Joseph Burden Mitchell — Active 

Under the head of correspondence, Vice-President Stock- 
bridge called attention to important correspondence during the 
past month. 

Under the head of necrology, the Recording Secretary an- 
nounced that on January 18th, 1917, Dr. James A. Fechtig 
died. He had been elected a member on June 12th, 1883. 
The Recording Secretary also stated that on January 21st, 
1917, Dr. John W. Chambers died. He had been elected a 
member on April 21st, 1909. 

Judge Stockbridge presented the following letter from Mrs. 
Keyser : 

"Dear Judge Stockbridge: 

"Herewith are the plans of the New Library that you 
kindly offered to explain at the meeting this evening of The 
Maryland Historical Society. 

"It has meant much to me that this Memorial should be 
my own work. Therefore, I have devoted much time and 
thought in my interest in each minute detail. 


" I now feel that the best that is possible has been accom- 
plished: for this site and the dimensions to be builded on. 

" While communicating with the main house, they should 
not be attached. 

" The Library will be strictly and entirely fireproof, beside 
conforming as nearly as compatible with the old structure, 
in order that neither should suffer by contact. 

" They will both be brick and marble, severe and dignified 
in outline, etc. 

" You will observe that since our last interview, I have 
placed over the windows in the Picture Gallery the " Arms of 
Maryland " and on either side the dates of the Society. 

" Thanking you for your kind interest and assistance 
throughout my undertaking, I am, 

" Very truly yours, 
(Signed) Mary Washington Keyser. 
104 West Monument St. 
February 12, 1917." 

The Society then had the pleasure of examining a dozen or 
more blue prints showing in detail the plans for the improve- 
ment of the property which is to be the new home of the 

There being no further business, the meeting adjourned. 


The annual meeting of the Maryland Historical Society, 
held on February 12th, 1917, was called to order at 8.30 p. m. 
with President Warfield in the chair. 

Mr. John E. Sanford was selected as presiding officer and 
George L. Kadcliffe as secretary of the meeting. The chair- 
man, upon finding that a quorum was present, began the 
regular course of business. The list of nominations for offi- 
cers, trustees of the Athenaeum and members of the various 
committee were read by Mr. Kadcliffe. The Chair appointed 


Mr. Samuel B. Cator and G. H. Strickland as tellers of elec- 
tion. As there was no contest for any of the offices, the secre- 
tary was directed to cast the ballot of the Society for each one 
of the candidates for the position for which he had been 
nominated. This was done. 

President Warfield, speaking for the Council, gave a brief 
account of the work accomplished by the Society during the 
year just ended. He said: 

" This year 1916 will stand out in the annals of the Mary- 
land Historical Society as the most notable one in its history 
since 1843, when it was organized and steps were taken to 
build this beautiful home. The event which marks this as a 
memorable year was the magnificent gift made by Mrs. Mary 
Washington Keyser of a new home for the Society, centrally 
located on the corner of Park Avenue and Monument Street. 
This home was given by Mrs. Keyser as a memorial to her late 
husband, H. Irvine Keyser, Esquire, who became an active 
member of the Society in 1873. It will be a beautiful and 
enduring monument to Mr. Keyser and will perpetuate his 
memory in a most classic and historic way, associating more 
closely his name with the proud and sacred records of Mary- 
land history. 

" Mrs. Keyser, by a deed dated December 17th, 1916, 
conveyed this property to the Society, reserving the right to 
construct and complete, at her own cost, a fire-proof addition 
or library in the rear of the building now on said lot, in which 
to keep the valuable books, paintings, works of art and rare 
and priceless historic documents owned by the Society. The 
erection of this building is being done under the personal super- 
vision of Mrs. Keyser. She has engaged experienced archi- 
tects with whom she has visited a number of up-to-date library 
buildings of other historical societies. 

" Our Society is fortunate in having a benefactor who is 
giving her time and exercising her good taste and judgment 
in the erection and equipment of a new home, which she pro- 


poses shall be equal in every respect to the home of other 
notable historical societies. 

" This new home will increase the ability of the Society 
to develop its historic work. The patriotism of Mrs. Keyser 
imposes upon the members of this Society, as well as upon 
every public-spirited citizen of this state and city, the sacred 
duty of providing an endowment fund large enough to yield 
a sufficient income for the upkeep of this new home and for 
the enlargement of the work of the Society. We should to- 
night dedicate ourselves to this patriotic work and solemnly 
resolve that we will not cease our efforts until we have raised 
such a fund. 

" The Treasurer's report, submitted herewith, and which 
gives in detail the receipts and disbursements, shows that the 
gross revenue from all sources amounted to $6,319.85. The 
receipts from membership dues were $3,167.00, an increase 
of $468,00 over last year. This demonstrates the healthy 
growth of the Society. 

" It gives me pleasure to state that we elected during 1916 
one hundred and twenty-seven (127) active members and that 
the Society now has a total membership of 766, which is the 
largest in its history. When we occupy our new home we 
should have a membership of at least fifteen hundred, and I 
ask your earnest co-operation in bringing about such a result. 

" I submit reports of the several standing Committees, which 
give in detail the work accomplished by these Committees and 
through them by the Society. They will be published in full 
in our Magazine and they should be carefully read by all of 
the- members." 

The President, in concluding, spoke feelingly of the asso- 
ciations and memories which cluster about the beautiful old 
room in which the Society has met for seventy-two years. He 
referred to the fact that he had been attending meetings of the 
Society for thirty-eight years, and confessed that a feeling of 
sadness filled his heart as he realized that this would be the 
last annual meeting in the old home. 


Vice-President Stockbridge moved that the report of the 
President be received, placed on file and published in the 
Magazine. The motion was carried unanimously. 

The report of the Treasurer was then read by Mr. Rad- 
cliffe in the absence of Treasurer Boyce. It was received 
and referred to the auditing committee to be subsequently 

Keport of the Treasures 


THE YEAR 1916. 

Cash on hand, January 1st, 1916 $ 540 31 

Receipts : 

Current Dues $ 3,167 00 

Dues in Arrears 170 00 

Magazine Sales, Subscriptions, etc 228 60 

Sales of Publications 24 15 

Investigations and Searches 78 90 

Use of Basement 189 00 

Income of Peabody Fund 863 00 

Income other than Peabody Fund 381 00 

Deposits in Medal Account 25 00 

Loan from Fidelity Trust Co 750 00 

Committee on Library 43 20 

Transferred from Special Guarantee Fund 400 00 

6,319 85 

$6,860 16 
Expenditures : 

General Expense $ 4,440 43 

Committee on Library 237 75 

Investigations and Searches 19 23 

General Expense, to adjust State Account 8 02 

Magazine Account 971 10 

Use of Basement (Janitor) 117 00 

1915 Loan paid at Fidelity Trust Co 750 00 

$6,543 53 

Cash on hand, January 1st, 1917 316 63 




Cash on hand January 1st, 1916 $245 48 

Amount paid by members for 1915 50 00 

Amount paid by members for 1916 227 00 

Amount paid by members for 1917 55 00 

Interest to December 26th 11 89 

343 89 

$589 37 
Transferred to General Account 400 00 

$189 37 
Also carried in this account pending action of the 

Loyola College $125 00 

Elizabeth G. Howard 100 00 

225 00 

Cash on hand, January 1st, 1917 $414 37 

Amount still owing for 1915 5 00 

Amount still owing for 1916 39 00 

Amount still owing for 1917 211 00 

Total amount still owing $255 00 

Eeport of the Trustees of the Athenaeum for 1916. 

The annual report of the Trustees of the Athenaeum was 
made by Mr. J. Appleton Wilson, their chairman, as follows : 

The minor repairs have been attended to during the past 
year, and in May the yard on the West of the building was 
made more presentable, the brick walls painted, the decayed 
wood capping removed and glazed terra cotta laid in cement 
substituted, the iron hand rail to rear steps was renewed and 
the rails and gateway cleaned off and well painted. At the 
same time, the yard wall on the North side of building was 
repaired and the entire wood capping repaired and painted. 
During the year a number of the sash cords which had worn 
out were renewed with chains. In October the railing to the 
area on the Saratoga Street side was broken away by an auto- 
mobile crashing into it. The name' of the owner of the machine 


was ascertained and we have sent him the bill for the repairs, 
but so far without securing payment. 

We have examined the insurance policies covering this build- 
ing and contents, and we have at present $40,000 on the build- 
ing, $25,000 on books, manuscripts, maps, etc., $6,500 on 
movable furniture, $6,000 on paintings, and $500 on casts and 
statuary, a total of $78,000. We also have new policies on 
the house, 201 West Monument Street, for $30,000, and on 
the rear building for $3,000, all expiring on December 22, 

Eespectfully submitted. 
J. Appleton Wilson, 


Report of Committee on Art Gallery 

Gentlemen : 

The Committee on the Art Gallery begs leave to report 
that there were no additions to the gallery during the past 
year; and there were few, if any, pictures deposited with the 
Society. This is probably accounted for by the fact that the 
practice of accepting articles of little or no merit has been 
discontinued, and the committee recommends that the future 
policy of the Society in regard to the gallery should be to re- 
ceive for deposit only paintings and prints of intrinsic merit 
or historic value. In other words, nothing should be received 
that the committee does not deem worthy to be exhibited. 

Very respectfully, 


Acting Chairman. 

Report of the Library Committee 

The Library Committee begs to report the following addi- 
tions to the library during the year of 1916: 

49 volumes, books and manuscripts have been purchased and 

4 magazines acquired by subscription to the cost of $ 82 98 

50 volumes have been bound at a cost of 79 29 


1 filing case was purchased at a cost of $ 22 28 

Lord Baltimore medal purchased, but afterwards the amount 
refunded by Colonial Dames of America 43 20 

$227 75 

The total disbursements authorized by the Library Commit- 
tee amounted to $237.75. 

The Committee would call attention to the receipts by gift 
of the following: 

259 volumes, 139 pamphlets, 156 issues of magazines, 1 
map, 1 manuscript volume, 4 photographs, 4 medals, and 13 
miscellaneous manuscripts. 

We note here the deposit of the papers of David B. Warden 
by Mrs. George K. McGaw. These papers were described in 
the issue of the Maryland Historical Magazine; also a collec- 
tion of Manuscripts by Capt. T. Worthington Hollyday, U. 
S. A. 

Items of genealogical interest will be noted in the report of 
the Committee on Genealogy. 

About 8,000 persons consulted 90,000 volumes. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Edward B. Mathews, 
Secretary, Library Committee. 

Report of Committee oisr Publication 

Gentlemen : 

The Publication Committee respectfully proposes the adop- 
tion of the following resolution: 

Resolved — That the Magazine Account be credited with the 
sum of $48 for the cost of printing the annual report of the 
Society and the list of members, and the amount charged to 
General Expenses ; and that it be also credited, in accordance 
with the terms of the deed of gift of the late Mr. George 
Peabody, and of the resolution of the Society adopted January 
3, 1867, with the sum of $431.50, being one-half the income 


for the current year of the investments of the Peabody fund; 
and that the Magazine Account be then closed by appropriate 
entries in the usual manner. 

The Committee on Publication respectfully reports that dur- 
ing the year it has caused to be prepared, four numbers of the 
Maryland Historical Magazine under the editorship of Louis 
H. Dielman. The contents of the Magazine have been varied 
and some of the Articles printed have been quite important. 
Both as a medium for informing the members of the Society 
of its activities and through the publication of interesting ma- 
terial upon the history of the State, the Magazine performs 
very useful functions. 

The much regretted death of Clayton C. Hall, Esq., Editor 
of the Maryland Archives, and Chairman of the Committee, 
caused a reorganization of the Committee, with Samuel K. 
Dennis, Esq., as Chairman and John M. Vincent, Ph. D., as 
member of the Council, while Bernard C. Steiner, Ph. D., suc- 
ceeded to the position of Editor of the Archives, and prepared 
for publication Volume 36 of the Series. This volume ap- 
peared in the beginning of November, and contains the Acts 
and Proceedings of the General Assembly from 1727-1729, to- 
gether with a number of Acts passed between the years 1716 
and 1726, but not previously in the Archives. The value of 
this series to all persons who have occasion to study the Pro- 
vincial History of the State, increases with each additional 

The receipts and disbursements on Magazine Account, as 
exhibited to this Committee by the Treasurer of the Society, 
were as follows: 


Vol. X: Cost of printing No. 4 (December No. 1915, includ- 
ing index) $ 206 40 

Vol. XI: Cost of Printing No. 1, March 1916. 215 40 

Cost of printing No. 2, June 1916 127 00 

Cost of printing No. 3, September 1916 157 10 

$705 90 

! 150 00 

18 22 

96 58 


265 20 


Cost of Editing 

Cost of Copying 

Cost of Postage and Distribution 

Cost of Commissions on Advertisements . . 

$971 10 

Vol. XI: From Sales $ 95 80 

From Subscriptions 102 80 

From Advertisements 30 00 

228 60 

Debit Balance $742 50 

Against which is to be credited cost of printing 
Annual Report and List of Members in March 
issue, 32 pages at $48 $48 00 

And one-half the income from the Peabody Fund.. 431 50 

479 50 

Leaving the sum of $263 00 

To be charged off in order to close this account as of Dec. 31, 1916. 

In order to ascertain the actual cost of publishing Volume XI, there is 
to be added to the amount of the excess of disbursements over receipts 

for the first three numbers $536 10 

the cost of printing No. 4, the December number 146 10 

and deducted therefrom the amount of the credits above noted. . 479 50 

leaving as the actual cost of Volume XI $202 70 

At the January Session of the General Assembly in 1916, 
the usual appropriation of $2,000 a year for a period of two 
years for the publication of the Archives was made. This ap- 
propriation, however, is now made in the General Appropria- 
tion Bill, instead of by Special Act, and is payable quarterly 
instead of semi-annually. The deficiency in the payment of 
the appropriation by the General Assembly in 1914 was paid 
by the State during. last summer. 

The following statement from the Treasurer presents this 
account in detail: 


Balance on hand December 31, 1916 $ 45 11 


Received from State Appropriation in 1916 4,000 00 

Received from interest on balance in bank 26 72 

Received from Sales of Archives (1916) 186 36 

$4,258 19 

Paid for editing Volumes 35 and 36 $ 750 00 

Paid for printing Volume 35 (616 pages) 1,367 58 

Paid for copying manuscripts (1916) 190 29 

Paid for sundries, stationery, etc 14 46 

2,322 33 

Balance on hand December 31, 1916 $1,935 86 

The bill for printing Volume 36, amounting to $1,713.35, will 
be paid in January. 

Kespectfully submitted, 

Bernard C. Steiner, 
Samuel K. Dennis, 
John Martin Vincent, 


Keport of Committee on Finance 

Similar action was taken in regard to tbe report of tbe Com- 
mittee on Finance, as follows: 

Merchants-Mechanics First National Bank, 

Baltimore, Md., February 10, 1917. 

Hon. Edwin Warfield, President, 

Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore. 

Dear Sir, 

I beg to report that I have examined the securities be- 
longing to the Society in the custody of the Treasurer, Hey- 
ward E. Boyce, Esq., contained in the box at the Fidelity 
Trust Company, as per the following list: 


$5,000 Atlantic Coast Line Rwy. (Louisville & Nashville Collateral 4s). 

$5,000 Atlantic Coast Line Rwy. 1st Con. Mortgage 4s. 

$5,000 Norfolk & Western Rwy. 1st Con. Mortgage 4s. 

$5,000 Baltimore & Ohio R. R. Prior Lien 3%s. 

$1,000 United Rwys. & Elec. Co. of Baltimore 1st Con. 4s. 

$1,200 Atlantic Coast Line Co. of Conn. Ctf. of Indebtedness 4s, 

Assignment from Robert F. McKim Property on East Street, 
yielding $40 ground rent per annum, consideration $1,000. 
$1,000 City of Baltimore 4 per cent. Engine House Loan. 
$4,000 United Railways & Electric Co. of Balto. 1st Con. 4s. 
$2,000 Baltimore & Ohio R. R. 1st 4s. 

$400 Atlantic Coast Line of Conn. 5-20 4 per cent. Certificates. 
$1,000 Lexington Street Rwy. 5 per cent. 1949. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Douglas H. Thomas, 


Report of Committee on Membership 

Gentlemen : 

The Committee on Membership begs to report that there 
were 571 active names on the Membership Roll December 31, 

During the year 1916, one person was reinstated, and 127 
were elected and accepted their membership. This made a 
total of 699. Deducting from this number the losses by death 
and resignation, which numbered 30 persons, we have the total 
state of Active Membership as it appeared on December 31, 
1916, being 669. 

The Associate Members on December 31, 1916, were 47, and 
12 persons were elected in 1916, which totaled 59 members. 
The number of losses by death and resignation was 4. There- 
fore, there were on the Associate Roll on December 31, 1916, 
55 members. 

The Life Membership List had a gain of one member. 

The number of persons elected during the year of all classes 
was 1 Life, 12 Associate and 127 Active, making a total of 
140 persons elected during the year 1916. 


The total number on roll, including all classes, to December 
31, 1916, was 768, consisting of: 

Honorary Members 2 

Life Members 4 

Corresponding Members 38 

Associate Members 55 

Active Members 669 

Making a total of 768 

724 pay annual dues. 

We are glad to note the increase in membership, and can 
state that it was due to the activity of 56 members. 
Respectfully submitted, 

McHenry Howard, 


Report of the Committee on Genealogy 

Gentlemen : 

Your committee on Genealogy and Heraldry would respect- 
fully report as follows: 

A large collection of pedigrees and genealogical notes of 
over 300 Maryland families made by the late Wilson Miles 
Cary was deposited with the Society by- Miss Cary and Mr. 
John Brune Cary. — (Reference is made to this gift in the 
Maryland Historical Magazine, Yol. xi, pp. 190-192.) 

Mr. S. W. Townsend of New York City presented manu- 
script copies of data bearing on the Goodman, Beard and Mc- 
Knew families. 

Other genealogical data received during the year were: 

A chart of the Jenkins family compiled by W. W. 
Jenkins in 1869, presented by Mr. F. H. Jenkins, and 

A typewritten copy of the Register of Births and 
Baptisms in St. Peter's Parish, Montgomery County, 


Maryland, copied and verified by Mrs. Bertha Hall 
Talbot of the Janet Montgomery Chapter of the D. A. 
K., and by Mr. Mortimer Beecher Hall, and presented 
by Mrs. Talbot. 

We call attention to the care shown by Dr. Eldridge C. 
Price in compiling his pedigree on the blank form furnished 
by the Society to new members for this purpose. Any member 
who has not availed of this form will, on application at the 
library, be supplied. 

This is the only work of the year which called for the notice 
of your committee. 

Respectfully submitted, 

William M. Hayden, 


Report of Committee on Addresses 

Gentlemen : 

Your Committee on Addresses report and append a list of 
papers read before the Maryland Historical Society at its 
monthly meetings during 1916 : 

Jan. 10.—" The First Sixty Years of The Church of England in Maryland, 
1632-1692." By Mr. Lawrence C. Wroth, a member of the 

Mar. 13. — " A Marylander on the Bench in Egypt." By Mr. Philemon H. 
Tuck, a member of the Society. 

Apr. 10. — " Claiborne and Kent Island in Maryland History." By Mr. 
DeCourcy W. Thorn, a member of the Society. 

May 8.— "John H. B. Latrobe and His Times, 1803-1819, Including Life 
in Washington, Trip to Pittsburg and First Steamboat Voy- 
age on the Mississippi." By Mr. John E. Semmes, Sr., a 
member of the Society. 

Oct. 9.— "A New Englander's Southern Tour in 1833: Henry Barnard's 
First Experience with the South." By Dr. Bernard C. Stein- 
er, a member of the Society. 

Nov. 13. — " Personal Reminiscences of a Revolutionary Officer." By Mr. 
Francis B. Culver, a member of the Society. 

Dec. 11.— "The Negro Question: John H. B. Latrobe's Efforts to Solve 
the Problem." By Mr. John E. Semmes, a member of the 


Upon the report of the tellers the chair announced that the 
elections had resulted as follows: 

Edwin Wabfield. 

Vice-Presidents : 

W. Hall Harris, Henry Stockbridge, 

DeCourcy W. Thom. 

Corresponding Secretary : 
Richard H. Spencer. 

Recording Secretary: 
George L. Radcliffe. 

Treasurer : 
Heywood E. Boyce, 

Trustees of Athenceum: 

J. Appleton Wilson, Chairman. 
William H. Greenway, Clinton L. Riggs, 

A. Leo Knott, Edward Stabler, Jr., 

H. Oliver Thompson. 

Committee on\ the Gallery: 

Miles White, Jr., Chairman. 
Ogden A. Kirkland, Faris C. Pitt, 

J. Wilson Leakin, Rtjxton M. Ridgley. 

Committee on the Library: 

Louis H. Dielman, Chairman. 
Walter I. Da whins, Edward B. Mathews, 

Richard M. Duvall, Frederick W. Story, 

John H. Latan^j, Thos. J. C. Williams. 

Committee on Finance: 

Douglas H. Thomas, Chairman. 
Robert Garrett, B. Howell Griswold, Jr. 

Committee on Publications: 

Samuel K. Dennis, Chairman. 
Bernard C. Steiner, John M. Vincent. 


Committee on Membership: 

McHenry Howabd, Chairman. 
Joseph Y. Brattan, William H. Lytle, 

James D. Iglehart, Isaac T. Norris, 

Edward Ingle, J. Hall Pleasants, Jr. 

Committee on Genealogy and Heraldry: 

Wm. M. Hayden, Chairman. 
B. Bernard Browne, William J. McClellan, 

Francis B. Culver, Geo. Norbury Mackenzie, 

Thomas E. Sears. 

Committee on Addresses and Literary Entertainments: 

Andrew C. Trippe, Chairman. 
William M. Pegram, Lawrence C. Wroth. 

Vice-President Stockbridge upon the request of Chairman 
Sanford thereupon escorted President War field to the Chair. 

The Society by a vote expressed its thanks to Chairman 
Sanford and to Tellers Samuel B. Cator and G. H. Strickland 
for the efficient manner in which they had performed their 
important duties. 

At the conclusion of the meeting Governor Warfield ex- 
pressed his appreciation of the honor which the Society had 
done him in re-electing him as its President and voiced the 
hope that the new year which had begun under such auspicious 
circumstances would prove to be the most successful and most 
momentous one in the history of the Society. 



♦Died, 1916. 


Bbyce, James, LL. D. ( 1882) London, England. 

Maeden, R. G. (1902) 13 Leinster Gardens, London, Eng. 


Bbidges, Mbs. Peiscilla B. (1910) . . J Care Dr ' J ' R ' Brid S es > 

(630 College St., Charlotte, N. C. 

Hills, Mbs. William Smith (1914) Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Howaed, Miss Elizabeth Geay ( 1916) .. 901 St. Paul Street. 

Nicholson, Isaac F. (1884) 1018 St. Paul Street. ■ 

Aldebman, E. A., LL. D. ( 1893 ) University of Va., University, Va. 

Applegaeth, A. C. ( 1895 ) \ 35 Southampton Ave., 

1 1 Chestnut Hill, Phila., Pa. 

ASHBUBNEE, THOMAS ( 1895 ) i ^ BaWk & WilcOX ^0., 

( Chicago, 111. 

Battle, K. P., LL. D. (1893) Chapel Hill, N. C, 

Bell, Hebbebt C. (1899) R. D. Route, No. 4, Springfield, O. 

Blxby, Wm. K. (1907) . . \ KiG g' s Hi ^ wa y and Linde11 Ave - 

( St. Louis, Mo. 

Black, J. William, Ph.D. (1898) 56 Pleasant St., Waterville, Me. 

Bbock, R. A. ( 1875 ) : 257 21st St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Bbooks, William Gbay (1895) 257 S. 21st St., Phila., Pa. 

Beown, Heney John ( 1908) .4 Trafalgar Sq., London, W. C, Eng. 

Beuce, Philip A. ( 1894) Norfolk, Va. 

Buel, Clabence C. ( 1887) 134 E. 67th St., New York. 

CHAiLLErLoNG, Col. C. (1897) 506 A St., N. E., Washington, D. C. 

Cookey, Mabston Rogees (1897) .117 Liberty St., New York. 

De Witt, Fbancis ( 1857 ) Ware, Mass. 

Doesey, Mbs. Kate Costigan (1892) .. Cong. Library, Washington, D. C. 

Eable, Geobge ( 1892 ) Washington Ave., Laurel, Md. 

Ehbenbebg, Richabd (1895) Rostock, Prussia. 

Foed, Wobthington C. (1890) 1154 Boylston St., Boston, Mass. 

Gaedinee, Asa Bied, LL. D., L. H. D. r TT . ni , AT v 1 
,,„« ' < Union Club, New York. 

(1890) I 

Hall, Hubebt ( 1904) Public Record Office, London. 


Harden, William ( 1891 ) 226 W. President St., Savan'h, Ga. 

Habt, Charles Henry (1878) 472 West End Ave., N. Y. 

Hayden, Rev. Horace Edwin (1882) ..32 Mallery PI., Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Hersh, Grier ( 1897 ) York, Pa. 

Lampson, Oliver Locker (1908) . . . . 1 New Haven Coult > Cromer > Norfolk, 

I England. 

Mallery, Rev. Chas. P., D. D. (1890) ..980 E. 180th St., New York. 

Munroe, James M. ( 1885) Savings Bank Bldg., Annapolis, Md. 

Nicholson, John P. (1881) Flanders Bldg, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Owen, Thomas M. (1899) Montgomery, Ala. 

Riley, E. S. (1875) \ 234 Prince Geor S e St '> Annapolis, 

I Md. 

Snowden, Yates (1881) University of S. C., Columbia, S. C. 

Stevenson, John J. (1890) 215 West End Ave., New York. 

Tyler, Lyon G., LL. D. (1886) Williamsburg, Va. 

Weeks, Stephen B. ( 1893) Bureau of Education, Wash., D. C. 

WlNSLOW,WM. COPLEY, PH. D., D. P., j fi ^ j^ ^ 

LL.D. (1894) I 

Wood, Henry C. ( 1902 ) Harrodsburg, Ky. 

Worthington, Joseph M. (1882) 89 Church St., Annapolis, Md. 


Andrews, Charles Lee (1911) 42 Broadway, New York. 

Baltzell, Henry E. (1914) Wyncote, Montgomery Co., Pa. 

Baltzell, Wm. Hewson (1915) Wellesley, Mass. 

Bell, Alex. H. ( 1916) 313 John Marshall PL, Wash., D. C. 

Benson, Harry L. ( 1910) 68 Montague St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Blanton, Margaret G. (1916) University of Wisconsin. 

Bond, Beverly W., Jr. (1909) Purdue University, Lafayette, Ind. 

4156 Westminster Place, 

St. Louis, Mo. 

Brereton, Miss Grace P. (1915) .... .2924 Upton St., Washington, D. C. 
Brumbaugh, Gaius Marcus, M. D. | 905 Ma8g A N w Wash D c 

(1915) J 

Buchanan, Brig. Gen. J. A. (1909) 2210 Massachusetts Av., Wash.,D.C. 

Bullitt, William Marshall (1914) J 1200 Lincoln Bank Bld S" 

( Louisville, Ky. 

Callahan, Griffin C. (1902) 6832 Paschall Ave., Phila., Pa. 

Calvert, Charles Exley (1911) 34 Huntley St., Toronto, Canada. 

Covington, Prof. Harry F. (1914) Princeton, N. J. 

Dent, Louis A. (1905) 2827 15th St., Washington, D. C. 

Devitt, Rev. Edw. I., S. J. (1906) Georgetown College, Wash'n, D. C. 

Duvall, Henry Rieman (1916) 32 Nassau St., New York. 

Eaton, G. G. ( 1894) 416 N. J. Ave., S. E., Wash., D. C. 

Fitzhugh, E. H. ( 1908) Neptune Park, New London, Conn. 

Flower, John Sebastian (1909) 611 18th St., Denver, Colorado. 

Foy, Miss Mary E. (1913) Box 90, R. D. No. 1, Los Angeles,Cal. 

Bourgeoise, Mrs. A. Calvert (1911) j 


Gifford, W. L. R. (1906) St. Louis Merc. Lib. Assoc, Mo. 

Gordon, Mrs. Burgess Lee (1916) 601 7th Ave., Spokane, Wash. 

Guilday, Rev. Peter, Ph.D. (1915) .. .Catholic University, Wash., D. C. 

Harrison, Wm. Preston (1906) 1021 Laurence St., Chicago, 111. 

Henderson, C. E. ( 1907 ) Easton, Md. 

Hoffman, Samuel V. ( 1910) 258 Broadway, New York. 

Hopkins, Samuel Gover (1911) 923 Chestnut St., Phila., Pa. 

Janin, Mrs. Violet Blair (1916) .... 12 Jackson Place, Washington, D. C. 

Johnson, B. F. (1916) 926 Pennsylvania Ave., Wash., D. C. 

Johnson, Frederick T. F. (1915) McGill Building, Washington, D. C. 

Lake, Richard P. ( 1900) Bank of Commerce, Memphis, Tenn. 

Leach, Miss May Atherton (1907) 2118 Spruce St., Phila., Pa. 

Little, Rev. Francis K. (1916) (Rhinebeck, N. Y. 

Littlejohn, Mrs. Malcolm (1916) .. .Flushing, L. I., N. Y. 

McFadden, Chas. (1906) 3214 Powelton Ave., Phila., Pa. 

McPherson, Mrs. Robert W. (1916) . . . 1240, 19th St., N. W., Wash., D. C. 

*Mansfield, Mrs. Walter D. (1914) \ Fairmount Hotel, San Francisco, 

I Cal. 

Martin, Mrs. Edwin S. ( 1905 ) Nieiw Straitsville, Ohio. 

Morse, Willard S. ( 1908) 120 Broadway, N. Y. 

Moss, Jesse L. ( 1906) Newberry Library, Chicago, 111. 

Myers, Thomas M. (1916) 262 Barrow St., Jersey City, N. J. 

Norris, Octavus J. ( 1916) Washington Apts. 

Owen-Chahoon, Mrs. M. D. (1913) .. . .The Woodward, Washington, D. C. 

Phillips, Mrs. A. Latimer (1910) Shepherdstown, W. Va. 

Pierce, Mrs. Winslow S. (1915) "Dunstable," Bayville, Long Island. 

Rayner, William B. (1914) 2641 Connecticut Ave., Wash., D. C. 

Rogers, James S. (1910) 528 Farwell Bldg., Detroit, Mich. 

*Semmes, Raphael T. ( 1906 ) Savannah, Ga. 

Sheib, S. H. ( 1907 ) Hermitage Club, Nashville, Tenn. 

Spencer, John Thompson (1907) 1507 Spruce St., Phila., Pa. 

Stevenson, Geo. Urie (1915) 1600 Broadway, New York City. 

Tilghman, Lieut. Samuel Harrison > Fort R Hawaii 

(1914) S 

Turner, Van Arsdale B. (1910) Law Bldg, Wilmington, Del. 

Williams, Miss Louisa Stewart ) ^ 

(1916) [Ba^Ile, L. I..N. Y. 

Wilson, Samuel M. ( 1907 ) Trust Co. Building, Lexington, Ky. 


Where no P. O. Address is given, Baltimore is understood. 

*Abercrombie David ( 1908 ) Emory Grove, Md. 

Abercrombie, Dr. Ronald L. (1916) ... 10 Whitfield Road, Guilford. 

Agnus, Felix ( 1883 ) American Office. 

Ames, Joseph S. ( 1910) Charlcote Place, Guilford. 

Ammidon, Daniel C. (1916) 4014 Green way, Guilford. 


Andrews, C. McLean, Ph.D. (1907) .. .Yale Univ., New Haven, Conn. 

Andrews, Matthew Page (1911) 849 Park Ave. 

Appold, Lemuel T. ( 1902) Care of Colonial Trust Co. 

Armistead, George ( 1907 ) 1025 Cathedral St. 

Arthurs, Edward F. (1899) 628 Equitable Building. 

Atkinson, Robert A. (1914) 216 W. Madison St. 

Bagley, George P. Jr. (1916) 818 Fidelity Building. 

Batly, G. Frank ( 1908 ) 28 S. Hanover St. 

Baker, J. Henry ( 1910 ) 2008 Park Ave. 

Baker, William G. (1916) Care of Baker, Watts & Co. 

Baldwin, Summerfield ( 1899) 1006 N. Charles St. 

Barclay, Mrs. D. H. ( 1906) 14 E. Franklin St. 

Barrett, Henry C. ( 1902) "The Severn." 

Barroll, Hope H. ( 1902 ) Chestertown, Md. 

Barroll, L. Wethered ( 1910) 609 Keyser Bldg. 

Barry, Samuel H., (1916) 715 Greenmount Ave. 

Bartlett, J. Kemp ( 1900) 2100 Mt. Royal Ave. 

Barton, Randolph ( 1882) 207 N. Calvert St. 

Barton, Randolph, Jr. ( 1915) 207 N. Calvert St. 

Bassett, Mrs. Chas. Wesley ( 1909 ) . . 2947 St. Paul St. 

Bayard, Richard H. (1914) 707 Gaither Estate Bldg. 

Bayless, Wm. H. ( 1915) 1101-2 Fidelity Building. 

Beacham, Robert J. ( 1914) Emerson Tower Bldg. 

Bealmear, Herman (1916) 1610 W. Lanvale St. 

Beatty, Mrs. Philip Asfordby (1910) .229 E. North Ave. 

Beatson, J. Herbert ( 1914) Fidelity Trust Co. 

Benjamin, Roland (1915) Fidelity and Deposit Co. of Md. 

Benson, Carville D. (1913) 1301 Fidelity Building. 

Benson, Chas. Hodges (1915) 515 N. Carrollton Ave. 

Berkeley, Henry J., M. D. (1906) 1305 Park Ave. 

*Bernard, Richard ( 1898) 54 Central Savings Bank Bldg. 

Berry, Miss Christiana D. ( 1907 ) . . . . 322 Hawthorne Road, Roland Park. 

Berry, Jasper M., Jr., (1907) 225 St. Paul St. 

Berry, Thomas L. ( 1909 ) 702 Fidelity Building. 

Bevan, H. Cromwell ( 1902) 10 E. Lexington St. 

Bibbins, Arthur Barneveld (1910) .. .2600 Maryland Ave. 

Bibbins, Mrs. A. B. (1906) 2600 Maryland Ave. 

Bicknell, Rev. Jesse R. (1910) 117 W. Mulberry St. 

Billstein, Nathan ( 1898) The Lord Balto. Press. 

Birckhead, P. Macaulay (1884) 509 Park Ave. 

Birnie, Clotworthy, M. D. (1892) Taney town, Md. 

Bishop, William R. ( 1916) 1700 St. Paul St. 

Bixler, Dr. W. H. H. (1916) 418 N.Potomac St.,Hagerstown, Md. 

Black, H. Crawford (1902) 11th Floor Fidelity Building. 

Black, Van Lear ( 1902) 11th Floor Fidelity Building. 

Blackford, Eugene ( 1916) 200-4 Chamber of Commerce. 

Blake, George A. (1893) 1212 N. Charles St. 


Bland, J. R. (1902) U. S. Fidelity & Guaranty Co. 

Bland, Bichard Howard (1916) Catonsville, Md. 

Bonaparte, Chas. J., LL. D. (1883) 216 St. Paul St. 

Bond, Carroll T. (1916) 1125 N. Calvert St. 

Bond, G. Morris ( 1907 ) 315 P. O. Building. 

Bond, James A. C. ( 1902) Westminster, Md. 

Bond, Thomas E. (1910) 726 Reservoir St. 

Bonsal, Leigh (1902) 511 Calvert Building. 

Bordley, Dr. James, Jr. (1914) 201 Professional Bldg. 

Bosley, Arthur Lee (1912) 1406 Mt. Royal Ave. 

Bosley, Mrs. Arthur Lee (1912) 1406 Mt. Royal Ave. 

Bouldin, Mrs. Charles N. (1916) ... .The Homewood Apts. 

Bowdoin, Henry J. (1890) 401 Maryland Trust Building. 

Bowdoin, Mrs. Wm. Graham (1916) . . .1106 N. Charles St. 

Bowdoin, W. Graham, Jr. (1909) 401 Maryland Trust Building. 

Bowen, Herbert H. (1915) .American Office. 

Bowen, Jesse N. (1916) 825 Equitable Building. 

Bowers, James W., Jr. (1909) 16 E. Lexington St. 

Bowers, Thomas D. ( 1916) Chestertown, Md. 

Bowie, Clarence K. ( 1916) 3020 N. Calvert St. 

Boyce, Fred. G., Jr., (1916) 11 E. Chase St. 

Boyce, Heyward E. ( 1912 ) 3 N. Calvert St. 

Boyden, George A. ( 1911 ) Mt. Washington. 

Bradford, Samuel Webster (1916) . . . .Belair, Md. 

Brandt, Miss Minnie (1908) 11 E. Read St. 

Brattan, J. Y. ( 1902 ) American Office. 

Brent, Mrs. Alice Harris (1916) The St. Paul Apts. 

Brent, Miss Ida S. ( 1900) 1125 Bolton St. 

Brent, Robert F. ( 1908) 104 E. Lexington St. 

Bromwell, Miss Henrietta E. (1912) .Box 50, Denver, Col. 

Brown, Alexander ( 1902) 712 Cathedral St. 

Brown, Arthur George (1883) 867 Park Ave. 

Brown, Edwin H., Jr. (1904) Oentreville, Md. 

Brown, Frank ( 1896) 16 W. Saratoga St. 

Brown, John W. ( 1890 ) 201 Ridgewood Rd., Roland Park. 

Brown, Kirk ( 1897) 1813 N. Caroline St. 

Brown, Mrs. Lydia B. (1902) 1412 Bolton St. 

Brown, Mrs. William T. (1916) Chestertown, Md. 

Browne, Arthur Lee (1913) Riderwood, Md. 

Browne, B. Bernard, M. D. (1892) 510 Park Ave. 

Browne, Rev. Lewis Beeman ( 1907 ) . . . Havre de Grace, Md. 

Bruce, Oliver H. (1913) Westernport, Allegany Co., Md, 

Bruce, Oliver H., Jr., (1913) Cumberland, Md. 

Bruce, W. Cabell (1909) 8 W. Mt. Vernon Place. 

Bbune, H. M. ( 1902 ) 841 Calvert Building. 

Bryan, Carryl H. (1914) Wardour, Annapolis, Md. 

Buckler, Thomas H., M. D. (1913) .... 1201 St. Paul St. 


Burgan, Rev. H. W. (1910) Annapolis, Md. 

Bubton, Paul Gibson (1913) 108 E. Lexington St. 

Buzby, S. Stockton ( 1902 ) 1214 St. Paul St. 

Calwell, James S. ( 1911 ) 215 St. Paul St. 

Cabey, James ( 1913 ) 2220 N. Charles St. 

Caeey, John E. ( 1893 ) "The Mount," Walbrook. 

Caeboll, Chas. Bancboft (1915) Doughoregan Manor, Howard Co., Md. 

Caeboll, Douglas Gobdon (1913) The Washington Apt. 

Caby, Wilson Miles (1915) 18 E. Eager St. 

Catob, Fbanklin P. (1914) 13-15 W. Baltimore St. 

Catob, Geobge ( 1911 ) 803 St. Paul St. 

Catob, Samuel B. ( 1900) 711 N. Howard St. 

Chalmebs, Rev. Andbew Bubns (1914)2032 Park Ave. 

*Chambebs, John W., M. D. (1909) 18 W. Franklin St. 

Chapman, James W. Jr. (1916) 2016 Park Ave. 

Chapman, W. J. ( 1916) 2306 Eutaw Place. 

Chestnut, W. Calvin (1897) 1137 Calvert Building. 

Clabk, Miss Anna E. B. (1914) 14 E. Mt. Royal Ave. 

Close, Philip H. ( 1916) Belair, Md. 

Coad, J. F. ( 1907 ) Charlotte Hall, Md. 

Coale, W. E. ( 1908 ) 109 Chamber of Commerce. 

Cohen, Miss Beetha (1905) 415 N. Charles St. 

Coleman, William C. (1916) 16 E. Eager St. 

Colgan, Edwaed J., Jb. (1915) 330 E. 22d St. 

Colston, Feedeeick M. (1911) .. . 3 N. Calvert St. 

Colston, Geobge A. ( 1914) 3 N. Calvert St. 

Coonan, Edwaed V. (1907) Courtland and Saratoga Sts. 

Coopeb, Miss H. Fbances (1909) 1415 Linden Ave. 

Coopeb, J. Cbossan (1912) Stock Exchange Building. 

Coppee, William B. ( 1916) Chestertown, Md. 

Coebin, Mrs. John W. (1898) 2208 N. Charles St. 

Cornee, Thomas C. (1913) 269 W. Biddle St. 

Cottman, J. Hough ( 1885 ) 812 Keyser Building. 

Cotten, Beuce ( 1912) Cylburn, Sta. L., Mt. Wash. 

Cotton, Mbs. Jane Baldwin (1896) .. .239 Beacon St., Boston, Mass. 

Cowan, David Pinkney (1915) 1602 Eutaw PI. 

Cbain, Robebt ( 1902) 2412 Eutaw Place. 

Cbanwell, J. H. ( 1895 ) Waynesboro, Pa. 

Cbapstee, Ebnest R. (1916) 321 St. Paul St. 

Cbomwell, Mbs. W. Kennedy (1916) ..Lake Roland. 

Cross, John Emory (1912) Albion Hotel. 

Culver, Francis Barnum (1910) 125 W. 22d St. 

Dabney, Db. William M. ( 1916) Ruxton, Md. 

Dallam, Richabd ( 1897 ) Belair, Md. 

Dalsheimer, Simon ( 1909 ) The Lord Baltimore Press. 

Dandridge, Miss Anne S. (1893) 18 W. Hamilton St. 


Darnall, R. Bennett ( 1906) 1129 Fidelity Building. 

Dashiell, Benj. J. ( 1914) Athol Terrace, P. 0. Station. 

Dashiell, N. Leeke, M. D. (1904) 2927 St. Paul St. 

Daugherty, William Grant (1893) .. .505 Maryland Trust Building. 

Davis, Dr. J. S. ( 1916) Biddle and Cathedral Sts. 

Davis, Septimus ( 1907 ) Aberdeen, Md. 

Davison, George W. ( 1877) 11th floor, Garrett Building. 

Dawkins, Walter I. (1902) 1119 Fidelity Building. 

Dawson, William H. ( 1892) Law Building. 

Day, Miss Mary F. ( 1907 ) Bradshaw, Md. 

Dean, Mary, M. D. ( 1913 ) 901 N. Calvert St. 

Deems, Clarence ( 1913 ) The Plaza. 

Deford, B. F. (1914) Calvert and Lombard Street. 

Deford, Mrs. B. Frank, (1916) Riderwood, Md. 

Dennis, James U. ( 1907 ) 2 E. Lexington St. 

Dennis, Samuel K. ( 1905 ) 2 E. Lexington St. 

Denny, James W. ( 1915 ) 1900 Linden Ave. 

Diokey, Charles H. ( 1902) / Maryland Meter Company, 

I Guilford Av. and Saratoga St. 

Dickey, Edmund S. (1914) Maryland Meter Company. 

Dielman, Louis H. (1905) Peabody Institute. 

Dobler, John J. ( 1898) 114 Court House. 

Dodson, Herbert K. (1909) 2206 N. Charles St. 

♦Donaldson, John J. ( 1877 ) 220 St. Paul St. 

Donnelly, William J. (1916) Commerce and Water Sts. 

Dorsey, Arthur ( 1913) Hockley, Annapolis, Md. 

Doyle, James T. ( 1916) 204 Augusta Ave. Irvington. 

Duffy, Henry ( 1916) 135 W. Lanvale St. 

Dugan, Hammond J. (1916) 16 E. Lexington St. 

Duke, W. Bernard (1909) Tudor Hall, Univ. Parkway. 

Duke, Mrs. Katherine Maria ( 1908 ) . . Riderwood, Md. 

Dulaney, Henry S. (1915) Charles St. and Forest Aves. 

Dunton, Wm. Rush, Jr., M. D. (1902) . .Towson, Md. 

Duvall, Richard M. (1902) 16 E. Lexington St. 

Duvall, W. E. P. ( 1914) Fidelity Building. 

Earle, Swepson (1916) 512 Munsey Building. 

Elliott, Mrs. Lily Tyson (1915) Ellicott City, Md. 

Ellis, Mrs. Theodore (1908) 610 Springfield Ave., Summit, N. J. 

Elmer, Lewis S. ( 1916) 2011 Callow Ave. 

Fahnestock, Albert (1912) 2503 Madison Ave. 

Falconer, Chas. E. (1915) 1630 Bolton St. 

Faure, Auguste ( 1916) Windsor Hills. 

Fechtig, James Amos, M. D. (1893) 1303 N. Charles St. 

Ferguson, J. Henry ( 1902) Colonial Trust Co. 

Field, Charles W. ( 1902) 801 Calvert Building. 

Fisher, D. K. E. ( 1916) 1301 Park Ave. 


Fisher, Miss Grace W. (1907) 1420 Park Ave. 

Fitchett, Thomas H. (1916) Merc. Trust and Deposit Co. 

*Ford, Isaac Henry (1914) 1412 N St., N. W., Washington, D.C. 

Ford, Miss Sarah M. (1916) 1412 NT. St., N. W., Wash'n, D. C. 

Foster, Mrs. Reuben (1909) 2301 N. Charles St. 

France, Dr. Joseph I. (1916) 15 W. Mt. Vernon Place. 

France, Mrs. J. I. (1910) 15 W. Mt. Vernon Place. 

Freeman, Bernard (1916) Orkney Road, Govans, Md. 

Freeman, J. Douglas (1914) Orkney Road, Govans, Md. 

Frick, George Arnold (1914) 906 Maryland Trust Bldg. 

Frick, J. Swan ( 1895) Guilford. 

Frick, John W. ( 1916) 835 University Parkway. 

Furst, Frank A. (1914) Liberty Road and Chestnut Ave. 

Furst, J. Henry ( 1915) 23 S. Hanover St. 

Gage, Mrs. Emma Abbott (1911) Annapolis, Md. 

Gaither, Thomas H. (1892) 815 Gaither Building. 

Gaither, Thomas H., Jr. (1916) 508 Cathedral St. 

Gallagher, Mrs. Helen M. P. (1916) . . 1017 N. Calvert St. 

Gambel, Mrs. Thos. B. ( 1915) 2017 St. Paul St. 

Gantt, Mrs. Harry Baldwin (1915) . . . Millersville, Md. 

Gardiner, Asa Bird, Jr. (1912) 520 N. Calvert St. 

Garnett, J. Mercer (1916) 1239 Calvert Building. 

Garrett, John W. (1898) Garrett Building. 

Garrett, Robert ( 1898) Garrett Building. 

Garrett, Mrs. T. Harrison (1913) .... Evergreen, Charles St. Avenue. 

Gary, E. Stanley (1913) 722 Equitable Building. 

Gary, James A. ( 1892) 1200 Linden Ave. 

Gault, Matthew (1914) 1422 Park Ave. 

Gibbs, John S., Jr. (1914) 1026 N. Calvert St. 

Gibson, W. Hopper (1902) Centreville, Md. 

Girdwood, Allan C. (1916) Union Trust Building. 

Gittings, James C. ( 1911 ) 613 St. Paul St. 

Gittings, John S. (1885) 605 Keyser Building. 

Glenn, John, Jr. ( 1915) 12 St. Paul St. 

Glenn, John M. ( 1905 ) 136 E. 19th St., New York, N. Y. 

Glenn, Rev. Wm. Lindsay (1905) Emmorton, Md. 

Goldsborough, A. S. (1914) 2712 St. Paul St. 

Goldsborough, Charles (1908) 924 St. Paul St. 

Goldsborough, Louis P. (1914) 35 W. Preston St. 

Goldsborough, Murray Lloyd (1913) . .Easton, Md. 
Goldsborough, Phillips Lee (1915) . . . 839 University Parkway. 

Goodnow, Dr. Frank J. (1916) Johns Hopkins University. 

Goodrich, G. Clem ( 1916) 110 E. German St. 

Gordon, Mrs. Douglas H. (1916) 1009 N. Charles St. 

Gordon, Douglas H. (1896) 25 E. Baltimore St. 

Gore, Clarence S., D. D. S. (1902) 1006 Madison Ave. 

Gorter, James P. ( 1902) 128 Court House. 


Goucheb, John F., D. D. (1908) 2313 St. Paul St. 

Gough, Mbs. S. Pike (1916) 1700 St. Paul St. 

Gould, Clabence P. (1908) Univ. of Wooster, Wooster, Ohio. 

Gbafflin, William H. ( 1892 ) Vickers Building. 

Graham, Albeet D. (1915) Citizens' National Bank. 

Geaves, Miss Emily E. (1916) 304 W. Monument St. 

*Geaves, Wm. B. ( 1909 ) Pikesville, Md. 

Geeenway, William H. (1886) 2322 N. Charles St. 

Geegg, Maueice ( 1886 ) 222 St. Paul St. 

Geieves, Claeence J., D. D. S. (1904).. 201 W. Madison St. 
Geiffis, Mes. Maegaeet Abell (1913) .702 Cathedral St. 

Geiffith, Mes. Maby W. (1890) Stoneleigh Court, Wash., D. C. 

Gbindall, De. Chaeles (1916) 5 E. Franklin St. 

Geiswold, B. Howell, Je. (1913) Alex. Brown & Sons. 

Habightjest, Mes. Chas. F. (1916) 1620 Bolton St. 

*Hall, Clayton C. ( 1880 ) 1124 Cathedral St. 

Haman, B. Howaed ( 1912 ) 1137 Calvert Bldg. 

Hambleton, Mes. F. S. (1907) Hambledune, Lutherville, Md. 

Hambleton, T. Edward (1914) Hambleton & Co., 8 S. Calvert St. 

Hammond, Edwaed M. (1914) 803 Union Trust Bldg. 

Hammond, John Maetin (1911).... i 203 W ' Walnut Lane > 

( Germantown, Pa. 

Hance, Mes. Tabitha J. (1916) 2330 Eutaw Place. 

Hancock, James E. (1907) 2221 St. Paul St. 

Hann, Samuel M. (1915) 108 E. Elmhurst Ed., Roland Park. 

Hanson, Mes. Aquilla B. ( 1907) Buxton, Md. 

♦Hanson, John W. ( 1887 ) 7 E. Franklin St. 

Haelan, Heney D., LL. D. ( 1894) Fidelity Building. 

Haelan, William H. ( 1916) Belair, Md. 

Haeley, Chas. F. ( 1915) Title Building. 

Haelow, James H. ( 1916) Darlington, Md. 

*Haeman, S. J. ( 1902) 1418 Fidelity Building. 

Hareington, Emeeson C. (1916) Annapolis, Md. 

Haebis, W. Hall ( 1883) 216 St. Paul St. 

Haeeis, Wm. Hugh (1914) 1219 Linden Ave. 

Harbison, Geoege ( 1915 ) 1615 Eutaw PL 

Haeeison, J. Edwaed ( 1915 ) 1601 Linden Ave. 

Haet, Robebt S. (1915) Fidelity Building. 

*Haetman, A. Z. ( 1903 ) 732 W. North Ave. 

Hattee, Mes. Maey S. C. (1914) 1623 Bolton St. 

Hayden, William M. (1878) Eutaw Savings Bank. 

Haywaed, F. Sidney (1897) Harwood Ave., Govans, Md. 

Hendeick, Mes. Calvin W. (1915) Hotel Albion. 

Heney, J. Winfield ( 1902) 107 W. Monument St. 

Henry, Mes. Robeeta B. (1914) Waterbury, Md. 

Heney, W. Laied (1915) 17th floor Munsey Building. 

Hilken, H. G. ( 1889 ) 133 W. Lanvale St. 



Hill, John Philip (1899) 712 Keyser Building. 

Hinbley, John ( 1900) 215 N. Charles St. 

Hisky, Thomas Foley (1888) 215 N. Charles St. 

Hodgdon, Mrs. Alexander L. (1915) .. .Pearsons, St. Mary's Co., Md. 

Hodges, Mrs. Margaret R. (1903) .. j 142 Duke of Gloucester St., 

I Annapolis, Md. 

Hodson, Eugene W. ( 1916) Care of Thomas & Thompson. 

Hoffman, J. Henry, D.D.S. (1914) 1807 N. Charles St. 

Hoffman, R. Curzon (1896) 1300 Continental Trust Building. 

Holden, Dr. Floyd T. (1916) 2008 Guilford Ave. 

Hollander, Jacob H., Ph.D. (1895) . .Johns Hopkins University. 

Hollaway, Mrs. Chas. T. (1915) . . . . i Care Mrs ' Chas ' K Hollawa 7> 

( Normandie Heights, Md. 

Homer, Charles C, Jr. ( 1909 ) Mt. Washington. 

Homer, Francis T. ( 1900) 40 Wall St., New York, K Y. 

Homer, Mrs. Jane Abell (1909) Riderwood, Baltimore Co. 

Hopper, P. Lesley ( 1892) Havre de Grace, Md. 

Hopkins, John Howard (1911) Sta. E, Mt. Washington Heights. 

Horsey, John P. ( 1911 ) 649 Title Building. 

Howard, Charles MoHenry (1902) 1409 Continental Trust Building. 

Howard, Charles Morris ( 1907 ) 700 Equitable Building. 

Howard, Harry C. ( 1907 ) 939 St. Paul St. 

Howard, McHenry ( 1881 ) 901 St. Paul St. 

Howard, Wm. Ross ( 1916) Guilford Ave. and Pleasant St. 

Hubbard, Wilbur W. (1915) Keyser Building. 

Hughes, Adrian ( 1895 ) 223 St. Paul St. 

Hughes, Thomas ( 1886 ) 223 St. Paul St. 

Hull, Miss A. E. E. (1904) The Arundel. 

Hume, Edgar Erskine, M. D. (1913) .. Johns Hopkins Club. 

Hunter W. Carroll ( 1916) White Hall, Md. 

Hunting, E. B. (1905) 705 Calvert Building. 

Hubd, Henry M., M. D. (1902) 1023 St. Paul St. 

Hurst, Charles W. (1914) 24 E. Preston St. 

Hurst, J. J. ( 1902 ) Builders' Exchange. 

Hurst, William B. (1916) 3 W. Mt. Vernon Place. 

*Hutton, Gaun M. ( 1890) 838 Hollins St. 

Hyde, Enoch Pratt ( 1906) 223 W. Monument St. 

Hyde, Geo. W. ( 1906) 225 E. Baltimore St. 

Iglehart, Francis 1ST. (1914) 14 E. Lexington St. 

Iglehart, Iredell W. ( 1916) 506-7 Carroll Building. 

Iglehart, James D., M. D. (1893) 211 W. Lanvale St. 

Iglehart, Mrs. James D. (1913) 211 W. Lanvale St. 

Ijams, Mrs. George W. (1913) 4509 Liberty Heights Ave. 

Ingle, Edward ( 1882) The Cecil. 

Ingle, William ( 1909 ) 1710 Park Ave. 

Jackson, Mrs. George S. (1910) 34 W. Biddle St. 

Jacobs, Mrs. Henry Barton (1916).. 11 W. Mt. Vernon Place. 

Jones, Aethue Lafayette (1911) .. . j 


Jacobs, Henby Babton, M. D. (1903) ..11 W. Mt. Viexnon Place. 

Jamab, Db. J. H. ( 1916) Elkton, Md. 

James, Nobman ( 1903 ) Catonsville, Md. 

Jenkins, E. Austin (1880) 831 Munsey Building. 

Jenkins, Geobge C. (1883) 16 Abell Building. 

Jenkins, Thos. W. ( 1885) 1521 Bolton St. 

Johnson, J. Altheus (1915) Seat Pleasant, Prince Geo. Co., Md. 

Johnson, J. Hemsley (1916) 225 W. Monument St. 

* Johnson, William Fell ( 1902 ) Brooklandville, Md. 

Johnstone, Miss Emma E. (1910) 855 Park Ave. 

Care of J. S. Wilson Co., 

Calvert Building. 

Jones, Elias, M. D. ( 1902) Custom House. 

Jones, T. Babton (1914) 1213-14 Fidelity Bldg. 

Kaeb, Habey E. ( 1913) 1301 Fidelity Bldg. 

Keech, Edw. P., Jb. (1909) 900-901 Maryland Trust Bldg. 

Keidel, Geo. C, Ph. D. (1912) 136 E. Capitol St., Wash't'n, D. C. 

Kennedy, Joseph P. (1915) 603 University Parkway. 

Keys, Miss Jane G. ( 1905 ) 208 E. Lanvale St. 

*Keyseb, H. Ievine ( 1873 ) Keyser Bldg. 

Keyseb, Mbs. Maey Washington ) 

,-,g 94) y Eccleston, Md. 

Keyseb, R. Beent (1894) 910 Keyser Building. 

King, Henby L. ( 1916) 13-19 W. North Ave. 

Kinsolving, Rev. Abthue B. (1908)... 24 W. Saratoga St. 

Kibk, Henby C, Je. (1908) 106 E. Baltimore St. 

*Kiek, Joseph L. ( 1906) 

Kiekland, Ogden A. ( 1889) 17 W. Mulberry St. 

Klinefeltee, Mbs. Emily Hendbix > Chestertownj M(L 

(1915) ) 

Knapp, Chaeles H. (1916) 1418 Fidelity Building. 

Knott, A. Leo ( 1894) Belvedere Hotel. 

Koch, Charles J. ( 1905 ) 2915 E. Baltimore St. 

Knapp, Charles H. ( 1914) Fidelity Bldg, 

Knox, J. H. Mason, Je., M. D. ( 1909 ) . . 804 Cathedral St. 

Lacy, Benjamin ( 1914 ) 1630 Linden Ave. 

Lanahan, Mes. Chas. (1915) Washington Apartments. 

Lankfoed, H. F. ( 1893) Princess Anne, Md. 

Latan£, John Holladay, Ph.D., LL. D. (1913) Johns Hopkins Univ. 

Leakin, J. Wilson (1902) 814 Fidelity Building. 

Ledeeee, Lewis J. (1916) Marine Bank Building. 

Lee, H. C. ( 1903) 23 W. 20th St. 

Lee, John L. G. ( 1916) 511 Calvert Building. 

Lee, Richard Laws (1896) 232 St. Paul St. 

Legg, John C, Jb. (1916) 110 E. German St. 

Lehe, Robeet Olivee (1916) 302 Exchange Place. 

Leveeing, Edwin W. (1916) Calvert and German Sts. 


Levering, Eugene ( 1895 ) 26 South St. 

Levy, William B. ( 1909 ) 1 1th floor, Fidelity Building. 

Linthicum, J. Charles ( 1905) 217 St. Paul St. 

Livezey, E. ( 1907) 22 E. Lexington St. 

Ljungstedt, Mes. A. O. ( 1915) Bethesda, R. D. 1, Mont. Co., Md. 

Lloyd, C. Howard ( 1907 ) 1120 St. Paul St. 

Lloyd, Henry ( 1902 ) Cambridge, Md. 

Lloyd, Upshur ( 1909 ) Easton, Md. 

Lockwood, William P., M. D. (1891).. 8 E. Eager St. 

Lucas, Wm. F., Jr. ( 1909) 221 E. Baltimore St. 

Lyell, J. Milton ( 1916) 1163 Calvert Building. 

Lyon, Miss Mary A. (1916) 1209 Madison Ave. 

Lytle, Wm. H. ( 1908) 1220 St. Paul St. 

McAdams, Rev. Edw. P. ( 1906 ) Glyndon, Md. 

McAllister Francis W. (1916) 520 Woodlawn Rd., Roland Park. 

McClellan, William J. (1866) 1208 Madison Ave. 

McColgan, Charles C. (1916) 12 E. Lexington St. 

McCormick, Roberdeau A. (1914) McCormick Block. 

McCormick, Thomas P., M. D. (1902) ..1421 Eutaw Place. 

McEvoy, James, Jr. ( 1909 ) 533 Title Bldg. 

McGaw, George K. ( 1902) Charles and Mulberry Sts. 

Macgill, Richard G., Jr. (1891) 110 Commerce St. 

McGroarty, William Buckner (1913) . 119 E. Baltimore St. 
Mackall, W. Hollingsworth (1909) . .Elkton, Md. 
Mackenzie, George Norbury (1890).. 2 E. Lexington St. 

McKeon, Mrs. E. H. (1910) 12 E. Eager St. 

McKim, Mrs. Hollins (1916) The Severn Apts. 

McKim, S. S. ( 1902 ) National Union Bank. 

Mackubin, Miss Florence (1913) The Brexton. 

McLane, Allan ( 1894) Garrison, Md. 

McLane, James L. ( 1888) 903 Cathedral St. 

MoNeal, J. V. ( 1907) 729 N. Calvert St. 

Macsherry, Allan (1914) 224 St. Paul St. 

Magruder, Caleb C, Jr. (1910) Upper Marlboro, Md. 

Maloy, William Milnes (1911) 1403 Fidelity Building. 

Mandelbaum, Seymour (1902) 617 Fidelity Building. 

Manly, Mrs. Wm. M. (1916) 1109 N. Calvert St. 

Marbury, William L. (1887) 700 Maryland Trust Building. 

Marine, Miss Harriet P. (1915) 2514 Madison Ave. 

Marriott, Telfair W. ( 1916) 217 St. Paul St. 

Marshall, John W. ( 1902) 13 South St. 

Marye, William B. ( 1911 ) .222 E. Biddle St. 

Massey, E. Thomas (1909) Masaey, Kent Co., Md. 

Mathews, Edward B., Ph.D. (1905) . .Johns Hopkins University. 

*Matthews, Henry C. ( 1892) Albemarle and Fleet Sts. 

May, George ( 1916) Maryland Club. 

Meekins, Lynn R. (1908) 2418 N. Charles St. 


Meieee, T. McKean (1916) 1724 N. Calvert St. 

Meechant, Henby N. ( 1915) 119 E. Baltimore St. 

Meeeitt, Elizabeth ( 1913 ) 3402 W. North Ave. 

*Mebbitt, Mbs. J. Alfbed ( 1909 ) 1309 17th St., Washington, D. C. 

Mtddendobf, J. W. (1902) . . . 1st floor Equitable Building. 

Miles, Joshua W. (1915) Custom House. 

Millee, Chables R. ( 1916 ) 2216 Linden Ave. 

Milleb, Mes. Chaeles R, (1916) 2216 Linden Ave. 

Millee, Decatue H., Je. (1902) 506 Maryland Trust Building. 

Millee, Edgae G., Je. (1916) Title Bulding. 

Millee, Walteb H. (1904) I Care of Burton Bros '' 

I 348 Broadway, N. Y. 

Milligan, John J. ( 1916) 603 N. Charles St. 

Moody, W. Raymond (1911) Chestertown, Md. 

Mooee, Miss Maby Wilson (1914) 2340 N. Calvert St. 

Mobgan, John Hubst (1896) 10 E. Fayette St. 

Mullen, Miss Elizabeth L. (1916) ...206 E. Eager St. 

Mullen, Rev. Albeet Oswald (1912). .3 29 E. Lafayette Ave. 

Mubeay, Daniel M. (1902) Elk Ridge, Md. 

Mubbay, Rt. Rev. John G. (1908) Chas. St. Av. and Univ. Parkway. 

Myebs, William Stake (1902) 15 Alexander St., Princeton, N. J. 

Myees, Willis E. ( 1911 ) 10 E. Fayette St. 

Nash, Chaeles W. ( 1908) 225 St. Paul St. 

Neal, Rev. J. St. Claie (1914) Bengies, Baltimore Co., Md. 

Nelligan, John J. ( 1907) Safe Deposit and Trust Co. 

Nelson, Alexandee C. (1907) 210 E. German St. 

Newcomeb, Waldo (1902) National Exchange Bank. 

Nicodemus, F. Couetney, Jb. (1902) . . 43 E. 18th St., New York, N. Y. 

Nicolai, Chaeles D. ( 1916) Wallis Apts. 

Noeeis, Jeffeeson D. (1914) 128 W. Lanvale St. 

Noebis, Isaac T. ( 1865) 1224 Madison Ave. 

Obeb, Gustavus, Je. (1914) 1217 N. Charles St. 

Obee, J. Hambleton (1915) 300 N. Charles St. 

Odell, Walteb Geobge (1910) 3021 W. North Ave. 

O'Donovan, Chaeles, M. D. (1890) 5 E. Read St. 

Offutt, T. Scott (1908) Towson, Md. 

Oliveb, Thomas H. (1890) Ivy Depot, Albemarle Co., Va. 

Oltvee, W. B. ( 1913 ) 1st floor, Garrett Building. 

Oltviee, Stuabt ( 1913 ) The News. 

O'Neill, Thos. (1907) .". S. W. Cor. Charles & Lexington Sts. 

Owens, Albeet S. J. (1912) 1408 Fidelity Building. 

Owens, E. B. (1915) 130 S. Charles St. 

Paca, John P. ( 1897) 320 Munsey Building. 

Page, Wm. C. ( 1912 ) Calvert Bank. 

Pagon, W. Wattebs (1916) 1319 Fidelity Building. 

Paeke, Fbancis Neal (1910) Westminster, Md. 


Paekeb, John (1916) Peabody Institute. 

Pake, Mrs. Chas. E. (1915) 18 E. Lafayette Ave. 

Pabban, Mbs. Frank J. (1908) 144 W. Lanvale St. 

Pabban, Thomas ( 1915 ) Calvert Co., Md. 

Pabban, William J. ( 1903 ) 124 S. Charles St. 

Passano, Edwabd B. ( 1916) Towson, Md. 

Pattebson, J. LeR. ( 1909 ) 802 Harlem Ave. 

Patton, Mbs. James H. ( 1913) Guilford Manor Apts. 

Paul, Mbs. D'Abcy ( 1909 ) "Woodlands," Gorsuch Ave. 

Peabce, James A., LL. D. ( 1902) Chestertown, Md. 

Pearre, Aubbey, Jb. ( 1906) 207 N. Calvert St. 

Pegbam, Wm. M. ( 1909 ) U. S. Fidelity and Guaranty Co. 

Penniman, Thos. D. ( 1911 ) 922 Cathedral St. 

Pennington, Josias ( 1894) Professional Building. 

Pennington, Mbs. Josias (1916) 1119 St. Paul St. 

Pebine, E. Glenn ( 1882) 18 E. Lexington St. 

Pebine, Mrs. Geoege Corbin (1916) ... 1105 Cathedral St. 

Perkins, Elisha H. (1887) Provident Savings Bank. 

Perkins, William H., Jr. (1887) 700 Equitable Building. 

Peter, Kobert B. ( 1916) Rockville, Md. 

Phelps, Charles E., Jr. (1903) 1028 Cathedral St. 

Pitt, Faris C. (1908) 912 N. Charles St. 

Pitt, Herbert St. John (1915) 912 N. Charles St. 

Pleasants, J. Hall, Jr., M. D. (1898) .807 University Parkway. 

Pollitt, L. Irving (1916) 1715 Park Place. 

Pope, George A. ( 1902 ) 214 Chamber of Commerce. 

Post, A. H. S. ( 1916) Mercantile Trust and Deposit Co. 

Poultney, Walter De C. (1916) St. Paul and Mulberry Sts. 

Powell, Wm. C. ( 1912) Snow Hill, Md. 

Powell, Mrs. Wm. S. (1916) Ellicott City, Md. 

Preston, James H. (1898) City Hall. 

Prettyman, Charles W. (1909) Rockville, Md. 

Price, Dr. Eldridge C. ( 1915) 1012 Madison Ave. 

Purdum, Bradley K. ( 1902) Hamilton, Md. 

Raborg, Christopher (1902) 1314 W. Lanvale St. 

Radcliffe, Geo. L. P., Ph. D. (1908) . . .615 Fidelity Building. 

Ranck, Samuel H. ( 1898) Public Lib'y, Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Randall, Blanchard ( 1902) 200 Chamber of Commerce Bldg. 

Randolph, George F. (1916) B. & O. Building. 

Rawls, W. L. ( 1905 ) 700 Maryland Trust Building. 

Rayner, A. W. ( 1905 ) 8 E. Lexington St. 

Redwood, Mrs. Mary B. (1907) 918 Madison Ave. 

Reed, Mrs. Emilie McKim (1909) 512 Park Ave. 

Reeder, Charles L. (1907) 919 Equitable Building. 

Reifsnider, John M. ( 1895) Westminster, Md. 

Remsen, Ira, LL. D. ( 1901 ) Johns Hopkins University. 

Revell, Edward J. W. ( 1916) 13 E. Read St. 


Rich, Mbs. Edward L. (1915) Catonsville, Md. 

Rich, Edward N. ( 1916 ) Union Trust Building. 

Richardson, Albert Levin (1902) 2127 N. Charles St. 

Richardson, Mrs. Hester D. (1901) . . .2127 N. Charles St. 

Richmond, Miss Sarah E. (1915) Md. State Normal School. 

Ridgely, Miss Eliza ( 1893) 825 Park Ave. 

Ridgely, Mrs. Helen W. (1895) Hampton, Towson, Md. 

Ridgely, John J. (1916) Towson, Md. 

Ridgely, Martin E. (1914) Wilna, Harford Co., Md. 

Ridgely, Ruxton M. (1892) 510 Cathedral St. 

Dumbarton Farms, 

Rieman, Mrs. Charles Ellet (1909) . 

' Rodger's Forge P. O., Md. 

Rieman, Charles Ellet (1898) 14 N. Eutaw St. 

Riggs, Clinton L. (1907) Riggs Bldg., Charles and Read Sts. 

Riggs, Lawrason ( 1894 ) 632 Equitable Building. 

Riordan, Charles E. ( 1907 ) 204 Exchange Place. 

Ritchie, Albert C. ( 1904) 601 Title Building. 

Ritter, William L. ( 1878) 541 K Carrollton Ave. 

Roberts, Mrs. John B. ( 1916) 1116 St. Paul St. 

Robinson, Ralph ( 1894) 1310 Continental Building. 

Rogers, Mrs. Henry W. (1914) Riderwood P. O., Balto. Co., Md. 

Rollins, Thornton ( 1911 ) 1 M(L National Bank, 

( Baltimore and Calvert Sts. 

Rohrer, C. W. a., M. D. (1910) Lauraville Sta., Baltimore, Md. 

Rose, Douglas H. ( 1898) 10 South St. 

Rose, John C. ( 1883 ) P. O. Building. 

Ruth, Thos. De Coursey (1916) 3 Midvale Road, Roland Park. 

Ryan, Wm. P. ( 1915) 1825 E. Baltimore St. 

Ryland, Samuel P. ( 1909 ) 810 American Building. 

Sadtler, Mrs. Geo. W. ( 1908) 26 E. 25th St. 

Sadtler, Howard P. ( 1915) 1163-69 Calvert Bldg. 

Sadtler, Mrs. Rosabella (1902) 1415 Linden Ave. 

Sampson, Mrs. Leila B. (1912) Sandgates, - St. Mary's Co., Md. 

Sanford, John L. ( 1916) 317 Munsey Building. 

Sappington, A. DeRussy (1897) 733 Title Building. 

Sears, Thomas E., M. D. ( 1894) 658 W. Franklin St. 

Sellers, Matthew B. (1915) 801 N. Arlington Ave. 

Sellers, Samuel Campbell (1914) 801 N. Arlington Ave. 

Sellman, James L. ( 1901 ) Merchants-Mechanics Nat'l, Bank. 

Semmes, John E. ( 1884) 10 E. Eager St. 

Semmes, John E. Jr. ( 1916) 825 Equitable Building. 

Seth, Frank W. ( 1914) Easton, Md. 

Seth, Joseph B. (1896) Easton, Md. 

3hippen, Mrs. Rebecca Lloyd Post.. ) 2148 Florida Ave., N. W., 

(1893) ) Washington, D. C. 

Shirk, Mrs. Ida M. (1914) Indianapolis, Ind. 

Shbiver, J. Alexis ( 1907 ) Wilna, Harford Co., Md. 


Shower, George T., M. D. (1913) 3721 Eoland Ave. 

Shyrock, Thomas J. (1891) 1401 Madison Ave., P. O. Box 717. 

Sill, Howard ( 1897 ) 11 E. Pleasant St. 

Simmons, Mrs. H. B. (1916) . . . Chestertown, Md. 

Sioussat, Mrs. Anna L. (1891) Lake Roland, Md. 

Sioussat, St. George LeAkin (1912) . . Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, Tenn. 

Skinner, Mrs. Harry G. (1913) Mt. Washington, Md. 

Skinner, M. E. ( 1897 ) 805 Calvert Building. 

Skirven, Percy G. (1914) 3900 Cottage Ave. 

Sloan, George F. (1880) Roland Park. 

Smith, Mrs. Walter Prescott (1913) . . 18 E. Madison St. 
Smith, Rev. Chester Mansfield (1912) 1204 Mt. Royal Ave. 

Smith, Frank O. ( 1913 ) Washington, D. C. 

Smith, Henry Lee, M. D. (1912) 2701 Calvert St. 

Smith, John Donnell ( 1903) 505 Park Ave. 

Smith, Thomas A. ( 1909 ) Ridgely, Caroline Co., Md. 

Snowden, Wilton ( 1902) Central Savings Bank Building. 

Sollers, Somerville (1905) 1311 John St. 

Spencer, Richard H. ( 1891 ) Earl Court. 

Stabler, Edward, Jr. (1876) Madison and Eutaw Sts. 

*Stabler, Jordan (1910) Eutaw and Madison Sts. 

Starr, Rt. Rev. Wm. E. (1914) Corpus Christi Church. 

Steele, John Murray, M. D. (1911) . . . Owings Mills, Md. 

Stein, Chas. F. ( 1905) S. E. Cor. Courtl'd & Saratoga Sts. 

Steineb, Bernard C, Ph. D. (1892) 1038 N. Eutaw St. 

Sterling, George S. ( 1902) 228 Light St. 

Stevenson, H. M., M. D. (1904) 1022 W. Lafayette Ave. 

Stewart, David ( 1886) 213 St. Paul St. 

Stewart, Redmond C. (1916) 207 N. Calvert St. 

Stirling, Admiral Yates (1889) 209 W. Lanvale St. 

Stockbridge, Henry ( 1883) 11 N. Calhoun St. 

Stone, John T. (1894) N. W. Cor. Baltimore & North Sts. 

Stork, John William (1914) 424 N. Charles St. 

Story, Frederick W. (1885) 217 Court House. 

Stran, Mrs. Kate A. (1900) 1912 Eutaw Place. 

Strickland, C. Hobart (1916) Guilford Apts. 

Stuart, Miss Sarah Elizabeth (1915) .Chestertown, Md. 

Sturdy, Henry Francis ( 1913) Annapolis, Md. 

Sudler, Miss Carolina V. (1915) 2602 Shirley Ave. 

Summers, Clinton ( 1916) 101 Roland Ave. 

Sumwalt, Mrs. Mary H. (1909) 2921 N. Calvert St. 

Sutton, Mrs. Eben ( 1911 ) 515 Park Ave. 

Swindell, Mrs. Walter B. (1913) 506 Roland Ave., Roland Park. 

Symington, Wm. W. ( 1916) Catonsville, Md. 

Talbott, Mrs. Bertha C. Hall (1913) . Rockville, Md. 

Tappan, William ( 1909 ) 1419 Bolton St. 

Taylor, Archibald H. (1909) 405 Maryland Trust Building. 


Thayek, W. iS., M. D. (1902) 406 Cathedral St. 

Thom, DeCouecy W. (1884) 405 Maryland Trust Building. 

Thom, Mes. Lea ( 1902 ) 204 W. Lanvale St. 

Thomas, Mrs. Annie Horner (1914) ..2110 Mt. Royal Terrace. 

Thomas, Douglas H. ( 1874) Merchants-Mechanics Bank. 

Thomas, Geo. C. (1915) N. Charles and 27th Sts. 

Thomas, James W. ( 1894) Cumberland, Md. 

Thomas, John B. (1910) S. E. Cor. Charles and 33rd Sts, 

Thomas, William S. (1915) 211 N. Calvert St. 

Thomas, Miss Zaidee T. (1916) 1302 Eutaw Place. 

Thompson, H. Oliver ( 1895) 216 St. Paul St. 

Thomsen, John J., Jr. (1881) Maryland Club. 

*Tiffany, Louis McLane, M. D. (1902) . 831 Park Ave. 

Tilghman, Oswald ( 1906) Easton, Md. 

Toadvin, E. 'Stanley ( 1902) Salisbury, Md. 

Todd, W. J., M. D. ( 1902 ) Mt. Washington, Md. 

Tolson, Albert C. (1916) 82-83 Gunther Building. 

*Tompkins, John A. ( 1893) 1725 Munsey Building. 

Tredway, Rev. S. B. (1892) R. F. D. 4, Havre de Grace, Md. 

Trippe, Andrew C. (1877) 347 N. Charles St. 

Troupe, Mrs. Calvin Ferris (1914) .. . .St. Paul Apartments. 

Troupe, Rinaldo W. B. (1914) 2322 Eutaw Place. 

Trundle, Mrs. Wilson Burns (1914) .2414 Madison Ave. 

Tubman, Robert E. ( 1915) 117 W. Lombard St. 

Tuck, Philemon H. (1914) 207 N. Calvert St. 

Turnbull, Mrs. Chester B. (1916) . . .Hollen and Sycamore Sts. Cedarcroft. 

Turnbull, Edwin L. ( 1916) 12 E. Lexington St. 

Turnbull, Lawrence (1889) 1530 Park Ave. 

Turner, Howard ( 1916 ) Betterton, Kent Co., Md. 

Turner, Rev. Joseph Brown (1915) 75 Main St., Port Deposit, Md. 

Turner, J. Frank ( 1903 ) 23 East North Ave. 

Tyson, A. M. ( 1895) 207 N. Calvert St. 

Tyson, Mrs. Florence MacIntyre 1 2gl w Pregton gt 
(1907) J 

Vickery, E. M. ( 1913 ) 1223 N. Calvert St. 

Vincent, John M., Ph. D. (1894) Johns Hopkins University. 

Walker, Mrs. Catherine F. (1915) .. . .Chestertown, Md. 

Wallace, Chas. C. (1915) 804 Union Trust Bldg. 

*Walter, Moses R. ( 1883) 908 Maryland Trust Building. 

Walters, Henry ( 1880) Safe Deposit & Trust Co. 

Warfield, Edwin ( 1879 ) Fidelity Building. 

Warfield, Edwin, Jr. (1914) Fidelity Building. 

Warfield, George (1913) 624 N. Carrollton Ave. 

Warfield, John ( 1916) 15 E. Saratoga St. 

Warfield, Ridgely B., M. D. ( 1907 ) 845 Park Ave. 

Warfield, S. Davies ( 1902 ) 40 Continental Trust Building. 


Waeneb, C. Hopewell ( 1895) 10 E. Fayette St. 

Waters, Francis E. ( 1909 ) 905 Union Trust Building. 

Waters, J. Seymour T. ( 1902) 222 St. Paul St. 

Waters, Miss Mary E, ( 1916) 2028 Mt. Royal Terrace. 

Waters, Miss Margaret (1909) Carrollton Ave. and Mosher St. 

Watts, J. Clinton ( 1914) 223 St. Paul St. 

Watts, Sewell S. (1916) Calvert and German Sts. 

Weaver, Jacob J., Jr., M. D. (1889) Uniontown, Md. 

Welsh, Mrs. Robert A. (1916) Millersville, A. A. Co., Md. 

West, Harry (1916) Hanover and Fayette Sts. 

Wentz, Mrs. H. C. ( 1911 ) 2217 Oak St. 

White, Julian Le Roy ( 1887 ) 2400 W. North Ave. 

White, Miles, Jr. ( 1897 ) 607 Keyser Building. 

Whiteley, James S. ( 1901) 510 Keyser Building. 

Whitridge, Morris ( 1890) 10 South St. 

Whitridge, William H. (1886) 604 Cathedral St. 

Whitridge, Mrs. Wm. H. (1911) 604 Cathedral St. 

Wight, John H. (1914) 1415 Fidelity Bldg. 

Wilkinson, A. L., M. D. (1910) Raspeburg, Balto. Co., Md. 

Will, Allen S. (1910) 2620 N. Calvert St. 

Willard, Daniel ( 1913 ) B. & O. Building. 

Williams, Miss Elizabeth Chew ) "Woodcliffe," 39th St., and Univ. 

( 1916) i Parkway. 

Williams, Fred R. (1914) 213 Courtland St. 

*Williams, Henry ( 1887) 605 Union Trust Bldg. 

Williams, Henry W. (1891) 1113 Fidelity Building. 

Williams, N. Winslow (1896) 1113 Fidelity Building. 

Williams, Robert H. (1916) Gaither Estate Building. 

Williams, Stevenson A. (1914) Belair, Md. 

Williams, T. J. C. ( 1907 ) Juvenile Court. 

Willis, George R. ( 1902) 213 Courtland St. 

Wilson, J. Appleton ( 1893) 80"0 Law Building. 

Wilson, Mrs. William T. (1898) 1129 St. Paul St. 

Winchester, Marshall (1902) Fayette & St. Paul, S. W. 

Winchester, Williams (1880) National Union Bank. 

Wise, Henry A. ( 1882) 11 W. Mulberry St. 

Woodall, Casper G. ( 1909) American Office. 

Woodruff, Caldwell, M. D. (1914) . . . . Hyattsville, Md. 

Woods, Hiram, M. D. ( 1911 ) 842 Park Ave. 

Woodside, James S. ( 1913) 1012 St. Paul St. 

Wootton, W. H. ( 1905) 10 South St. 

Worthington, Claude (1905) 110 Chamber of Commerce. 

Wroth, Lawrence C. ( 1909) 215 E. Preston St. 

Wyatt, J. B. Noel ( 1889) 1012 Keyser Building. 

Young, Andrew J. Jr. (1916) 342 Equitable Building. 

Young, Louis F. ( 1916) 216 N. Calvert St. 



to>l. XII JUNE, 1917 No. 2 











^Published by- authority of tlie State 


The volume is now ready for distribution and is a continuation of 
the Proceedings of the General Assembly. It includes the sessions 
held from July, 1726, to August, 1729, and is edited by Beenaed C. 
Steiner, Ph. D. An interesting feature of the volume is the appen- 
dix of about 100 pages, containing the text of statutes previously 
unpublished in the Archives, enacted from 1714 to 1726, and printed 
originally in two early compilations of Maryland Statutes which had 
not been drawn upon by previous editors. 

During the period of the three sessions indicated in this volume, 
Benedict Leonard Calvert, a younger brother of Charles, fifth Lord 
Baltimore, was Governor of the Province. He was a genial, studious 
high-minded man of upright life and warm friendships. He was fond 
of antiquities, and was a friend of Thomas Hearne, the antiquary, 
in spite of the fact that the latter was twenty years his senior. 
Governor Calvert was the only literary man and scholar in the whole 
Calvert pedigree. He had made the grand tour of the continent of 
Europe before coming to America and served as Governor of Mary- 
land from July, 1727, to September, 1731. He fell ill of consumption 
and died a few months after the close of his Governorship. The 
Proceedings of the Assembly do not show the encouragement to liter- 
ature which Governor Calvert gave, but they abound, in references to 
the controversy over the oath of Justices and the extension of English 
Statute Laws to the Province. The perennial struggle over the regu- 
lation of officers' fees was at an acute stage. Tobacco, the great 
staple of the Province was in a depressed condition and earnest 
efforts were made to improve this. The Session of 1728 provided 
new County seats for Calvert and St. Mary's Counties and gave them 
their present names, Prince Fredericktown and Leonardtown. The 
Session of 1729 placed the County seat of Charles County at Port 
Tobacco, and incorporated Baltimoretown on the North side of the 
Patapsco River. The vice of local legislation had already begun and 
an Act is passed for the destruction of bears in Somerset County. 
" Languishing debtors " who are to be set free, Naturalization of 
foreigners, correction of defects in the testamentary laws, prevention 
of the importation of convict felons, the formation of new parishes; 
such are some of the topics which occupied the attention of the 
Legislature at this period. 

The attention of members of the Society who do not now receive the 
Archives is called to the liberal provision made by the Legislature, 
which permits the Society to furnish to its own members copies of 
the volumes, as they are published from year to year, at the mere 
cost of paper, press work and binding. This cost is at present fixed 
at one dollar, at which price members of the Society may obtain one 
copy of each volume published during the period of their membership. 
For additional copies, and for volumes published before they became 
members, the regular price of three dollars is charged. 









Corresponding Secretary, 


Recording Secretary, 





The General Officers 







ISAAC F. NICHOLSON, .... Gift, . . 






Gift of the H. Irvine Keyser Memorial Building. 


"I give and bequeath to The Maryland Historical Society the 
sum of dollars." 


Lord Baltimore's Contest with Sir David Kirke over Avalon. 

Henry J. Berkley, M.D., 107 

Some Unpublished Manuscripts from Fulham Palace Relating 

to Provincial Maryland. Bernard C. Steiner, - - 115 

Proceedings of the Committee of Observation for Elizabeth 

Town District, From mss. in possession of the Society, 142 

Some Old Bible Records of the Emory Family of Maryland. 

Francis B. Culver, 164 

Extracts from the Carroll Papers, From mss. in possession of 

the Society, 166 

The Potter's Field, 187 

Proceedings of the Society, - 191 

Notes, 196 

Committee on Publications 

SAMUEL K. DENNIS, Chairman. 



Vol. XII. JUNE, 1917. No. 2. 


Henry J. Berkley, M. D. 

The scene opens with the beginning years of the seventeenth 
century. The minor King, Lonis XIII, son of the great 
Henry of Navarre, was seated on the throne of France. His 
Minister Cardinal Richelieu, had assumed the leadership of the 
nation, and was employed in consolidating the Catholic inter- 
ests into a common cause against the Huguenots. Unable to 
endure the persecution longer, about the year of grace 1618, a 
certain Gervase Kertk, with his family and relatives aban- 
doned their home in the seaport town of Dieppe, JSTormandy, 
and fled to London. Kertk was a man well versed in the lore 
of the sea, and in London, by his sterling qualities, as well as 
ability soon attracted the attention of those interested in over- 
sea commerce. Soon he became associated with the Barkeley 
Brothers, William and Francis, wealthy merchants, who were 
deeply interested in the welfare of the East India, the Levant 
and Muscovite Companies, trading in the several directions 
indicated by their names. Later, we find Kertk acting with 
Sir William Alexander, afterwards Earl of Sterling, in a proj- 
ect of his for colonizing the maritime regions of Canada, after- 
wards known as Xova Scotia and by the French as La Cadie. 
Under a charter from King James, given in direct conflict with 



the anterior French claims to this region, Alexander settled a 
colony of Scotsmen there in 1622-23, and remained with them 
until the marriage of Charles I with the Princess Henrietta 
Maria, a sister of Louis XIII took place and the grant for the 
Nova Scotian Province was abrogated by the diplomacy of 
Cardinal Richelieu. 

The Kertks, naturally, were enraged at the treatment they 
had received in their native land, and their resentment was 
nourished and increased by the tales of the later Calvinists 
fleeing from France after the fall of La Rochelle, and the con- 
quest of other strongholds of the faith. 

The restoration of Acadia, with its beginning prospects for 
trade and profits further angered them. With their co-relig- 
ionists who had recently arrived in England, they planned ven- 
geance at the first opportunity. This was not long in coming. 
In 1627 war was declared between England and France, leav- 
ing Canada and the maritime provinces open to attack by any 
enemy strong enough to subdue and hold the comparatively 
weak forts and towns along the shores of the coast and rivers. 
The Kertks associated with them in their venture Sir William 
Alexander and the brothers, Barkeley, whose facilities with 
shipping were an immediate and essential necessity to them. 
A Company of Merchant Adventurers was especially chartered 
for the purpose of reducing the Canadian Provinces, promoting 
trade there, and of holding them under Crown grants. Then 
an expedition of nine vessels was made ready, and as soon as the 
Spring opened, they sailed from the Port of London. Three of 
the sons of Gervase, David, John and James, were in command. 
The other captains were English, representing the monied inter- 
ests in the venture. They had with them a noted pilot of San 
Malo, a man by the name of Michel, an ardent Calvinist, who 
had suffered persecution for the faith. The Kertk brothers had 
all seen service in private companies as well as in the Royal 
fleet, where they had risen to the posts of Captains. 

The personnel of the sailors comprising the crews is interest- 
ing. They were mainly French and Basques, who on account of 


religious and other persecution had been driven away from their 
home ports. The whole equipment voiced two compelling pas- 
sions in the life of man — gain and revenge. 

As they neared the shores of the New World, they captured 
a French convoy laden with provisions and munitions of war, 
and destined for the relief of Quebec and Port Royal. Among 
the booty were 135 pieces of heavy ordnance. These were sent 
back to London to be sold. The loss of the provisions was of 
greater importance to the French Colonists of Canada than the 
war material, as their stocks were depleted, and new supplies 
could not reach them for another year. In addition a consid- 
erable number of French and Basque fishing barques were 
taken. Had the Kertks energetically followed up their first 
advantage, they could have reduced the entire French colonies 
in a short season, as it was now devoid of any proper facilities 
for defense. 

Flushed with their victories the fleet separated, a part pro- 
ceeding to Cape Breton, St. John's and Port Royal, which they 
speedily captured. The other part, under James, John and the 
San Malo pilot, sailed to the Gulf of the St. Lawrence, reduced 
St. Anne, and then proceeded to Tadusac, at that date the most 
important trading station in this region, where they remained 
engaged in consolidating the fur trade. 

They sent a vessel to Quebec to demand the surrender of the 
fort from Champlain, but the brig after arriving there was 
driven back by adverse weather, and obliged to return. 

Leaving their conquests in the best state of defense possible 
for their return in the Spring, they set out for London to reap 
the reward of the venture. During the winter the vessels were 
refitted and with a considerably augmented fleet, as well as land 
forces to permanently hold the conquered territory, they sailed 
as soon as weather conditions permitted. The voyage seems to 
have been a prosperous one, and every vessel arrived safely at 
the rendezvous in the St. Lawrence Gulf. Sir William Alexan- 
der came with the fleet, also the fourth son of Gervase Kertk, 
Lewis, destined to be governor of the affairs of Canada. On 


arriving in the St. Lawrence, a part of the fleet proceeded to the 
Acadian ports, and another part sailed to the trading post of 
Tadnsac at the month of the Sagnenay river. 

The French had not been idle. Charles la Tour, then Gov- 
ernor of Acadia, had fonnd means to send his father, Claude, 
back to France, to aronse the Company of an Hundred Asso- 
ciates, with Richelieu at its head, to action against the invading 
English. Fonr vessels nnder the command of de Rochmond, 
the Admiral of the Company, were despatched in the Spring of 
1628, and arrived at Gaspe Road after the Kertks had left there. 
Learning that the English flotilla was in the neighborhood, they 
sailed forth to meet them. Their coming was heralded to the 
English by a despatch boat which de Rochemond had sent to 
Champlain. This was taken in the St. Lawrence, and David 
Kertk's flotilla sallied out to encounter this fleet. The action 
was short and decisive: all the vessels of the French being 
quickly disabled in their rigging and compelled to strike their 
colors. Their commander, with la Tour, the passengers and 
portions of the crews were sent as prisoners of war to England. 
The Kertks were knighted for bravery in this victory, and after- 
wards assumed the anglicized cognomen of Kirke. 

David Kirke remained at Tadusac promoting trade, while 
his brothers continued up the river to Point Levi opposite 
Quebec. From there they sent an officer, under a flag of truce, 
to demand the surrender of the citadel and garrison. Cham- 
plain was in desperate straits, — it is recorded that only a 
single barrel of sour roots remained in the fort as provision, and 
his munitions were equally low — and was only too pleased to 
welcome the enemy. Most generous terms were offered by the 
English commander, and Champlain was entertained at Tadu- 
sac by David Kirke until a ship was made ready to convey him 
and his retinue, comprising " friars, Jesuits, two natives, bag- 
gage and weapons " to England. Quebec fell in the month of 
July, 1628. 

Lewis Kirke was made Governor of Upper Canada, and Sir 
William Alexander, Governor of Lower Canada including the 


Cape Breton and Nova Scotian provinces. Alexander, William 
Barkeley and Kobert Charlton were made by the Crown, " Com- 
missioners of the River and Gulf of Canada." 

The purpose of the London Company was the permanent set- 
tlement and development of the resources of Canada and Nova 
Scotia. These projects were entirely upset by the peace of St. 
Germaine-en-Laye in 1632, which deprived it of all the advan- 
tages it had gained. Some £60,000 had been spent in the under- 
taking, a vast amount for those days. What the returns were 
during the time of the occupation of the provinces is unknown, 
but must have been considerable. The Company, through its 
agents, peaceably yielded up and restored all their land posses- 
sions to the French including the forts they had erected or 
restored. It, however, brought a number of petitions to the 
Crown, and to the Lords of Plantations and Trade for relief, 
but with negligible result. Neither did the French fulfil their 
obligations to the Company. Certain privileges and a money 
return was to be made to it, but neither was done. 

The London Company appears to have dissolved, but the 
Kirkes continued to voyage and trade in the St. Lawrence and 
more northern regions, under a new patent granted by Charles 
I. This brought them again into conflict with the French, and 
they sustained considerable losses by the capture of their ships. 
David now came to England, becoming a member of the King's 
Privy Council, while the other brothers settled in Newfound- 

This Island was the earliest of the English Crown grants. 
Discovered by Cabot, it remained uninhabited, except by sav- 
ages, until 1578, when Sir Humphrey Gilbert, Sir George Peck- 
ham and Sir Thomas Gerard obtained a concession of the Island 
from Queen Elizabeth. Long before that date French, Basque 
and English fishermen had frequented its Banks, and dried 
their catches on the shores of Placentia Bay. Sir Humphrey 
Gilbert obtained the grant for the purpose of providing a place 
of refuge for the distressed " Papists " of England, and settling 
a colony there. Unfortunately, he was lost at sea shortly there- 


after while on a voyage of discovery to the Norumbega Coast. 
Then the project fell into abeyance, and the grant was aband- 
oned, until revived about 1600 by Sir Francis Bacon. He 
obtained from King James a new charter, which likewise was 
vacated. In 1620, George Calvert, the first Lord Baltimore, 
patented a part of the Island under the name of the Plantation 
of Aviland, or Avalon. He built himself a fort, erected a man- 
sion house, brought over several hundred colonists, and for a 
time lived in feudal state. Eventually tiring of the long winters 
and the frightful lonesomeness of the region, he abandoned the 
colonists to their own devices, and placing his own affairs in the 
hands of an agent, one William Gyll, he left for fairer scenes 
at home. 

A year after the termination of the French War, Sir David 
Kirke was sent over in the capacity of Governor of Newfound- 
land, with especial instruction to prevent the Frenchmen from 
fishing in the nearby waters and drying their fish on the island's 
shores. This was a right they had exercised for three-quarters 
of a century. 

After Baltimore's abandonment of Aviland, the inhabitants 
began trading with the foreign fishermen, and many taverns 
arose for their entertainment, as well as debauchment, we fear, 
as reports came back to England from time to time of the wild 
doings on the Plantation, and of the debasement of the fisher- 
men as well as " enlargement of the inhabitants." Kirke does 
not seem to have made an exemplary governor, as these com- 
plaints continued and became even more frequent than before. 
Nevertheless he stuck to his post, and even prospered there, for 
in 1637, four years later, we find him associated with " James, 
Marquis of Hamilton, Philip, Earl of Pembroke, and Henry, 
Earl of Holland " in obtaining a patent from King Charles I, 
for the entire Island. The petition recites, in part, " that 
George, Lord Baltemore, having left the Plantation in no sort 
provided for, Cecil, his heir, having also deserted it as have done 
several others who had grants of parcels of land, leaving divers 
of poor inhabitants without government, this grant was made at 
the humble petition of the above." 


In 1638, Sir David Kirke went over in a ship commanded 
by Captain John Vassal to Aviland, and on arriving there, 
demanded possession of Lord Baltimore's honse of the agent, 
Gyll. This was refused, but as Gyll had no means of resisting 
him, he eventually surrendered the mansion to Kirke, who 
afterwards resided there. 

" Cecil, his heir " did not propose to submit tamely to this 
usurpation of his rights in the plantation. Quite probably he 
attached little value to it until someone else was in possession, 
then it immediately became of importance. 

Sir David Kirke remained a resident of Aviland and gov- 
ernor of the Island for a number of years after he had dispos- 
sessed Calvert of his mansion house, during which time several 
petitions were addressed to the King and Protector, which met 
with little response on their part. In fact, in Baltemore's later 
prayers to King Charles II. bitter complaint is made of his 
father's lack of response to his petition, and he speaks of Crom- 
well as the " late pretended Protector." " In 1665, Kirke made 
over a part of his rights in the Island to John Claypole (son-in- 
law to Oliver Cromwell), Col. Rich and Col. Goffe and others, 
and Sir Lewis Kirke is endeavoring to get a confirmation of 
that patent." This quotation is made from a prayer in the year 
1661, after the monarchy had been restored. 

The reference to Sir Lewis Kirke arises from the circum- 
stance that several years before the last given date, Sir David 
Kirke returning to England, in order to provide for affairs in 
Newfoundland, was attached by the Lord Baltemore, and thrown 
into prison on the charge of having confiscated his Aviland 
estate. English prisons of that date did not offer models of san- 
itary conditions, and Sir David shortly died " without satisfy- 
ing the claims of the Lord Baltemore." 

In a later petition Calvert addresses the King for relief, and 
in the prayers naively rejoices that he has brought a worthy and 
valiant man to an untimely end, and again deplores in a prayer 
to the Lords of Trade and Plantations that his imprisonment 
and death " did not suffice to fulfil his claim upon him. 77 


After taking the depositions of a number of the inhabitants 
of the plantation, as well as bringing to bear all the influences 
possible. Lord Baltemore prevailed — a generation had arisen 
that knew not the Kirkes and their valiant deeds of thirty years 
before — and the Plantation was restored to him. In 1663, the 
King issued a mandate to " all commanders, captains, and all 
subjects in Newfoundland, to Sir Lewis Kirke, John Kirke, and 
the heirs of Sir David Kirke to deliver all houses and lands in 
Aviland to Cecil, Lord Baltemore " ; an order that finally ended 
the controversy. Nevertheless, the Kirkes continued to reside 
in Newfoundland; Lewis and John died there and were suc- 
ceeded by the sons of Sir David, George, Philip and David, who 
in 1680, in the report of a Commission to arrange for the settle- 
ment of sundry abuses of the fisheries and other matters, were 
described as " able men of estate/' capable advisers as to difficult 
points about the fisheries and the destruction of the forests. 

Cecil Calvert does not seem to have profited largely by the 
return of Aviland to his rule. The State Papers afford little 
information on this point. It is possible that the new Colony of 
Maryland absorbed so much of his interest that Newfoundland 
was neglected and abandoned to other hands than his. Of mate- 
rial profit there was none in the northern realm, but in the South 
there promised to be a better return. 1 

1 Assembled from the English. Colonial Records, with additions from the 
Calvert Papers in the Library of the Maryland Historical Society. 



By Bernard C. Steinee. 

Bishop William S. Perry of Iowa published, in 1878, a large 
volume entitled " Historical Collections of the American 
Colonial Church — Maryland and Delaware/' containing in great 
part documents found among the manuscripts at Fulham Palace 
in London, being a part of the archives of the Bishopric of 
London, to which see, as is well known, the American Colonies 
were attached. The Library of Congress has recently received 
copies of all the papers in that collection which deal with Mary- 
land and an examination of these transcripts discloses the fact 
that Bishop Perry's copyist was in many cases inexact and that, 
in printing the manuscripts, he left unpublished many of con- 
siderable interest. From these latter we make the following 
notes : 

I. — Gov. Francis Nicholson wrote (317-152)* on March 18, 
1695-6 of the affairs of Virginia and Pennsylvania, which lat- 
ter colony he visited " last fall." Shortly afterwards, on May 
18, 1696 (317-145) a memorial was sent, signed by the follow- 
ing clergymen: Peregrine Cony, John Lillingston, Richard 
Sewell, Stephen Bordley, Benjamin Nobbs, George Tubman, 
Hugh Jones and Thomas Cockshutt, urging that clergymen of 
the Church of England be sent to Maryland. They stated that, 
when Governor Nicholson came into the Province in 1694, he 
found there three Anglican clergymen and five or six Popish 
Priests, " who perverted idle people." There were also a " sort 
of wandering pretenders to preaching that came from New Eng- 
land and other places, who deluded not only the protestant dis- 
senters from our Church, but many of the churchmen themselves 

*The numerals refer to the number of the manuscripts in the collection 
of the Library of Congress. 


by their extemporary prayers and preachments, for which the; 
were admired by the people and got money of them." The thre 
Anglican clergymen had married in the Province and "maiE 
tained their families out of plantations they had had with thei 
wives." The " better and more responsible persons of th 
neighborhood plantations " that were Anglicans subscribed thei 
names to small contributions, but the clergy could not get mor 
than one-half or one-quarter of what was subscribed. Nicholsoi 
continued these three clergymen and with all possible care am 
expedition, erected churches in most parishes, proportionabl 
to the tobaccoes that were in arrears since the act passe< 
under Gov. Copley, and " placed us in the best vacancys, mos 
convenient for the general serving of the country." " Some o 
us are forced to give 2,000 lbs. to the Clarks, by reason of thei 
going so far to do their duties on the Lords Day." The " Publi 
tobacco" is generally slighted by the merchants, and is nc 
reckoned above the one-quarter part of that which the planter 
cure for their own freight, for they cull the best of their cro 
" for themselves & keep the refuse and discolored tobacco to pa; 
the sheriffs." " Merchants are not for meddling with publi 
tobacco also, because it is very troublesome to get it paid in an; 
reasonable time." They have to go from " place to place t 
demand it of those planters " to whom the sheriffs send them. 

The extent of the parishes is very large, some are over 2 1 
and others 30 miles in length. " The inhabitants in this countr; 
having (many of them) vast tracts of land, live at least a mil 
asunder from their next neighbors. This large extent o 
parishes obligeth us to keep one or sometimes two horses to rid 
on. The charges of our board and keeping our horses takes u; 
one-quarter of our greatest incomes and the remaining thre 
parts (considering the rates we pay for English goods in th 
stores and that the merchants will allow us in goods at prim 
cost very rarely a penny and sometimes an half -penny or fartfc 
ing a pound for our tobacco in bartering with them) will hardl; 
find us with cloths and other necessaries. If we should have an; 
overplus, when our necessitys and conveniences are served, it 
hazardous for us to freight it, lest it should prove a drug in th 


English and Holland market and by paying from 10 to 16 
pounds sterling per Tunn for freight besides the King's Custom 
etc., it should bring us into debt." 

" So that should some of us that have wives in England send 
for them and go to housekeeping, we could not tell how to main- 
tain them, there not yet being provided any minister's house 
or glebe, except at St. Mary's, where one Mr. Robbs lately 
arrived and having a wife is by his excellency placed." Yet 
Papists and Quakers, dissatisfied, try to have the 40-pound tax 
taken off. Without it there would not be left a tolerable sub- 
sis tance for a single clergyman and his horse, " and one horse at 
least we must all of us, of necessity, keep ready by us, not only 
to ride to church on Sundays, but to ride all over parishes at 
christenings, weddings, visiting the sick and burials on the 
week days." Many would become Papists or Quakers to save 
themselves from taxes, if the members of these denominations 
were exempted therefrom. If Lord Baltimore should be restored 
as Proprietary, " the insolence of the Romish Priests (who are 
somewhat curbed by his Excellencies great care and vigilence) 
would soon be intolerable in these parts." " Great numbers of 
Irish papists are brought continually among us " and Irish 
priests are suspected to come indognita. The "Papists are in- 
truding themselves into the company of the sick " and Nicholson 
had issued a proclamation against this practice. Dr. Bray's 
presence is desired, and an " ecclesiastical ruler " is needed. 

Nicholson wrote on June 12, 1696 upon Virginia affairs 
(317-151). He complained against Andros and his conduct 
in reference to the just rents and regretted that the acts con- 
cerning religion and schools had been " repealed." The Papists 
and Dissenters are " pretty numerous " and Nicholson " will 
not answer for all the Church of England Men." He dare not 
communicate to the Assembly the news of the repeal, lest no 
other laws be passed. If the passage of new laws upon those 
subjects shall be secured;. "I must attribute it to a more 
immediate influence from Heaven than any politicks I can use 
with them." (See 317-150 probably wrongly dated June 20, 
1700, when Nicholson was no longer Governor. In this letter, 



he refers to the receipt of the veto and writes that the Council 
will meet in the next week and will endeavor to reconcile mat- 

On July 4, 1696, John Povey wrote Nicholson from Eng- 
land in hope for speedy good news from him; but, ten days 
later, Nicholson had to report to the Bishop (317-146) that he 
found it impossible to secure the passage of any statute about v 
religion, "without some clause about liberty and property, 
which, your Grace, very well knows, Englishmen are fond of." 

Sir Thomas Lawrence had written Nicholson that the reason 
" for repealing the law was that, if such a clause about Magna 
Chart a was granted, it nearly touched His Majesty's preroga- 
tive." Nicholson replied that this statement was incorrect; 
" They dread nothing here more than being forced to go to West- 
minster Hall," and come under the domination of Parliament. 
" I durst not venture to let them know that His Majesty had 
repealed the law about religion, for fear they should not have 
consented to make another." Nicholson asked that orders be 
sent out as to what sort of law may pass. A " Clause about 
Magna Charta was in a law made before my time and so I find 
it very difficult to get it quite left out at once." He especially 
hoped the school act would be allowed and enclosed new laws 
about religion and schools. He wrote more freely to the Bishop 
than to the Lords of the Committee or of Plantations, since the 
establishment of religion was in great danger. 

In 1696, a very interesting and important religious census 
of the Province was sent to the Bishop of London showing the 
relative populousness of the several parishes (317-127). 


Parishes. Tithables. 



St. Mary's 

William & Mary 



Benjn. Nobbs. 

King & Queen 



Chris. Platts 


Christ's Church 



Hugh Jones 

All Saints 



Tho. Cockshutt 

Prince George 

All Faiths 



St Pauls 



Monsiour Morien 




Parishes. Ti 





William & Mary 
Port Tobacco 






George Tubman 


Herring Creek 



Henry Hall 

South River 



Tho. Clayton 
Port Annapolis is 

Middle Neck 



in Middle Neck, 
Peregrine Cony 


Broad Neck 






Edw'd Topp, Jr. 

St. John's 



St. George's 




South Sassafras 


14000 | 
12840 } 

North Sassafras 


Rich'd. Sewell 


Kent Island 



St. Paul 



Stephen Bordley 


St. Paul's 



John Lillingston 

St. Peter's 



St. Michael's 







16280 } 
8840 J 

Tho. Howell 





Geo. Trotter 







George Trotter 
ut supra. 




James Brechin 

Fifty shillings sterg p. Thousand for Publick Tobacco is 
a pretty usual price in Bills of Exchange. 

Nicholson wrote on February 13, 1696-7 (317-143) that, 
from the hands of Sir Thomas Lawrence, he had received the 
Bishop's letter of January 3, 1695-6. He had been " kicked 
upstairs " from the position of lieutenant governor of Virginia 
to that of Governor of Maryland, " where I have found to my 
sorrow, great trouble and charge." He now enclosed the acts 
for the establishment of religion and of schools in Maryland. 
Blathwayt and Povey, in England, were hostile to him and, 
"knowing why they oppose the laws," he "got the Assembly 
to promise them something." " We have contracted for the 
building of a church at the Port of Annapolis, the seat of the 
government, for the building and finishing which the under- 
takers are to have £1000 sterling and, for building a Free School 


at the same place, £500 sterling/' the £200 (which Andros re- 
funded) being part of it. Nicholson hoped that, " by the next 
fleet, His Majesty's furniture for the church will be sent." 
The college in Virginia is referred to and Nicholson stated that 
he would give up his pretentions to succeed Andros in Virginia, 
and would even quit Maryland, rather than hurt it. He had 
sent an account of the taxables and the glebes. Lord Baltimore, 
when Nicholson was in England, had promised him to give a 
glebe for each parish and renewed this promise to Lawrence, 
when Nicholson asked Lawrence to remind him of it. Each 
glebe should consist of 300, 400, or 500 acres. If the King 
should confirm Baltimore's claims to the waifs, etc., the latter 
should be made to give these glebes, which should be taken from 
escheated or surplusage lands, when possible, to prevent their 
being laid out too distant from the settlements. 

On February 15, 1696-7 (317-159) Nicholson wrote that he 
had received from the Archbishop of Canterbury the following 
books: " The Parson's Counsellor/' "An Abridgment of the 
Ecclesiastical Laws," three small books named " A Guide for 
Constables," six small books named " A Familiar Guild," " The 
Poor Man's Guide," " Ten Brief Expositions of the Church 
Catechism," " The Poor Man's Help," and " The Catechism of 
the Church." 

Sir Thomas Lawrence wrote, on February 20, 1696-7 (317-79, 
192), that he had arrived in Maryland in August, after a 
" prosperous voyage," though one with many delays. He gave 
the Bishop's letters to the Governor. " I find him employed 
in erecting a State House for the administration of justice, a 
fine brick building, in which are comprehended convenient 
apartments for all the offices of business in this country. This 
is almost finisht. We are now going on with as fine a church, 
which will cost a £1000, His Excellency giving an £100 towards 
it, and a school at the same time, £500, of which £200 sterling 
and £300 is paid back by Sir Edmund Andros upon your 
Grace's award as a part." Lawrence criticises Andros and hopes 
that a church building in each of the 30 parishes in the Province 
will be completed during the coming summer and be ready to 


receive Dr. Bray, when he shall come. The Assembly has been 
in an " ill humor/' because of the reversal of the laws in Eng- 
land, and, if Nicholson " had not with address got them speedily 
re-enacted, the churches would not have been built and the main- 
tenance of the ministry " woud have failed. " With equal Cour- 
age," Nicholson threw out Captain Coode, who " having first 
gotten a deputation from Dr. Payn to invade and go halves with 
him, in the Commissary's office, and after entered into the 
house of Burgesses, on purpose, by his atheism and debauched 
designs, to have corrupted them, to the overthrow of all public 
spirited undertakings." Had Coode succeeded, the " now pros- 
perous affairs of this Province had been in an ill condition." 

On February 23, 1696-7, Nicholson wrote (317-138) upon 
affairs in Pennsylvania, a subject to which he returned, in a 
letter dated April 30, 1697 (317-141). In the latter epistle, 
he thanks the Bishop for books sent, attacks Andros, expresses 
his hope for Bray's arrival, and asks that Bray be made a doctor 
of divinity, put into the Council and made Commissary for 
Pennsylvania, New York, and New England, and also that, 
before he sails he may " preach before His Majesty and dedi- 
cate "his sermon to the King. " Our Assembly were in so very 
bad a humor that I could not get them to address His Majesty 
that the half of the quarter part of the shilling per hogshead 
should be appropriated for the buying of religious books." 

About this time, Gerard Slye (317-134) wrote that Nichol- 
son was " furiously zealous for the building of schools and col- 
leges and with such a vast charge that the country is not able to 
bear it. He is as mad against them that first appeared there for 
King William " and were in principal " command," calls them 
" Eebels," and " threatens to try them with a file of musketeers 
and hang them with Magna Chartas about their necks." The 
grand jury of St. Mary's County presented Slye, because he said 
on April 30, at Patuxent, that Nicholson is at Jamestown and 
" every one knows his lies and he cannot deceive them, and 
again Slye said on May 30, 1697 (317-164) that Nicholson 
stopped letters that came in the ships and consealed them for 
some time and broke them open, and afterwards sent them 


away." On a third occasion, upon May 4, Slye said " I expect' 
old Kattlehead (meaning Nicholson) there (at Hampton), 
he had met John Perry. I taxed Perry with the message O 
Eattlehead sent by him to Mr. Crop relating to me. The o 
Dog (Perry) denied every thing, but I find him a fit instrume 
for mischief." Again on June 26, Slye said that " Nichols* 
is a man of the worst of characters, though he does what he ci 
to purchase a better, but that won't do among our men 
thought next the helm," meaning the Privy Council and t 
Lords of the Committee of Trade and Plantations. 

A dateless document written by Slye, humbly apologizing f 
his conduct towards Nicholson (317-160) doubtless refers 
this controversy. 

Nicholson wrote the Bishop of London on June 30, 16t 
(317-167), that three clergymen came in the middle of Mj 
and are already disposed of. He hoped that Bray would arri 
with ten more by the next fleet and that with them would arri 
His Majesty's furniture and plate for the Annapolis Churc 
" Except the Church of England be encouraged here, especial 
by His Majesty and Your Grace, it will fall." Nearly a ye 
later, on May 26, 1698, Nicholson expressed the hope that ti 
bills for establishment of religion and schools were now a 
proved. He thanked the Bishop for extracts from priests' i 
tercepted letters and hoped to " countermine their wicked d 
signs." A proclamation concerning them was enclosed. S 
Thomas Lawrence had " been extreme ill all this last winter • 
a distemper, which several times brought him nigh to dea 
and in all human probability he could not live another winte 
if he stayed hore." On his arrival in England, Sir Thomas wi 
give full information concerning Maryland and Pennsylvani 
Nicholson had " in all respects found him a very pious and zee 
ous son of the Church of England, a constant assertor of mo: 
archy (which I think is a natural consequence of the formei 
and wholly devoted to His Majesty's interests." 

The Grand Jury presented Philip Clark of St. Mary's Cou 
ty for defaming Nicholson at St. Mary's City, on March 2' 


1697-8, saying (317-174) : " I hear who are chosen Burgesses. 
The Jacobite Burgesses, who are the Governor's friends are now 
out and I will warrant I will manage them all well enough. 
He is no better than a Jacobite.' 7 At another time, he said: 
" The Governor's drift is to have the Roman Catholics so sub- 
ject to him that they should either concur with him in choosing 
such members for the House, as he pitched on, or if they did 
not, it should be in his power to proceed with rigor against 
them. So out of fear and self preservation, they must comply 
with him." 

Later in the year, on September 2, 1698, the Grand Jury 
(317-173) presented to the Provincial Court our old acquaint- 
ance, John Coode, Sr., of St. Mary's County for " much dis- 
turbances and commotions raised." If Gov. Andros of Vir- 
ginia had " taken care to have him apprehended and given to 
justice in this Province this would not have happened." The 
Judges of the Provincial Court endorsed this statement and 
added that Coode, with his party, " brags of their security in 
the Colony of Virginia." 

The Fulham Manuscripts also contain copies of the following 
official papers dating from the period of Gov. Nicholson's ad- 
ministration : 

1. — A letter signed by Henry Jowles, on part of the Council, 
and Kenelm Cheseldyn, on part of the House of Burgesses, 
dated October 19, 1694, (317-170) asking the patronage of the 
Archbishop of Canterbury for the Free Schools, thanking him 
for what he had already done and telling him of new methods 
devised of raising money for that purpose. 

2.— The Order in Council of March 1695-6 (317-166) re- 
pealing the Maryland laws. 

3. — A letter to the Archbishop of Canterbury dated July 10, 
1695 (317-137) signed by Sir Thomas Lawrence, on part of 
the Council, and Kenelm Cheseldyn, on part of the House of 

4. — An Order in Council concerning waifs dated February 
18, 1696-7 (317-62). 


5. — A letter to the Archbishop of Canterbury signed by Law- 
rence and Cheseldyn for the Assembly, dated June 10, 1697, 
expressing the hope that the new laws might pass (317-200) and 

6. — A letter signed by William Bladen, Clerk of the House 
of Burgesses, dated March 29, 1698 (317-67), referring to the 
Archbishop of Canterbury's letter of April 11, 1697 and ask- 
ing his help in promoting the Free School. 

II. — Kev. Thomas Bray wrote the Bishop in 1700 (317- 
129) that he arrived in the Province on March 18. On his 
way to Annapolis he " met with the news brought by a Quaker 
in the same ship myself that the 40 pounds per poll is taken ofT 
by order of Council." This news surprised Bray, especially be- 
cause the veto was given " at the solicitation of and in favor of 
the Quakers, backed by and in a close confederation with the 
papists, as every one here plainly sees." Mr. Hastreel, their 
court solicitor, told Bray in London " that they are the most con- 
siderable part of the Province both for riches and numbers % 
and that the tax makes these numerous and trading people leave 
the Province. Bray denied the truth of this statement and 
hoped soon to send a census of Maryland and show that " Quak- 
ers and Papists joined together will not make one-tenth part 
towards the balance, in number or riches." The Quakers de- 
cline in Maryland and in Pennsylvania. The " Keithians " 
ask Bray for a visit, which he hopes to give them in Philadel- 

Gov. Nicholson was sensible " of the need of an establish- 
ment " and " out of a hearty zeal for the preservation of the 
Church leaves no stone unturned to have the same law for re- 
ligion, without the exceptionable clause, re-enacted by the next 
Assembly which sitts the 26th instant. He has given me the 
inclosed list of members, to make the best uses thereof I can in 
the meantime [This list is not found. — Ed.] and does himself 
endeavor to influence the leading members, as he can meet with 
them. He was pleased to offer, if it would be of service, to pro- 
rogue the Assembly to a longer day." Bray did not agree to this 
plan, since the Quakers " who are the best at tampering, will 


have a longer time, as well as ourselves." He feared delay es- 
pecially, since " Pen (sic) is to be in the Whitsunweek at their 
Grand yearly Meeting in this Province, where all the most con- 
siderable planters of all other persuasions come also, as to an 
Exchange, it is thought desirable (?) that the Assembly meet 
at the day appointed. But his Excellency does resolve, if the 
bill miscarry s, to dissolve this and call another Assembly." 
" So that nothing, I am satisfied, will be omitted on his part 
to preserve the church under this fierce attack, which noble zeal 
for our preservation in such an extremity, as it shall not fail 
here of just acknowledgements, so I know it will engage your 
Grace to protect his excellency from receiving any prejudice 
thereby at home." 

On May 29, 1700, Eev. Mr. Colbatch wrote (317-148) that 
Dr. Bray's exemplary zeal was instrumental in the passage of 
the new law for an establishment and that the visitation of the 
clergy held by him put them " into an excellent method for the 
due and right discharge of their ministerial duties." Bray had 
been sent back to England to secure more clergy and obtain the 
confirmation of the act concerning religion. Gov. Nathanial 
Blakiston, on June 12, 1700 sent word (317-132) that Dr. 
Bray had gone home with papers concerning the new law. Blak- 
iston would settle the Commissary's office upon any one whom 
the Bishop may appoint. " Allow my actions to be the standard 
of my intentions for the promotion of the Church." 

III. — At a meeting (317-59) of the Hector, Governors, and 
Visitors of the Free Schools, held at the City of Annapolis, 
Tuesday, September 6, 1715, there were present, Rev. Joseph 
Colebatch, Rector His Excellency the Governor (John Hart), 
the Hon. Samuel Young, Esq., the Hon. Philemon Lloyd, Esq., 
Bev. Henry Hall, Bev. Jacob Henderson, William Bladen, Esq., 
and E. Mercier, the clerk of the Board. In view of the " extra- 
ordinary want of a good Ussher to assist in the free school of 
this City," i. e. Annapolis, Mr. Thomas Bordley, who was going 
to England, was invited to be present and was then asked to 
" invite and procure some discreet and learned person, well 


qualified " to become an usher and to assure him of a salary of 
£50 sterling annually, with a promise of the mastership, in case 
of a vacancy therein, or of the headship of another free school 
to be erected on the Eastern Shore. 

IV. — A petition against Rev. William Tibbs, rector of St. 
Paul's Parish in Baltimore County was filed by the vestry of 
that parish (317-153) on February 15, 1714-5, being signed 
by John Downe, John Willmott, Jr., Thomas Todd, Jr., Peter 
Bond, John Hillen and John Gill (a marksman). They charged 
that the wickedness of the people of the neighborhood came 
largely " from the bad example of our minister, he being a very 
weak man." He was a " common drunkard/' and when in- 
toxicated was guilty of shameful acts, he refused to go to houses 
to baptize sick children without pay, he demanded money for 
the administration of the sacrament of the Lord's Supper in 
private houses, and he " will be drunk " immediately after the 
celebration of the Communion. Depositions were appended 
which were made on November 16, 1714, that, in the preceding 
August, Tibbs was sent for to administer the Communion at 
Richard Colegate's house to Mrs. Ellinor Herbert, the mother 
of Colegate's wife, Mrs. Rebecca Colegate. Mrs. Herbert " lay 
very sick." After the service, at which Capt. Charles Merri- 
man and his wife were also present, as Tibbs " sat nodding in 
his chair," Mrs. Merriman heard him demand of Colegate 
twenty shillings : ten for his visit and ten " for his medicine." 
Mrs. Merriman was " startled " at this " demand." Mrs. Cole- 
gate confirmed this statement, except that she remembered his 
expression as being ten shillings " for his means." She added 
that Tibbs got so drunk on that occasion that she was forced 
to send two servants to take him home, as he could not walk 
thither and that, on a later occasion, he was paid eighteen shill- 
ings for a second administration of the Lord's Supper. 

On Sept. 7, 1714, Todd and Willmott in open vestry meet- 
ing accused Tibbs of such acts, Todd being especially emphatic 
in his denunciations of Tibbs at that time, as was testified by 
John Thomas, " Clerk of the Vestry," John Adams, " Clerk 


of the Parish/' and James Rider, Church warden, a marksman 
who appears to have been a friend of Tibbs. 

The case was referred to the Revs. Henry Hall, Thomas 
Cockshutt, Joseph Colbateh, and Jacob Henderson, who made 
a report censuring Todd for his despising all kinds of authori- 
ty and admonishing Tibbs " to change his life and reconcile 
himself to his people with all speed," or he shall receive a 
summons to come before the Governor for his defence. 

Out of this difficulty, between the Vestry and Tibbs, quite 
probably arose the establishment of the Presbyterian Church 
at Patapsco on Curtis Creek in 1715. In Webster's History of 
the Presbyterian Church in America, we are told that the Rev. 
Hugh Conn was born in Ireland about 1685 and graduated at 
the University of Glasgow. The trade from the Patapsco to 
Great Britain gave rise to a Presbyterian Congregation in Balti- 
more County, who applied to London Merchants for a minister. 
In response to this call, Mr. Conn came over. In September, 
1715, Mr. James Gordon presented a call for him from the 
people of Baltimore County. Presbytery approved this call 
and he was ordained in October, and installed Pastor of the 
congregation of Patapsco by the Rev. James Anderson, of New 
Castle, George Gillespie of White Clay Creek, and Daniel Mc- 
Gill of Bladensburg, (three Scotchmen) . 

In September, 1719, he was dismissed from his charge on 
account of " the paucity of his flock." He immediately ac- 
cepted a call to the Bladensburg Church, and remained there, 
until his death in 1752. 

Through the researches of Mr. Wm. B. Marye and Dr. J. 
Hall Pleasants, we learn that the Baltimore County Court pro- 
ceedings, Liber I. S. 'No. B, 1708-1715, fol. 608-609, show that 
at the March Court, 1714-15, Thomas Todd . . . "humbly 
prays that his house may be licenced for a presbyterian minister 
to preach in, which petition the Justices .... granted, pro- 
vided said minister qualifies himself by taking the oaths by act 
of assembly." Mr. Todd died in May, and his widow later 
married Rev. Mr. Conn, died in 1717 and is buried in the fam- 



ily graveyard beside the Todd house, at North Point. It is 
an interesting fact that for about two hundred and fifty years 
a Thomas Todd, each a direct descendant from his predecessor, 
has owned and lived on the farm. At Mr. Todd's house were 
held the first regular Presbyterian services within the bounds 
of the Presbytery of Baltimore. 

Again Liber G. M. fol. 55 August Court, 1715 : " upon the 
petition of Hugh Conn, a presbyterian minister, that a house 
lately built on the land of John Frizell on the south side of 
Patapsco river at the head of Curtis Creek may be recorded for 
a Presbyterian Meeting House, ... it is ordered accordingly." 

V. — The relation of Gov. John Hart to the Clergy is shown 
by several letters. On March 4, 1716/17, the Bishop writes to 
some correspondent of his pleasure at hearing that Hart " so 
heartily interests himself in the affairs of the Church " and of 
his hope that Henderson's commission will be respected. The 
parishioners of North Elk River must not be forgotten, but the 
Bishop feared that he could not " secure a well qualified per- 
son " for so small an " encouragement " as £40 per annum. 
The funds of the Society were so low that " no augumentation " 
could be expected from thence. Gov. Hart wrote the Bishop, 
on June 20, 1717 (317-194), that Rev. Mr. Barron had been 
offered any vacancy in the Province. He accepted a small par- 
ish " near me " and, " when the parishioners did not subscribe 
to his better support, I presented him to another of more con- 
siderable value, where he remains, much to his satisfaction." 
Rev. Mr. Warner behaved himself " with prudence." He had 
been admitted as Usher, with a salary of £50 per annum from 
the date of the Bishop's letter of Recommendation. Rev. Mr. 
Irvine, within three days of his arrival, supplied Mr. Baily's 
former parish. " The latter is a very unhappy person and, 
though his behavior is far from being commendable, yet as he 
has received holy orders, I cannot see him want bread (which 
he had thrown away upon some distaste to his parishioners) so 
have again presented him another parish, in hopes he will reform 


and be a new man." Hart promised to assist the two Com- 

From Annapolis on Nov. 3, 1714, Rev. William Keith wrote 
(317-171) that Col. Hart was " vigilant to supply vacant 
cases/' of which there were 4 very good ones then in the Prov- 

When Hart departed from Maryland in 1720, nine of the 
clergy, on May 19, signed a letter of regret (317-92). The 
signers were William Maconchie of Port Tobacco Parish in 
Charles County; Giles Rainsford, of St. Paul's Parish, Prince 
George's County; Joseph Colbatch, of all Hallow's Parish, 
Anne Arundel County; Evan Evans, D. D., of St. George's 
(Spesutia) Parish, Baltimore County; Henry Hall of St. James' 
Parish, Anne Arundel County; Thomas Cockshutt, of All 
Saint's Parish, Calvert County; Jonathan Kay, of Christ 
Church Parish, Calvert County;. John Eraser, of Piscataqua 
Parish, Prince George's County, and Samuel Skippon, of St. 
Anne's Parish, Annapolis. 

VI. — The Rev. Jacob Henderson, Commissary of the Bish- 
op of London for the Western Shore of Maryland, caused his 
proctor, the quarrelsome lawyer, Thomas MacNamara, on Eeb. 
25, 171'7, to transmit articles (317-131) against Rev. Henry 
Hall, who would not show his letters of ordination to Hender- 
son. Finally, he handed them to Bernard White, Henderson's 
Register and Writer, and, when White did not return them, 
Hall demanded them back in a rage, " and went to Gov. Hart 
and sued out a writ for the return of the letters." Because of 
Hall's actions, White was barred, for a time, from practice in 
the Maryland Chancery Court. In July last, Hall was " much 
disguised with liquor, to the great scandal " of his " function 
and evil example to others." 

The Bishop responded (317-130), referring Henderson to 
Falconer's work concerning the erection of a court. He re- 
gretted that Hall and Henderson fell out, but believed that both 
of them act uprightly. " If all that is personal be laid aside, 


your proceedings will tend to the advantage of Church and 
Colony." The Bishop did not believe that Gov. Hart did 
" anything with a design to affront my authority " and ex- 
horted Henderson and Hart " mutually to forget past heats " 
and again become friends. 

Henderson wrote (317-93) Dr. Francis Astry at Eulham Pal- 
ace on June 17, 1718, that a third of the Provincial Assembly 
was composed of dissenters and the other two-thirds were " very 
low " and opposed Gov. Hart " much " under Queen Anne, but 
that they are " now his creatures and the party, at present, 
that he caresses and is supported by," so that no law can pass 
to support the jurisdiction of the Church Courts. The letter 
was conveyed to Dr. Astry by Edward Calvert, Lord Balti- 
more's younger brother, who was destined to return to the Prov- 
ince ten years later and to die there. 

On Sept. 5, 1718, Henderson wrote (317-120) asking per- 
mission to come to England for a visit. Henderson's charge 
to the Clergy (317-74) on June 28, 1720, urges that the cate- 
chism be better taught, the Lord's Supper be more often admin- 
istered, and the observance of holydays and days of fasting be 
more constant. 

An unnamed young man going from Maryland to school at 
Beverly in Yorkshire is recommended for confirmation by Hen- 
derson on Aug. 19, 1724 (317-69). On Sept. 20, 1725, Lord 
Baltimore wrote (317-181) that Henderson had presented to 
him a letter from the Bishop and that instructions shall be sent 
at once to Gov. Calvert, in accordance with the Bishop's desires. 
The Proprietary was pleased to know that Calvert's adminis- 
tration of the Province had met with favor from the Bishop. 

An anonymous letter, dated Oct. 25, 1725, complains against 
Henderson's acts as Commissary (317-182). Some years later, 
on April 25, 1735 (317-75) Henderson wrote that Kev. Eichard 
Chase, who occasioned coldness between the Bishop and Lord 
Baltimore, was ordained by Benjamin Hoadley, Bishop of 
Salisbury, and is a " person of much levity, no learning, and 
supposed to be a free thinker, or deist. He gives himself great 


liberties in ridiculing religion and that set of people highly 
caress and admire him." Upon his arrival he was " full of 
invectives " against the Bishop, until Henderson told him such 
conduct was " unbecoming " and the Governor discouraged him. 
Then he kept silence. Baltimore gave him one of the " best 
parishes/' (i. e., All Hallows, Anne Arundel), to " the great 
grief of most of his parishioners." Since this appointment, 
there have arrived in Maryland the Rev. Nathaniel Morell 
(William and Mary Parish, Charles County), " the most abso- 
lute sot in nature" and Rev. John Vaughan (Westminster 
Parish, Anne Arundel County), " who has indeed, the appear- 
ance of a prudent gentleman." Both clergymen came from 
Lord Baltimore without the Bishop's license. 

VII. — The Rev. Christopher Wilkinson, Commissary for 
the Eastern Shore, wrote on July 29, 1719 (317-191) that his 
parishioners of St. Paul's, Queen Anne's County, were building 
a brick church, the best one in the Province. He asks a gift 
of plate for the Altar, and hopes to receive ornaments for the 
pulpit and Altar table by the hands of " some merchants trad- 
ing from Liverpool in our ports. We want a Bible and Com- 
mon Prayer Book, also." " A motion for dividing of parishes 
is up " in the General Assembly, but such a division ought not 
be made without the Bishop's knowledge. A parish might be 
taken from Messrs. Nicolls, Mainadier's, and Wilkinson's and 
a church built in it, " so conveniently seated that every parish- 
ioner in the innermost parts of the several parishes might go 
every Lord's Day to the Church, whereas now, as they are, not 
above once in three weeks, or in a fortnight, and that they may 
do this, I am obliged every third Lord's Day to preach at two 
churches 7 miles distant and one of these 17 miles from my 
home which I cannot continue." More clergymen are needed. 
On Aug. 16, 1723 Wilkinson (317-135) wrote to ask whether 
an incestuous marriage should be decreed a nullity, or whether 
he should merely decree a separation of the parties. He wrote, 
on Oct. 18, 1728 (317-189), that a Bishop was needed in 
Maryland, as well as Deacons to catechise the children and 


negroes and attend worship every Lord's Day. He offered to 
give his Deacon half his maintenance and thinks such an ar- 
rangement would be more satisfactory than to divide parishes, 
which would discourage ministers from coming out to Mary- 
land. The Assembly now sitting have brought in several such 
bills. It these are passed, the clergy cannot make allowance 
for deacons. • 

VIII. — The Rev. Giles Rainsford received from Gov. 
Charles Calvert, on April 19, 1723 (317-197) a letter to the 
effect that he was bound for England in the search for restora- 
tion in health. His brethren would supply his parish until his 
return. " He has behaved himself so well as to be very much 
beloved by his parishioners." Gov. Calvert appends a request 
for 2 or 3 more clergymen and states that he has inducted Rev. 
Mr. Ramsey into a vacant parish. Rainsford, probably, did not 
sail that year; for, on April 10, 1724 (317-97), he wrote that 
he suffered form pain in his head, his old distemper, and wished 
to return to England. He may be addressed then at the Vir- 
ginia Coffee House in Michael's Lane in Cornhill, London. 

In a rather obscure note from Philip Lee to Rainsford, writ- 
ten on July 22, 1725 (317-118) he asked for Lisby's "Case 
Stated " and remarked that Rev. Mr. Henderson " deceived me 
about the loan of this book." 

When Mr. Rainsford left the Province, he sold his property 
to the Rev. John Eversfield and a detailed inventory of effects 
(317-54) is among the Eulham manuscripts. As to Mr. Evers- 
field himself, we find a letter written by Mathew Cilborne to 
Madame Lane, stating that Eversfield was employed for a year 
to " write at my seat in the Six Clerk's Office " (a legal bureau) 
and was a good clerk, until he received a blow " on the right 
elbow from Mr. Thomas Lane, deceased, as I have been credi- 
bly informed, whence he lost his right arm." He was an or- 
phan and was commended to Mrs. Lane's beneficence by Cil- 
borne and by 25 other clerks in the Office (317-76). 

IX. — The Rev. Joseph Colbatch was diligent in his services 
to both white and black parishioners, as is shown by a detailed 


list (317-53) of negroes and mulattoes baptized, married, and 
buried by him in All Hallows Parish from 1722-29. 

X. — Rev. Peter Tnstian went to England for six months in 
1726 and on July 5 of that year ? the vestry of his parish, St. 
James, in Anne Arundel County (317-57), viz., William Lock, 
Josias Towgood, Samuel Chew, Jr., Thomas Wells, John El- 
liott Browne, and John Giles, sent a letter, stating that they 
tioped for their minister's return and that the neighboring 
clergy by subscription had agreed to supply the place, any other 
>r better provision being impracticable. They expressed a de- 
sire that more clergy come to the Province. On Sept. 29, 
1726, Rev. William Trea dwell Bull wrote the Bishop concern- 
ing Mr. Tustian, who had arrived in England. He was born 
in Warwickshire, near Northamptonshire, and was a Bachelor 
)f Arts of Christ Church College, Oxford. In 1719, together 
vvith Bull, he went as a missionary to Carolina and resided 
;here for twelve months " with very good repute," but the gov- 
ernment being in " confusion," he applied to the Bishop in 1721 
for leave to remove from the Colony and come into Maryland. 
Bie was a gentleman of sobriety and good learning. 

On July 26, 1735 ; the Rev. John Urquhart wrote (317-58) 
Dr. John Hay, vicar of Coleman Church, Bell Alley, London, 
;vho forwarded the letter to the Bishop. Urquhart had suffered 
from fever and ague for 16 months. He was acting " as at- 
torney in fact " for Tustian. Lord Baltimore who was then 
in the Province, ordered the Governor to induct Rev. John 
Lang, if Tustian did not return before November, but this 
induction was not made until May, whereupon Urquhart was 
inducted to William and Mary Parish for half a year and then 
went to All Faith's, " the largest parish in the Province." Of 
the parishioners, a third part were papists, who give him 
u much uneasiness." He suspects that they " set his glebe on 
fire in the night, and would have burnt all upon it had it not 
been timously prevented. The Jesuites are continually at work, 
perverting the people and indeed daily gaining ground." His 
predecessor, Mr. Holt, had told the Bishop of this fact. " It 


is no secret that the papists have more say with those that have 
the chief powers here than Protestants, which is very strange." 
There had been no visitation of the clergy since Urquhart's 
arrival in the Province. 

XI. — The Bev. George Murdock wrote from Virginia on 
June 28, 1725, that the clergy were better provided for in 
Maryland and asked that he might go thither, with his family 
of fonr children. Many clergymen removed from one Prov- 
ince to another without a license, since all colonies were in the 
same Diocese, but he preferred to " deal regularly." The re- 
sponse must have been favorable and Mr. Murdock writes from 
Prince George's Parish (317-188) on June 17, 1730. He was 
the first minister in this new parish, which was 60 miles in 
length by 20 in breadth. There were 5 places of worship, one 
was a church and the others were private houses. The people 
in the upper parts of the Parish " are very desirous I should 
be oftener with them." He asks that he be sent books, such 
as a " Delightful Method of Friendly Keligion," " Plain In- 
structions for the Young and Ignorant, Being a Short Exposi- 
tion of the Church Catechism," " An Essay towards Making 
Keligion Easy," " The Christian Scholar for the Use of School 
Boys " etc., " which are not to be had with us, but may be 
purchased in London at very easy rates." Dr. Bray " has 
done much good to Maryland in this affair, viz., in giving and 
stirring up others to give such good and useful books to such 
as want them. But I understand he is dead." Therefore Mr. 
Murdock applies to the Bishop. Murdock had lost almost all 
his books in a fire and requests for himself and his successors 
such volumes as: Dr. Scot's Sermons, Mr. Blair's Works, Dr. 
Barrow's Works, Dr. Beveredge's Works and Dr. Williamson's 
Works. Two years later, on June 30, 1732, (317-28) again 
he asks for books. All the old parishes were pretty well fur- 
nished without cost by Dr. Bray. " Our parish is very young, 
poor, and of a vast great bounds " and with " few inhabitants 
in it." Consequently, " we want books much more than the 
others." " A few plain sermon books and some of our Church 


catechisms explained would suit our circumstances very well. 
The catechisms I would have all of a sort of it, otherwise 3 of 
each sort you send." 

The letter is endorsed, " Ordered, March 16 '32/3 by the 
Society, that some Common Prayers, Duties of Man, and small 
Tracts to be distributed be sent." 

The Church Wardens and vestrymen of Prince George's 
Parish (317-38) had petitioned the Bishop for books on July 
6, 1731, James Smith, Alexander Magruder, Eliphaz Eiley, 
John Bell, Charles Perry, Thomas Harris, William Penson and 
Thomas ffetchall sign the letter. They tell how Murdock's 
house was burned with his certificate of orders and his books 
and they ask for a new certificate. " We acknowledge that we 
are very well satisfied with him, in relation to the premises, 
and, at his motion, we humbly pray your Lordship to send our 
parish a small library of books some share of that may be more 
properly for the use of him and his successors, ministers of our 
parish and others that may be adapted to the capacities of the 
meanest readers." In the parish, not all the people " are of 
one opinion in matters of religion. Beside those of the Com- 
munion of the Church of England, we have a Popish Chappel 
and a Presbyterian Meeting house very nigh our Church. The 
Papists have been very bold of late, but, blessed be Grod, they 
can do us no harm. The Presbyterians are very peaceable and 
also the Quakers, of which persuasion we have some." The 
parish was of very large extent and, therefore, had the greater 
need of books than was the case in compact parishes. [The 
Presbyterian meeting house was at Bladensburg.] 

XII. — The Eev. H. Mcols, rector of St. Michael's Parish, 
Talbot County (317-71) wrote of his troubles: " The parish 
possessed a small glebe, but neither house fit for the minister 
nor a quantity of land for a plantation. The glebe was yearly 
rented for a Hogshead of tobacco, which may be reckoned at 
40 shillings. Eighteen years previously a very good planta- 
tion was left to the church, but, by a defect in the donor's will, 


it is lost, though I believe it to be recoverable if we had a fund 
to go to law upon." 

About 10 years previously Col. Smithson, a very grave and 
pious gentleman, " left dwelling, plantation, and 5 or 6 other 
tracts of land, eight negro slaves and considerable plate for the 
use of the Communion Table, but, by the Fraud of his Execu- 
trix, all had like to be defeated." When he died, he had money 
enough in his house to pay all debts, but she concealed it and 
" brought the estate so much in debt that the negroes and plate 
were all swallowed up." When she died, " the gentleman's 
brother-in-law kept possession of the House and Lands, for 
which we have been at law these 5 or 6 years, and beside parish 
charges, I have been a great deal out of pocket myself in carv- 
ing on the suit and so has the Rev. Mr. Wilkinson. At length, 
not 3 weeks ago, we have possession of the plantation, but do 
not expect to keep it without as much molestation as he can 
give us, he being a papist and bearing an inveterate grudge to 
me and the church. He has suffered the dwelling and all the 
outhouses to become an absolute ruin." The parish will not 
repair them and Nicols cannot. He does not wish his successor 
to be able " to come on his executor " for dilapidations. 

XIII. — From Somerset County on June 31 (sic), 1725, to 
an unknown clergyman, a letter is sent by the vestry of one of 
the parishes, viz : William Stoughton, Capell King, Levin Gale, 
Thomas Dashiell, Henry Ballerd and Thomas Lawes stating 
that Mr. William Gale has informed them of the clergyman's 
worth (317-206) and therefore, they invite him to come as their 
minister. He will receive 20,000 pounds of tobacco each year 
and perquisites for marriages, funerals, sermons, etc. The 
public school, settled in the parish by recent act of the Assem- 
bly, wants a master and will pay £40 a year as his salary. 
Both places may be held by the same man, making his annual 
remuneration worth at least £130. Mr. William Gale can 
describe the parish. ~No other minister will be received, until 
this letter be answered. On Nov. 16, 1725, a testimonial (317- 
100) was prepared at Whithaven, England by several gentle* 


men to Rev. Mr. Kirkby, curate at Egremont, who had been 
invited to Somerset County by gentlemen, mostly known by the 

XIV.— Gov. Charles Calvert (317-112) on Nov. 8, 1721, 
wrote the Bishop, that, at the latter's request, he had inducted 
the Rev. Mr. Fletcher into one of the best parishes in Mary- 
land and, on July 26, 1724, Calvert wrote again (317-114) 
to congratulate the new Bishop on his translation to the see and 
to state that the " loyalty " of the Maryland clergy " to King 
George, their affection to our proprietor, and the regard they 
have had to me command everything I can do to serve them." 

XV. — Rev. Alexander Campbell wrote, on Oct. 22, 1727 
(317-70) that Lord Baltimore should be given Delaware to 
" put down " the Quakers there. Campbell desired to be re- 
moved from Maryland. He had been falsely charged with 
" too great intimacy with Women." " Mr. Ross, a nonjuring 
clergyman and one of Dr. Walton's associates, is my enemy." 
Campbell had been condemned unheard, when too ill to appear 
before Ross and " some 2 or 3 missionaries more." Ross's 
brother was the chief accuser and the only witnesses against 
Campbell were Ross's brother's son and a convict, transported 
from England for wool stealing. 

XVI. — The Rev. John Lang, rector of St. Luke's Parish, 
Queen Anne's County, wrote the Bishop of London, on August 
14, 1731, asking for a church in England. He had been or- 
dained in May 1725 and arrived in Virginia during that year. 
Two years later, he removed to Maryland, where he served a 
parish 50 miles long and 30 miles broad, traveling " through 
uninhabited woods and marshes " to visit his parishioners. 
The " excessive heats of summer and violent colds of winter 
brought his health so low " that he could not longer perform 
his duties. He had been advised to go to England for his 
health, but could not afford to give up his living, which such 
absence would vacate, and so fail to care for his wife and chil- 


dren. If lie had been single, he would have been willing to 
die in Maryland and, if he had continued well, he would " re- 
main in this corner, where there is so great need of Gospel 
ministers." " The thoughts of leaving a virtuous wife and 
good children here to the mercy of a people who begrudge min- 
isters the small allowance of subsistence must be very shocking 
to any tender husband or parent." (317-16). Several years 
later, on May 29, 1735 (317-52), he asked the Bishop to per- 
mit him to return to England and give him a benefice there. 
Through illness, Lang was hardly able to write and he " can 
bear neither cold nor fatigue." He has no assistant and the 
other clergy have large parishes, so they cannot aid him. As 
soon as any clergymen arrive in %e Province, " they have cures 
of their own," for there are always vacant parishes. For six 
years, he held St. Luke's parish, a very large one, 50 miles in 
length and 30 miles in " wideness," in which were 3 different 
places of worship, " 12 and 18 miles apart." God prospered 
his labors there with visible success. There were only 11 
communicants when he came, and 85 when he left. He found 
no church nor chapel, at his arrival, but by " my indefatigable 
labor and industry, I got built a very handsome brick church, 
77 feet in length, 35 feet in wideness, and 22 feet pitch in the 
walls, all plastered and whitewashed on the inside and furnished 
with a very decent Chancel, Communion Table and Rails, Pul- 
pit, Reading Desk, Clerk's Pew and 4 rows of pews from end 
to end, a large Gallery in one end from side to side, for common 
people and servants. The church is well lighted, having 13 
windows, 10 feet in height each, 3 doors, and a bell of about 
170 pd. wt., and, in forwarding of the good work I sunk above 
£ 100 sterling of my own money." At the same time, he se- 
cured " voluntary subscriptions for a Chappel of Wooden Work, 
45 feet in length and 26 feet in wideness," which was built and 
furnished. On account of his health, he sought " an easyer 
Cure tho' less income." St. James was a small parish, "16 
miles in length and about 10 miles in wideness, with one place of 
worship," yet sometimes Lang " cannot in 3 or 4 months, visit 


my church nor walk thro' my room, and there is danger that the 
people be seduced by papists and Quakers. These latter 
make above % of the white people in the parish, and have two 
meeting houses. There are some also of people of better sort 
of fashion, Papists, and they have also mass at home." Lang 
had a wife and three children. Physicians advised his return 
to England and held out hope of recovery, if he does so. 

On February 8, 1735/6, Rev. Mr. Lang wrote again, to re- 
peat his request (317-14). He had written asking other promi- 
nent men in England to give their aid, such as Horace Walpole, 
the Archbishop of York and the Bishop of Winchester, but re- 
ceived no reply from them, which fact reminds him how the 
priest and levite passed on the other side of the way, when the 
man fell among thieves. He had been transferred too St. 
James, Herring Creek Parish, in Anne Arundel County, but 
his health will not permit him properly to perform his work. 
He cannot find a curate, nor afford to resign his charge. He 
encloses a testimonial from Gov. Ogle, dated October 9, 1735, 
stating that Mr. Lang has " languished under great indisposi- 
tion of body through sickness of various kinds " and intends to 
return to England for his health. " He is a worthy and deserv- 
ing clergyman of the Church of England, sober and discreet in 
his conversation, a strict observer of his duty in the discharge 
of his sacred office and of loyal and sound principles in relation 
to the present establishment in Church and State. He has been 
by me judged worthy of the best preferment here." On June 
25, 1736, Mr. Lang (317-73) again importuned the Bishop 
for an English cure and asked that the answer be sent in care 
of Dr. John Hamilton of Calvert County, if the ship come 
thither, or in care of William Cumming, attorney at law, at 
Annapolis, if the ship is bound for that port. Mr. Lang became 
desperate and, on November 27, 1736, wrote that he would 
"come home" (317-72), but his efforts to return to England 
were fruitless. He continued at Herring Creek for fourteen 
years and until his death in 1748 (Gambrall's Church Life in 
Colonial Md., pp. 188-203). 



XVII. — On November 18, 1733, Lord " Baltemore " recom- 
mended for holy orders, Mr. Chapp, for whom he had ordered 
a living in Anne Arandell County to be kept vacant. Chapp 
has had a u liberal education " and is " very conversant in the 

XVIII. — Nathaniel Whitaker went to England, carrying 
with him a certificate as to his character (317-213), written in 
1738 by the clergymen of Perth Amboy and Elizabeth in New 
Jersey and of Staten Island in New York, and also a bond (3 17- 
77) executed by the Eev. Thomas Fletcher, rector of All Hal- 
low's Parish, Somerset County, on Eebruary 18, 1739/40 that 
he would pay Whitaker, as curate, £ 20 sterling per annum, 
with the benefits of the perquisites for marriage and funerals, 
when he should return as a clergyman. Eev. Mr. Fletcher also 
wrote to the Bishop from Somerset County, on June 18, 1740, 
stating that Whitaker had been in the Province for 10 months. 
He brought good testimonials and had shown " discreet and 
Christian behavior." Fletcher requested that Whitaker receive 
holy orders, so that he might become his curate. " Many, who 
otherwise constantly attend the service and are strictly attached 
to the interests of the Church of England, have, by reason " of 
the " largeness " of the parish, " been induced to frequent Dis- 
senting Meeting Houses " of the Presbyterians. A curate could 
remedy this condition of affairs. 

XIX. — In 1721, William Bewenton executed deeds for cer- 
tain landed properties to Eev. Alexander Adams. Bewenton 
owed John Caldwell some tobacco and the latter attacked the 
deeds in the Provincial Chancery Court as fraudulent (31'7- 
153). The suit dragged on for some years and finally, in 
1726, the deeds were ordered to be set aside. We hear of Eev. 
Mr. Adams again, many years later, when on October 5, 1751, 
he petitioned for the appointment of a Bishop in the Province 
and suggested financial arrangements (317-55) for that pur- 


XX. — The Rev. A. Spencer * on September 25, 1750, wrote 
that, in the beginning of June, he had arrived in Virginia with 
the promise of a parish in Maryland. He found that every one 
condemned " Dr. Middleton's arguments on miracles " and his 
" uncivil mode of disputing " with the Bishop. Spencer may 
be addressed in care of Benedict Calvert at Annapolis. He 
brought with him the Bishop's letter on earthquakes and found 
that it was read by most people " with the greatest approba- 
tion." " I remember the Governor one day, at his own table 
(whence your Lordship's health has been several times drunk) 
observed that, allowing the earthquake to be no threatening from 
the Almighty God; yet, as your Lordship's letter tended to 
awaken the consciences of hardened sinners, and to make man- 
kind better, it certainly deserved the highest encomium." 

XXI. — In a letter written on September 29, 1769, Eev. 
Henry Addison stated that he was a Master of Arts of Queen's 
College, Oxford. 

During the period covered by these papers, the following 
clergymen were Bishops of London: 

Henry Compton (1675-1713). 
John Eobinson (1714-1723). 
Edmund Gibson (1723-1748). 
Thomas Sherlock (1748-1761). 

Archibald Spencer, who came to Virginia, September 20, 1749. 




14<* Sept r 1775. 
In compliance with an order of the Convention an Election 
was held at Elisabeth Town on the 12 th day of September 1775 
for a Committee of Observation & delegates to serve in Conven- 
tion when the f ollowS Gentlemen were duly elected vz 


John Stnll 
Charles Sweringen 
Andrew Rench 
W m Baird 
Jonathan Hager 
Col. Cresap 

Christian Orendurff Joseph Chaplain 

Zekiel Cox John Rench 

Conrad Hogmire W m Yates 

John Cellar James Smith 

Sam 1 Hughes Joseph Smith 

George Zwingly Coll. Beale 


William Baird 


John Stull 

The Committee met for the first time on the 14 th of Septem- 
ber 1775, when the following members were present 

John Stull Esq r President 
Sam 1 Hughes 

James Smith Z : Cox 

John Rench G. Zwingley 

Cap 1 Hogmire C. Orendurff 

W m Yates And : Rench 


John Cellar 
W m Baird 
Charles Sweringen 

The following persons were appointed to serve as a Commit- 
tee for licencing Suits vz 

James Smith Col 1 Beale John Cellar 

Samuel Hughes John Rench Charles Sweringen 

Conrad Hogmire 



Cap* Jonathan Hagar was appointed to receive all Sums of 
money that may be Voluntarily given for the publick good. 

Order' d That the following persons carry the Association to 
all freemen resident in this district and require their subscrip- 
tion to the same vz 

In Linton Hundred 
Fort Frederick 

Eliz. Town 

Upper Antietam 

Lower Antietam 

Marsh Hundred 

Thomas Hynes 
Benj n Jonston 
Tho s Sweringen 
David Jones 
Isaac Baker 
Doct r Shnebly 
Henry Cellar 
Dan 1 Clapsadle 
Ludwick Young 
Andrew Link 
Dan 1 Perry 
Christ. Lance 
George Dement 
Tho s Crampton 
Conrad Shnebly 
Doc* Cruse 
Jn° Reynolds Jun. 
Rich d Davis 
Ignatious Sims 
Peter White 

Application being made to this Committee by the Committee 
of Georges Creek on Monogahala for Amunition, Order' d that 
M r Stull deliver unto M r J. Sweringen for the use of the said 
Committee Seventy four Pounds of Gun Powder at 3/6 $ H. 
& Eighty Pounds of Lead at 6. d sP lb. & receive the money for 
the same and keep it untill further directions from this Com- 

Resolved that each member of this Committee shall pay 5/ 
fine for each days non attendance without a Lawfull excuse, 
Col 1 Cresap excepted. It is also resolved that each Member pay 



his Club of the expences attends this Committee, present or 

The Committee adjourns till the 1 st Monday in October. 

A Letter being rec d from the Committee of Correspondence 
for the Middle District of this County relative to the raisS two 
Companies of Minute men. The Committee met for that pur- 
pose on Monday the 18 of Sep r 1775. 


Jn° Stull Esq r President 
Sam 1 Hughes Seer. 
Cap* Hogmire John Rench George Zwingley 

Cap* Smith John Cellars Charles Sweringen 

Cap* Hagar And : Rench 

Resolved That Mess rs Henry Shriock & James Chaplain be 
appointed to enroll two Companies of Minute men being the 
number alloted for this district & they are hereby appointed for 
that purpose. 

The Committee adjourns till 1 st Monday in October. 

The Committee met according to adjournment present 
Joseph Smith Esq r in the chair 
Sam 1 Hughes Sec*y 
James Smith Cap* Hagar T. Cellars 

C : Orendurff Cap* Stull L. Yates 

Z : Cox Con : Hogmire And : Rench 

C. Sweringen G: Zwingly W to Beard 

It appears to this Committee (from the representation of 
some of the members who have endeavor' d to get their neighbors 
to enroll in Companies of Militia) that the greatest numbers 
refuse in consequence of several religious sects being excepted 
by the resolves of the Convention. 

Resolved, That this Committee is of opinion that its highly 
reasonable that every person who enjoy the benefit of their relig- 
ion & protection of the Laws of this free Country ought to Con- 
tribute either in money or Military service towards the defence 
of these invaluable Rights. 


Kes d That two shillings & six pence Cur c y sP week (for all 
these who are restrained by religious principles from contribute 
their proportion in military service) wo d be equal to musters 
agreeable to the directions of the Convention. 

Resolved, that a remonstrance be sent to the next Convention 
sets forth the cause & substance of the above resolve. 
Order'd, that the Commissioned Officers of the Militia Com- 
panies in this District attend at Eliz. Town on the 3 d Monday 
of this month in order to Vote for persons to be recommended to 
the Council of Safety as field Officers. 

Theodore Grove \ Debt 

Jacob Miller J Licence granted 

The Committee adjourns till the 16. October. 

The Committee met according to adjournment present Jn° 
Stull Gov r in the chair 

Sam 1 Hughes Sec r y 
George Zwingly Cha s Sweringen W m Beard 

James Smith Andrew Rench John Cellars 

John Bench Cap* Hagar Z : Cox 

Christian Orendorff 

On a motion being made & seconded. It was order'd That a 
Letter sho d be wrote the Com e of Correspondence in the Middle 
District that it is the opinion of this District that the Battalion 
of Minute men for this County wo d receive great advantage by 
being kept together & Instructed, & that this Com e are desirous 
such a plan sho d be fell on and that a meeting of the Three Dis- 
tricts of this County wo d be advisable, & in case such meets sho d 
be appointed to attend at said meeting with full power to Act 
for this Committee in the afores d business. 

Ludwick Myers complaind ^ Licence granted p r 

Elijah Lackland 

aS* y a writ 


Alon Miller % Licence granted pr 

( a writ 

Sp angler & Hargate J 

Mich 1 Taylor 1 Do 
Tho s Lucket / 

Eich d Davis \ 

a lj)o 

Elijah Hue J 

Order'd that all those who have enroll d with M r Brook & M r 
Dement do join & form one Company & immediately proceed 
to the choice of officers. 

On motion of M r Thomas Erinck Sen r to the Commitie of the 
Uper District of Frederick County that he hath been Often In- 
sulted by The Residents of the Uper Part of Frederick County 
by Refusing To Pay their Publick Dues ; it is the Opinion and 
Advice of this Committie that they Ought to Pay their Levies 
and all their Publick Dues for the Suport of the Civil Gover- 

A motion being made by a Member of the Committie That as 
Sundrey Companeys of the Militia that is not yet Made Up 
and Enroled According to the Directions of The Provincial Con- 
vention and as the Number of the said Companeys Appeareant 
to be Raised Doth Not Ammount To Make up Three full Battal- 
lions it is Resolved by The said Committee in Order to satisfie 
the Popolus That an Election be for the Hagerstown Batallon 
On the 23 d Day of October 1775 And for the Lower Batallon 
On the 30 th Day of Oct r (Inst.) and that the said Lower Batal- 
lon shall Transmitt a full and Cleare Copy of Their Ellection 
to the Commitie of Corespondance for The said Destrict in Or- 
der that they May Transmitt The same to the Councell of Safty 
of this Provance that They May Take Order therein. 

Comittie Adjournd to the 23 d Inst. 

the Committee met on the 11 th November 1775 Colonell Jo- 
seph Smith in the Cheair Agreed that Cap* Stull Cap* Hog- 


anire Cap* Baker Cap* Bentch Cap* Hughes Cap* Kersner Cap* 
Scryack Cap* Clapsadle be the first Battallion. 

Cap* Orendorph Cap* Sholley Cap* Williams Cap* Davis 
Cap* Smith Cap* Demand Cap* Sweringin Cap* Walling be 
the second Battallion. 

Whereas it has Been Represented to this Committee by M r 
John Swan that his Character has been much aspersed by a 
Certain John Shryack as having saith that he suspected the said 
M r Swan haveing been an Enimy to America the said John 
Shrack being call'd to this Committie and making nothing ap- 
peare aginst him the said John Swan is Honerable acquitted 
by this Committee of said Charge the Committie ajourns to 
Mondy the 20 Inst. 

At the meeting of the Committee on the 19 of Nov r 1775 


M r James Smith President 
M r Stull M r Sweringen M r Zwingly 

M r Beard M r Jn° Bench M r Hughes 

M r A. Bench 

Doc r John Connelly of Fort Pitt & certain persons call d Doc r 
Smith & M r Campbell were bro* before the Committee & accused 
of being inimical to the Liberties of America. Besolved unani- 
mously that the said Doct r Connelly (from certain papers pro- 
duced to this Committee and acknowledged to have been wrote 
by him) is a dangerous Enemy to the Colonies & as such shall 
be sent to the Council of Safety or Convention for further trial, 
it was also Besolved that the afors d Doct r Smith and M r Camp- 
bell being found guilty of many equivocations & comg in Com- 
pany with the afores d Doc 1 * Connely from the dangerous Coun- 
cils of Lord Dunmore that is the opinion of this Commtee that 
the said Smith & Campbell shall be sent to the Council of Safety 
or Convention for further enquiry. 



The Committee adjourns till the 1 st Monday in December. 

The Committee met according. 


M r Ja s Smith in the Chair 
Christian Orendurfl: Andrew Rench G. Zwingly 

John Rench C : Sweringen S : Hughes 

John Fry ^ 

a V Licence granted for a Writ 

Philip Olinger ) 

Francis Rsylict 
Aron Bowman 
George Dangler 
Balser Gull & D 

\ Licence for a warrant in 8 days 


1 Licence for execution 

By Order of the Commite Apointed Daniel Heaster To Arbi- 
trate and Award on An Affair of Controversey Now Depending 
betwixt William Sitssler and Christian Shneakenberger in the 
Room of Cap* Johanathan Hager Desceassed 

Deceb r the 4 th 1775. 
Licence Granted to John Puffingberger To Isue sute against 
Michael Gonstater in a Plea of Debt. 

Novb r the 4 th 1775. 
Order'd That Sam 1 Hughes and Andrew Rench do attend at 
M: Harrys on Thursday next in order to receive the Acco* of 
necessarys supplied the Rifle Companys & transmit the Same to 
the Treasurers of Philadelphia for payment. 

The Committe adjourn till the 4 th Monday in this month. 
A list of Rifles appraised for Cap* Cresaps Company July 28 


John Miller 

£ 5.. 


18 Bro* up £ 74. 


John Grip 



Peter Wheland 



PhiKp Stildibran 



Ernest Deeds for 



Henry Ralglezer 



Jn° Tombleson 

Philip Lear 



Jacob Roarer by 

Fred Roarer 





Benj. Musselinan 

4.. 0.. 

Christian Coogle 

4. 0. 

Doct r Hart 

5.. 0..0 

Peter Wertz 

5. 15. 

John Roarer 

3.. 15.. 

Tho s Sims 

4. 0. 

Christian Heward 

3.. 10.. 

Henry Yost 

4. 15. 

John Boozer 

2.. 10.. 


4. 10. 

John Carepeny 

4. 10. 

rec d byW m English 

4. 10. 

Dan 1 Miller 

4.. 10. 

Francis Waggoner 

4. 15. 

Stephn Tilery 

4. 5. 

Delman Wilshaps 

Jacob Shivley 

3. 15. 

son in Law 

4. 10. 

Christian Shank 

3.. 10.. 

Henry Poland 

4. 10. 

Nicholas Verner 

5.. 5.. 

Andrew Dickson 

4. 5. 

Daniel Stutsman 

4.. 0.. 

one More 

4. 0. 

Jacob Peter 

2.. 15.. 

Philip Erhard 

33 Guns £ 

5. 0. 

18 car d up 

£74.. 0.. 


Rec d July the 27 

, 1775 of the Committee of Elizabeth Town 

district Thirty two Rifle Guns appraised at one Hundred & 
Thirty seven Pounds fifteen shillings for the use of my Com- 
pany which I do hereby promise to pay to the said Committee 
as soon as I am enabled so to do by receive money of the Conti- 
nental Congress 

I say rec d P r me 
(sign d ) Michael Cresap. 
ditto rec d another Rifle Gun appraised at £5.0.0. 

p me 
(Signd) Michael Cresap. 
The above is an exact Copy of the Voucher sent to Philadel- 
phia by M r Hester. 

Sam 1 Hughes. 

1ST 2 Francis Waggoner 3 Rifles £ 15. 0. 

sign'd sP Cap* Price 
d° Gun Smith work 

sign'd by Leiu* Davis 4. 3. 3 

£ 19. 3. 3 


3 Thomes Senilis for Dry Goods 

sign'd by Leiu* Davis 5. 13. 5 

4 Balser Coal d° 

sign'd by Cap* Cresap 15. 15. 

5. George Dile 2 Eines sign'd by Cap* Price 9. 0. 

6. Cassandra Williams for makg H. Shirk for 

Cap* Cresaps C° proved before M r Stull 2. 11. 

7. Henry Turtwiler 2 Deer skins 

sign'd by Leu* Davis 45/ 
d° maks 1 p r Breeches l d by 

Lieu* Eawlins 10/ 2. 15. 

8 Jn° Edwards sign'd by Leu* Davis 10. 6. 10 

9 Mathias Ott 70 Eashons d° 2. 12. 6 

10 Mary Kerr maks Caps Leu* Eawlins 2. 0. 

11 George Zin d° Leu* Davis 1. 5. 

12 Ernest Deeds Gun Smith work d° 4. 16. 

13 Jacob Eisher Shot bags L* Eawlins 1. 6. 6 

14 Ered Eoarer 1 Gun Cap* Price £5. 0. ^ 

d° 90 Eashons L* Cresap 3. 7. 6 V 9. 1. 8 
d° L* Davis 0. 14. 2 J 

15 Martin Harry 109 Eashons L* Davis 4. 1. 9 

16 W m Hyser 75 Eashons & Drink 

L* Davis & Eawlings 3. 12. 5 

17 Jacob Shriock L* Davis 0.12. 

18 Cap* Shriock Eashons Cap* Cresap 28. 1. 2 \ 09 o g 

d° Caps L* Davis 1. 1. 6 J 

19 Mich 1 Eogler 118 Eashon L* Davis 4. 8. 6 

20 Jn° Montgomery d° 0. 14. 

21 Peter Bell 90 Eashons d° 3. 7. 6 

22 Jn°Eagen d° 3.18. 6 

£126. 3. 6 

23 John Swan store Goods Cap* Cresap 31. 2. 6 

157. 6. 
The above is an exact Acco* of the Voucher sent to Phil a by 
M r Hester 

S. Hughes. 


December the 18 : 1775 the Committee met Joseph Smith in 
the Chaire Christan Orendorph Andrew Rentch George Swengle 
John Rentch John Cellar Conrad Hogmire. 

Agreed that Cap* Schryack is to have one pound of Powder 
and four pound of Led for Which he was out in Taken Connely. 

Agreed that Each Captain of the two Battaleons is to have 
two pounds of powder and six pounds of Led to be applied only 
to the use of the Publick in case of an Invasion and to be re- 
turned if Demanded. 

Agreed if Cap* Hughes Comes whome before the first Day of 
January Next and Dose not Come to this Committee upon the 
Complaint of Le* William Hesser Adam Smith and John 
Oster he then shall be sent for. 

The Committee was called on the 10 th of Jan r ^ 1776. Sam 1 
Hughes in the chair. 

Cap* Hogmire Cap* Rench M r Cellars 

Cap* Smith M r Zwingly M r John Rench 

Cap* Sweringen 

Doc r Smith (who made his escape from Frederick Town) 
was bro* before the Committee, & several letters of consequence 
from Doct r Connelly to the Enemies of America in the Back 
Country was found with him. Resolved that the said D r Smith 
be sent under safe guard to the Congress. 

The Committee adjourns till Monday next. 

The Committee met according to adjournment 15 Jan7 1776. 

Joseph Smith in the chair 

John Rench And : Rench G. Zwingly 

C : Hogmire Jn° Sellars Sam 1 Hughes 

Ja s Smith C. Orendurff 


order'd that Henry Yost be supplied with six Pounds of Powder 
at / 331b. to prove his muskets with 

C. Eagle > _ . 

Thos. Mercer } L ^ence p' a warrant 

The Committee adjourns till the 1 st Monday in Feb?. 

The Committee meet According to Adjornm* on Monday the 
5th F^ry !77 6 


John Stull Esq r in the Chair 

Andrew Eench Esq r Sam 1 Hughes Esq r 

John Sellers Esq r M r John Eench 

Conrade Hogmire Esq r M r E. Cox 

Charles Swearingen Esq r M r W m Yates 

M r Geo : Swingler M r W m Beard 

Ordered that Thomas Brooke be Clk to this Committee. The 
Committee Proceed to the Tryal of Cap* S. Hughes and after 
Examination of the Evidences do Honorably Acquit him, they 
not being able to make anything appear against him. 

Henry Yost haveing been Charged with makes use or Selling 
the Powder allowed him by this Committee to Prove his Mus- 
ketts, is Honorably Acquited, as he has fully satisfied the Com- 
mittee he is clear of the Charge. 

Ordered that M r Basil Prather be recommended by this 
Committee as a Cap* and M r Henry Prather as Lieu* to the 
Contin 1 Congress. 

The Comittee adjourns to the 3 d Monday in this Month. 

The Committee meet according to Adjournment the 19 th 
Feb 1 *? 1776. 


Major Joseph Smith in the Chair 
Coll John Stull M r Jn° Bench 

Major Charles Swearingen Cap* Chris 11 Orendoff 
Major Andrew Bentch Cap* Conrad Hogmire 

Cap* John Sellers 


Cap* Jn° Cellers and Leutenn* McGlaughlin appointed to In- 
quire what number of the Country Arms are in the hands of 
Cap* Isaac Baker and to know what Order they are in. 

Ordred that Cap* Samuel Hughes have nine pounds of Pow- 
der to prove one of the Cannon. 

Ordered that M r Moses Chapline be recomme d by this Com- 
mittee to the Continental Congress — as a person fitting to take 
command of a Company as Cap* in the Service of his Country. 

Ordered that Leutennant Coll Smith of the 36 th Batalion be 
recommended to the Council of Safety or Convention of this 
Province as first Coll to said Batalion in place of Coll Beall who 
has refused his Commission & Capt n Orendoifs Leutennant 
Coll to said Batalion, and Jn° Keynolds Cap* and George Kiser 
first Leut* to Cap* OrendonVs Company. 

The Committee Adjourns to the first Monday in March. 

The Committee meet According to Adjornment the 4 th 
March 1776. 


Cap* Conrade Hogmire in the Chair 

Coll John Stull Cap* Sam 1 Hughes 

Cap* Jn° Sellers Coll Andrew Bench 

M r John Bench M r George Swingler 

Ordered that the following persons hand ab* the associations 

Thomas Brooke, Geo. Dement, John Charlton, Joshua 
Barnes, Jam s Walling, John Bench, John Sellers, David Jones, 
John Bennett, Jn° Stull, Sam 1 Hughes, Peter Molley, Daniel 
Perry, John Reynolds. 

Order that the Cap* 8 of each hundred take an Association pa- 
per, and Present it to the Inhabitants of their hundred for Sign- 
ing, and make an Exact Ace* of those that sign and those that 
refuse with their Beasons for refusing. 

Conegochecque hundred excepted, David Jones, John Ben- 
nett, Balser Mudy & Matthias Oats being appointed for that 


Ordered that Coll John Stall, Cap* Samuel Hughes and Coll 
Joseph Smith be Judges of the Election for the Choice of Six 
members in place of Capt n Hagar deceased, Coll Sam 1 Beall, 
Coll Tho s Cresap, M r Jos. Chapline, who refused M r Cox and 
M r William Yates who are taken into the uper hundred. 

Order that Henry Roland be keep under a Guard of six men 
untill sent to the Councel of Safety for tryal, but in case he 
shall sign the Association Inrole into some Company, ask par- 
don of this Committee and give good Security for his good be- 
havior for the future to be released. 

Orderd that the Sheriff of Frederick County Obtain a Gener- 
al Warr* on his List of Publick Leveys and Clergy due last 

The Committee Adjorns to the 3 d Monday in this Month. 

The Committee met on Monday the 18 th March 

William Beard in the Chair 
Co 11 John Stull John Celler 

Conrad Hogmire John Rentch 

Andrew Rentch Michael Fockler 

George Swingley William Hisser 

The Committe Was Called the 6 th of Ap 11 1776 
Heny Shryock in the Cheir 
Coll 1 And w Rench M r J. Rench 

Cap* Mich 1 Fockler Cap* W m Hyser 

Cap* J. Seller M r C n Lentz 

Was Bro* before this Committe Engell and Petter Gansberger 
for Speaking onbecoming Words aginst the Association — after 
acknowledg d their fault & Signed — 

The Committee Adgorns to the 8 th of April 1776, nine 

The Committee Met According to Adjournment on the 8 th 
of April. Members Present 


Coll Beale in the Chair 

M r Charles Swearingen M r George Swingley 

M r Michel Eockler M r Christian Lance 

M r Andrew Rentch M r John Stull 

M r John Cellers M r Joseph Smith 

M r Christian Orandorff M r Conrad Hogmire 

M r William Hizer M r Joseph Chapline 

M r Henry Shryock M r William Beard 
M r John Bentch 

In Council of Safety Annapolis March 23 d 1776— 
Gent n 

The great Difficulty we find in providing Blankets for the 
regular forces raised for the Defense of this province obliges us 
to apply to the Committees of observation for the Several Coun- 
ties and Districts earnestly requesting that they would use there 
Endeavors to procure from the House keppers in their respec- 
tive Counties and Districts all the blanketts or rugs that they 
can with any Convenience spare for which the Council will pay 
such prices as the Commitees shal agree on as well as any Ex- 
pence, that may arrise in Collecting them together & when you 
have procured any Quantity you will send them to Annapolis 
to Coll. Smalwood or in his absence to the Commanding officer 
on the Station who will recieve the Same & give orders on the 
Council for the Payment thereof we hope that the friends to 
our Cause in the County will Contribute Everything in their 
power to the Comfortable Subsistance of the Soldiery in this 
respect, it will be an act of Great humanity and render an 
essential Service to the Publick. 

We are Gen tn y r Obe* Ser* 
f Order Dan of S r Tho s Jennifer P. 

As the Gentlemen appointed to Licence Sutes live incon- 
venient to the place appointed to do business its therefore 
thought best to appoint others in there place — 

Besolved that Coll Joseph Smith Joseph Chapline Coll Sam 1 
Beale Jn r Major Henry Shryock Capt Hogmire Capt Eolkler 
& Cap* Hizer be a Commite appointed for that purpose. 


In Consequence of the proceeding Letter from the honorable 
the Council of Safety of this province we have agreeable to 
their request furnished them with what Quantity of blankets 

& Rugs the Inhabitants of this District Can with any Conveni- 
ence Spare & a price Estimated on them by this Comitee as 
follows Viz. 

W m Beard 1 Blanket 0.. 17.. 6 

John Parks 1 Rugg 0.. 12.. 

Andrew Rentch 1 Blanket 0.. 12.. 6 

Simon Myre 1 D° 0.. 15.. 

Philip Rymely 2 Coverlids 1.. 5.. 

D° 1.. 5.. 

George Try 1 Blankett 0.. 7.. 6 

Eulty Safety 1 D<> 0.. 5.. 

Jacob Lazer 1 D° 0.. 12.. 6 

Joseph Burly 1 Coverlid 1.. 8.. 

Jos Bierly 1 blanket 0.. 5.. 

Richard Davis 1 D° 1.. 0.. 

Coll Tho 8 Prather 1 D° 0.. 18.. 

Christian Rhour 1 D° 0.. 10.. 

Leonard Shryock 1 D° 0.. 12.. 

Robert Guthry 1 Coverlid 1.. 10.. 

Christian Miller 1 Coverlid 1.. 10.. 

Jacob Prunk 1 Bla* 0.. 14.. 

Jacob Rhour 1 D° 0.. 12.. 6 

Ellon Miller 1 D° 0.. 9.. 

Charles Swearingen 1 D° 1.. 0.. 

Christian Eversoles 1 D° 0.. 9.. 

D° 1 quilt 0.. 15.. 

D° 1 Coverlid 0.. 17.. 6 

John Ingram 1 Bla* 0.. 15.. 

Adam Grimes D° 0.. 19.. 

D° 0.. 19.. 

W m Douglas 1 B* 0.. 18.. 

























































22.. 13.. 


~N° 29 Mathias 'Need 1 Blan* 0.. 12.. 

N° 30 Michel Ott 1 D° 0.. 5.. 

N° 31 John Fege 1 D° 0.. 16.. 

N° 32 Jeremiah Wels 1 D° 0.. 10.. 

N° 33 Joseph Kentch 1 D° 0.. 11.. 

N° 34 Zachariah Spires 1 D° 1.. 0.. 

N° 35 Mathias Need 1 D° 0.. 10.. 

N° 36 Heny Stertsman 1 D° 0.. 12.. 

N° 37 George Swengle 1 D° 0.. 16.. 

1ST 38 George Hofman 1 D° 0.. 7.. 6 

JST° 39 Jacob Breembaugh 1 D° 0.. 18.. 

N° 40 Jacob D° 1 D° 0.. 10.. 

N° 41 Mich 1 Miller 1 D° 0.. 15.. 

N° 42 Mich 1 D° 1 D° 0.. 16.. 

1ST 43 D° D° 1 Do 0.. 14.. 

N° 44 D° D° 1 D° 0.. 12.. 

N° 45 George Hartle 1 D° 1.. 8.. 

N 46 John Ehora 1 D° 0.. 5.. 

No 47 D° D° 1 D° 0.. 5.. 

]ST° 48 Crestoph Burgard 1 D° 0.. 12.. 

E" 49 Jacob Good Bugg 1 D° 1.. 6.. 

N° 50 John Bench 1 D° 0.. 12.. 

N° 51 John Stall D r 0.. 14.. 

£ 14.. 16.. 6 

A Copy 

Beceived of Conrad Shitz 44 Blankets for the use of this 
Province which was delivered him by the Committee of Obser- 
vation of Elizabeth Town District. Beceived by me this 12 th 
day of April 1776. 

George Strieker. 

Col n John Stall receiv'd the remainder seven Blankets for 
the Use of the Province. 

Coll J. Stull del d 112 lb Powder (belongs to the Publick) to 
Cap* Burgess in order to Prove the Cannon at D & S. Hughes's 
works — order'd the said Quantity remain in the Possession of 


D & S : Hughes untill this Committee takes further order there- 
in — 

the Committee adjourns till Saturday 2 oclock — 

the Committee met according to adjournment. Present 
Co 11 Samuel Beall in the Chair 
Co 1 Joseph Smith Co 1 Andrew Rentch 

Cap* John Keller M r Christian Lentz 

Cap* Michael Fockler M r George Swengle 

Cap* William Hisser M r John Eentch 

Co 1 John Stull Cap* Conrad Hogmire 

Mj. Henry Scryack 

On a Return being made to the Committie that Philip Oster 
George Arnold Yost Vyland John Claper Jacob Rorrer would 
not Enrol they were send for to appear before them who 
accordingly appeare and Refused to Enrol where on they were 
fined and ordered to Deliver up there arms and to pay as fol- 
lowed in a month from the Date hereof Philip oster six pounds 
George Arnold three pounds Yost Vyland two pounds John 
Claper five pounds Jacob Rorrer ten pounds Common money. 

The Committee orders that Maj r Henry Schryack and Cap* 
Michael fockler shall Receive of M r Daniel Huster what mony 
is in his hands for arms and other Nessesarys purchased here 
for Cap* Michael Cresaps Company signd <P order of the 
To M r Daniel Huster 

The Committee adjourns to the 29 th day of Ap 1 1776. 

Aprill the 29 th 1776 the Committee met according to ad- 
journment. Present 

Col Joseph Smith Christian Lentz 

George Swingley William Hyser 

Sam 1 Hughs Christian Oriendolph 

William Beard John Cellar 

John Rench Col n John Stull 

Sam 1 Beall Jun r Capt n Conrad Hogmyer 
Maj. Charles Swerringin 


Sam 1 Beall Jun r chosen Chairman and James Clerk appoint- 
ed Clerk. 

Appear' d Major Henry Shryock 
Joseph Chaplain 

Resolved that this Committee do pay the Clerk seven shil- 
lings and six pence for each day that he shall attend and that 
he consider himeslf nnder the ties of Honour not to disclose or 
reveal the Secrets of the said Committee the Committee ad- 
journs to three 0' Clock afternoon — 

The Committee met according to adjournment. On motion 
resolv'd that the several Returns of non-Enrolers and nonasso- 
ciators be considered whereon it appears by a return made by 
Capt n James Wallen that Henry Newcomer, Christian New- 
comer, Jacob Warner, Jacob Martin, Henry Avey, George 
Widerman, Henry Hoover, John Hoover, Jacob Hoover Sen r . 
Jacob Hoover Jun r . W m Russel, John Avey, Joseph Bowman, 
Jacob Root, Sam 1 Funk, Henry Funk, Jacob Knave, Henry 
'Knave, Jacob Stover, Adam Shuck, refuse to enroll according 
to the resolves of the Convention, and by a Return made by 
Peter Reed that Henry Funk, Joseph Funk, David Funk, 
Peter Sady Christian Troxall, Mich 1 Caggy, Jacob Grove, 
Christian Cogle Christian Swats, Joseph Byerly, Adam Coogle 
Chrisley Coogle Jacob Lashier, Morris Deale George Hoover, 
John Hoover Jacob Sook, John Wagner Jacob Rowland. 

And by a Return made by Capt n Henry Butler that Jacob 
Bachelhammer, Andrew Readruck, Rudolf Brown, John World- 
ly Rinker, George Rinker, Abraham Houser John Huffer 
Yourst Garner, Peter Yourdy, and by a Return made by Capt n 
Bazil Williams, that Joseph Avey, Christian Milles, Abraham 
Miller, Henry Miller, Clem Miller, John Rineheart, Samuel 
Blecher, and by a Return made by Capt n Samuel Hughes, that 
Philip Smith, Christopher Hyple, Jacob Good Jun r . Christo- 
pher Good, Abraham Good, Frederick Spenhart, Philip Burger, 
Jacob Shockey, John Housecre, Nicholas Housecre, Peter New- 
comer, Michael Myer John Hoover Jun r . 


It is ordered that the Clerk Issue summons directed to the 
several Captains for the afores d Men to appear before the Com- 
mittee of Observation at Hager's Town on the 7 th day of May 
next, to shew Cause why they do not enroll and associate, agree- 
able to the Resolves of the Convention, and shall not be fin'd 
and obliged to deliver up their fire arms except Pistols to this 

It is likewise ordered that summons do Issue as aforesaid for 
the following Persons to appear on the day aforesaid. 

Return' d by Capt n Michael Fockler viz. Samuel Mayer 
Christian Rorer, John Funk, Benjamin Noll, Henry Funk 
Jun r , Samuel Bachell Sen r , Samuel Bachell J r , Isaac Bachell, 
Joseph Pencil, Herman Clapper. 

And also for the following Persons returned by Capt n Mar- 
tin Kershner viz Adam Piper Michael Boovey. 

And also for the following Persons return'd by Capt n John 
Cellars viz. Jacob Broombaugh Sen r . Jacob Broombaugh Jun r . 
John Broombaugh, Abraham Gansinger, Herman Clapper, 
Christian Shank, Jacob Coughinour, Michael Shank, Abraham 
Lidy, John Miller Dunkard, Daniel Switzer, Martin Bachel, 
Andrew Postator, Dealman Washabagh, John Washabagh, 
Jacob Hupper, Jacob Studebaker, John Bowman, David Mil- 
ler, John Newswanger, Philip Jacob Miller, John Long, John 
Clapper, David Miller son of Philip. 

Ordered that Capt n Baker make a Return of the Enrollment 
of his Company sign'd by themselves. 

A List of Debts contracted in Hagers Town by Capt n Nel- 
son's Company for the Use of the Continental Service due to the 
following Persons viz. 
N° £ S. D. 

1 Maj r Henry Shryock 121.. 10.. for 26 Rifles 

2 D° 46. 19. 6 for Boarding & Dieting 

Cajp*, Lieu t9 and 26 



3 D° 1 Eifle Gun 

4 W m Hyser for Dieting Soldirs in Capt n Nel- 

son's Company 

5 Do for Do 

6 Fred k Eoarer for sundry necessaries fur- 

nish'd Capt n Nelson's Company 

7 W^ Scott for Sundries furnish'd Capt n Nel- 

son's Company 

8 Eudolph Play for Soaling 1 pair shoes 

9 Martin Harry for Dieting Capt n Nelson's 


10 Francis Waggoner for 3 Eifles 

11 John Lee for Goods 

12 John & W m Lee 1 Eifle 

13 D° for Goods furnish'd 

14 Nath 1 Morgan for Cash 

15. John Eape for 1 pair Breeches 

16 Georg Bond Sen r 1 Eifle 

17 Martin Kershner 1 Eifle 

18 Tho s Long for Dieting Capt n Nelson's CompJ 

19 John Finglesharer for Diet 

20 Noah Hart for Doctor Stuff 

21 Fred k Hyskill for Tomhawks 
22. John Eagen for Sundries 

23 M rs Knox for Sundries 

24 John Conn for Shoes & Leather 

25 Henry Tootwiler for Sundries 

26 Sarah Johnston for Sundries 

27 George Good for Horse hire 

28 Elisabeth Blackburn for making hunting 


29 Charles Hatrick for Sundries 

30 Mich 1 Fockler for Dieting Soldiers 

31 Sam 1 Young for Sundries 

32 Stephen McCloskey for Shoes 

; s. 
3.. 5. 

5.. 6. 

8.. 10. 




111.. 8.. 

18.. 2.. 


0.. 3.. 

30.. 8.. 


12.. 15.. 

6.. 8.. 


4.. 10.. 

2.. 9.. 


0.. 17.. 

1.. 19.. 

2.. 15.. 

5.. 15.. 

7.. 14.. 


1.. 11.. 

0.. 11.. 

2.. 15.. 

0.. 14.. 


0.. 19.. 


1.. 6.. 


19.. 15.. 


0.. 9.. 

0.. 12.. 


0.. 15.. 

1.. 1.. 


21.. 8.. 

3.. 19.. 


6.. 10.. 



John Ousten 1 Rifle Gun 

4.. 10.. 


Abraham Teetes 1 Rifle 

5.. 00.. 


W m Wild D° 

5.. 10.. 


Alex r McCullam D° 

4.. 15.. 


Tho s McCullam Do 

4.. 10.. 


Leonard Brunar 2 D° 

10.. 10.. 


Sam 1 Davies 1 Rifle Gun & 20 y ds 


8.. 00.. 


Tho s Macklefish 1 Riflle 

5.. 15.. 


John Scott for 60 y ds Linnen 

4.. 14.. 


John Miller 1 Rifle Gun 

4.. 15.. 


Henry Souer D° 

4.. 10. 


Nicholas Hackay for Sundries 

2.. 13.. 


Peter Bell for Sundries 

16.. 10.. 


534.. 7.. 


The afregoing list is made out from Accounts laid before 
us the Committee for the Upper District in Fred k County in 
the Province of Maryland, for necessaries furnished by sundry 
Persons for the use of Capt n John Nelson's Company in the 
Continental Service, which are attested & accepted by him, and 
which we have Reasons to believe are justly due, with the ut- 
most deference, by order of the Committee I am S r 

Y r most Obedient 
Humble Sery* 
To the Hon ble John Hancock Esq r 
President of the Continental Congress. 

On Motion, that the Committee sit at Sharpsburgh, once in 
three Times, the Committee concurs therewith. 

The Committee adjourns untill the first Tuesday in May. 

Tuesday May the 7 th 1776 

The Committee met according to adjournment. — 
Members present. 


Coll Sam 1 Beale in the Chair 

Coll Andrew Bench Capt n John Cellar 

Capt n Joseph Chaplain Maj r Charles Sweringham 

Maj r Henry Shryock M r George Swingle 

Capt n Conrad Hogmyer Jam 8 Clark Continued as Clk 

Capt n Sam 1 Hughes Coll John Stull 
Capt n W m Heyser 

On Motion being made, that the following Rules be estab- 
lished viz. that every Motion be made standing, addressed to the 
Chair in decent Language and uninterrupted while delivering, 
no personal Disputes and Reflections to pass in Committee. "No 
Question to be put and voted to, without on a Motion being 
made and seconded, the Committee concurs therewith. 

The Committee adjourns for an Hour. 

The Committee met according to Adjournment. 

Resolv'd that this Committee do take into their Considera- 
tion the summons issued last Committee for the Appearance 
of Sundry Persons before them this day, to shew cause why 
they do not enroll and associate, and deliver up their arms, in 
which the Committee concurred, and proceeded to examine the 
Returns made thereon when it appear' d the sundry persons fol- 
lowing had due notice accordingly, and were call'd in Turn and 
as such as have appear' d have not or are not able to give any 
satisfactory Reasons to this Committee why they did not or do 
not Enroll and associate and deliver up their Arms, according 
to the Resolve of the late Convention in December last are 
fin'd and proceeded against as followeth. 

Then the Committee adjourns for half an Hour. 

The Committee met according to Adjournment. 
The Committee adjourns to the morrow, to meet at 9 O'Clock 
A. M. 




The following extracts are taken from an old Oxford Bible 
(1728), in the possession of Mrs. J. Woodley Richardson, of 
Harford County, Maryland. 

Thomas Lane Emory, Senior, was horn in the year 1751 and 
died 2 May 1828, aged 77 years. 

Thomas Lane Emory, Jr., was horn in the year 1789 and died 
in the year 1835, aged 46 years. 

Thomas Lane Emory, Junior, was married by the R* Rev d 
Bishop Kemp to Eliza Harwood Grant on the thirteenth of 
June in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and 

Eliza Lindenberger Emory, first child of Thomas and Eliza, 
was horn on Friday the 15 th of November 1816 at twenty min- 
utes after three o'clock A. M. 

George Lindenberger [Emory], second child of Thomas and 
Eliza, was born on Thursday the 7 th of December 1820 at ten 
minutes after 12 o'clock P. M. 

Isabella Rebecca [Emory], second daughter of Thomas and 
Eliza, was born on Wednesday the 22 d of March 1822 at fifteen 
minutes after twelve o'clock P. M. 

Thomas Lane [Emory], second son of Thomas and Eliza, 
was born on Friday the 25 th of November 1825 at 4 o'clock 

Daniel Grant [Emory], third son of Thomas and Eliza, was 
born on Thursday the 14 th of February 1828 at !/4 before 5 
o'clock P. M. 

Thomas Lane Emory died on 2 d May 1828, aged 77 years. 

Mary [Emory], sixth child and third daughter of Thomas 
and Eliza, was born 24 th October 1831, about 12 o'clock A. M. 


Thomas Lane Emory died on 5 th February, at 5 o'clock in the 
evening, in the 46 th year of his age. 

Eliza Harwood Emory, widow of Thomas L. Emory died on 
Tuesday 15 th of June 1852, at 2 o'clock A. M. in the 57 th year 
of her age. 

Daniel Grant [Emory], third son of Thomas and Eliza was 
married at Glencoe, Baltimore County, on 2 nd of October 1855, 
by Eev. D r William E. Wyatt, to Emma Rosalie, daughter of 
William J. Ward. 

Emma Eosalie, their first child was born 27 July 1856, and 
died 18 February 1858. 

Lillian Grant, their second child was born 20 October 1858. 

Emma Rosalie, wife of Daniel Grant, died 24 October 1858. 

Thomas Lane, second son of Thomas L. and Eliza H. Emory, 
died 28 th of October, 1863, in New Orleans, La. 

Eliza Lindenberger Emory, eldest child of Thomas L. and 
Eliza H. Emory, died 22 November 1863. 

John Sanderson Price was married by Rev. Charles C. Graf- 
ton at St. Paul's Church, Baltimore, 13 Oct. 1859, to Mary, 
third daughter of Thomas L. and Eliza Harwood Emory. 

Ezekiel Forman was married 24 January 1756 to Augustene 

Capt. John Emory, Jun., died 11 th of January 1761, aged 
six[ty] and three years, and was buried 14 th of same month — 
the text of his funeral sermon was taken out of the 112 th 
Psalm, 7 th verse. 

Daniel Grant died 29 th of June 1816, in the 83 rd year of 
his age. 



(Continued from Vol. XII, p. 41.) 

April 10 th 1764. [109] 
The 4 th Ins* I Reced y rs of the 27 th of last Jan r y y rs of Octo: 
11 th Nov 1 " 12 th Dec r 8 th 1763 I answered by mine of Jan r F 9 th 
10 th & 16 th Feb 1- ? 27 th & 28 th 1764: I beg yon will always ack- 
nowledge the Receit of my letters by mentioning their Dates. 
I wonder in particular yon take no notice of mine of the 8 th of 
last Jnly relating to the Arcadians & of Sept: 24 th relating to 
M r Reresby, yon have too good a heart not to have done w* was 
incumbent on yon as to both, I must therefore attribute y r 
silence to forgetfulness. As to y rs of the 27 th of last JanT, M r 
Bakers letter to you speaks him to be a man of sense & Hon r : 
I would not have you insist on a larger sum in hand with the 
Lady than it may be convenient to him to lay down as he is will- 
ing to pay Inter* for the fortune he may agree to give his 
Daughter until he can pay the principal & as he more over 
promises at his Death to make his Daughter share equally his 
Estate real & personal with his sons. I approve the general 
Terms given to M r Baker, but take care th* by the Settlem* you 
do not give a certainty for an uncertainty, th* is, th* Settlemen* 
be not binding but in proportion to the Sum you may now or 
hereafter receive with the Lady & th* a proper distinction be 
made in the Settlemen* between the Jointure to be made for the 
sum paid in hand or the Inter* to be paid you annually on such 
Sum & the Jointure to be made on w* may fall to you at M r 
Baker's Death th* difference being very obvious. In this you 
will make similar Cases the Rule to direct you. Considering 
the Low Inter* on our Funds I think 6 $ C* an ample settlem* : 
especially if you sh d have Issue by the Lady for I think a mother 
sh d as well as a Father contribute to the Establishm* of her 
Children. But if M r Baker sh d insist on 8 $ C* to make you 
happy I consent to it. In mine of the 9 th of Jan r y 1764 I told 


you I was willing if the Lady's fortune could demand it to make 
my whole fortune Liable to the settlem* & jointure. This I con- 
firm & I leave it entirely to you to act what is reasonable accord- 
ing to the Advice of y r friends. I proposed upon your coming 
to Maryland to convey to you my mannor of Carrollton 10000 a 
& the Addition thereto called Addition to Carrollton 2700 a now 
producing annually £250 SterS & greatly improving as not nigh 
half of the 12700 a is let, & w t is let, is let to Tenants at will & 
my share of the Iron Works producing at least Annually £400 
SterS. If this sh d not be deemed a sufficient settlem* & Gift to 
you & Security for the Lady's Jointure I am willing to add on 
my Death my mannor of Doohoregan 10000 a & 1425 a called 
Chance adjacent thereto, on w cl1 seats the Bulk of my Negroes 
are settled. 

If you sh d marry Miss Baker & not have Issue Male by her I 
think it would not be prudent to engage y r Bteal Estate to Daugh- 
ters as out of y r personal Estate you may make a Settlem* on y r 
Daughters proportioned to their mothers fortune. In case you 
sh d survive Miss Baker you will take care, not so to engage as to 
lay y r self under unreasonable Covenants detrimental to y r 
future ease & happiness. As I have said upon y r return to 
Maryland I will give you my Mannor of Carrollton & the Addi- 
tion thereto & my share of the works I will also settle on you 
my Mannor of Doohoregan & Chance & the slaves thereon on my 
Death. As you are my only Child you will of Course have all 
the Residue of my Estate on my Death. In short to obviate as 
much as it is in my power every objection & to hasten the Match 
& y r return to me w cl1 I hope may be in the next fall, I hereby 
bind myself to confirm by any Articles w ch may be sent me w* 
I have engaged to do by this & my letter of the 9 th of last Jan r y, 
& I desire this & y r Letter may be Lodged with M r Baker or M r 
Tuite as a security for my so doing. If anything more sh d be 
required from us w cl1 you & those you may consult may think 
reasonable to be done, I leave you at liberty to engage to do it, 
& I think M r Baker may confide in any Engagement you will 
enter into as my whole Estate will fall to you at my Death. 
I much approve the Comp a : you keep. I shall endeavour to 


oblige M r Hussey with a Buck, but I cannot absolutely promise 
it, as I could not in the last Season procure for myself more 
than two fine Haunches. I have presented y r Comp ts as desired. 
I am well, but y r Complaints give me pain. I hope they in a 
great measure proceed from the Anxiety y r passion for Miss 
Baker gives you. I wish a happy Issue to it & th* y r health may 
be perfect & th* God will bless you in everything w cl1 may con- 
tribute to y r Temporal & Eternal wellfare. I am My D r 
Charley Y r Mo : Aff te Father. 

19 April 1764. [110] 
D r Papa 

In my last by Kelly I acknowledged the receipt of y r letter 
of the 9 JanrF. I wrote to M r Baker upon the occasion & sent 
him enclosed a copy of y r letter what follows was the substance 
of mine to that gentleman. 

That as I had received y r consent to pay my addresses to his 
daughter, there now remained only two things to be settled : the 
marriage settlement & the young ladys going to America, which 
if she refused, or her Parents should have an objection to, I then 
must lay aside all thoughts of the match: that if M rs Baker 
could not bare the thoughts of parting with her daughter, & was 
determined not to part with her, it would be improper to intro- 
duce me to the young lady, since it would be impossible, con- 
trary to her mother's will to persuade Miss Baker to accompany 
me to America : that tho' it were possible I should not chuse to 
persue my own happiness in opposition to a Parents will, nor 
wish to succeed if my success should make that Parent retched 
& unhappy. 

M r Baker returned no answer to my letter as he was upon the 
point of coming to town when he received it. Upon his arrival 
I waited on him to know his determination. He advised me to 
return as soon as possible to Maryland, since you seemed so 
desirous of my returning as it was very natural you should : his 
daughter, he said, would be over in May or June: that if I 
thought proper, I might see her, and if upon a further acquaint- 
ance, we should like each other, I might return 3 or 4 years 
hence (for that would be time enough) & marry his daughter: 


he mentioned not one word about the settlem*, but I know he 
thinks it insufficient, and indeed so does a lawyer of my ac- 
quaintance with whom I talked upon that subject. 

But had Baker had no other objection to the match but the 
quantum of the settl* to be made on his daughter, he would have 
had some conversation with me on that head : but I could plainly 
see, by the above speech & by his manner, that he was not very 
desirous of its taking place: and I am sure I am not, upon the 
condition of returning three or 4 years hence to Europe on a 
wild goose chase. What certainty is there that the lady will 
remain for 4 years of the same opinion or rather how probable 
is it she will not ? I do not care to entangle myself in any such 
engagement: in short I have dropt all thoughts of Miss Baker, 
whom I wish extremely well to & married to a man worthy 
of her. 

I hope to be with you about the latter end of Sept r . I do not 
chuse to arrive sooner in Maryland on account of the heats : the 
remainder of my time here I shall spend in perfecting myself 
in the practical part of surveying & making necessary prepara- 
tions for my voyage. I have sent you over the American Act, 
and a Pamphlet entitled consideration on the penal laws against 
Bom: Catholicks: I sent by M r Lee Wards medicines & gave 
him the instructions in writing for taking those medicines: I 
have been indisposed all this last week with a cold attended with 
a fever & cough : my feaver is entirely gone off, there remains a 
little cough : these colds are very rife at present : had it not been 
for this indisposition I should have finished the journal of my 
last Tour : as I only took short notes of things as I went along 
to refresh my memory it requires time to enlarge them & to dis- 
pose them in such order as may give some little entertainment 
in the reading : If I cannot finish the Journal time enough to 
send it by Hanson, I shall send it by some other ship or bring it 
in with me. Pray present my compliments to my cousin Bach : 
Darnall & her daughter, to M r John Darnall & Sons & to Bich : 
Croxall. I am dear Father 

Y r most loving Son 

Ch: Carroll. 


P. S. this letter was ready to go by Hanson : but M r Perkins 
gave me no notice of his sailing : he told me indeed a week before 
Hanson sailed, that he imagined he would sail in about a fort- 
nights time : how easy was it for M r Perkins to have sent me 
word by a penny post letter or by his Servant that his ship was 
ready to sail % the only excuse for his neglelct is that he imagined 
as I had wrote so lately by Kelty I had no letters or parcels to 
send : I am not certain how this letter will go : perhaps by the 
New York packet. M r Buchanan tells there is a ship going in a 
fortnight : I shall send by the cap* of that ship ; the Pamphlets, 
newspapers, & magazines ; & my accounts. 

1 May 1764. [Ill] 
D r Papa 

I wrote to you the 19 of last month and in that letter informed 
you of my having laid aside all thoughts of Miss Baker : as that 
letter may miscarry I shall here give you the substance of it. 

When I communicated y r letter to M r Baker, wether dissatis- 
fied with the settlement you proposed to make or unwilling to 
part with his daughter, he advised me to return as soon as possi- 
ble: he added, to soften, I suppose this piece of advice, that if 
upon a further acquaintance I continued to like his daughter, 
& she me, that I might return to England 4 or 5 years hence : 

By this you plainly see M r Baker is averse to the match : is 
it probable that a young lady will retain her affection 4 years 
for a gentleman with whom she can be but slightly acquainted, 
& from whom she will be separated by the Atlantick ? besides it 
would be imprudent in me to enter into any such engagement : 
I may meet with some young lady in Maryland whom I may 
like, & in that case I should chuse to settle without loss of time : 
the sooner, the better, for then I might live to bring up my chil- 
dren: if I stay till I attain the age of 36, the chances of my 
living so long, are against me as I am of a thin & puny habit 
of body. 

6 <$ C* is too slender a settlement : A Lawyer of my acquaint- 
ance told me it was common to settle upon the wife at the rate 


of 8 <P C* & sometimes 10: this holds where the wife brings 
with her no very considerable fortune : but when he? fortune is 
large, it is then usual to settle part of her own fortune upon her. 

I hope, Deo juvante, to be with you about the latter end of 
Septb r . I am willing to perfect myself in the practical part 
of surveying before my departure: besides, I am apprehensive 
of the summer heats & am desirous of avoiding them in com- 
ing in: I shall be gradually prepared for the heat of the sum- 
mer following. 

I cannot get my Journal finished to send it by this oportuni- 
ty: I have wrote out my Acco ts but find such a deficiency or 
rather difference between my expenses & receipts that I am 
ashamed to send them. I cannot otherwise account for this 
great deficiency which which amounts to near £60 but by my 
negligence, only my forgetting to set down regularly my ex- 
penses : however the main articles of expense are all set down : 
I shall bring them in with me, as also the aco* of what I spent 
in my late tour thro' Holland & France. 

I sent you by M r Lee Wards medicines & the directions for 
taking of them: but as M r Lee may have lost these directions, 
I shall here insert a copy of them: 

for the fistula paste 
Take the bigness of a nutmeg night & morning and two tea 
spoonfuls of sweet oil immediately after, no visible operation, 
to live as usual. 

The dropsy powders; one to be taken, every two days; such 
as have not taken them before, are to begin with half a powder 
to be taken in a little mountain, after every operation drink 
a little broth or water gruel, the less they drink the better. 

this accompanys the magazines, newspapers, the American 
Act, & the considerations on the penal laws against the Ro: 
Cath: I desire my compliments to Mrs. Darnall, M r Darnall 
& Sons, Rich: Croxall, & Harry Carroll. I am D r Papa 

Y r most affectionate loving Son 
Ch: Carroll 


May 30, 1764 [112] 
D r Papa 

This goes by Capt. Lewis I had some thoughts of sailing 
with him, but could not get ready for the time of his depar- 
ture ; and indeed if I could have been ready, I should not have 
chose to have sailed so soon, as I should then have got in the 
very midst of the hottest weather. 

I have not as yet been able to go out into the fields to learn 
the practice of surveying: M r Bateman the Surveyor, whom 
M r Conley has recommended to me as the properest person for 
my purpose, has been these 5 weeks past down in Surry: sev- 
eral letters have been sent to him and as no answers have been 
received, we imagine the letters have never been delivered: to 
morrow I shall set out myself in quest of him, and if I have the 
good luck to meet with him, I shall fix the time for his attend- 
ing me. the usual & settled price is half a guinea a day and 
M r Bateman is to find men to carry the staffs & chain & bear 
their expenses: M r Conley thinks Bateman much preferable to 
any other, as he has an easy & clear manner of expressing him- 
self & communicating his ideas, and will take pains to make the 
young Practioner well acquainted with the business. 

Before this comes to hand, you will have learnt by mine of 
the 19 April the issue of the intended match tis entirely broke 
off, the mother could not bear to part with her daughter : I can 
not say my disappointment gives me any great uneasiness; I 
might perhaps have liked the young lady in time & upon a 
farther acquaintance, but I knew too little of her to be in love. 

If I can get a ship about 5 weeks hence bound to Maryland, 
I shall certainly take my passage in her. I believe M r Buchan- 
an will bear me company. Should there be no vessel ready to 
sail about that time I may perhaps sail in the New York packet 
notwithstanding the inconveniences of such a round 'about 
Voyage, for I am determined, if possible to be at Annapolis 
in Sept r . this may be my last letter to you from London; 
wishing you y r health and an happy meeting I am D r Papa 
Y r most affectionate & dutiful son 

Ch: Carroll 


p. s. 

Cap* Lewis has got a little 
packet for you containing my Journal 

and the newspapers: Cap* Lewis has been very civil to me, I 
desire you will return his civilities & if convenient invite him 
to dine with you: 

26 July 1764 [113] 
D r Papa 

I have at last pitched upon a ship : she is called the Randolph 
Capt. Walker & sails for James River in Virginia: the Cap* 
is not certain as to the time of his sailing but imagines it will 
be about the middle of September at farthest. 

I shall leave behind me all my heavy Bagg a to be shiped on 
board of Hanson and only take with me my Cloaths : 

I am much obliged to you for letting me settle at the rate of 
8 <P C*. But that affair is entirely broken off nor do I chuse 
to renew it, tho' I had some time ago a very fair opening: but 
the young lady has been bread up with very high notions not 
at all answerable to her fortune, a domestick wife not so fond 
of show and parade, who is not above the business of her family, 
will best suit me: the mother is a vain empty woman, who 
knows but the daughter may take after her* I do not chuse 
to run the risk. 

I sent the letters & papers concerning the neutrals to the 
Coffee house as directed : but as the Duke of Nivernoro had left 
London sometime before they came to hand and as most of the 
differences between the two Courts were then compromised & 
settled, I imagin all application from the poor neutrals will 
meet with little or no success. 

I shall call upon M r Sitwell before my departure & press 
him to do something for M r Reresby. Since my last I have 
been down in Sussex with a Surveyor to Survey lands. I have 
surveyed about 150 acres of which I kept a field book & have 
since protracted my work on Paper I think I understand the 
theory perfectly well, & a little more practice will make me 
quite master of the business. I shall go out once more into the 
the field with the Surveyor. 


M r Crookshanks has been in town some time past: he was 
under a necessity of leaving Paris when the last oath was ten- 
dered to all Jesuites under the Jurisdiction of the Prosecut- 
ing Parlia ts . all those who refused to take the oath were com- 
pelled to leave the kingdom : the oath was of such a nature that 
one only excepted, thought he could reconcile it to his con- 
science: however all men thought it incompatible with his 
honour & dispise him for his servile compliance : he was a man 
of some eminence & had a large & extensive acquaintance with 
the greatest families in Paris, who have since looked so very 
cooly on him as to discountenance his coming to their houses. 

Pompadours death it was imagined would occasion an altera- 
tion of measures : but the same measures are persued & the same 
men govern. 

M r Crookshanks does me the pleasure to dine with me now 
and then : he always enquires after you & expresses a great re- 
gard for you, & I am convinced he is sincere in his expressions 
of esteem & friendship : the arrets were not published when he 
left France nor are they yet. I sent you some time ago the 
most curious Pamplets in vindication of the Jesuites which I 
hope you have long since received. 

As to political news during the recess of Parliament you can- 
not expect much: the minority still dine in Allbemarle Street: 
I hear some complaints about their expensive dinners, but the 
deliberations of the Senate do not transpire. I am of opinion 
they will oust the present ministry dispised and hated as it 
is by the greatest part of the nation: it requires great abili- 
ties in the minister, if unpopular, to stand his ground long in 
such a country as this. 

I have nothing more to add at present but my compliments 
to my friends whom I soon hope to enjoy: this will be my last 
from London should nothing particular occur in the interim: 
wishing that I may find you in perfect health I am D r Papa 

Y r affectionate & dutifull 
Son Ch: Carroll 


Hampton 8 Decern 1 * 1764 [114] 
D r Papa 

I arrived this day at this place in good health after a tedious 
& stormy passage of a 11 weeks. We left Gravesend the 19 
Sept r & had the greatest prospect of making a short passage 
till we got to Bermudas about the latter end of Oct 1- . We were 
driven back hj strong north west winds & tossed about the 
whole month of Novem r in so much we scarce made 100 leagues 
in our way in 30 days. 

I have brought all my bag 6 with me 5 which is pretty con- 
siderable: One M r Campbell a store keeper has also a cargo 
aboard : I shall take the oportunity of shiping my bag e on board 
the vessel that is to carry his goods: we intend going up the 
bay in her ourselves: it will require sometime to unship, dis- 
charge the duties, & reship the goods when we have hired a 
vessel : it will be I am afraid, near the end of the month before 
I shall have the satisfaction & joy of embracing you. A Serv- 
ant is just now going off to York & waits for this letter which 
is the reason for its shortness. I am D r Papa 
Y r affectionate & dutiful Son 

Ch. Carroll 
P. S. I shall go to Norfolk to-morrow 
or the day following. 

D r Papa [115] 

M r Hinson is just going up the Bay I take this oportunity 
to inform you I am well and shall sail from this place to- 
morrow or the day following if the wind permits ; I arrived at 
Hampton The 9 instant & wrote to you immediately at my 
landing. We had a long passage of 11 weeks. I have been de- 
tained here by waiting for a vessel to take two or 3 cargoes to 
Annapolis & other places up the bay. I thought it a good opor- 
tunity to convey my bag a home. M r Hinson is upon the point 
of sailing I hope to be with you next thursday at farthest. 
I am 

Y r affectionate Son 
Norfolk 20 Decern*"- 1764 Ch: Carroll 


10 Jan r y 1765 [1: 
D r Papa 

I sailed from old point comfort the 26 of last month in 
evening : before day we were opposite to the month of Potom 
& were driven back by a strong north west wind as far as 
sonther most of the Tangier Islands, which with difficulty 
weathered & came to an anchor that night between those isla: 
& the eastern shore: the wind abating came to the south 
next morning & we proceeded up the sound with an intent 
passing thro' Hooper's or Cages streights: a Pilot we took 
board undertook to conduct us thro the latter but being ui 
quainted with the chanel he ran us aground by which unlu 
accident we lost nearly 24 hours of fair wind & I have b 
deprived the satisfaction of being long since with you : the r 
day, there being a high tide the vessel was got off but the w 
shifting to the north west we were detained 3 or 4 days in tt 
streights : at length we extricated ourselves & anchored last J 
day morning off point lookout at the mouth of the Potowma 
that evening we got underway: at 12 at night it began to si 
but the wind continued favourable : about 4 Saturday af tern 
the weather cleared up & we found ourselves not far from P 
lar Island: the wind began to head us & we were obliged 
run in between Kent & Poplar Islands where the vessel « 
remains & is likely to remain as long as the frost continues, 
landed with some difficulty last Monday, on Kent Island & r 
to M r Sadlers where I was very hospitably entertained: 
arrived yesterday at M r Brownes where I now am, & have ] 
with the most friendly reception: I shall go over to M r H 
to day, who has pressed me to make his home my home whil 
continue on the eastern shore I was determined to go round 
bay: but M r Browne & M r Hall have persuaded me to d 
that scheme as attended with a good deal of danger & as tt 
is a probability of my getting to Annapolis sooner by wait 
for a thaw. M r Hall has hired a man to convey this lettei 
thought this absolutely necessary as you must be under gi 
apprehensions on my account if you have received my lei 


by Hinson who sailed from Norfolk 2 days before I left it: I 
am in very good health but vexed at my being detained so long 
from you & under great uneasiness from the anxiety I am sen- 
sible you must feel for my safety: Pray remember me to my 
Cousin Each : Darnall & all my friends I am D r Papa 

Y r most affectionate Son 

Ch: Carroll 

I take this opportunity by M r Tylghman to inform you I am 
well but out of all patience with the weather: I see no pros- 
pect of the frost breaking up and am very apprehensive I shall 
be detained a month longer on this side the Bay: the eastern 
shore gentlemen have been very kind, I have been kept in con- 
tinual exercise ever since my arrival in repaying visits: I have 
visited Colonel Tylghman M rs Blake at Wye, & have had an 
invitation from Colonel Loyd: he wrote me a very polite letter 
by his eldest son, but there being then a prospect of a thaw ; the 
bad weather setting in since I have not as yet waited on the 
Colonel & am doubtful wether I shall or not as his house is at 
a considerable distance. I have no cloaths fit to appear in 
by me. 

M r Edward Tylghman has sent me an invitation to come & 
see him: M r Bichard Tylgman, the colonel's son & M r Cook 
will attend me to his house. The Messenger returned here last 
Sunday night, he saw a man drowned in crossing Susquehanna : 
he had a pistole a day by agreement. I thought it better to pay 
the hire high as it was, than let you continue under the uneasi- 
ness and doubt of my being safe. 

The vessel I came up the Bay in, lays within Kent point all 
my books, cloaths, & other baggage are in her. Pray give my 
compliments to all friends: M r and Mrs. Hall desire me to 
present you with theirs. I am D r Papa 

Y r Affectionate Son 

Ch: Carroll 

25 Jan^, 1765. 


[The Maryland Gazette of Thursday February 14, 1765, 
has this notice; "Tuesday last arrived at his Father's House 
in Town, Charles Carroll Jun'r, Esq. (lately from London by 
way of Virginia) after about sixteen years of absence from his 
Native Country at his Studies and on his Travels."] 


23 Dec r 1768 [120] 
DrS r 

The Friendship you bear my Son (w ch is Manifested by y r 
Eemembrance of & Correspondence with him) leaves me no 
roome to doubt a letter from me may be acceptable to you, 
Especially as it will informe you that His Marriage was entierly 
to my Satisfaction & that I think He has a well grounded pros- 
pect of as much Happyness as Can be Hoped for in a Conubiall 
State. My Daughter in Law is very agreable, she has a great 
share of good sense, a solid Judgement, she is strictly virtuous 
& perfectly good natured. I speak not what it may be thought 
I fondly wish my Character of Her is founded on a long & in- 
timate Acquaintance: She has lived with me since she was 12 
years old & in the Course of more than Seven years I have not 
had reason to Chide Her. Dissimulation is not very Common 
in youth, few at least at nineteen years are perfect in it. Have 
I not then Eeason again to tell you I think my Son will be 
Extreamly Happy with His Lady. You must also know she 
was entirely His owne Choice, He had not the most distant Hint 
from me th* Miss Darnall would make a good wife. They Can- 
not want, If they are tollarable economists, for I have put my 
son in Possession of at least £1000 Ster: p r An m : He keeps 
my Books & takes what money He Pleases He lives in my House 
at Annapolis I am Eetired to a very Pleasant Healthy Seat in 
the Country where I employ myself in Farming, Planting, 
Meadow Making &c Amusements very agreable to me, & when 


I want money I call on my son to supply me. You know my 
Son, I therefore shall say no more of him than that I am Happy 
in Him & that He seems to be getting the better of a Puny Con- 
stitution. In one of y rs to him I think you advise him not 
to Hoard, I think !He should live so as to make a decent pro- 
vision for younger Children & to leave the Estate to His Eldest 
son as Entier & in as good Plight as I shall leave it to him, 
for altho I see a large & independent Fortune will not make the 
Possessor if of a mean & Servile temper independent, yet it must 
make him inexcusable if He be not so. There is a great deal 
of Private & Family Affairs, But I flatter myself they will in 
some measure be interesting to you on my Sons Account. 

As I have taken the freedom to write to you, I must say some- 
thing of Poor America, or rather of Poor England, for I am 
persuaded if she persues the Steps she Has taken she will Have 
Abundant Cause to Eue Her folly. 

By Considerations the Farmers Letters &c you must see wee 
know our Bights & that we want not Peers to Assert them & 
to Alarm us when they are Attacked. 

The Stamp Act was A Bash & Inconsiderate measure and 
very prudently dropt. But the Act past at the same time 
declaring . . . instead of dissipating our Fears threat- 
ened us with a Benewall of unconstitutional! Attacks on our 
Liberties & Properties. Those threats have been immediately 
succeeded By Acts Establishing new officers among us & impos- 
ing Duties on goods which we are not permitted to import from 
any other Place But Great Britain. 

As to the 1 st The Establishment of a Board of Trade, we all 
Plainly see that it is done to Encrease a Parliamentary depend- 
ance by the Creation of new Officers. To the same end are a 
great number of Troops kept up in America, not to secure our 
Conquests, for if that were the intention, why are troops em- 
ployed elsewhere than among the Conquered ? 

Is England or America most injured by the number of Civill 
& Military Officers & troops among us ? The first spend their 
Sallaries, the other their pay in America, in this America is not 


injured: But if the Establishment of unnecessary Officers, if 
the support of useless troops Creates a Servil and unconstitu- 
tional! dependence in the House of Commons in England, is not 
England the greatest sufferer by the Measure? 

As to the 2 d The imposition of new duties, It may be urged 
that the Board of Trade at Boston is Appointed to prevent 
smugling & to secure the duties laid by Acts of Parliament. 
Does the Board of Trade, the Commissioners of the Customs, 
the numberless tribes of Tide waiters Land waiters searches 
A Navy of Sloops Cutters & Custom House Boates &c &c Pre- 
vent Smugling in England ? If not, will a Board of Trade in 
Boston or in Every Colony prevent smugling in America. 
Trade in its Nature is free, it is a maxim which I will sup- 
port by the following Tale which I read long since but in what 
Author I Cannot recollect. The Dutch when Contending with 
Spain for Liberty, Prohibited by a Severe Placart the Furnish- 
ing the Spaniards with Navall or Military Stores. A Dutch- 
mann was Caught Transgressing & Called to an Acct. for it. 
His defence was th* Trade in its nature was free & open to all 
Mankind & that if He Could see a Prospect of Great gain by 
a Voyage to Hell, He would Venture the singeing of His sails. 

I will not S r Attempt to Prove th* the Parliament Cannot 
Consistently with the Constitution, our Eights and Liberties 
tax us. That I apprehend to be done demonstratively by the 
Author of the Considerations & the Farmer, I have not seen 
that their Reasoning has been Attempted to be Answered, if 
Attempted, no such answer has Peached me. 

I think there are many strong Arguments to be Derived from 
Prudence & Policy which should in my Humble Opinion induce 
Great Britain not to Attempt to tax us. 

By what is generally asserted on y r side the water you are 
beat out of all Trade to all Places Except to y r Colonies by 
being undersold in Every forreign Market by y r Rivalls in 
Trade. If this be so it is immateriall to me to Enquier whether 
it be owing to the weight of y r Taxes on the Luxury or high 
Price of the labour of y r Poor Manufacturers. 


But under these Circumstances if y r Colonies be y r Chief y r 
only Valuable Customers, is it Prudent is it Politick to drive 
them from you? 

Every duty imposed on the goods you send us Opperates 
Apparently as a Bounty & Encouragement to us to Manufac- 
ture th* Species of Goods. 

That we Can Manufacture all goods w ch you Manufacture 
is undoubted;, & th* you will force us to do so by Present Meas- 
ures is Certain, Interest tho a strong is not the strongest motive 
to incite us to Manufacture; Resentment a Conviction of the 
injustice with which we are treated, y r not Answering y r slight- 
ing our legall Constitution all applications to the Orowne for 
Redress A view of the Chains you have imposed, y r Seeming 
Determination to Rivet them on us will Compell us to 

Rage & Resentment operate beyond all imagination more 
forceably than interest, but when united Can they fail of pro- 
ducing the Effect w cl1 you ought to dread ? 

Surprising & Astonishing was y e progress of Manufacture 
Here Especially in the Wollen & Linnen Branches upon the 
passing the Stamp Act. The repeal of th* Act gave a great 
Check to th m . But they are reassurred not with a noisy & 
Ostentatious Parade, But w th a sullen Resentment & deter- 
mined Resolution never more to abandon them. At th* time 
I manufactured a Sute of Cloathes for myself I wore it to incite 
others to follow my Example: I dropt my Manufacture & laid 
aside my Cloaths upon the repeal of the Stamp Act. I have 
this year Built a Commodious House for as many Manufactu- 
rers as will be able to Cloath between three & four Hundred 

With Contempt we read the silly & innamatory Articles in 
many of y r News Papers giving Acc ts of the factious state & 
inclinations of the Americans to Break the Happy Connection, 
which has Hitherto subsisted between them & their mother 
Country, & we Pity the Credulity of those who Have sent troops 
hither to Compell us to Obedience if their fears have been 


feigned. I leave you to find an Epithet which may set their 
duplicity in the most tedious light for I cannot recollect one. 
Could they not distinguish between a steady & determined Reso- 
lution to Maintain our Eights & Rebellion \ Any measure de- 
viating from a stupid passive Obedience to unconstitutional! 
measures was by such weak Heads deemed a Rebellion There 
is a very wide distance Between Murmuring Complaining Pe- 
titioning & Remonstrating & Rebellion. I should think men 
who Have been Accustomed to the frequent tumults & insurrec- 
tions of Tinners Colliers Cole Heavers Weavers & Sailors should 
not be frighted out of their senses at two or three trifling Mobs 
of the Boys & Rabble of Boston. 

America is sensible it is not yet time for Her Wantonly to 
have recourse to the Ultima Ratio Regum, However Grieviously 
Provoked she Has Appealed to Her Sovereign to the Laws to 
the Constitution, on these she Relys for the Protection of Her 
Rights & Liberties, should that Relyance be frustrated (which 
the suppresion of our Legislatures & many other Rash & Bold 
steps on y r side seem to indicate) we Have it thank God in 
our Power to Bring you to Reason By the easy legall means of 
manufacturing & taking nothing from you unessentiall to our 
Existence. Perhaps many may do more & follow the Dutch- 
man's Example by takeing nothing from you which by any 
means may be had Cheaper from any other Quarter. 

We have been informed th* the Different applications of our 
Colonies to the King have not only been slighted But that they 
have not been suffered to be Presented. Is it possible ? Have 
we not a right to Petition & to be Heared ? 

Our Legislatures are threatned to be suppressed. That of 
Boston is suppressed for not Complying with a Ministeriall 

Would any Minister dare to tell an English House of Com- 
mons that they should not be suffered to meet that they should 
be dissolved unless they Complyed with measures dictated by 
them ? Have we not as undoubted a Right to Legislation in 
our severall Provinces as you have in England? would a Min- 


ister dare to treat us in so imperious a Manner if He was not 
assured of impunity? Would He not treat you in the same 
manner Could He do it with the same Security? We cannot 
think you are Realy anxious to preserve y r owne Eights while 
you tamely see those of y r fellow subjects so flagitiously in- 
vaded. Are not such steps as distant as Heaven & Earth from 
justice ? If they are ought they not in prudence & good Pollicy 
to be not only dropt & disavowed, But severely Censured by 
an upright British House of Commons ? 

Nations as well as individualls are Subject to persist in wrong 
Measures, it is deemed a Weakness, it is thought dishonorable 
it mortifies our pride & self Conceit to retract & Acknowledge 
an Error, in vain does the injustice of the Action stare us in 
the face or sober Reason Condem it. 

Should the Colonies by necessity be forced into a Counter- 
band Trade, Considering the vast Extent of our Sea Coast our 
numberless Navigable Gulphs Bays Rivers inlets & Creeks will 
it be possible for Great Britain to suppress it? What she in 
Vain Attempts at Home, will she be able to performe at such 
a distance? Trade is of a very delicate nature, it may by 
imprudent measures be forced out of its old Channell, But it 
may prove impossible to bring it back. 

Cast y r Eye on a Map of America Consider the immense un- 
peopled tract, Consider the prodigious Rapidity with which 
it is setling will England in time to Come be able to Compell 
such an immense Country Peopled by miriads to submit to 
Arbitrary Laws on despotic ministerial! orders. 

Cast y r Eye again, on the Map of America Contemplate that 
part of it allready Peopled with (in my Opinion) 4 million of 
Souls, should they be forced by ill Policy to Resistance & in 
time to Come th* may be the Case & should it be the Case, will 
it be easy, will it not be almost unpracticable to keep such num- 
bers and such an Extent of Country in due Obedience. 

Look on the inconsiderable spot which Constitutes the Seven 
United Provinces. The People of that Spot Baffled the Power 
of the House of Austria & shook of the Spanish Yoke. It is 


true France assisted them England assisted them. Should Eng- 
lish America be ever unfortunately forced to take up Arms & 
be unable of Herself to Vindicate her freedom, will not France 
Spain & even the Dutch Lend Her a Helping hand? Should 
such an Event be in the Wombe of Time what A figure will 
England Make bereaved of so much of Her Power and Trade. 

The Pretexts on y r side the Water for taxing America, are 
the Expence incurred in the last war by defending us, the Con- 
tinued Expence of a standing Army for our Protection, y r Heavy 
taxed & insupportable Nationall Debt. 

It is Certain we wanted no Protection ag* the insignificant 
Colony of Quebeck, we did ag* France. France Attacked us to 
Encrease Her Power & withdraw our trade from England. 
England supported us to Preserve Her Power & Trade self in- 
terest was Her view & only view. Our present treatment is a 
proof of Her Tenderness towards us ; 

Why are you at the Continued Expense of maintaining 
standing forces among us. They are Hatefull in our Eyes & 
looked upon by us as the Harbingers of Despotism : They ought 
to be Hatefull to you, as they Increase ministeriall influence by 
giving an undue & additional Power to the Crowne. If Forces 
in America are necessary they Can be only so in the Con- 
quered Colonies, if it be profitable to England to secure the 
Possession of those Colonies England ought to be at the Ex- 
pense of the troops necessary to secure the Possession of them, 
for Qui sentit Commodum sentire debet et onus. 

As to Y r Taxes & JSTationall Debt, that they are not both les- 
sened is due to y r Corruption. The Debt gives a too irresistable 
Power & influence to the Crown & ministers for them to wish 
it diminished. While it subsists it is vain to Expect a Diminu- 
tion of taxes. America Contributed more than Her share to 
the Expences of the War Here, she Contributes more than Her 
share to y r Taxes by the Consumption of y r Manufactures. 

Do you apply to us as Beggars, shew th* you are reall objects 
of Charity. Supposing a Drunken profligate able Bodied 
Sturdy Beggar should apply to you for an Alms would you be- 


stow it? When we see Princely Estates suddenly made by 
Contractors &c when we see numberless Sine cure Offices of 
immense Annuall Value Held, when we see great & unmeritted 
Pensions with out number bestowed to the 3 d & 4 th Generation 
Can you Expect that we Can be prevailed on to Gratify y r 
Cravings or Contribute to y r Profusion. 

What must be the end of this shameless long Continued Want 
of Honour publick spirit & Patriotism. Will not y r Profligacy 
Corruption & versatility sink you into Anarchy & destruction. 
All States labouring under the same Vices Have met with the 
fate which will be y r lot: That fate is impending it Cannot 
be far off ; The Same Causes will ever produce similar Effects. 

If I have given a true Picture of y r present state & I think 
I have without hightning the Coulars or strengthning the Fea- 
tures (if y r Dayly Papers Periodicall & Occasionall Pamphlets 
deserve the least Credit) are you not A people devoted to & on 
the Brink of destruction. 

I Began to be Acquainted with the world in the year 1720 
memorable by the Ruin of not only the unthinking adventurers 
in the South Sea stock But of numberless widows Helpless 
Minors & innocent infants : A year infamous to some very great 
Personages if it be true that they Profited immensely by the 
Cheats. Soon after S r Rob* Walpole was made primier He Re- 
duced Corruption into a Regular Sistem which since His time 
to the Present Period has been improved & founded on so Broad 
& solid a Basis as to threaten the Constitution with immediate 
Ruin & allready to have left to the People little more than the 
Appearance of Liberty Could the Transactions of the Period 
I mention be exposed to Publick view would they not Excite 
Horror & detestation. If no roome is left to the Present gene- 
ration to improve in Corruption, they Have in faction Aetas 
pejor [parentum~] Avis & I may with out pretending to be a 
prophet venture to say mox datura progeniem Vitiosiorem. 

I am sensible D r S r I have said little or nothing but what 
must have occurred to you or to any Gent: of Reflection, But 
it is with the deepest Concern I have said it & with this Morti- 


fying Conviction that what I have said & all that more may be 
said on so Interesting a Subject will not be of the least avail. 
The Evill is so inveterate as not be Eradicated by Reason Ense 
reddendum est for the state of Anarchy you seem to be in 
gives me grounds to fear the Constitution Cannot be supported 
by any others means than the sword. America has little roome 
to Hope that A People so regardless of their owne Liberty 
should be Attentive to Preserve Hers nor Have I the Vanity to 
think anything I have said Can or will Have the least Effect, 
for Altho you Have the Honour to be in a Publick Station Jacta 
est Alea, Our fate will be decided at least for a time before this 
will reach you. 

In y rs of Aprill the 3 d 1766 to my son, you write as follows. 
The Foreign states that Constitute a part of the British Empire, 
that is Ireland & America Belong to the British Commonwealth, 
that is to the King Lords & Commons. 

Pray S r pardon me if I Call in Question the Propriety of 
th* Position. I Believe it would be flatly denyed by Ireland & 
that if you attempted to tax them, you would not find so duti- 
full an opposition, as has been persued by America. They 
would Hardly supplicate, you would Hear the Thunder of the 
Irish Lords & Commons. 

If you Have no more right to tax us than you Have to tax 
Ireland, why do you do it ? Is it because you think we Cannot 
resist ? That would be acting like a Bully who swaggers when 
He is sure of Comeing of with whole Bones. 

Y r sentiment is quite new to me, nor Can I Recollect that I 
have ever met with anything Similar to it in any of Our His- 
tories or other tracts which have fell into my hands Antecedent 
to the Present Controversy Between England & its Colonies. 

I never understood the Lords & Commons of England Claimed 
any Dominion Their Province I have always Conceived was 
to advise the Crowne, watch over & Guard their owne & Con- 
stituents Rights & Liberties, Grant their money, Bring Great 
Delinquents to Justice, Enact Laws &c. 

I look upon our Legislations to be every way similar to yours 
& that the only difference between them Consists in y r superior 


Power (understood as force) & opulence. We are not Certainly 
the subjects of subjects. Our Constitutionall dependence on 
the Crowne is sufficiently & Effectually secured by its Appoint- 
ment of Governors & all other Officers Civill & Military by a 
Controul on the Laws passed by our Assemblies. 

Y r mode of Expression in my poor Opinion, Could not at 
any time be made use of with Propriety But under Cromwells 
Usurpation, or in Case of a Change in the Constitution from 
A monarchicall to a Republican forme, then the Majesty of 
People the Dominion of the People might be properly Asserted. 

When I sat downe to write to you I little thought my letter 
would have run into such a length, it is not wrote with a view 
of Drawing an answer from you, it would be presuming too 
much, & Considering y r occupations the task would be un- 

If in any Part of it I have expressed myself with too much 
Acrimony Pardon it : you see an old man may be warmed by a 
love of Liberty & of His Country, th* Love I have will recom- 
mend me to y r Esteem which I sincerely Covet being very truly 

Drgr Y r Mo:obed t :& 

Mo: Hum: Serv* 
C: C: 


In the year 1785, Col. John Eager Howard and George Lux 
presented to the Commissioners of Baltimore-Town a lot of 
ground on the west side of the town " to be used as a place of 
common interment for strangers, poor people and negroes, 
who shall die in the said town." The conveyance was author- 
ized by Chapter 37 of the Acts of Assembly of 1785, passed 
March 2, 1786; but no record of this transfer has been found. 



The following notices and advertisements from The Baltimore 
Daily Repository will doubtless seem surprising to many, but 
they show clearly the need of this " charitable " enterprise. 

To the Inhabitants of Baltimore-Town and Fells Point. 

Whereas it has hitherto been a practice amongst the poorer 
class of people, and people of color, to BURY their deceased 
relations and Acquaintances, in several of the different Streets 
and Allies of this town — the Special Commissioners of the town 
aforesaid, having reflected on the circumstance, consider it a 
practice indecent and highly injurious to the said streets and 
allies so interred on, and believe it necessary to give this public 
notice, requesting the Inhabitants of said Town and Point to 
prevent, as much as possible, the like custom in future, as it is 
evident that most, or all the corpse [s], so interred, must be 
removed when the said streets and allies come to be regulated. 

John Mickle, 

James Wignal, 

John Hillen, Special Oommis- 

John Brown, sioners. 

Jos. Townsend, 

Joseph Biass, 

John Coulter. 

Baltimore, December 20, 1792. 

Mr. Graham, 

Having observed, in the Baltimore Daily Repository, the pub- 
lication of the Special Commissioners, respecting the long fre- 
quented practice of interring corps in a number of streets and 
allies of Baltimoretown, and the necessity they are under of 
endeavoring to prevent the like custom in future, I am induced 
to make the following remarks: 

It appears that the Town of Baltimore contains by compu- 
tation, near 20,000 inhabitants, numbers of whom are members 
of no religious domination, and but in low circumstances, which 


prevent their deceased being admitted in the burying grounds 
of the several different religious societies; and as they are re- 
fused the privilege of interring on private property, are obliged 
to have recourse to the public highways, for that purpose. 

It is cause of public admiration, that so populous a place as 
Baltimore, and the well-known generous and humane dispo- 
sition of a large number of its inhabitants, should not be pro- 
vided with what is termed a Pottersfield; but as that is not 
known to be the case, would it not be expedient for the subject 
to come under early consideration of the several different socie- 
ties to make that necessary provision, as would effectually rem- 
edy the inconvenience complained of by the Special Commis- 
sioners ? 

A Friend to Decency and Humanity. 

December 25, 1792. 

Baltimore, January 15, 1793. 

The Inhabitants of Bai,timoee-To<wn and Feli/s Point, who 
wish to promote a POTTER'S FIELD, for the use of said 
Town and Point, are requested to meet at Mr. Starck's Tavern, 
TOMORROW EVENING at Six o'clock, in order to adopt 
such measures as will effect so charitable a purpose. 

It is expected that a number of each religious denomination 
will be careful to attend. 

[January 17] At a Meeting of sundry Inhabitants, at Mr. 
John Starck's, in Consequence of Notice given in the News- 
papers, for the Purpose of providing a Piece of Ground for a 
Potter's Field — the following Persons were appointed a Com- 
mittee, to receive Proposals from any Persons willing to dis- 
pose of a Piece of Ground suitable for the Purpose, viz., George 
Presstman, Joseph Townsend, Thomas Dickson, Thomas John- 
son, Isaac Griest, George Grundy, and John Hillen; — and also, 
to lay such Proposals before the next Meeting, which is to be 
held at Mr. Starck's, on FRIDAY EVENING, the 25th In- 


stant, at 6 o'clock — when every Citizen disposed to promote so 
laudable an Undertaking, is earnestly requested to attend. 

January 25. At a Meeting of sundry Inhabitants of Balti- 
more-Town and Fell's Point last Evening, at Mr. Starck's Tav- 
ern, in Consequence of the Request of the Committee appointed 
to receive Proposals for the Purchase of a Potter s Field — 
having received the report of said Committee, and agreed to a 
Purchase of a Piece of Ground for that Purpose, lying on the 
north Side of Hampstead-Hill, on Market-street, leading from 
Fell's Point, do now recommend to every Citizen to be liberal 
in their Contributions on this Occasion; and to pay the Same 
into the Hands of the following Gentlemen, who are appointed 
to receive them, and procure Materials to enclose the Ground 
with a suitable Post and Rail Fence, viz. 

James Edwards, ] -^ -n m -r» •• ■* 
_, . \ For Fell's Point. 

Isaac Griest, J 

William Trimble, ) 
John Brown, Potter, ) 


William Wilson, "1 ^ D ., , , , 

T _ _.__ From South-street to 

John Hillen, y ni , 

~ r% i Charles-street. 

George Grundy, J 

For Old-Town. 

Jacob Myers, \ West of Jones' Falls to 

Joseph Townsend, j South-street. 

George Presstman, 
John Mickle, 
James Carey, 
Elisha Tyson. 

West of Charles-street. 

April 15, 1793. The Inhabitants of Baltimore-Town and Fell's 
Point, are now respectfully, informed, that, through the liberal 
contributions of a number of them, a suitable piece of ground, 
lying on the north side of Hampstead-hill, has been purchased, 
for the purpose of a Potters-field, which is now in readiness for 


the reception of such, objects, as come under the notice of the 
said institution. — Application for admittance, to be made to 
Isaac Gkiest, Esq. and Doctor John Coulter, of Fell's Point 
and Joseph Townsend, for Baltimore-Town, who are appointed 
to superintend the same. 

There appearing a necessity for another purchase to be made, 
for the aforesaid purpose, to accommodate the inhabitants of 
the west end of the town, as well as to inclose both lots with a 
suitable fence, it is earnestly requested, that such citizens who 
have not yet contributed towards this charitable purpose, would 
pay their subscriptions into the hands of the collectors, hereto- 
fore appointed to receive them. 


March 12th, 1917. — The regular monthly meeting of the 
Society was called to order at 8.30 p. m., with President War- 
field in the chair. 

The following persons were elected to active membership : 

Mrs. Charles Marshall Mr. Charles C. Caldwell 

Miss Amelia Muller Mrs. Letitia Pennell Wilson 

To Associate membership : Mr. G. C. Davies 

Under the head of necrology, the Eecording Secretary re- 
ported that on February 13th, 19 IT, Mr. Peter Lesley Hopper 
of Havre de Grace, Maryland, died. Mr. Hopper was elected 
March 16th, 1892. On February 15th, 1917, Mr. Edward F. 
Arthurs of Baltimore, died. Mr. Arthurs was elected March 
18th, 1899. 

An interesting feature of the evening was the presentation 
by the Daughters of the American Revolution, through Rev. 
Dr. Henry Branch, of a copy of the Early Settlers of Mary- 
land, which had been prepared at great expense by the Daughters 


of the American Bevolution for presentation to the Maryland 
Historical Society. 

Dr. Branch referred to the splendid work which the Daugh- 
ters of the American Eevolution and the Maryland Historical 
Society are doing in collecting and preserving the records of 
Maryland and in inculcating a spirit of respect and affection 
for the history of our state. Governor Warfield on behalf of 
the Society accepted the gift from the Daughters of the Ameri- 
can Revolution, and spoke in glowing terms of the valuable 
work done by the Daughters of the American Revolution, " the 
greatest/' he said, " of our patriotic societies." 

Mrs. Sipple in response ventured the statement that if the 
use of the book will give the Society as much pleasure as the 
presentation of it has given the Daughters of the American 
Revolution, the latter would be amply repaid. 

Mr. Spencer called attention to important gifts to the Society 
during the past month, and especially to the muster roll of the 
Revolutionary War, presented by Messrs. L. C. and S". Lee 
Goldsborough. This muster roll and various other rolls in the 
possession of the Society were referred to the Publication Com- 
mittee for their consideration. 

Dr. Henry Barton Jacobs presented a letter from J. Mason 
Campbell, written in January, 1860, and dealing with the 
political situation of the times. 

The paper of the evening was then presented by M. G. C. 
Da vies, entitled, " Robert Smith and the Navy." The work of 
Robert Smith as Secretary of the Navy under Jefferson in the 
upbuilding of the American Navy and especially in reference 
to the effective means taken in dealing with the Barbary States, 
was related in a graphic and interesting way by Mr. Davies. 
In doing so he stated that Robert Smith had practically founded 
the American Navy, and that he considered the achievement 
all the more wonderful in view of the powerful opposition of 
Gallatin, Secretary of the Treasury, and in spite of Jefferson's 
desires for economy. His description of the brilliant achieve- 


ments of Decatur, Trippe and other American officers, were 
interesting in an unusual degree. General Trippe, on behalf 
of the Society, offered a vote of thanks to Mr. Davies. This 
was passed unanimously. 

At ten o'clock the meeting adjourned. 

April 9 th, 1917. — The regular monthly meeting of the So- 
ciety was called to order at 8.30 p. m., with President Warfield 
in the chair. 

A most interesting feature of the meeting was the presenta- 
tion by the Colonel Nicholas Ruxton Moore Society, Children 
of the American Revolution, through their President, Mrs. N. 
L. Dashiell, of a very large United States Flag. The flag was 
unfurled by Master Lindsay Taliaferro, assisted by the fol- 
lowing : 

Miss Elinor A. Taylor Miss Alice Taliaferro 

Miss Virginia Turner Miss Isabella Staub 

Miss Eleanor M. Dashiell Master Lindsay Taliaferro 

Miss Mary Leeke Dashiell Master John Staub 
Miss Margaret Luckett 

Mrs. Dashiell spoke as follows : 

"It is my pleasure, and on behalf of the Colonel Nicholas 
Ruxton Moore Society, Children of the American Revolution, 
I present to the Maryland Historical Society, this United 
States Flag — Long May it Wave — o'er the land of the free and 
the home of the brave." 

After the singing of the Star-Spangled Banner, President War- 
field accepted the flag in the name of the Society, dwelling upon 
the very great pleasure which this gift afforded to the Society. 
The following motion was offered by Mr. Richard H. Spencer, 
which was passed by a standing vote: 

" That a vote of thanks be given to the Colonel Nicho- 
las Ruxton Moore Society, Children of the American 


Revolution for the beautiful United States Flag pre- 
sented to the Society this evening." 

An interesting addition to the cabinet was a portrait of Rev. 
Dr. George W. Burnap, which was presented through Judge 

The following were elected to active membership : 

Mr. Arthur W. Machen, Jr. 

Mr. R. C. Ballard Thruston 

Mr. F. H. Gardner 

Mrs. Mary Fernandez de Velasco Stump 

Under the head of necrology, Recording Secretary RadcliiTe 
announced that on March 25th, 1917, Colonel Charles Chaille 
Long died. He had been elected a corresponding member in 


On March 16th, 1917, Dr. Clothworthy Birnie died. He 
was elected an active member on November 14th, 1892. 

The Society then had the pleasure of listening to a very in- 
teresting paper by Mr. Daniel R. Randall, entitled " Old Mary- 
land Clubs." Mr. Randall gave a most interesting description 
of some of the old clubs in and about Annapolis and especially 
the South River Club, the oldest club in the county, the Tuesday 
and the Forensic Clubs. 

May 14dJv, 1917. — The regular monthly meeting of the So- 
ciety was called to order at 8.45 p. m., with President Warfield 
in the chair. 

Mr. Richard M. Duvall acted as Secretary of the meeting in 
the absence of Mr. George L. Radcliffe. 

Among the donations to the library was a framed colored 
print entitled " The Stars and Stripes " giving the history of 
the United States flag, presented by President Warfield; Mr. 
Win. Beers of the Howard Memorial Library, New Orleans, 


presented several pieces of sheet music, some of which were 
published in Baltimore ; Hon. W. Hall Harris presented a vol- 
ume of the " Baltimore Daily Eepository," 1792-3. 

The Peabody Institute deposited some letters and newspaper 
accounts of the annual dinners of the Maryland Historical So- 
ciety for the years 1850, 1851, 1852, and 1853. 

The following persons were elected to active membership. 

Miss Inez H. Osborne Miss Varina J. Corbaley 

Mr. James Carey, Jr. Miss Mary Gilson Koontz 

Mr. Edward A. Cockey Miss Margaret A. Steele 

Dr. Steiner reported the deposit of the Laws of Maryland, 
under the Act of General Assembly of 1885 as follows: 

4—1711-1723 Laws 

5—1724-1731 Laws 

—1731-1752 Laws 

1—1753-1768 Laws 

1769-1774) Laws 

1777-1778) Laws 

Dr. Steiner explained that these laws were looked upon as 
lost, and for that reason they do not appear in the published 
archives ; but those that were omitted would appear in Volume 

Mr. Dielman, Chairman of the Library Committee, stated 
that some of the Committee visited the Pratt House and made 
an inspection of the premises. Ample provision is made in the 
new building for all of the service requirements of the Society, 
except that of the general meeting room, and that the Com- 
mittee was unable to suggest any use for the rooms, other than 
as Chapter Eooms for the various patriotic and genealogical 
societies; and possibly for committee rooms for our standing 
committees and for a book bindery. One room on the main 
floor might be set aside as the office of the Secretary of the 

Liber L 


Liber L 


Liber BL. C. 

Liber H. S. 


(Liber E. G. 


(Liber G. E. 



The President was, on motion duly made and seconded, au- 
thorized to appoint a committee of six, with himself as a mem- 
ber ex-officio, with full power to consult with the architects on 
finishing some of the rooms in the Pratt building, and to make 
arrangements for moving the library and gallery of the Society 
to the new building. 

The President named as the Committee the following : 
Henry Stockbridge, J. Appleton Wilson, L. OS. Dielman, 
Kuxton M. Eidgely, Bernard C. Steiner. 

The Society then had the pleasure of listening to a very in- 
teresting paper by Dr. B. C. Steiner entitled " Unpublished 
Maryland History from Fulham Palace," published in this 
issue of the Maryland Historical Magazine, 


Matthew Page Andrews, A. M., a member of the Society, 
has recently written a text book for schools, entitled " United 
States History for Young Americans," which is attractively 
published by Lippincott in a duodecimo volume (pp. 368 +48). 
It carries the history down to the beginning of 1916 and is 
well illustrated. 

Marylanders have sufficient interest in the descendants of 
Sir Eobert Eden, last Governor of the Province and first Baron- 
et of Maryland, to make a statement of the recent bereavements 
of that family fitting for the pages of this Magazine. Sir 
William Eden, Seventh Baronet of West Auchland and fifth 
Baronet of Maryland, died in the early part of 1915. His 
eldest son and heir, John Eden, predeceased him, being killed 
in 1914, while serving as Lieutenant of Lancers, " Somewhere 
in France." The second son, who succeeded to the baronetcies, 

NOTES. 197 

Sir Timothy Calvert Eden, was in Germany at the beginning 
►f the Great War and was held in a detention camp for many 
nonths, being finally released with impaired health. The third 
on, Eobert Anthony Eden, the heir presumptive to the baron- 
itcies is a Lieutenant in the King's Royal Rifle Corps and the 
ourth and youngest son, William Nicholas Eden, was slain 
vhile serving at the age of sixteen as a Midshipman in the 
ioyal Navy, in the battle of Horn Reef or Jutland Bank in 

The Catholic Historical Review, Vol. 3, p. 72, contains an 
nteresting item by Rev. J. Hungerford Pollen, S. J., " Balti- 
more House near Tisbury, Wiltshire, England." The article 
s accompanied by a half-tone illustration of the house, and 
, ground plan of the building, together with a description of 
he house and details of changes made from the original plan. 

The so-called " Early Settlers " list, being a record of the 
Lames of certain settlers in the Province of Maryland prior to 
.680, is an alphabetically arranged list of names, comprised 
rithin two large manuscript volumes, preserved in the Land 
Commissioner's office at Annapolis. 

This list was compiled by one of the clerks of the Land office 
, few years ago from certain original records and from other 
ecords which are regarded as copies of the original. How- 
ver, the list is by no means, complete. 

The two volumes of " Early Settlers " on file in the Land 
Commissioner's office are indices to Libers AB - H, Q and 4 
o 20 inclusive. Volumes 1, 2 and 3 are not included in this 
ist, because these volumes were not accessible to the clerk at 
he time of his compilation. Besides these, there are to be 
r ound still other names of settlers in the Provincial Court Pro- 
ceedings prior to 1680, and in the Testamentary Proceedings 
)rior to 1680, as well as in the Early Rent Roll for St. Mary's, 


Calvert, Charles and Isle of Kent counties. It is hoped that 
these additional names may be added in the near future. 

Francis B. Culver. 

It will interest the numerous descendants of the Hammond 
and Howard families of Anne Arundel County, Maryland, to 
learn that the armorial seals, used by those families in early 
colonial times are still preserved, and the writer has made 
copies of them from the records. The authenticity of the arms 
being thus established, it will be possible, through further re- 
search, to settle the mooted question as to the origin of these 
two celebrated Maryland families. 

Francis B. Culver. 

The Revolutionary number of the National Genealogical 
Society Quarterly (Vol. 6, !No. 1), issued April, 1917, is very 
largely devoted to the publication of Maryland items, notably 
to lists of those who subscribed to the oaths of Fidelity and Sup- 
port. In an editorial note it is alleged that the oath was " volun- 
tarily taken by the Free Male Taxibles." While we have no 
desire to question the patriotism of any of those who did sub- 
scribe to the oath, it is obvious that such subscription was com- 
pulsory and not voluntary ; and the minutes of the various Com- 
mittees of Observation and Safety are full of instances of the 
disagreeable consequences to those who declined to subscribe to 
the oath. Conversely, it is not safe to assume that all of the 
" suspects " on so-called Tory lists were really Tories ; for it 
transpired in many instances that persons charged with dis- 
loyalty to the state, had already signed the test in a hundred or 
county, about which the border lines were hazy. 

The Quarterly contains also interesting transcripts of Bible 
records, diaries and tombstone inscriptions, that should prove 
of value to genealogists and historians. 

NOTES. 199 

The Editor of this Magazine desires to secure brief biographi- 
cal sketches of all Marylanders of prominence and especially of 
former members of this Society. For many years past it has 
been customary to supply each new member of the Society with 
a blank form on which to record such biographical or genealogi- 
cal data as he may care to give for future reference. Less than 
five per cent, of these blanks have been returned to the Society ! 

It is very difficult to secure reliable information concerning 
those who have passed away, even within the last twenty-five 
years, and many professional people of very considerable prom- 
inence have passed away leaving little printed information as to 
their lives and work. 

Many of the so-called biographical dictionaries are practically 
valueless as they contain an undue proportion of sketches, 
adorned with portraits, of persons who were assured by the 
polite solicitor that the work would be incomplete without them 
(and their subscriptions), while the really prominent people of 
the period are conspicuous by their absence. 

Full names, and dates of birth and death are particularly 
desired, together with record of public services and private 
work or any other items of real interest and value concerning 
deceased natives and citizens of Maryland. 

Many of our members doubtless have preserved such data 
relating to friends or relatives and copies of any such material 
will be gratefully received by the Editor, who has already col- 
lected at the expense of great labor, a few thousand of such 
sketches, in the attempt to preserve from oblivion the memory 
of useful citizens who have done their part in the upbuilding of 
the City and State. 

The September number of the Magazine will contain a list 
of those Marylanders who have been especially honored by the 
State or Nation. 

Vol. XII SEPTEMBER, 1917 No. 3 











Published by aoxtbority of tbe State 


This volume is now ready for distribution and is a continuation 
of the Proceedings of the General Assembly. It includes the Journals 
and Acts of the sessions held from May, 1730 to August, 1732, and 
is edited by Bernard C. Steiner, Ph. D. The recent recovery of the 
manuscript volumes of Laws from 1711 to 1776, enables the editor 
to print, for the first time, the private laws passed at these sessions. 
The printed Session Laws included only the public laws. A few 
miscellaneous documents relating to the period covered by the vol- 
ume are printed as an appendix. The two indices formerly compiled 
have been replaced by a consolidated one, which makes search for 
any subject easier. The early part of this volume covers the latter 
part of the gubernatorial administration of that pathetic scholar, 
Benedict Leonard Calvert, brother of Charles, fifth Lord Baltimore; 
and the latter portion of the book treats of the beginning of the 
long governorship of Samuel Ogle. The tobacco industry was in a 
languishing condition and considerable attention was given it, in 
the hope of securing better prices for Maryland tobacco. The long- 
drawn-out discussion over the proper form of the oath to be taken 
by judges finally resulted in a compromise between Proprietary and 
Provincials as to such wording. The condition and treatment of 
insolvent debtors continued to be a blot upon the record of the 
Province and a considerable number of private acts were passed for 
the relief of some of these unfortunate men. An assize bill, regu- 
lating proceedings of the County Courts, was passed. A long-stand- 
ing attempt to authorize the issue of bills of credit finally succeeded 
and the paper money was guarded by such a sinking fund as to be 
fully redeemed when it was due. Manufactures of iron and linen 
were encouraged. An unsuccessful effort was made to have the 
militia receive more efficient training. Several towns, among them 
Salisbury, were incorporated, and the Church for St. Paul's Parish 
in Baltimore County was removed from Colgate's Creek to Baltimore 
Town. Defects in the title of certain tracts of land were cured and 
the " preservation of the breed of wild deer " received attention from 
the legislators. Especial features of interest are the Journal of the 
Committee of Accounts for 1730, showing the details of the Provin- 
cial expenses, and the yea and nay votes recorded in the Proceedings 
of the Session of 1732, from which we learn how the members of the 
Lower House voted in any division upon questions coming before 
them for determination. 

The attention of members of the Society who do not now receive the 
Archives is called to the liberal provision made by the Legislature, 
which permits the Society to furnish to its own members copies of 
the volumes, as they are published from year to year, at the mere 
cost of paper, press work and binding. This cost is at present fixed 
at one dollar, at which price members of the Society may obtain one 
copy of each volume published during the period of their membership. 
For additional copies, and for volumes published before they became 
members, the regular price of three dollars is charged. 









Corresponding Secretary, 


Recording Secretary, 





The Geneeai, Officers 










ISAAC F. NICHOLSON, .... Gift, . \ 





Gift of the H. Irvine Keyser Memorial Building 



" I give and bequeath to The Maryland Historical Society the 
sum of dollars" 


Men of Maryland Specially Honored by the State or the 

United States, - - - - 201 

" Two Indian Arrows of Those Parts." Lawrence C. Wroth, - 253 

Proceedings of the Committee of Observation for Elizabeth 

Town District. From mss. in Possession of the Society, - 261 

Extracts from the Carroll Papers. From mss. in Possession of 

the Society, 276 

Committee on Publications 

SAMUEL K. DENNIS, Chairman. 



Vol. XII. SEPTEMBER, 1917. No. 3. 


Aechee, James J., -1864. 

Captain of Infantry, Feb. 23, 1847; voltigeurs, April 9, 
1847; brevet Major, Sept. 13, 1847, for gallant and meritorious 
conduct in the battle of Cbapultepec, Mexico ; honorably mus- 
tered out, Aug. 31, 1848 ; captain 9th infantry, March 3, 1855 ; 
resigned May 14, 1861 ; brigadier-general C. S. A. 1861 ; died 
Oct. 24, 1864. 

" The thanks of the Legislature for gallant conduct in our 
recent brilliant and successful struggle with Mexico." [Res. 
18, Acts of 1849.] 

Aechee > Robeet Haeeis, -1878. 

Second lieutenant of infantry, March 4, 1847; voltigeurs, 
April 9, 1847 ; honorably mustered out, Aug. 31, 1848 ; Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel 55th Va. inf. C. S. A. 1861-1865; died March 
10, 1878. 

" The thanks of the General Assembly of Maryland for in- 
trepid and gallant conduct in all the battles of the Valley of 
Mexico." [Res. 79, Acts of 1849.] 

* Compiled by Col. Charles Chaille-Long, and largely supplemented by 
the Editor. 


202 maryland historical magazine. 

Bowie, Oden. 1826-1894. 

Born, Prince George's co. Md., Nov. 10, 1826 ; second lieu- 
tenant in Maryland and D. C. battalion of infantry; commis- 
sioned captain of voltigeurs ; member House of Delegates, 1849 ; 
Governor of Maryland, 1869-1872; died, December 4, 1894. 

^ " The thanks of his native State for distinguished gallantry 
displayed during the three days' siege of Monterey." [Bes. 43, 
Acts of 1847.] 

Bowie, Robert, 1749-1818. 

Born in Prince George's county in 1749; Captain 2d bat- 
talion of Maryland flying artillery, 1776 ;, wounded at battle of 
White Plains; Member of Legislature, 1785-6, 1788-90 and 
1801-03; Governor of Maryland, 1803-1806; and again in 
1811-13 ; died, January 8, 1818. 

The Legislature of 1906, by Chapter 504 of the Acts of that 
session, appropriated six hundred dollars for a portrait of Gov- 
ernor Bowie, to be placed in the State House. 

Buchanan,, Franklin, c. 1800-1874. 

Born Baltimore, Md., Sept. 17, 1800 ; appointed Midship- 
man, U. S. E"., Jan. 28, 1815 ; Lieut. Jan. 13, 1825 ; master- 
commandant, Sept. 8, 1841 ; first Superintendent of the Naval 
Academy, 1845-7 ; Captain, Sept. 14, 1855 ; resigned April 19, 
1861, but finding that Maryland did not secede, he petitioned 
to be re-instated ; was refused ; entered the Confederate service 
and superintended the fitting out of the "Merrimack," which he 
commanded in the attack on the U. S. fleet in Hampton Roads, 
and was so severely wounded as to be obliged to relinquish his 
command; he was in command when Gen. Wool occupied Nor- 
folk, and blew up his ship to save her from capture; made a 
rear-admiral; commanded the iron-clad "Tennessee" in Mobile 
Bay, Aug., 1864, where he was defeated by Admiral Farragut, 
and taken prisoner ; President Maryland Agricultural College ; 
died, Talbot county, May 11, 1874. 

" Whereas responsive to an order of the Senate, of the seventh 
day of January, eighteen hundred and fifty, calling for copies 


of letters on the file in the Navy Department, at Washington, 
relative to the gallant and meritorious conduct of Commander 
Franklin Buchanan, and Surgeon Mnian Pinckney, of the 
United States Navy, in the late Mexican war." 

" And whereas the General Assembly of Maryland are satis- 
fied, from these testimonials, and other high sources of infor- 
mation, of the gallant and meritorious conduct of those officers 
in their official position — Therefore, 

"Resolved unanimously by the General Assembly of Mary- 
land, That the State of Maryland entertains a just appreciation 
of the gallant and meritorious conduct of the above named offi- 
cers, in the late Mexican war, and that the thanks of the State 
of Maryland be and they are hereby tendered to them for said 

" Resolved that the Governor be respectfully requested to for- 
ward copies of these resolutions to each of the above named 
officers." [Ees. 95, Acts of 1849.] 

Buchanan, Robert Christie, -1878. 

Cadet, U. S. Military Academy, July 1, 1826 ; brevet lieu- 
tenant and second lieutenant, July, 1830 ; Major, Feb. 3, 1855 ; 
Lieutenant-Colonel, Sept. 9, 1861; Brigadier-General of volun- 
teers, 'Nov. 29, 1862; retired Dec. 31, 1870. Brevet Major 
May 9, 1846 for gallant and distinguished services in the bat- 
tles of Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma, Texas ; Lieutenant- 
Colonel Sept. 8, 1847 for gallant and meritorious conduct at 
the battle of Molino del Bey, Mexico; Colonel, June 27, 1862, 
for gallant and meritorious services at the battle of Gaines Mill, 
Ya. ; Brigadier-General March 13, 1865,. for gallant and meri- 
torious services at the Battle of Malvern Hill, and Major- 
General for gallant and distinguished services at the battle of 
Manassas and Fredericksburg, Va. ; died Nov. 29, 1878. 

" The thanks of the Legislature are due to Lieut. Robert C. 
Buchanan, a native of this State, for his services in the Black 
Hawk and Florida wars." [Res. 21, Acts of 1853.] 

Bush, William S., -1812. 

Second Lieutenant, TJ. S. M. C, 3 July, 1809 ; First Lieu- 
tenant, 4 March, 1811 ; killed in action, 19 August, 1812. 


" Whereas , It is not only a generous and noble, but also a wise 
policy in us, as a free and republican government, to distinguish 
with our highest approbation, expressed in the most pointed and 
emphatic manner, such of our citizens as evince by their actions 
a particular devotion to the common weal, so that all may be 
stimulated to virtuous actions, conscious that if it is deserved 
they will experience the gratitude of their country; and thus 
an holy emulation will be excited amongst us, in performing 
such deeds both in war and in peace, as will tend to preserve 
the liberties we now enjoy, and perpetuate the blessings derived 
from our independence;, and whereas, also, if any of our citi- 
zens fall in battle, lighting in the cause of his country, leaving 
behind a name endeared to us by the recollection of his virtues, 
his bravery, and his devotion to the liberties of the republic, 
it behooves us in the spirit of the same policy, to shew, in the 
most public and pointed manner, our respect for that citizen, 
our regret for his loss and our gratitude for his services ;. and 
whereas, William S. Bush, late a citizen of this state, and a 
Lieutenant in the marine corps of the United States, in the late 
action between The Constitution, one of our frigates, and 
The Guerriere, an enemy, and English frigate, fell fighting in 
the most gallant and heroic manner, the battles of his country, 
and in her cause, 

" Therefore, 'Resolved, That to shew the respect to his mem- 
ory which we feel, and which it deserves ; and to evince the high 
regard which this Legislature entertains for bravery and patriot- 
ism, such as he displayed ; its gratitude for his services and re- 
gret for his loss, the governor and council of this state be, and 
they are hereby directed, to purchase an appropriate golden, 
medal, which they shall present, in the name of this state to the 
nearest surviving male relation of the said Lieutenant William 
S. Bush. 

" Resolved also, That the Treasurer of the Western shore pay 
out of any unappropriated money in the Treasury, a sum not 
exceeding two hundred and fifty dollars to the order of the 
Governor and Council, so that the object of these resolutions 
may be carried into effect." [Kesolution No. 8, Nov. Sess., 

" . . . . and the President is also requested to present a sil- 
ver medal, with like emblems and devices, to the nearest male 
relative of Lieutenant Bush, and one to the nearest male relative 
of Lieutenant Funk, in testimony of the gallantry and merit 


of those deceased officers, in whom their country has sustained 
a loss much to be regretted." [Resolution of Congress, Ap- 
proved January 29, 1813.] 

This medal was similar to the Hull medal, Loubat, "No. 25, 
pi. XXVI. 

Carroll, Charles of Carrollton, 1737-1832. 

" The Genera] Assembly of Maryland, apprized of the death 
of the venerated Charles Carroll of Carrollton, would at the 
close of a career of such distinguished patriotism and private 
worth, solemnly record their sentiment of his impressive merits, 
and offer every tribute of reverence for those excellencies which 
have proved themselves to Maryland, in permanent benefits; 
strengthened the Councils of the Fathers of our Freedom, and 
mingled in the lustre of our revolutionary renown : Be it there- 

" Resolved by the General Assembly of Maryland, That we 
cherish for the memory of Charles Carroll, of Carrollton, the 
deepest respect ; indulging with pride the reflection that Mary- 
land, to whose dignity and advantage were devoted his zealous 
and accomplished mind, and the energy and weight of his pure 
character, was the land of his birth and the home of his long 
and interesting life. 

" Resolved, That the resolute patriotism of Charles Carroll, 
when at the hazard of his brilliant private interests he dedicated 
himself to the cause of American Independence, consecrates his 
life among the memorials of civil heroism, to adorn and enforce 
the history of human liberty ; — that this patriotic sacrifice, and 
the continued and cogent efforts of his mind, and all his earnest 
labours in advancing the consummation of our Independence, 
in awakening the people of Maryland to the sense of their rights, 
and their power, and in sustaining their ardour in their vindi- 
cation through the crisis of our revolution, command our ad- 
miration and our gratitude. 

" Resolved, That permanently to indicate to posterity a noble 
model of public spirit, and to keep alive to future ages of the 
Republic, the image of a useful life and a glorious example; 
the Governor be and he is hereby requested to procure to be 
painted a full length likeness of the departed Charles Carroll 
of Carrollton, to be placed in the Senate Chamber ; the scene of 
his legislative labours ; the theatre of that body, whose peculiar 


Constitution lie framed, and the site of the sublime surrender 
of military authority, by the Father of our Country, with whose 
honours the deserts of Carroll are entwined. 

" Resolved, That in testimony of the respect we have ex- 
pressed for the deceased; the members of the Assembly wear 
badges of mourning for the remainder of this session ; and that 
the Council and Senate Chambers, and Hall of the House of 
Delegates, be hung with mourning for the same period. 

" Resolved, That the Governor be, and he is hereby requested 
to transmit to the family of the deceased, copies of these reso- 
lutions." [Eesolution No. 90, Acts of 1832.] 

Chaille-Long, Charles. 

Charles Chaille-Long, soldier, lawyer, explorer, diplomat and 
author, born, Princess Anne, Somerset County, Maryland, July 
2, 1842, son of Littleton Long of Chaille and Anne Mitchell 
Costen, educated, Washington Academy, Maryland, 1860, Col- 
lumbia law school, New York, LL. B., 1880, State guards 1861. 
1st E. S. Maryland infantry regiment, U. S. V., October 2, 
1862, served in all non-commissioned grades, promoted from 
first sergeant to captain of company G, 11th Maryland veteran 
infantry, U. S. V., 1864, participated in the campaigns of the 
two regiments, with 12th corps at Gettysburg, and Harper's 
Ferry, with General Ord in the defence of Washington, with 
General Schoepf, at Fort Delaware. Mustered out of service 
with regiment conclusion of war, June 15, 1865. 

Lieutenant-colonel Egyptian army, December, 1869 ; Chief 
of Staff of General in Chief, Egyptian army; Professor of 
French military school Abbassieh; reconnoissance and con- 
struction of works at Tel-el-Kebir for defence of Cairo, 1870; 
Chief of Staff 1st division infantry at Alexandria, 1871-72; 
Chief of the 1st, 2d, and 3d sections of the General Staff, Cairo, 

Chief of Staff to General Charles G.Gprdon, Governor-General 
of the Equatorial Provinces of Egypt, 1874-77 ; Mission to M'tesa, 
King of Uganda, April, 1874; executed treaty annexing Ugan- 
da to Egypt, July 19, 1874; navigated unknown Nile, discov- 
ered Lake Ibrahim, thus completing Speke's discovery and 



solving finally the problem of the Nile sources ; wounded, fight 
M'ruli, August 17, 1874; cited in general orders to army, No- 
vember 16, 1874 (" brilliant fait d'armes and success of mis- 
sion "), promoted colonel and bey in regular army and decorated 
cross commander of Medjidieh. Campaigns, frontiers of 
Egypt extended south to the equator; conquest and occupation 
of the Niam-Niam country west ; expedition and occupation of 
the Juba and Kismayu in the Indian Ocean east. Retired on 
account of disease contracted in service; returned to United 
States, August 31, 1877. Inscribed Columbia law school, 1878, 
graduated LL. B., class '80, admitted to practice courts of New 
York. United States Consul General and Secretary of Lega- 
tion to Corea, 1887-89; explored Quelpaert island, 1888. 

Author, " Central Africa Naked Truths of Naked People/' 
London and New York, 1876; UAfrique Centrale, Paris, 
1877; "The Three Prophets," New York, 1884; Les Sources 
du Nil, Rouen, 1891 ; L'Egypte et ses Provinces Per dues, Paris, 
1892 ; La Coree ou Chosen La Terre du Calme Matinal, Paris, 
1894; Les Combatants Frangais de la Guerre Americaine, 1778- 
83, French and English text with index Senate Document 77, 
Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C, 1905 ; " My 
Life in Two Continents," London, 1912. 

Distinctions: Cross of Chevalier of the Legion d'Honneur, 
" exceptional services to France " ; Commandeur Cross Med- 
jidieh and Cross Osmanieh, " exceptional services to Egypt " ; 
letters of thanks from the State Department in 1882 and in 
1888, " exceptional services to the United States in Egypt and 
in Corea" ; Honorary member, Societes de Geographie du 
Caire; Normande de Geographie de Rouen, de VInstitut Egyp- 
tien; corresponding member, Societes de Geographie de Paris, 
Bordeaux, Africana d' Italia, New York, Maryland Historical 
Society, etc. February 15, 1910, awarded gold medal, Ameri- 
can Geographical Society of New York for the final solution 
of the Nile Source problem. Died, March 24, 1917. 

The General Assembly of Maryland, January Session, 1904 
(Laws of Maryland, 1904, chap. 3, page 1270), passed unani- 
mously the following resolution: 


" Resolved, By the General Assembly of Maryland that 
thanks of the Assembly are hereby tendered to Colonel Cha 
Chaille-Long, native of Maryland, for his services to science 
the prominent part taken in the final solution of the prob. 
of the Nile sources; for his gallant conduct when attacked 
savage tribes in Africa and particularly in the affair " M'ru 
in which he was wounded ;, all of which achievements were re< 
nized by promotion, decoration and a general order by the Eg 
tian Government published to the army. Also for his coun 
devotion and abnegation in accepting the unremunerative cha 
of the United States Consulate in Alexandria, Egypt, in 15 
when abandoned by its titular agents in a moment of peril ; 
his splendid services rendered in the interest of humanity w' 
Alexandria was bombarded and burned and when hundreds vv 
saved from massacre, including the Khedive's family and co- 
and when the consulate archives and city of Alexandria vv 
saved from entire destruction. Be it further, 

" Resolved, That in testimony of his distinguished serv 
in Africa and at Alexandria, the Governor is hereby authori 
and required to have made a gold medal of the size of one sil 
half-dollar with appropriate device and motto, also a copy 
these resolutions properly inscribed, and cause the same to 
presented to Colonel Charles Chaille-Long in testimony of 
high sense of his services entertained by the General Assem 
of the State of Maryland." 

Chase, Samuel, 1741-1811. 

Born in Somerset county, April 17, 1741 ; studied law j 
practiced in Annapolis; member of the General Asseml 
1764-1784; sat in the Continental Congress, 1774, and was 
elected in 1776 ; sent on a special mission to Canada in 17 
to induce the Canadians to join in the revolution against Gi 
Britain; signer of the Declaration of Independence; went 
England in 1783 as agent for the state of Maryland, to reco 
the stock in the Bank of England which the state had purcha 
when a British colony ; removed to Baltimore in 1786 ; ju 
of Baltimore criminal court in 1788 ; appointed Judge of 
General Court in 1791 and in 1796 appointed by Washing 
an associate Justice of the Supreme Court ; impeached in li 
on charges of malfeasance in office &ve years previous, tried 


the Senate in 1805, and acquitted of all charges March 5, 1805 ; 
resumed his seat upon the bench, and retained it until his 
death in Washington, D. C, June 19, 1811. 

" The General Assembly of Maryland, deeply impressed with 
a sense of gratitude for the distinguished patriotism, the pri- 
vate virtues, and the personal sacrifices of those illustrious 
statesmen, who, by their meritorious services, have eminently 
contributed to secure to us the proud inheritance of freedom, 
by affixing their names to that immortal charter of human 
liberty, the Declaration of Independance ; and, animated by a 
further view to indicate to posterity, in a manner the most 
striking and permanent, noble models of patriotic devotion to 
our common country, by perpetuating the memory of men who 
have largely contributed to awaken the people of this State to 
a just estimate of their inherent privileges, and to sustain their 
ardor in the successful vindication of the rights of man, have 
already placed in the Senate Chamber a full length likeness of 
one of the revolutionary sons of Maryland, and deeming it 
right and proper, that those who in life were zealously associ- 
ated in the great cause of human liberty should be equally 
proposed to the imitation of posterity ; Be it Therefore, 

"Resolved by the General Assembly of Maryland, That the 
Governor be, and he is hereby requested to procure to be paint- 
ed, by a native artist of this State, a full length likeness of 
Samuel Chase, William Paca, and Thomas Stone, and place 
them in such part of the State House, as in the opinion of his 
Excellency, may be best calculated to promote the object of this 
resolution; Provided, that the cost of neither one shall exceed 
three hundred dollars." [Eesolution, ISTo. 89, Acts of 1834.] 

Claxton, Thomas, Jr., -1813. 

Appointed Midshipman, 17 December, 1810 ; killed in action, 
10 September, 1813. 

"Resolved, That the President of the United States be re- 
quested to present a silver medal, with like emblems and devices 
[i. e. the Perry Medal, Loubat, xxxii] to the nearest male re- 
lative of Lieutenant John Brooks, of the marines, and a sword 
to the nearest male relatives of Midshipmen Henry Lamb and 
Thomas Claxton, Jr., and to communicate to them the deep 
regret which Congress feel for the loss of those gallant men, 


whose names ought to live in the recollection and affection of 
a grateful country, and whose conduct ought to he regarded as 
an example to future generations." [Approved Jan. 6, 1814.] 

Contee, John. 

Appointed 2nd Lieut. Marine Corps, 17 April, 1812; 1st 
Lieut. 24 July, 1812 ; resigned, 15 Sept., 1813. 

" Resolved unanimously, That the General Assembly of Mary- 
land entertain a high sense of the gallantry of John Contee, 
a native of this state, formerly a Lieutenant in the Marine 
Corps of the United States, and who participated in two bril- 
liant and well fought actions during the late war, both of which 
terminated in glorious victory, viz : the action between the Con- 
stitution and Guerriere, and the action between the Constitution 
and Java. 

''Resolved unanimously, That the Governor be, and he is 
hereby authorized and required to procure and present to John 
Contee, Esq., a sword, in testimony of the high sense of appro- 
bation the Legislature entertains of his gallant conduct in the 
late war, and the Governor is hereby authorized to draw upon 
the Treasurer of the Western Shore for such sum as he may 
deem necessary to carry into effect this resolution." [Resolu- 
tion 10, Acts of 1829.] 

Contee, John. 

Midshipman, 27 Oct., 1832; Lieutenant, 14 Feb., 1843; re- 
signed, 9 Jan., 1854. 

' Whereas, Lieut. John Contee, of the United States Navy, 
a native of Prince George's county, in this State, having dis- 
tinguished himself by his gallantry and intrepidity at the at- 
tack on Alvarado and Tobasco, as well as in the naval opera- 
tions up the Tobasco river, and in the occupation of Tampico, 
Laguna and Frontera — Therefore, 

" Be it resolved by the General Assembly of Maryland, That 
the thanks and congratulations of the legislature of his native 
state, be and the same are hereby tendered to Lieutenant John 
Contee, United States Navy, for his gallant conduct during 
the present war with Mexico. 

" Resolved, That His Excellency the Governor be requested 
to transmit a copy of this preamble and resolutions to Lieuten- 
ant Contee.'' [Eesolution No. 83, Acts of 1847.] 


Cross, Alexander H., -1869. 

First Lieutenant of Infantry, Feb. 24, 1847; voltigeurs, 
April 9, 1847; honorably mustered out, Aug. 31, 1848; First 
Lieutenant, 2nd Cavalry, March, 1855 ; appointed to expedi- 
tion, May 1, 1856; died, 1869. 

" The thanks of the General Assembly are tendered to Lieut. 
Alexander EL Cross for intrepid and gallant conduct in all the 
battles of the Valley of Mexico." [Eesolution No. 79, Acts of 

Cross, Joseph, -1834. 

Appointed Midshipman, 9 June, 1811 ; Lieutenant, 27 April, 
1816; died 10 February, 1834. 

" Resolved unanimously, That the General Assembly of Mary- 
land, entertain a high sense of the gallantry of Joseph Cross, a 
native of this State, a lieutenant in the navy of the United 
States, and who participated in three brilliant and well fought 
actions during the late war, all of which terminated in glorious 
victory, viz: the action between the Constitution and Guerriere; 
the action between the Constitution and Java; and the action 
between the Constitution and Cyanne and Levant, and is now 
an officer of high distinction, on board the frigate Brandy wine. 

" Resolved unanimously, That the Governor be, and he is 
hereby authorized and required, to procure and present to Lieu- 
tenant Joseph Cross, a sword, in testimony of the high sense of 
approbation the legislature entertain of his gallant conduct in 
the late war; and the Governor is hereby authorized to draw 
upon the treasurer of the Western Shore for such sum as he 
may deem necessary, to carry into effect, this resolution." 
[Eesolution Eo. 64, Acts of 1827.] 

Cross, Trueman, -1846. 

Born in Maryland; Ensign 42 d Infantry, 27 April, 1814; 
2d Lieut. 1 October, 1814; transferred to 1st infantry, 17 May, 
1815 ; 1st Lieut. 2 January, 1818 ; Captain, 27 September, 
1819 ; Colonel Asst. Quartermaster Genl., 7 July, 1838 ; killed 
April 21, 1846, by Mexicans, near the present Fort Brown, 


" Resolved, That the General Assembly of Maryland re 
with melancholy pleasure, their profound sensibility of the 
which this state has sustained in the death of Colonel Tru( 
Cross, of Major Samuel Ringgold, of Colonel William H. 
son, of Major William Lear, of Captain Kandolph Kidgel 
Passed Midshipman John Ringgold Hynson, and her 
brave sons who have fallen in our conflict with Mexico; 
that while as Americans, we cordially unite in the national 
ute of admiration so justly and enthusiastically paid to 
memory; yet as Marylanders, we feel entitled to cherish 
peculiar pride, the honor which, from the ashes of the dea< 
been gathered to her name. 

" Resolved, That in thus expressing our profound respec 
the memory of the dead, we should do violence to our fee 
and to justice, were we unmindful of those whose swords, th 
not entwined with cypress, yet won for them a meed of £ 
such as reflects honor on the name of Maryland, and si 
a proud trophy of the intrepid valor, the cool discipline, 
the untiring ardor of the gallant men — Regulars and V 
teers — who followed their bold leaders to desperate and bri' 

" Resolved, That this General Assembly take great pri< 
commending the gallantry of the Maryland battalion, ai 
returning their thanks to them for the aid they have contril 
to the brilliant victory of Monterey, exhort them, by the , 
ous recollections which cluster around the name of the Old J 
land Line, to believe the ancient renown of Maryland is 
mitted to their keeping, and that their fellow citizens at 
look to them with undoubting confidence to preserve that re 

" Resolved, That his Excellency the Governor be requ 
to transmit a copy of these resolutions to the commanding c 
of the Maryland battalion, to be by him read to the officers 
men, as a slight token of that high respect and pride with t> 
their fellow citizens of Maryland regard their indomitabh 
lantry and courage." [Resolution ~No. 5, Acts of 1846.] 

Davis, John, -1808. 

Midshipman, 7 November, 1801 ; Lieutenant, 26 M; 
1807; died 12 January, 1808. 

" Whereas, this General Assembly of Maryland, viewing 
sensations of the greatest pleasure the brave and gallant con 


of Charles Gordon, John Trippe and John Davis, in the several 
attacks on the enemy's gun-boats off Tripoli, whereby they 
secured to themselves immortal glory, and gave a brilliant lustre 
to the navy of the United States : And Whereas this legislature 
feel an anxious wish to bear the most honourable testimony to 
the bravery of these manly defenders of their country; there- 
fore, Resolved, That the governor and council be and they are 
hereby authorized and required to procure three elegant swords 
and belts, with an appropriate engraving and motto, emblem- 
atic of the glorious actions fought off Tripoli, and cause the 
same to be delivered to the said Charles Gordon, John Trippe 
and John Davis, in testimony of the high sense of approbation 
the legislature of this state entertain of their gallant conduct." 
[Resolution, Nov. Session, 1806.] 

" Whereas, By a resolution of the General Assembly of Mary- 
land, of November session of eighteen hundred and six, the 
Governor and Council were authorized and required to procure 
three elegant swords and belts with an appropriate engraving 
and motto, emblematic of the glorious actions fought off Tripoli, 
and cause the same to be delivered to Charles Gordon, John 
Trippe, and John Davis, in testimony of the high sense of appro- 
bation the Legislature of this State entertained of their gallant 
conduct; and whereas, by the death of John Davis before the 
resolution could be fully carried into effect, the sword intended 
for him now remains in the Council Chamber ; Therefore, 

" Resolved, That the Governor and Council be and they are 
hereby authorized and directed to present to the nearest surviv- 
ing male relative of the said John Davis, the sword intended 
for the said John Davis." [Resolution No. 7, Nov. Session, 

Decatur, James, -1804. 

Midshipman, 21 November, 1798 ; Lieutenant, 20 April, 
1802; killed in action, 3 August, 1804. 

" Resolved, That the President of the United States be also 
requested to communicate to the parents, or other near relatives 
of .... James Decatur .... the deep regret which Con- 
gress feel for the loss of those gallant men, whose names ought 
to live in the recollections and affections of a grateful country, 
and whose conduct ought to be regarded as an example to future 
generations." [Approved March 3, 1805. See Loubat 1 ; 136.] 

214 maryland historical magazine. 

Decatur, Stephen, 1779-1820. 

Born, Sinepuxent, Md., 5 January, 1779 ; Midshipman, 30 
April, 1798 ; Lieutenant, 21 May, 1799 ; Captain, 16 February, 
1804; killed in a duel with Commodore Barron 22 March, 
1820. His first exploit was the destruction of the frigate 
Philadelphia, in the harbor of Tripoli, on the night of 15 
February, 1804, for which he received from Congress a sword, 
a vote of thanks and immediate promotion. Appointed to the 
command of the frigate United States, he captured the Mace- 
donian on October 25, 1812, for which Congress awarded him 
a gold medal. 

" That the President of the United States be, and he is hereby 
requested to present to Captain Hull of the frigate Constitution, 
Captain Decatur of the frigate United States, and Captain 
Jones of the sloop of war Wasp, each a gold medal with suitable 
emblems and devices; .... in testimony of the high sense 
entertained by Congress of the gallantry, good conduct, and ser- 
vices of the captains, officers and crews of the aforesaid vessels 
in their respective conflicts with the British frigates the Ouer- 
riere and the Macedonian, and sloop of war Frolic. . . ." 
[Approved January 29, 1813. Loubat No. 25, plate xxvi.] 

" That the President of the United States be requested to 
present, in the name of Congress, to Captain Stephen Decatur, 
a sword .... as a testimony of the high sense entertained by 
Congress of the gallantry, good conduct and services, of Captain 
Decatur, ... in attacking and destroying a Tripolitan frig- 
ate, of forty-four guns, late the United States frigate Philadel- 
phia.^ ^Resolution passed Nov. 26, 1804.] 

Donaldson, James Lowry, 1814-1885. 

Born, Baltimore, March 17, 1814; Cadet, U. S. M. A., 
Sept. 1, 1832; second lieutenant 3d artillery, July 1, 1836; 
Captain, August 20, 1847; Lieut.-Col., May 14, 1861; Major- 
General, June 20, 1865; resigned Jan. 1, 1874; twice brevetted 
during Mexican War for " gallant and meritorious conduct % 
and three times during the Civil War for " distinguished and 
meritorious service;" died, Nov. 4, 1885. 


" Resolved by the General Assembly of Maryland, That the 
thanks of his native State are hereby tendered to Brevet Major 
James Lowry Donaldson, of the United States Army, for dis- 
tinguished gallantry displayed during the wars of Florida and 

" Resolved, That His Excellency the Governor, be requested 
to transmit to Major Donaldson a copy of the foregoing resolu- 
tion duly authenticated." [Resolution No. 11, 1853.] 

Elliott, Jesse Duncan, 1782-1845. 

Born, Maryland, July 14, 1782; educated at Carlisle, Pa., 
and studied law; Midshipman, April 2, 1804; Lieutenant, 23 
April, 1810; Commander, 24 July, 1813; Captain, 27 March, 
1818; died 10 December, 1845. 

"That the President of the United States be, and he hereby 
is requested to present to Lieutenant Elliott of the navy of the 
United States, an elegant sword, with suitable emblems and 
devices, in testimony of the just sense entertained by Congress 
of his gallantry and good conduct in boarding and capturing the 
British brigs Detroit and Caledonia, while anchored under the 
protection of Fort Erie." [Resolution of Congress, Approved 
January 29, 1813.] 

By resolution of Congress, approved January 6, 1814, a gold 
medal was presented to Captain Elliott, the obverse of which is 
similar to the Perry medal. [See Loubat, Vol. i, 177 and No. 
32, plate xxxiii.] 

Elzy, Arnold, 1816-1871. 

Born, Somerset county, Md., December 18, 1816 ; changed 
name from A. E. Jones; second lieut. 2d artillery, 1 July, 
1837; Captain, 14 Feb., 1849; resigned, 25 April, 1861; 
Brevet Captain, 20 Aug., 1847, for gallant and meritorious 
conduct at Contreras and Churubusco; joined the Confederate 
army with rank of Colonel ; distinguished himself at first battle 
of Bull Run; shot through the head at Cold Harbor, which 
ended his active service in the field; died in Baltimore, Feb. 
22, 1871. 

" Resolved by the General Assembly of Maryland, That the 
thanks of the State of Maryland are due and are hereby pre- 


sented to Arnold Elzy, a native of Somerset county in this 
State, first lieutenant of the second regiment of United States 
Artillery, serving in Brigadier General Worth's division in 
Mexico, for his gallantry, bravery and good conduct displayed 
in the battles at Fort Brown, Vera Cruz, Cerro Gordo, and in 
the battles before the city of Mexico, in the year eighteen hun- 
dred and forty-seven. 

" Resolved, That the Governor be and he is hereby requested 
to communicate a copy of these resolutions to Lieutenant Elzy, 
in such manner as he may deem most appropriate." [Kesolu- 
tion No. 75, Acts of 1847.] 

Emory, William Hemsley, 1811-1887. 

Born, Queen Anne county, September, 1811 ; Cadet U. S. 
M. A., July 1, 1826; Second Lieutenant, July 1, 1831; 1st 
Lieut. Top. Engrs., July 7, 1838; Lieut.-Colonel 3d Cavalry, 
May 14, 1861; Brig.-Genl. Vols., March 17, 1862; Maj.-Genl. 
Vols., Sept. 25, 1865 ; retired with rank of Brigadier-General, 
July 1, 1876 ; twice breve tted for " gallant and meritorious 
conduct " in the war with Mexico, and five times during the 
Civil War; died, December 1, 1887. 

" 'Resolved, unanimously by the General Assembly of Mary- 
land, That the thanks of the General Assembly of Maryland are 
due and are hereby presented to William H. Emory, a native 
citizen of Maryland, 1st Lieutenant of United States Topograph- 
ical Engineers, and now Lieutenant-Colonel of United States 
volunteers, serving with his regiment in Mexico, i for his skill, 
intelligence and good conduct exhibited in the campaigns in 
New Mexico and California, in the years 1846 and 1847, and 
particularly for his gallantry displayed in the battle of San 

" Resolved, That the Governor be and he is hereby requested 
to communicate a copy of these resolutions to Lieut.-Colonel 
Emory, in such manner as he may deem most appropriate." 
[Resolution No. 93, Acts of 1847.] 

Evans, Amos Alexander, M. D., 1785-1884. 1 

Born near Elkton, Md., Nov. 26, 1785 ; appointed Assistant 

1 Extracts from Dr. Evans' Diary are printed in The Patriotic Mary- 
lander, Vol. 3, p. 177. 


Surgeon, U. S. N., Sept. 1, 1808; Surgeon, April 20, 1810; 
resigned, April 15, 1824; died at Elkton, Jan. 15, 1848. 

" Awarded silver medal by Congress in recognition of gal- 
lantry and good conduct in action between tbe Constitution 
and Guerriere" [Eesolution of Congress, Approved January 
29, 1813 ; Loubat, v. \, 154, plate 26.] 

" Awarded silver medal by Congress in recognition of gal- 
lantry and good conduct in action between tbe Constitution and 
Java/ 3 [Resolution of Congress, March 3, 1813 ; Loubat, v. i> 
167, plate 29.] ... [ 

Fitzhtjgh, William H. 

Private, corporal and sergeant 1st voltigeurs, April 28, 
1847, to April 29, 1848; 2d lieutenant voltigeurs, March 29, 
1848; honorably mustered out Aug. 31, 1848. 

" The thanks of the General Assembly of Maryland for in- 
trepid and gallant conduct in all the battles of the Valley of 
Mexico." [Eesolution No. 79, Acts of 1849.] 

Frailey, James Madison, 1809-1877. 

Born in Maryland, May 6, 1809; Midshipman U. S. N., 
May 1, 1828 ; Lieutenant, Sept. 8, 1841 ; Commander, April 
24, 1861; Captain, Feb. 6, 1866; Commodore, March 2, 1870; 
died Sept. 26, 1877. 

u The thanks of this body [General Assembly of Maryland] 
are justly due to James Madison Frailey, a citizen of Mary- 
land, and a lieutenant in the Navy of the United States, for 
his gallant and good conduct during the war with Mexico." 
[Eesolution No. 14, Acts of 1849.] 

Fuchs, Otto, 1839-1906. 

Born in Saltzwedel, Prussia, October, 1839 ; came to Ameri- 
ca in 1851 ; studied civil and mechanical engineering in New 
York City; during the Civil War he was a constructor in the 
General Inspector's Office of iron-clad steamships ; professor of 
drawing in Cooper Institute; professor of drawing U. S. Naval 
Academy, 1865-67; thence he removed to Boston, where he en- 
tered the service of a ship engine builder and also taught 
mechanical drawing in the Mass. State Normal Art School; 


was elected Director of the Maryland Institute Schools of Art 
and Design in 1883 ; died, March 13, 1906. 
The Assembly of 1906, by resolution 4, said: 

" That its members have heard with the keenest sensibility 
the distressing intelligence that the useful and honored life of 
Professor Otto Fuchs, has come to an end. Gifted beyond 
the ordinary measure of human endowments, irreproachable in 
point of character, placed by his talents and attainments in a 
situation that enabled him to leave a deep impression upon the 
minds and energies of many pupils whose careers, creditable 
both to themselves and the State, have borne indisputable testi- 
mony to the worth of such a preceptor, it is meet that this 
action of the General Assembly of Maryland should enduringly 
attest the high position that he won in the confidence and grati- 
tude of the community whose higher welfare he did so much 
to promote." 

Gallagher, John, -1842. 

Born in Maryland ; appointed Lieutenant U. S. N., July 24, 
1813; Master, March 2, 1825; Captain, Dec. 22, 1835; died, 
Wilmington, Del., Nov. 1, 1842. As lieutenant, he was at- 
tached to the frigate United States in the action with the Mace- 

By resolution of Congress, he received a silver medal [the 
Decatur medal, Loubat No. 25, plate xxvi] q. v. under Stephen 

" Resolved by the General Assembly of Maryland, That his 
Excellency the Governor be, and he is hereby requested to pro- 
cure two suitable swords, appropriately ornamented, and pre- 
sent one of them to Col. Nathan Towson, of the United States 
Army, and the other to Capt. John Gallagher, of the United 
States Navy, on behalf of the General Assembly of Maryland, 
as a testimony of the admiration and gratitude of this their 
native state, for their distinguished gallantry, and highly valu- 
able services during the last war with Great Britain. 

" And he it further resolved, That the Treasurer of the 
Western Shore, be and he is hereby directed, to pay to the order 
of the Governor such sum as may be necessary to carry into 
eifect the aforegoing resolution, out of any unappropriated 
money in the Treasury." [Resolution No. 63, Acts of 1832.] 

men of maryland specially honored. 219 

Geisinger, David, -1860. 

Midshipman, 15 Nov., 1809; Lieutenant, 9 December, 1814; 
Commander, 11 March, 1829; Captain, 24 May, 1838; on re- 
served list, 13 September, 1855 ; died, 5 March, 1860. 

" Resolved unanimously, That the General Assembly of Mary- 
land entertain a high sense of the gallantry of David Geisinger, 
a native of this state, and a captain in the E"avy of the United 
States, and who participated in two brilliant and well fought 
actions during the late war, both of which terminated in 
glorious victory, viz : the action between the United States ship 
Wasp, commanded by the lamented Captain Blakely, and the 
British sloop of war Reindeer, commanded by Captain Man- 
ners; and the action between the United States ship Wasp, 
commanded by Captain Blakely, and the British sloop of war 
Avon, commanded by Captain Arbuthnot. 

" Resolved, That the Governor be, and he is hereby authorized 
and required, to procure and present to Captain David Geis- 
inger, a sword in testimony of the high sense of approbation the 
legislature entertain of his gallant conduct in the late war, 
and the Governor is hereby authorized to draw on the Treas- 
urer of the Western Shore for such sum as he may deem neces- 
sary to carry this resolution into effect." [Resolution No. 9, 
Acts of 1829.] 

Gist, Mordecai, 1743-1792. 

Born, Baltimore, Md., in 1743 ; was a merchant at the break- 
ing out of the Revolution; Captain of first corps raised in 
Maryland; Major, Jan., 1776, of Smallwood's battalion; com- 
manded the regiment at the battle of Long Island, in the ab- 
sence of its Colonel and Lieutenant-Colonel; promoted to 
Colonel, 1777; at battle of Germantown; Brigadier-General, 
Jan., 1779; present at the surrender of Cornwallis; died at 
Charleston, S. C, September 2, 1792. 

"The thanks of Congress to Brigadier-General Smallwood 
and General Gist and the officers and soldiers in the Maryland 
and Delaware lines, the different corps of artillery. Col. Por- 
terfield and Major Armstrong's corps of Light Infantry and 
Colonel Armand's cavalry, for their bravery and good conduct 
displayed in the action of August 16, near Camden, S. C." 
[Resolution of October 14, 1780.] 

220 Maryland historical magazine. 

Gordon, Charles, -1817. 

Midshipman, 24 June, 1799; Lieutenant, 16 January, 1800; 
Commander, 25 April, 1806; Captain, 2 March, 1813; died, 


The Governor of Maryland was authorized to present to 
him a sword with appropriate engraving and motto, emblematic 
of the glorious actions fought off Tripoli, in testimony of the 
high sense of approbation the legislature of this state enter- 
tain of his gallant conduct. [See Resolution, Session of 1806, 
under John Davis.'] 

Gorman, Arthur Pue, 1839-1906. 

Born at Woodstock, Howard county, Md., March 11, 1839; 
appointed page in the House of Representatives, 1852 ; trans- 
ferred to Senate; appointed Collector of Internal Revenue for 
5th dist. of Md., Sept. 1, 1866 ; member House of Delegates of 
Md., 1869-73; President C. & O. Canal Co., 1872; State 
Senator, 1875 ; re-elected, 1879 ; U. S. Senator from Md., 1881- 
1899 and again from March 4, 1903 until his death; died June 
4, 1906. 

Resolution of respect to his memory which recites that he 
had devoted his life to the service of the State in a manner 
highly acceptable to the people of the State. [Resolution ~No. 
4, Acts of 1908.] 

Hicks, Thos. Hollyday, 1798-1865. 

Born, Dorchester county, Md., Sept. 2, 1798; member of the 
Constitutional Convention of 1850 ; served frequently in the 
legislature; Governor of Maryland, 1858-62; elected U. S. 
Senator to succeed Hon. James Alfred Pearce; died, Feb. 13, 

" Resolved by the General Assembly of Maryland, That 
amidst the bold, insidious and powerful efforts which have 
been made for the past year to destroy the government of the 
United States, and to reduce the country to a condition of moral 
and physical imbecility, in despite of the traitorous poison of 
able and reckless emissaries from rebellious States, openly sent 
in abuse of the known comity of our people, to corrupt, and 
thus subvert the government of Maryland, — in despite of the 


sample of States and Governors, and of the most disingenu- 
ous appeals to sectional prejudices; and in disregard alike of 
he solicitations and threats of men of talents, of influence, and 
>f high social and political positions, and of menaces of personal 
nsult and violence — the Governor of this State, through the 
leepest gloom of our national adversity, has stood faithfully 
>y the country, faithfully by his State, and faithfully by his 
ath and his official integrity. 

"Resolved, That this position of loyalty, so steadily main- 
ained by Governor Hicks, has averted from the State violence 
,nd bloodshed between its own people, and the occupation of 
ts territory by contending armies, and the consequent destruc- 
ion of its towns and country homes, as well as the annihilation, 
zithin its limits, of that species of property, whose safety was 
he ostensible object of this rebellion. 

" Resolved, That of all the States of the Union, in which the 
ebellious spirit obtained considerable hold, Maryland is the 
nly one whose Governor has elevated himself to the lofty stand- 
rd of patriotism required by the exigencies of the country : and 
bat this course has proved not more honorable to himself than 
eneficial to the people over whom he was called to preside, the 
eplorable condition of our sister States, of Virginia, Kentucky, 
nd Missouri makes mournfully manifest. 

"Resolved, That had the Governor followed the examples 
y which he was surrounded, Maryland would have had affixed 
:> her name the burning shame of having repudiated, without 
a'use, that great constitutional compact to which she was bound 
y the most solemn pledges of our ancestors. 

" Resolved, Therefore, that the thanks of the people of Mary- 
md, and of this Legislature, are due and are hereby cordially 
mdered by the representatives of the State, in General Assem- 
ly convened, to Governor Thomas H. Hicks for the manner in 
diich he has met this solemn crisis in our national history. 

" Resolved, That the two Houses of the General Assembly 
ongratulate Governor Hicks that his term of office closes so 
onorably to himself and with so elevated an example to his 

" Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions signed by the 
'resident of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Dele- 
ates, be by them be presented to Governor Hicks." [Kesolu- 
on No. 19, Acts December Session, 1861. Passed March 10, 


" That five thousand dollars and so much thereof as may be 
necessary, is hereby appropriated to procure a full length por- 
trait of the late Governor Thomas Hollyday Hicks, and the 
same when completed to be placed in the Executive Chamber; 
and that the unexpended sum of iive thousand dollars, or so 
much thereof as may be necessary, shall be used and expended 
in building or erecting a suitable monument over the remains 
when finally interred." [Chapter 185, Acts of 1865.] 

Howard, John Eager, -1862. 

Captain of infantry, Feb. 23, 1847; voltigeurs, April 9, 
1847; brevet Major, Sept. 13, 1847, for gallant and meritor- 
ious conduct in the battle of Chapultepec, Mexico; honorably 
mustered out, Aug. 25, 1848; died, 1862. 

" The thanks of the Legislature for gallant conduct in our 
recent brilliant and successful struggle with Mexico." [Resolu- 
tion No. 18, Acts of 1849.] 

Hynson, John Ringgold, -1846. 

Midshipman, 5 March, 1829 ; Passed Midshipman, 2 July, 
1845; drowned, 8 December, 1846. 

Resolution of respect to his memory [Resolution No. 5, Acts 
of 1846] q. v. under Trueman Cross. 

Jackson, Elihu Emory, 1837-1907. 

Born near Salisbury, Somerset county, Nov. 3, 1837; edu- 
cated in the county schools; entered business early in life and 
founded the firm of E. E. Jackson & Co., lumber merchants; 
member House of Delegates, 1882; elected to State Senate, 
1884; elected Governor of the State, Nov. 8, 1887; re-elected 
to State Senate in 1895, serving in the sessions of 1886 and 
1888; died, December 27, 1907. 

Resolution of respect to his memory, which recites that he 
had devoted his life to the State in a manner highly acceptable 
to the people of the State. [Resolution No. 4, Acts of 1908.] 

Johnson, Thomas, 1732-1819. 

Born in Calvert county, November 4, 1732 ; studied law, 
was admitted to the bar and practiced; represented Anne 


Arundel county in the House of Delegates, 1762-1763; mem- 
ber of the committee of correspondence, and of the council of 
safety; member of the Annapolis convention of June, 1774; 
Delegate in the Continental Congress, 1774-1777 ; delegate in 
the first Maryland constitutional convention; served in the 
Revolutionary War as senior brigadier general of provincial 
forces, and led the " flying camp " that went to Washington's 
relief during his retreat through New Jersey; elected first 
governor of Maryland, 1777-1779; moved to Frederick; ap- 
pointed by Gen. Washington the first United States Judge for 
the district of Maryland, Sept. 24, 1789 ; and associate justice 
of the Supreme Court of the U. S., October 31, 1791, and 
served until February, 1793, when he resigned; declined a' 
cabinet position tendered by President Washington, August 
24, 1795 ; appointed Chief Judge of the Territory of Columbia, 
February 28, 1801 ; assisted in laying out the streets of Wash- 
ington and in designating sites for public buildings; died at 
"Rose Hill," October 25, 1819. 

By Chapter 404 of the Acts of 1874, the Governor was direct- 
ed to secure portraits of Johnson, Paca and Stone to be placed 
in Independence Hall, Philadelphia. 

A portrait of Governor Johnson, by Charles Willson Peale, 
was placed in the Executive Chamber, about 1800. 

Kalb, Johann Baron de, 1721-1780. 

Born, Huttendorf, Bayreuth, Germany, 29 June, 1721 ; 
accompanied Lafayette to America in 1777, and offered his 
services to Congress; appointed Major-General, 15 Sept., 1777; 
in 1780, he was sent to the assistance of South Carolina in 
command of the Maryland and Delaware troops; at the battle 
of Camden, he fell pierced with eleven wounds. 

A marble monument was erected to his memory, by order of 
Congress, opposite the Presbyterian Church of Camden; and 
in 1825 Lafayette placed its corner-stone, and also that of a 
monument at Annapolis, Md. 

The monument to de Kalb at Annapolis (a statue of de Kalb 


by Ephraim Keyser) was unveiled Aug. 16, 1886. It was origi- 
nally provided for by resolution of Congress, in Oct., 1780 ; 
Resolution ISTo. 2, Acts of 1888, asked the Maryland Senators 
and Representatives to urge Congress to carry the resolution 
into effect; Congress made the necessary appropriation in 1883, 
and the Maryland Legislature ceded to the U. S., the ground on 
which it stands, in 1884. 

Kenly, John Reese, 1822-1891. 

Born in Baltimore, 1822; practiced law until the outbreak 
of the War with Mexico, when he raised a company of volun- 
teers, which joined Col. Watson's Battalion, June 2, 1846; 
Major in Hughes' regiment, July 20, 1848 ; Colonel 1st Mary- 
land Infantry, June 11, 1861 ; Brigadier-General of Vols., 
August 22, 1862; brevetted Major-General, March 13, 1865, 
for " gallant and meritorious services ; " died, December 20, 

On December 31, 1865, the Mayor of Baltimore presented 
General Kenly a sword in the name of the corporation of Bal- 
timore, for his distinguished services in defense of the Union 
cause during the Civil War. 

" Resolved by the General Assembly of Maryland, That the 
thanks of his native State are hereby tendered to Major John 
R. Kenly, late of Maryland and District of Columbia Volun- 
teers, attached to the United States Army, for distinguished 
gallantry displayed in the field during the recent war with 

" Resolved, That His Excellency the Governor be requested 
to transmit to Major Kenly, a copy of the foregoing resolution 
duly authenticated." [Resolution No. 12, Acts of 1849.] 

Kennedy, Edmund Pendleton, 1780-1844. 

Born in Maryland, 1780; Midshipman, 22 'Nov. 1805; Lieu- 
tenant, 9 June, 1819; Commander, 5 March, 1817; Captain, 
24 April, 1828 ; died Norfolk, Va'., March 28, 1844. 

" Resolved by the General Assembly of Maryland, That his 
Excellency the Governor, procure a sword with suitable devices 
and ornaments, and present it in the name of the State, to Com- 


modore Edmund P. Kennedy, of the United States Navy as a 
testimony of the high sense entertained by his native state, of 
his distinguished and gallant services to his country, in the 
memorable action with the Tripolitan gun boat off Tripoli, in 
August, eighteen hundred and four." [Resolution JSTo. 30, 
Acts of 1834.] 

Key, Francis Scott, 1779-1843. 

Born in Frederick county, Md., August 1, 1779 ; educated 
at Annapolis; studied law and practiced in Frederick; died, 
Baltimore, January 11, 1843. 

'' Whereas the late Francis Scott Key, a citizen of Maryland, 
is honored by the American people as the author of the national 
lyric most dear to them, enshrining patriotic devotion to ' The 
Star-Spangled Banner ? as the ensign of l The land of the free 
and the home of the brave ; ' and whereas no suitable evidence 
of national respect and gratitude has ever been paid to his 
memory; therefore, be it 

" B\esolved by the General Assembly of Maryland, That our 
Senators and the Members of the House of Representatives of 
the United States, from this State be requested to urge upon 
Congress the appropriation of a sum of money sufficient for the 
erection of a suitable monument to the memory of Francis Scott 
Key, the author of the national lyric, ' The Star-Spangled Ban- 
ner/ at the place where his remains lie interred, in Mount 
Olivet Cemetery, at Frederick City; . . ." [Resolution RTo. 
15, Acts of 1882.] 

A joint resolution to erect a monument to Key was introduced 
in Congress but failed of passage. A monument to Key was 
erected in Frederick and unveiled in 1898.- Another monument 
has been set up at his birthplace, Keysville. 

Kilty, Augustus Henry, 1807-1879. 

Youngest son of Gen. John Kilty, born in Annapolis, No- 
vember, 1807; appointed Midshipman, July 4, 1821; made his 
first voyage in the flag ship FranMin, which cruised in the 
Pacific from 1821 to 1824; on the Constitution, 1825-27; in 
1830-31, he was a member of the party which surveyed the 
coast of Louisiana; passed midshipman, April, 1832, and served 
on the West India station in the Grampus until 1834, when he 
joined the receiving ship Sea Gull in Philadelphia. Com- 


missioned Lieutenant, Sept. 6, 1837 ; and Commander, in 1855 ; 
in 1860-61, was stationed at Baltimore, where he refused to 
haul down the flag when ordered to do so by the mob ; ordered 
to St. Louis, where he aided in organizing the flotilla under 
Foote and took command of the gun-boat Mound City; was 
engaged at Island number Ten and Fort Pillow, at which lat- 
ter place the gun-boat was sunk ; she was raised and repaired, 
and Kilty again took command of her; in the attack on Fort 
Charles on the White Kiver a shot perforated the steam drum 
and the escaping steam caused the death and injury of more 
than a hundred of her crew; Commander Kilty was badly 
scalded in the explosion, and in consequence of it lost his left 
arm. In 1863, having recovered from the effects of his wound, 
he was commissioned Captain and assigned to ordnance duty at 
Baltimore. He commanded the Roanoke, the Vermont and was 
then in command of the Norfolk navy yard, until July 1, 1870, 
when he was retired with the rank of Rear- Admiral. He soon 
after settled in Baltimore and died there November 10, 1879, 
and was buried in Bonnie Brae Cemetery. 

" The thanks of the State are hereby tendered to Captain 
A. H. Kilty, of Maryland, for the loyalty and courage with 
which he has performed his duty as an officer of the Navy, 
since the breaking out of the rebellion, and especially for his 
brilliant services in command of the gunboat Mound City, in 
the fight at Fort Pillow, and in the attack on the batteries at 
Saint Charles, on the White River, and that the General Assem- 
bly express their sympathy with Captain Kilty in the severe 
bodily suffering and injury resulting to him from this fight, and 
their pleasure at the prospect of his being restored to active use- 
fulness." [Resolution No. 7, Acts of 1864.] 

Lear, William W., -1846. 

Born in Maryland; Second Lieutenant 4th Infantry, 13 
February, 1818; 1st Lieut., 24 February, 1818; Captain, 1 
May, 1824; Major 3d infantry, 14 June, 1842; died 31 Octo- 
ber, 1846, of wounds received in the battle of Monterey. 

Resolution of respect to his memory [Resolution No. 5, Acts 
of 1846]. See under Trueman Cross. 

men of maryland specially honored. 227 

Leary, Richard Phillips, -1901. 

Born in Baltimore; graduated TJ. S. 1ST. A. in 1860; ensign, 
1863; lieutenant, 1863; commander, 1882; captain, 1897; 
during 1863-65, he served on the blockading squadron off 
Charleston, S. C. ; senior naval officer at Samoa during the 
revolution; first American Governor of the Island of Guam; 
died, Chelsea, Mass., Dec. 27, 1901. 

As a testimonial of the " able and courageous manner " in 
which he " protected and vindicated American rights during the 
revolution in Samoa," the Governor was directed to present to 
him ' a gold chronometer watch with the following inscription : 
The State of Maryland to Commander Richard P. Leary, 
U. S. ~N., for his heroism and gallant services in protecting and 
vindicating American rights during the revolution in Samoa 
in 1888. [Resolution No. 14, Acts of 1892.] 

Little, Henry. 

Born in Maryland, 2d Lieut. 5th Infantry, 1 July, 1839 ; 
transferred to 7th Infantry, 6 May, 1843 ; 1st Lieut., 18 April, 
1845; Captain, 20 Aug., 1847; resigned, 7 May, 1861; bre- 
vetted Captain for gallant and meritorious conduct at Mon- 
terey, 23 Sept. 1846. 

" Resolved by the General Assembly of Maryland, That the 
thanks of the General Assembly of Maryland are due and are 
hereby presented to Captain Henry Little, of the seventh Regi- 
ment, United States Infantry, a' native citizen of Maryland, 
for gallant and good conduct under General Taylor and subse- 
quently under General Scott, in the late war with Mexico. 

" Resolved, That the Governor, be and he is hereby requested 
to communicate a copy of the foregoing resolution to Captain 
Henry Little, duly authenticated." [Resolution JSTo. 15, Acts 
of 1849.] 

Lloyd, Edward, 1826-1907. 

Elected to House of Delegates from Talbot county, 1847; 

elected again in 1883; member of State Senate, 1874, 1876, 

1878, 1880, 1890 and 1892; President of the Senate in 1890 

and 1892; died, October 22, 1907. 

Resolution of respect to his memory. [Resolution No. 10, 
Acts of 1908.] 

228 maryland historical magazine. 

Lowndes, Lloyd, Jr., 1845-1905. 

Born in Clarksburg, Va., Feb. 21, 1845 ; graduated from 
Allegheny College in 1865 and from U. of Pa. Law School in 
1867, and commenced practice of law in Cumberland, Md. ; 
elected to 43d Congress (1873-1875) ; governor of Maryland, 
1895-1899; died, Jan. 6, 1905. 

Resolution of respect, expressing a sense of loss on the part 
of the General Assembly of Maryland and of the people of the 
State. [Resolution No. 5, Acts of 1908.] 

McComas, Louis Emory, 1846-1907. 

Born in Washington county, Md., Oct. 28, 1846 ; graduated 
from Dickinson College, 1866 ; admitted to the bar in Hagers- 
town, 1868 ; representative in 48th, 49th, 50th and 51st Con- 
gresses (1883-1891) ; appointed associate justice of supreme 
court of the District of Columbia; U. S. Senator, 1899-1905; 
appointed justice of the court of appeals of the District of 
Columbia; died, Nov. 10, 1907. 

Resolution of respect, expressing a sense of loss on the part 
of the General Assembly of Maryland, and of the people of the 
State. [Resolution No. 5, Acts of 1908.] 

McPhail, Daniel H., -1884. 

Second Lieutenant, 5th Infantry, March 8, 1837; Captain, 
July 10, 1846; brevetted Major, August 20, 1847, for gallant 
and meritorious conduct in battles of Contreras and Churu- 
busco; brevetted Lieutenant-Colonel of Vols., March 13, 1865, 
for faithful and meritorious services in the Civil War; died, 
January 30, 1884. 

' Whereas, Brevet Major Daniel H. McPhail, late of the 
fifth regiment of United States Infantry, a native of the city 
of Baltimore, in this state, having distinguished himself by his 
bravery and gallantry in eleven battles during the recent con- 
flict of arms with the Republic of Mexico ; therefore, be it 

" Resolved by the General Assembly of Maryland, That the 
thanks and congratulations of the Legislature of his native 
State, be and they are hereby tendered to Brevet Major Daniel 
H. McPhail, late of the United States Army, for his gallant 


conduct and bearing as an officer during the recent war with 

"Resolved, That His Excellency the Governor be requested 
to transmit a copy of this preamble and resolution to Major 
McPhail." [Resolution No. 17, Acts of 1849.] 

McSherry, James, 1842-1907. 

Distinguished jurist, born December 30, 1842; educated at 
Mt. St. Mary's College; admitted to the Bar in Frederick, Md., 
Feb. 9, 1864; appointed Associate Justice of the Court of 
Appeals, Nov. 1, 1887; appointed Chief Justice, Jan. 27, 1896, 
and served in that capacity until his death in Frederick, Octo- 
ber 23, 1907. 

Resolution of respect, expressing a sense of loss on the part 
of the General Assembly of Maryland and of the people of the 
State. [Resolution No. 5, Acts of 1908.] 

Mank, George Washington. 1 

u Whereas, it is of importance to every republican govern- 
ment to encourage, by every means in its power, the enterpris- 
ing and patriotic exertions of its citizens in defence of their 
country; And, whereas George Washington Mann, a citizen of 
this state, in conjunction with Priestly Neville O'Bannon, was 
the first to establish the American standard, under the command 
of General Eaton, on the walls of Derne, thereby signalizing 
himself for his bravery, and contributing to the delivery of 
many of our fellow-citizens from bondage ; therefore, Resolved 
unanimously, That the governor and council be and they are 
hereby authorized and required to procure a handsome sword 
and belt, with an appropriate engraving and motto, emblem- 
atic of the action of Derne, and cause the same to be delivered 
to the said George W. Mann, in testimony of the high sense 
of approbation the legislature of this state entertain of his 
gallant conduct." [Resolution, Nov. Session, 1806.] 

Marriott, James C, -1881. 

First lieutenant of infantry, Feb. 24, 1847; voltigeurs, April 
9, 1847; captain, Sept. 18, 1847; honorably mustered out 
August 31, 1848; died, 1881. 

1 Not mentioned in the army list. 


" The thanks of the Legislature for gallant conduct in our 
recent brilliant and successful struggle with Mexico." [Reso- 
lution Eo. 18, Acts of 1849.] 

Mayo, Isaac. 

Midshipman, 15 November, 1809 ; Lieutenant, 4 February, 
1815; Commander, 20 December, 1832; Captain, 8 September, 
1841 ; dismissed, 18 May, 1861. 

"Resolved, unanimously, That the General Assembly of 
Maryland, entertain a high sense of the gallantry of Isaac 
Mayo, a native of this state, a lieutenant in the navy of the 
United States, and who participated in two brilliant and well 
fought actions during the late war, both of which terminated 
in glorious victory, viz: the action between the United States 
sloop of war Hornet, commanded by Captain Lawrence, and the 
British sloop of war Peacock, Captain Peake, and between the 
Hornet, Captain Biddle, and the Penguin, Captain Dickinson, 
and was among those officers who received medals from the 
United States, as a testimony of their country's approbation. 

" Resolved, That the Governor be, and he is hereby author- 
ized and required, to procure and present to lieutenant Isaac 
Mayo, a sword in testimony of the high sense of approbation 
the Legislature entertain of his gallant conduct in the late war, 
and the Governor is hereby authorized to draw on the Treasurer 
of the Western Shore for such sum as he may deem necessary 
to carry the resolution into effect." [Resolution ~No. 61, Acts, 

Mullan, Dennis W. 

Acting Midshipman, 25 September, 1857 ; Midshipman, 1 
June, 1861; Lieutenant, 16 July, 1862; Lieut.-Commander, 
25 July, 1866; dropped, 18 August, 1876; restored, 16 July, 
1878; Commander, 8 February, 1879. 

" That as a testimonial of the skillful, able and courageous 
manner in which Commander Dennis W. Mullan protected and 
vindicated American rights, and the bravery and nautical 
ability shown by him during the hurricane in Samoan waters, 
the Governor of the State be and he is hereby authorized and 
directed to procure and present to Commander Dennis W. 
Mullan, U. S. 1ST., a gold chronometer watch, with an inscrip- 
tion as follows, to wit : i The State of Maryland to Commander 


Dennis W. Mullan, U. S. 1ST., for his heroism and gallant serv- 
ices in protecting and vindicating American rights, and for the 
bravery and nautical ability shown by him during the hurri- 
cane of eighteen hundred and eighty-nine, in Samoan waters, 
South Pacific Ocean.' " [Eesolution No. 8, Acts of 1890.] 

Murray, Francis Key, -1868. 

Midshipman, 29 April, 1836 ; Passed Midshipman, 1 July, 
1842; Master, 4 November, 1848; Lieutenant, 24 July, 1849; 
Commander, 16 July, 1862; died, July 11, 1868. 

The thanks of the General Assembly for his courageous and 
gallant bearing on the occasion of the wreck of the San Fran- 
cisco. [Resolution No. 9, Acts of 1854.] See Stouffer, [Lou- 
bat, 1:416.] 

Paca, William, 1740-1799. 

Born at "Wye Hall," Harford county, Oct. 31, 1740 ; gradu- 
ated at Philadelphia College in 1758 ; admitted to the Middle 
Temple, London; returning to Annapolis in 1766 he began the 
practice of law; member of Committee of Correspondence, 
1774; of the Council of Safety, 1775; signer of the Declara- 
tion of Independence; member of the provincial Assembly, 
1771-74; Delegate in the Continental Congress, 1774-1779; 
state senator, 1777-1779; chief justice of Maryland, 1778- 
1780 ; chief justice of the Court of Appeals, 1780-1782 ; gov- 
ernor of Maryland, 1782-1786 ; delegate to the state convention 
in 1788 ; U. S. judge for the District of Md., 1789-1799 ; died, 
October 23, 1799. 

By Resolution 89 of the Acts of 1834 (q. v. under Chase), 
the Governor was authorized to secure full length portraits of 
Paca, Chase and Stone to be placed in the State House. A 
portrait of Paca, by C. W. Peale, was placed in the State 
House at a much earlier date, probably about 1800. 

Peabody, George, 1795-1869. 

Born, South Danvers, Mass., 18 February, 1795 ; banker and 
philanthropist; saved the credit of the State of Maryland; 
founded Peabody Institute in his native town with endowment 


of $200,000 ; Peabody Institute of the City of Baltimore, total 
gifts, $1,400,000 ; contributed $10,000 to the first Grinnell ex- 
pedition; in 1862, gave $2,500,000 for the benefit of the poor 
of London; in recognition of which the Queen presented Mr. 
Peabody with her portrait and an autograph letter, he having 
declined the honor of knighthood ; the city of London gave him 
its freedom in a gold box, and the citizens erected a statue to 
his memory; gave to Harvard $150,000 to establish a museum 
of American archaeology and ethnology; to the Southern Edu- 
cational Fund he gave $2,000,000 ; died, London, 'Nov. 4, 1869. 

u Whereas, Mr. George Peabody, a citizen of Maryland, now 
resident of London, was appointed one of the three commis- 
sioners under the act of Assembly of eighteen hundred and 
thirty-five, to negotiate a loan for this state, and after perform- 
ing the duties assigned to him, refused to apply for the compen- 
sation allowed by the provisions of that act, because he was 
unwilling to add to the burthens of the State, at a time when 
she was overwhelmed with the weight of her obligations; and 
whereas, since the credit of the State has been restored, he has 
voluntarily relinquished all claim for the compensation due to 
him for his services, expressing himself fully paid by the grati- 
fication of seeing the State freed from reproach in the eyes of 
the world. 

" Be it unanimously resolved by the General Assembly of 
Maryland, That the record of such disinterested zeal is a higher 
praise than any that eloquence could bestow, and that this leg- 
islature is therefore content with tendering the thanks of this 
State to Mr. Peabody for his generous devotion to the interests 
and honor of Maryland. 

" And further resolved, That the Governor of this State be 
requested to transmit these resolutions to Mr. Peabody, in such 
manner as he may deem most appropriate." [Resolution No. 
42, Acts of 1847.] 

" Resolved by the General Assembly of Maryland, That we 
recognize in George Peabody, Esq., a venerable and eminent 
former citizen of Maryland, the embodiment of uprightness and 
noble charity, and by his disinterested benevolence in the mu- 
nificent donations he has made to the city of Baltimore, and to 
the Southern States, for the advancement of science, arts, and 
the general diffusion of knowledge, he merits the unqualified 


expressions of our gratitude, and the most profound admiration 
of his unsurpassed liberality, and of his efforts in the cause of 
education for the elevation of his fellow-men. 

" Resolved, That the Governor be hereby requested to for- 
ward a copy of these resolutions to Mr. Peabody." [Kesolu- 
tion, No. 14, Acts of 1867.] 

"Resolved by the Senate and House of Eepresentatives of 
the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the 
thanks of Congress be, and they hereby are, presented to George 
Peabody of Massachusetts for his great and peculiar beneficence 
in giving a large sum of money, amounting to two million dol- 
lars, for the promotion of education in the more destitute por- 
tions of the Southern and Southwestern states, the benefits of 
which, according to his direction, are to be distributed among 
the entire population without any distinction, except what may 
be found in needs or opportunities of usefulness. 

" And he further resolved, That it shall be the duty of the 
President to cause a gold medal to be struck, with suitable 
devices and inscriptions, which, together with a copy of these 
resolutions, shall be presented to Mr. Peabody, in the name of 
the people of the United States." Approved, March 16, 1867. 
[Loubat, 78, 421.] 

PlNKNEY, NlNIAN, * -1877. 

Assistant Surgeon U. S. K, 26 March, 1834; Surgeon, 27 
October, 1841; Medical Director, 3 March, 1871; died, Decem- 
ber 15, 1877. 

The thanks of the General Assembly tendered him in appre- 
ciation of his " gallant and meritorious conduct " in the Mexi- 
can War. [Resolution No. 95, Acts of 1849.] See Buchanan, 

Piper, James S. 

Captain, battalion of Maryland and D. C. infantry. 

" The thanks of the Legislature for gallant conduct in our 
recent brilliant and successful struggle with Mexico." [Reso- 
lution No. 18, Acts of 1849.] 

Poe, John Prentiss, 1836-1909. 

Born in Baltimore, August 22, 1836 ; graduated from Prince- 
ton, 1854; admitted to the Bar, August 22, 1857; President 



Baltimore Tax Commission, 1885 ; President State Tax Com- 
mission, 1886; City Counsellor, 1882-84; State Senator, 1890- 
91 ; Attorney-General of Maryland, 1891-95 ; Dean of the Uni- 
versity of Maryland Law School; legal writer and authority; 
compiler of the State Codes, 1886-1904 ; compiler Baltimore City 
Code, 1893; died, October 14, 1909. 

Resolution No. 4, Acts of 1910, recites that, " As a law of- 
ficer of the City of Baltimore, and in many ways as a private 
citizen, he rendered to the commonwealth services of the high- 
est value, with unremitting energy and industry, great ability, 
learning and acumen with stainless integrity and a lofty public 

Pratt, Enoch, 1808-1896. 

Born in North Middleborough, Mass., Sept. 10, 1808 ; settled 
in Baltimore, January 1, 1831, and became one of its most 
prosperous merchants ; founded the Free Library bearing his 
name, and left a large amount to the Sheppard and Pratt Hos- 
pital; died, September 17, 1896. 

1C Whereas, Enoch Pratt, of Baltimore, has recently tendered 
to the corporation of that city the munificent gift of over a 
million dollars, for the establishment of a free circulating 
library, under conditions whose practical wisdom commends 
them to universal approval; and whereas, neither the value 
and importance of such an institution, nor the noble and gen- 
erous purposes of its founder, can be measured, even by the 
splendid liberality of the endowment; be it therefore, 

" Resolved by the General Assembly of Maryland, That the 
name of Enoch Pratt be added to the list of those public bene- 
factors whom the people of Maryland will hold in perpetual 
and grateful remembrance. And it is further 

" Resolved, That in placing this acknowledgment and tribute 
upon the permanent records of the State, it is the desire and 
purpose of the General Assembly, not merely to signify their 
appreciation of a great and disinterested public service, but 
especially to honor a conspicuous example of the patriotism and 
public spirit which gives to wealth its largest dignity and lifts 
it to its highest uses." [Resolution No. 1, Acts of 1882.] 


Purviance, Hugh Y. 

Midshipman, 3 November, 1818 ; Lieutenant, 3 March, 1827 ; 
Commander, 7 March, 1849; Captain, 28 January, 1856; 
Commodore on retired list, 16 July, 1862. 

". . . That this General Assembly highly appreciate the con- 
duct and the success of Captain Hugh G. Purviance (a citizen 
of Baltimore), of the United States ship St. Lawrence, in her 
attack and destruction of the privateer Petrel, of the so-called 
Southern Confederacy." [Resolution ISTo. 8, Acts of 1862.] 

Randall, James Ryder, 1839-1908. 

Born, Baltimore, Md., January 1, 1839 ; educated at George- 
town College ; professor of English Literature in Poydras Col- 
lege, La.; newspaper man and litterateur; died, Jan. 15, 1908. 

Resolution ordering a portrait to be procured and hung in 
the old Senate Chamber in honor of the " poet and patriot, 
whose name will be forever held in kindly remembrance by all 
the citizens of our beloved State." [Resolution No. 15, Acts 
of 1908.] 

Rayner, Isidor, 1850-1912. 

Born in Baltimore City, April 11, 1850; educated at the 
University of Maryland and the University of Virginia; ad- 
mitted to the bar, 1870; member House of Delegates of Md., 
1878 ; State Senator, 1885 ; Representative in 50th Congress 
and to 52d and 53d Congresses; Attorney-General of Md., 1899- 
1903 ; elected to U. S. Senate for term beginning March 4, 
1905; re-elected in 1911 for the term ending March 3, 1917; 
died, Nov. 25, 1912. 

Resolution of respect to his memory, reciting that " the State 
has suffered an irreparable loss and the people have been de- 
prived of the services of a man of high personal integrity and 
devotion to duty." [Resolution No. 2, Acts of 1914.] 

Ridgely, Charles G., 1784-1848. 

Born, Baltimore, July 2, 1784; Midshipman, Oct. 19, 1799; 
Lieutenant, February 2, 1807; Captain, February 28, 1815; 
died, Philadelphia, February 4, 1848. Was with Commodore 


Preble at the battle of Tripoli, and for his gallant conduct in 
that war received a gold medal from Congress. 

The above statement is not confirmed by Loubat, q. v. vol. i, 
135 ; but the resolution of Congress, passed March 3, 1805, 
voted to each commissioned officer a handsome sword. If the 
medal was presented, it was similar to the Preble medal. 

Ridgely, Randolph, -1846. 

Born in Maryland; 2d Lieutenant, 1st July, 1837; 1st 
Lieut., 17 July, 1838; Brevet Captain Asst. Adjt. Genl., 7 
July, 1846; died, October 27, 1846; Brevet Captain, 9 May, 
1846, for gallant and distinguished conduct at Palo Alto and 
Resaca de la Palma. 

Resolution of respect to his memory [Resolution No. 5, Acts 
of 1846] q. v. under Trueman Cross. 

Riley, Bennet, 1786-1853. 

Born, Baltimore, 1786 ; Ensign of Riflemen, Jan. 19, 1813 ; 
Captain, 5th Infantry, August, 1818; Major, 4th Infantry, 
1837 ; Lieut.-Colonel, 2d Infantry, December, 1839 ; Colonel, 
1st Infantry, Jan. 31, 1850. In August, 1823, he distinguish- 
ed himself in an engagement with the Arickaree Indians; in 
the battle of Chakachatta, Florida, June 2, 1840, he was par- 
ticularly distinguished; he commanded the 2d Infantry under 
Genl. Scott in the Valley of Mexico; was distinguished at 
Cerro Gordo, for which he was brevetted Brigadier-General; 
brevetted Major-General for gallantry at Contreras ; died, June 
9, 1853. 

" Resolved unanimously by the General Assembly, That the 
General Assembly of Maryland entertain a high sense of gal- 
lantry, skill and good conduct of Bennet Riley, a' native of St. 
Mary's County in this State, and now a Brigader General in 
the Army of the United States, as evinced by his services during 
the late war with Great Britain, and by his intrepidity and 
heroism, displayed in the brilliant operations of the war in 

" Resolved unanimously, That for the purpose of evincing 
our admiration for such honorable services, and as an expres- 


sion of the high regard in which he is held by his native State, 
that the Governor be and he is hereby authorized and required 
to procure and present to Brigadier General Bennet Riley, a 
sword with suitable devices and ornaments, and the Governor 
is hereby authorized to draw on the Treasurer of Maryland, 
for such sum of money as may be necessary for the fulfillment 
of these resolutions." [Resolution No. 83, Acts of 1849.] 

Ringgold, Cadwalader, 1802-1867. 

Born, Washington county, Md., Aug. 20, 1802; son of Gen- 
eral Samuel Ringgold; Midshipman, March 4, 1819; Lieuten- 
ant, May 17, 1828; Commander, July 16, 1849; Captain, 
April 2, 1856; Commodore, July 16, 1862; Rear- Admiral, 
March, 1867. During the Civil War he was on the frigate 
Sabine blockading southern ports; died, 1ST. Y. City, April 29, 

By joint resolution of Conrgess, passed March 7, 1864, Cap- 
tain Ringgold was given the thanks of Congress for his bravery 
in the rescue of passengers and crew of the transport Governor. 

" Whereas, the coolness and eminent seamanship displayed 
by Captain Cadwalader Ringgold, early in November last, in 
rescuing a Marine battalion of four hundred men, from the 
wreck of the transport steamer Governor, during the storm 
which overtook the United States Squadron, on its way from 
Fortress Monroe to the attack and capture of Port Royal, is an 
occurrence well calculated to elevate the character of the Ameri- 
can Navy, and deserving of honorable mention by the Legis- 
lature of his native State ; therefore, be it 

" Resolved by the General Assembly of Maryland, That the 
thanks of this Legislature are tendered to Captain Ringgold 
and to the officers and crew of the United States frigate Sabine, 
for their gallant and humane efforts in saving the lives of so 
many human beings from the wreck of the ill-fated steamer 
Governor, during the storm on the Southern coast in Novem- 
ber last. 

"Resolved, That the Governor be requested to transmit a 
copy of these resolutions to Captain Ringgold, requesting him 
to communicate the same to the officers and crew of the frigate 
Sabine" [Resolution No. 12, Acts of December Session, 

238 maryland historical magazine. 

Ringgold, Samuel, 1800-1846. 

Born in Washington county, Md., 1800 ; 2d Lieut. Artillery, 
24 July, 1818 ; 1st Lieutenant, 8 May, 1822 ; Captain, 3d Artil- 
lery, 31 August, 1836; died, 11 May 1846, of wounds received 
in the battle of Palo Alto, Mexico. Brevet Captain, 8 May, 
1832, for ten years faithful service in one grade; brevet Major, 
15 February, 1838, for meritorious conduct and activity and 
efficiency in war against the Florida Indians. 

Resolution of respect to his memory [Resolution No. 5, Acts 
of 1846] q. v. under Trueman Cross. 

Rodgers, George Washington, 1787-1832. 

Born in Maryland, 1787; Midshipman, April, 1804; Lieu- 
tenant, April 24, 1810; master com., April 27, 1816; Post- 
Captain, March 1, 1825 ; first Lieutenant of the Wasp in the 
action with the Frolic; received a gold medal accompanied by 
a vote of thanks from Congress ; died, Buenos Ayres, May 21, 
1832. [Not in Loubat.] 

" Resolved unanimously, That the general assembly of Mary- 
land entertain a high sense of the gallantry of George W. 
Rogers, a native of this state, and a captain in the Navy of 
the United States ( as displayed in the brilliant and well fought 
action, during the late war, between the United States sloop 
of war Wasp, and his Britannic Majesty's ship Frolic, which 
terminated in a glorious victory, notwithstanding the great 
disparity of forces in favor of the latter, and on other import- 
ant occasions. 

" Resolved, That the Governor be and he is hereby authorized 
and directed to procure and present to Capt. George W. Rogers 
a sword as further evidence of the high sense we entertain of 
the services he has rendered his country, and that the Governor 
be authorized to draw on the treasurer of the western shore for 
such sums as may be necessary to carry into effect these resolu- 
tions." [Resolution No. 9, Acts of 1830.] 

'' Whereas, it appears that a resolution was adopted at the 
December session, eighteen hundred and thirty, authorizing the 
Governor to procure and present to Captain George W. Rogers, 
of the U. S. Navy, a sword, as a further evidence of the high 
sense the Legislature entertains for the services rendered his 


country; and whereas, it appears that the said George W. 
Rogers is now dead; therefore, 

"Resolved by the General Assembly, That his Excellency the 
Governor, be requested to present the said sword to Raymond 
Rogers, the eldest son of the deceased, with an assurance that it 
is presented to him, in consideration of the high sense which the 
Legislature of Maryland entertains for the gallantry of his 
deceased father, as displayed in the brilliant and well fought 
action during the late war, between the U. S. sloop of war 
Wasp and His Britannic Majesty's ship Frolic, and on other 
important occasions." [Resolution No. 59, Acts of 1832.] 

Rodgers, John, 1771-1838. 

Born, Harford county, Md., 1771 ; entering the navy as a 
Lieutenant, March 9, 1798, he was the executive officer of the 
frigate Constellation, Commodore Truxton, when she captured 
the French frigate VInsurgente off Nevis, Feb. 9, 1799, and 
took possession of the prize; Captain, March 5, 1799; took an 
active part in the Tripolitan war; and in the War of 1812, 
rendering important service in the defence of Baltimore ; Presi- 
dent of the Board of Navy Commissioners, 1815-1824; died, 
Philadelphia, August 1, 1838. 

The thanks of Congress and a silver medal for the capture 
of the French frigate VInsurgente. [Not in Loubat.] 

Rodgers, John, 1811- 

Born, Maryland, August 8, 1811; Midshipman, April 18, 
1828; Lieutenant, January 22, 1840; Commander, Sept. 14, 
1855; Captain, July 16, 1862; Commodore, June 17, 1863; 
Rear-Admiral, Dec. 31, 1869; Commanded steamer John Han- 
cock in surveying and exploring expedition to the north Pacific 
and the China Seas, 1853-56 ; in 1862 superintended construc- 
tion of ironclads in the west; May 10, 1862, commanded an 
expedition of gunboats in the James River; in the Galena at- 
tacked Fort Darling, May 15 ; on June 17, 1863, in the moni- 
tor Weehawhen he encountered and captured the rebel ironclad 
Atlanta; in the monitor Monadnoc he made the passage round 


the Horn, 1866-67; commanded Asiatic fleet; in August, 1871, 
captured the Corean forts; died 

" Resolved by the General Assembly of Maryland, That the 
thanks of the State are hereby tendered to Commander John 
Rogers, of Maryland, for his distinguished services during the 
rebellion, especially in organizing the iron-clad fleet on the 
western waters ; in the attack on Fort Darling ; in the heroic at- 
tempt on Fort Sumter, under Admiral Dupont, and the mem- 
orable capture of the Atlanta, which fitly crowns his past career, 
at once the pledge and inspiration of the future." [Resolu- 
tion No. 7, Acts of 1864.] 

Russell, John H. 

Midshipman, 10 September, 1841 ; Passed Midshipman, 10 
August, 1847; Master, 14 September, 1855; Lieutenant, 15 
September, 1855; Lieut-Commander, 16 July, 1862; Com- 
mander, 25 July, 1866; Captain, 12 February, 1874. 

The thanks of the legislature tendered to Lieut. John H. 
Russell (a native of Montgomery county) for his gallantry and 
daring in running into Pensacola harbor, directly under the 
guns of the enemy, and firing and destroying the Rebel Pirate 
Judith. [Resolution No. 8, Acts of 1862.] 

Saunders, John Selden, 1836-1904. 

Born at Norfolk, Va., 30 January, 1836 ; educated at Nor- 
folk, and at St. James' College, Md. ; gradauted from U. S. 
Military Academy, 1858; resigned from army 22 April, 1861; 
appointed 1st Lieutenant C. S. Artillery, 1861 ; promoted to 
Captain and Lieutenant-Colonel; removed to Baltimore in 1867 
and entered the service of the Maryland National Guard as 
Colonel and Brigade Inspector; appointed Adjutant General 
of Maryland, 7 February, 1900 ; died at Annapolis, 10 Janu- 
ary, 1904. Buried with military honors from the Fifth Regi- 
ment Armory, in Greenmount Cemetery. 

"Whereas, The General Assembly of Maryland has heard with 
deep regret of the death of General John S. Saunders, the late 
Adjutant General of the Maryland National Guard ; and 

"Whereas, His distinguished services as a soldier in the 
armies of the United States and of the Confederate States of 


America and in the Maryland National Guard are part of his- 
tory, and form a bright page in the records of Maryland, and 

"Whereas, His services to the State of Maryland as Adjutant 
General were of such an exceptional character as to result in 
the development of the efficiency of the Maryland National 
Guard to a higher point than it had ever before reached; 
therefore be it 

"Resolved by the General Assembly of Maryland, that in the 
death of the late General John S. Saunders, the State of Mary- 
land recognizes that the country has lost a true soldier whose life 
was an inspiration to the citizens of the State in true courage 
and devotion to duty, and that the State of Maryland has lost 
an official whose services were of great benefit to the common- 
wealth, and those who have been associated with him have lost 
a loyal and sincere friend." [Resolution No. 2, Acts of 1904.] 

Schley, Winfield Scott, 1839-1911. 

Born, Frederick county, October 9, 1839 ; graduated from 
U. S. Naval Academy, 1860 ; served throughout the Civil War; 
volunteered for and was placed in command of the Greely 
Arctic Relief Expedition, 1884; for his success in this expedi- 
tion the Massachusetts Humane Society gave him a gold medal 
of the first class; served through Spanish- American War; was 
presented with a magnificent jeweled and gold sword by the 
people of Philadelphia; another jeweled sword was presented 
by the Royal Arcanum; a gold medal set with jewels was pre- 
sented by the people of Maryland; died, New York City, 
October 2, 1911. 

rt Whereas, Commander Winfield Scott Schley, U. S. N., a 
native of this state, was appointed by President Chester A. 
Arthur to command the Greely Relief Expedition of eighteen 
hundred and eighty-four, to the Arctic Regions, in search of 
Lieutenant A. W. Greely, U. S. A., and his comrades ; and, 

' Whereas, said service was perilous, demanding skill, per- 
severance and courage in the presence of hourly danger ; and, 

xe Whereas, the said Expedition succeeded in rescuing said 
Greely and six of his comrades from imminent death ; therefore, 

" Be it resolved by the General Assembly of Maryland, That 
the thanks of the State of Maryland, be and they are hereby 


tendered to Commander Winfield Scott Schley, Commander 
George W. Coffin, Lieutenant William H. Emory, Jr., Lieuten- 
ant Charles J. Badger, Dr. Howard E. Ames, Dr. Edward H. 
Green, and to the other officers, and to George E. Ye well and 
the other men of said Expedition, for braving the peril and 
severity of the Arctic Regions, upon a mission of humanity, 
which was crowned with success. 

" Resolved, That as a memorial of the skill, foresight and 
determination of the Commander of said Expedition, and of 
its results, which added lustre to his State and Country, the 
Governor of this State be and he is hereby authorized to pro- 
cure and present to Commander Winfield Scott Schley, U. S. N., 
a gold chronometer watch, with the following {inscription : 
' The State of Maryland to Commander Winfield Scott Schley, 
U. S. 'N.j for his heroism and memorable service in rescuing 
Lieutenant A. W. Greely, U. S. A., and six of his comrades 
from death, at Cape Sabine, in the Arctic Regions, on June 
22, 1884.' " [Resolution No. 11, Acts of 1886.] 

See also, Resolution 4, Acts of 1890, and Resolutions 1 and 2, 
Acts of 1902. 

Chapter 31, Acts of 1902, provided for the purchase of a 
bust of Admiral Schley, by Ernest Keyser, to be placed in the 
State House. 

Schmuck:, Jacob, -1835. 

Born in Germany; 3d Lieutenant, 2d Artillery, 10 Feb., 
1814; 1st Lieutenant, 20 April, 1818; transferred to 4th 
Artillery, 1 June, 1821; Captain, 11 April, 1825; died, 10 
April, 1835. 

Brevetted 25 July, 1814, 1st Lieutenant for gallant conduct 
at the battle of Niagara; Brevetted Captain, 25 July, 1824, for 
ten years faithful service in one grade. 

" Resolved by the General Assembly of Maryland, That his 
Excellency the Governor, procure a sword with suitable devices 
and ornaments, and present it, in the name of the State, to 
Captain Jacob Schmuck, of the United States Army, as a tes- 
timony of the high sense entertained by his native state of 
his distinguished and gallant services to his country, on the 
northwestern frontier, during the late war with Great Britain." 
[Resolution No. 98, Acts of 1834.] 


" Besolved by the General Assembly of Maryland, That His 
Excellency the Governor, be requested to ascertain the value 
of the sword, which was directed to be presented to Captain 
Jacob Schmuck, late of the United States Army, under a reso- 
lution of the last General Assembly of Maryland, number 
ninety-eight, and to draw on the Treasurer of the Western 
Shore for the amount thereof, and present the same to Ellen 
Schmuck, widow of Captain Jacob Schmuck aforesaid, or to 
pay the same to her order, as the case may be, for the use and 
education of Catharine Schmuck, his daughter and only child." 
[Resolution No. 16, Acts of 1835.] 

Semmes, Raphael, 1809-1877. 

Born in Charles county, Maryland, Sept. 27, 1809 ; appoint- 
ed Midshipman, 1826;. while awaiting orders, studied law and 
was admitted to the bar; Lieutenant, TJ. S. N. 1837; served 
with distinction throughout the Mexican War; resigned, Feb. 
15, 1861 and entered the Confederate Navy; commanded the 
Alabama; after the war returned to the practice of law, and 
devoted himself largely to literary pursuits ; died, Mobile, Ala., 
August 30, 1877. 

" Whereas, Lieut. Raphael Semmes, of the United States 
Navy, a native of this State, having distinguished himself by 
his gallantry in the naval battery at the siege and bombard- 
ment of Vera Cruz, and as aid to General Worth at the battles 
of Contreras, Cherubusco, Molino del Rey, Chapultepec, and 
the City of Mexico, and in the language of Gen. Worth's report 
to the General-in-Chief : 

" To Lieut. Semmes of the Navy, volunteer aid-de-camp, the 
most cordial thanks of the General of the division are tendered, 
for his uniform gallantry and assistance, and the General-in- 
Chief is requested to present the conduct of this accomplished 
and gallant officer to the special notice of the chief of his dis- 
tinguished branch of the public service, our glorious navy." — 

Be it resolved by the General Assembly of Maryland, That 
the thanks and congratulations of the Legislature of his native 
State are hereby tendered to Lieut. Semmes, for his gallant con- 
duct during the present war with Mexico, and we cordially 
recommend him to the favorable consideration of the Executive 
of our National Government for promotion. 


Resolved, That His Excellency the Governor be requested to 
transmit to Lieut. Raphael Semmes a copy of the foregoing 
resolution, also a copy to the President of the United States, 
duly authenticated." [Resolution 'No. 58, Acts of 1847.] 

Shelby, Isaac, 1750-1826. 

Born near Hagerstown, 11 December, 1750, the son of Genl. 
Evan Shelby ; became a surveyor in western Virginia ;. in 1774 
he was a lieutenant in his father's company at the battle with 
Indians, at Point Pleasant, Ya. ; Captain in 1776 ; member of 
Virginia Legislature in 1779 and commissioned Major the 
same year ; Colonel in 1780 ; at the Battle of King's Mountain, 
7 Oct., 1780 ; member of the Legislature of North Carolina, 
1781-82 and received from that body a vote of thanks and a 
sword; in 1788 he settled in Lincoln County, Kentucky, and 
after the separation of Kentucky from Virginia and the forma- 
tion of a Constitution, he became Governor, 1792-96, and again, 
1812-16 ; during the War of 1812 he was distinguished at the 
battle of the Thames; died, 18 July, 1826. 

By the resolution of Congress of April 4, 1818, he was given 
thanks of Congress and awarded a gold medal. [Loubat, 51 ; 
265, pi. lii.] 

Smallwood, William, 1732-1792. 

Born in Kent county, 1732 ; educated in England; served in 
the French and Indian War; distinguished himself at the 
Battle of Long Island, 1775 ; served throughout the Revolution ; 
Elected to Congress, 1785 ; Elected Governor of Maryland, 
Nov., 1785 ; died in Prince George's county, Feb. 14, 1792. 

Received the thanks of Congress for his part in the Camden 
campaign. See text of resolution under Gist. 

Smoot, Joseph, -1857. 

Midshipman, Dec. 1, 1809; Lieutenant, April 27, 1816; 
Commander, March 3, 1835 ; Captain, Sept. 8, 1841 ; Reserv- 
ed list, Oct. 1, 1855; died, March 13, 1857. 


Sword ordered by the Legislature for " the gallantry and 
good conduct of Joseph Smoot, a native of this State, and now 
a Lieutenant in the Navy of the IT. S." in the actions between 
the Hornet and Peacock, and Hornet and Penguin. [Resolu- 
tion No. 11, Acts of 1829.] 

Resolution No. 1, of the Acts of 1858, recites that the " late 
Captain Joseph Smoot felt himself aggrieved by the action 
of the Government of the U. S. under the act entitled an act, 
to promote the efficiency of the Navy ; and that while suffering 
under what he conceived to be the wrong and injustice done to 
him, he departed this life in sadness and sorrow and [Mrs. 
Ann E. Smoot, his widow] feeling on her part, that it would 
not be proper under the circumstances for her longer to retain 
the sword, . . . has therefore returned the same to the State." 

The Governor was requested " to present the sword, which 
has thus been returned to the State, to Algernon Sydney Smoot, 
son of the late Captain Smoot, with a charge that he shall 
cherish it as a testimonial of the high appreciation of the State 
of Maryland, for the distinguished services of his deceased 
father, and that it shall never be drawn from its scabbard for 
use, except in defence of his country, her rights, or her sacred 

Sproston, John Glendig, -1862. 

Midshipman, 15 July, 1846 ; Passed Midshipman, 8 June, 
1852; Master, 15 September, 1855; Lieutenant, 16 September, 
1855; killed, 8 June, 1862. 

" Resolved, That the thanks of the Legislature of Maryland 
are due, and hereby tendered to Lieutenant John H. Russell, 
a native of Montgomery county, in this State, for his gallantry 
and daring in running into Pensacola harbor, directly under 
the guns of the enemy, and firing and destroying the Rebel 
Pirate Judith; and that in connection with the name of Lieu- 
tenant Russell, that of Lieutenant John Glendig Sproston, of 
the City of Baltimore, be associated ; and that this General As- 
sembly appreciate the conduct and the success of Captain Hugh 
G. Purviance (a citizen of Baltimore) of the United States 
ship St. Lawrence, in her attack and destruction of the privateer 
Petrel, of the so-called Southern Confederacy." [Resolution 
No. 8, Acts of 1862.] 

246 maryland historical magazine. 

Sterrett, Andrew. 1760-1807 

Born, Baltimore, Md., 1760; died Lima, Peru, January 9, 
1807; Lieutenant, U. S. Navy, March 25, 1769 ; resigned June 
29, 1805. 

" A sword commemorative of the gallant conduct of Lieu- 
tenant Sterrett of the schooner Enterprise, in the capture of a 
Tripolitan corsair of 14 guns and eighty men, presented by 
Congress." [Approved February 3, 1802.] 

Sterett, Isaac S. 

Midshipman, 24 March, 1819; Lieutenant, 17 May, 1828; 
Commander, 5 February, 1850; Captain, 2 March, 1887; re- 
signed, 23 April, 1861. 

" Resolved by the General Assembly of Maryland, That the 
thanks of this body are justly due to Isaac S. Sterrett, a citizen 
of Maryland and a Lieutenant in the Navy of the United 
States, for his gallantry and good conduct during the war with 

" Resolved, That His Excellency the Governor, be requested 
to transmit to Lieutenant Isaac S. Sterrett a copy of this reso- 
lution duly authenticated." [Resolution No 13, Acts of 1849.] 

Stewart, James E. 

" Resolved by the General Assembly of Maryland, That the 
thanks of this body are due to Captain James E. Stewart, of 
the Baltimore and District of Columbia Battalion, for his gal- 
lant conduct in Mexico, and that the Governor be requested to 
send a copy of this resolution, duly authenticated, to that offi- 
cer." [Kesolution No. 16, Acts of 1849.] 

Stewart, John. 

A Major of infantry, served under General Wayne, and for 
his gallantry at the storming of Stony Point, on the Hudson 
River, July 15, 1779, Congress voted him a silver medal. No 
trustworthy information can be found concerning him. He is 
said to have been born in Ireland and was reported to have 
died near Charleston, South Carolina, from injuries caused by 
a fall from his horse. Supposed to be the " Major Jack Stew- 


art " who was commissioned lieutenant-colonel of 1st Maryland 
regiment, 10 February, 1781. [Loubat, 5; 28, pi. v.] 

Stone, Thomas, 1743-1787. 

Born in Charles county in 1743 ; completed preparatory 
studies; studied law, admitted to the bar, and began practice 
in Frederick, Md., in 1764; moved to Charles county, in 1771; 
state senator, 1779-1783 ; delegate to the continental Congress, 
1775-1779 and 1784-1785; died in Alexandria, Va., October 
5, 1787. 

By resolution ISTo. 89 of 1834 (q. v. under Chase), the Gov- 
ernor was authorized to have painted full length portraits of 
Stone, Chase and Paca for the State House. 

Chapter 404 of the Acts of 1874, directed that portraits of 
Stone, Paca and Johnson, suitably framed, be painted and con- 
tributed to the collection in Independence Hall, Philadelphia. 

Stouffer,, Captain. 

Captain Stouffer of the ship Antarctic, a citizen of Balti- 
more, was awarded gold medal and $7,500 by Congress ; medals 
given by New York and Philadelphia and a watch by the N". Y. 
Corn Exchange. Daily papers of June 18, 1868. [See Loubat, 

" Resolved by the General Assembly of Maryland, That the 
thanks of this State be, and they are hereby tendered to Captain 
Creighton, of the Bark Three Bells, Captain Lowe, of the Kilby, 
and Captain Stouffer, of the Antarctic, for their noble and 
humane conduct in rescuing so many valuable lives from the 
wreck of the ill-fated Steamer San Francisco. 

"Resolved, That the thanks of their native State are also 
tendered to Captain James T. Watkins, 1 the noble and heroic 
commander of the unfortunate Steamship San Francisco, and 
to Major Wise, 1 Lieutenants W. A. Winder and Charles S. 
Winder, and Lieutenant Prank Key Murray, for their courage- 
ous and gallant bearing during those trying scenes." [Resolu- 
tion No. 9, Acts of 1854.] 

1 Unidentified. 

248 maryland historical magazine. 

Swan, Kobert. 

Second lieutenant of infantry, Feb. 23, 1847; voltigeurs, 
April 9, 1847; honorably mustered out, Aug. 31, 1848. 

" The thanks of the General Assembly tendered for intrepid 
and gallant conduct in all the battles of the Valley of Mexico." 
[Kesolution No. 79, Acts of 1849.] 

Taney, Koger Brooke, 1777-1864. 

Born, Calvert county, 17 March, 1777 ; admitted to the Bar 
in 1799; Member of the House of Delegates, 1800; State 
Senator, 1816 ; appointed Attorney-General of Maryland, 1827; 
Attorney-General of the U. S., 1831 ;. Chief Justice of the 
U. S. Supreme Court, 1836; died, Washington, D. C, 12 
October, 1864. 

" That five thousand dollars or so much thereof as may be 
necessary, is hereby appropriated to the building, or erecting 
a suitable monument over the remains of the late Chief Justice 
Taney, on some suitable site in the State House yard, or in 
the State House itself." [Chapter 71, Acts of 1867, p. 100.] 

:c Whereas, it is proper and right that the public service of 
so great and good a man as the late Chief Justice Taney should 
be cherished and preserved in the memories of our people, and 
kept before the youth of our State as worthy of their emulation. 

" Be it resolved by the General Assembly of Maryland, That 
a joint special committee of three on the part of the Senate, 
and four on the part of the House of Delegates, be appointed 
to request the Committee appointed under the Act of the Gen- 
eral Assembly, A. D. 1867, chapter 56 [71], to appear in the 
Hall of the House of Delegates on the seventeenth day of March 
next, and joint committee be authorized to secure the services 
of some distinguished citizen of Maryland to deliver an oration 
on the life and public services of the late Chief Justice; and, 
be it further 

" Resolved, That the said special committee be instructed to 
invite the Governor, the Judges of the Court of Appeals, and 
other high officials of this State, the Justices of the Supreme 
Court of the United States, as also the family and relatives of 
the late Chief Justice, to be present on the occasion." [Reso- 
lution No. 2, Acts of 1874.] 

men of maryland specially honored. 249 

Tilohman, Matthew, 1718-1790. 

Born in Queen Anne county, Md., Feb. 17, 1718 ; Justice 
for Talbot county, 1744-45, and Presiding Justice, 1769; 
Burgess for Talbot county, 1751-58, and for Queen Anne coun- 
ty, 1760-61, and for Talbot again, 1768-74; Chairman Com- 
mittee of Correspondence, December, 1774, and of tbe Council 
of Safety, July, 1775 ; President of the Maryland Conventions 
of 1774, 1776; Member of Congress, 1774-76; Senator for 
Talbot county, 1777-1781 ; died, May 4, 1790. 

The General Assembly of 1906, by Chapter 504, appropriat- 
ed six hundred dollars for painting his portrait for the State 

Tome, Jacob, 1910-1898. 

Born in York county, Pa., August 13, 1810; merchant, 
capitalist, banker; State Senator for Cecil county, 1864-67; 
founder of the school at Port Deposit which bears his name; 
died, March 16, 1898. 

" 'Whereas, the General Assembly of Maryland has heard 
with profound regret of the death of Jacob Tome, late of Cecil 
county, deceased, and 

" Whereas, on account of his prominent connection with the 
history of this State and his broad-minded benevolence in pro- 
ducing from his resources accumulated by a life of industry and 
integrity, and his great addition to the educational advantages 
of the State in the endowment of the institute which bears his 
name; and, 

' Whereas, for the fact that in his individual capacity as a 
citizen and a member of the General Assembly of the State, 
by his wisdom and financial knowledge he greatly assisted the 
State in a time of financial depression and of war to preserve 
her credit, and so supply her resources that her financial in- 
tegrity was maintained in the foremost ranks of the States of 
the Union, it is but right and proper that the Legislature of 
Maryland in session assembled should give expression of its 
appreciation of the worth of one of the State's foremost citi- 
zens; therefore, 

" Be it resolved by the General Assembly, That in the death 


of Jacob Tome the State of Maryland recognizes his great 
worth and mourns the death of one of her most useful, benevo- 
lent and faithful citizens. 

"Resolved, That his life of fidelity, industry and integrity 
is one to be pointed to with pride as an example and stimulus 
to the rising generation of our citizens.'' [Resolution No. 9, 
Acts of 1898.] 

Towson, Nathan, 1784-1854. 

Born near Baltimore, Jan. 22, 1784; previous to the war 
of 1812, he commanded a company of volunteer artillery and 
was Adjutant of the 7th Md. regt. ; appointed Captain in 2d 
U. S. Artillery, March, 1812, and on October 9, aided by Lieut. 
Elliot of the Navy, captured the British brig Caledonia, under 
the guns of Fort Erie ; was engaged in the battle of Queenstown, 
in the capture of Fort George, in the affair at Stony Creek, 
wounded at Fort George, took part in the capture of Fort Erie, 
in the battle of Chippewa, and in the front rank at the battle 
of Niagara. In May, 1816, he was brevetted Major and Lieut.- 
Col. for his achievements, and again in 1849, as Major-General 
for meritorious services during the Mexican War; died, Wash- 
ington, D. C, July 20, 1854. 

The General Assembly by resolution 63 of the Acts of 1832, 
directed the Governor to procure and present to Colonel Towson 
a sword, as a testimony of the " admiration and gratitude of 
his native state for his distinguished gallantry, and highly 
valuable service during the last war with Great Britain." 
Full text under John Gallagher. 

Trippe, John, -1810. 

A gallant officer of the U. S. Navy, entered the service as 
sailing master, 6 May, 1803, and was made lieutenant, 9 Jan- 
uary, 1807; served under Preble in the attacks on Tripoli, 
July-Sept., 1804, and was severely wounded; died at sea off 
Havana, 9 July, 1810. 

By resolution of March 3, 1805, Congress awarded him a 
handsome sword. 


Watson, William H., 1808-1846. 

Born in Baltimore, August 30, 1808; studied law; appoint- 
ed aide to Governor Pratt; commanded the volunteer company 
" the Independent Blues ;" Member of House of Delegates, 
1838, and Speaker of the House in 1843 ; commissioned Colonel 
of the Maryland and District of Columbia Volunteers; killed 
at the Battle of Monterey, Sept. 21, 1846. 

Resolution of respect to his memory, q. v. under Trueman 
Cross. [Resolution No. 5, Acts of 1846.] 

" Whereas, intelligence has reached the seat of government 
that the remains of Lieutenant Colonel William H. Watson and 
Captain Randolph Ridgely, have been received in the city of 
Baltimore for interment; therefore, 

" Resolved by the General Assembly of Maryland, That as a 
mark of respect for the memory of these distinguished officers, 
the Senate and House of Delegates will stand adjourned on 
Monday next, the eighth instant, the day fixed for their funeral 
obsequies, and will unite in the procession. 

"Resolved, That His Excellency the Governor be requested 
to cause the National Flag to be displayed at half mast from the 
State House steeple, during the day of the funeral, and that 
he direct guns to be fired between the hours of twelve and three 
o'clock, at intervals of half hour, during the march of the pro- 
cession." [Resolution ISTo. 66, Acts of 1846.] 

Webster,, John Adams, 1787-1876. 

Born, Harford county, Md., September 19, 1787; served as 
third Lieutenant on the privateer Rossie under Commodore 
Barney;, served with distinction at the battle of Bladensburg; 
in command of " Babcock," the six gun battery, east of Fort 
Covington, during the bombardment of Baltimore ; on Nov. 22, 
1819, he was commissioned Captain in the revenue service, and 
during the Mexican War he commanded a fleet of eight cutters 
to co-operate in the campaign on Rio Grande river and before 
Vera Cruz; retired from active service in 1865; died, Harford 
county, Md., July 4, 1876. 

"Resolved by the General Assembly of Maryland, That his 
Excellency the Governor of Maryland procure a sword with 


suitable ornaments and devices, and present, in the name of his 
native state, to Captain John A. Webster, for his gallant de- 
fence of the battery committed to his charge, during the mem- 
orable attack against the city of Baltimore, September the 
twelfth, eighteen hundred and fourteen." [Resolution No. 3, 
Acts of 1835.] 

A handsome sword also presented by the citizens of Baltimore 
in 1816. 

Whyte, William Pinkney, 1824-1908. 

Born, Baltimore, Md., Aug. 9, 1824; admitted to the bar in 
1846; representative in legislature, 1847-48; Comptroller of 
the Treasury of Md., 1853-55; appointed to U. S. Senate to 
fill unexpired term of Reverdy Johnson (July 13, 1868, March 
3, 1869); Governor of Maryland, 1871-74; U. S. Senator, 
1875-81 ; Mayor of Baltimore, 1881-82 ; city solicitor, 1900- 
1903 ; appointed to U. S. Senate to fill unexpired term of A. P. 
Gorman (June 8, 1906-March 17, 1908); died, March 17, 

Resolution of respect to his memory, " a deserved tribute to 
an honorable and illustrious career." [Resolution No. 11, Acts 
of 1908.] 

Wilmot, John, 1778-1858. 

Born in Annapolis, Md., in 1778 ; educated at St. John's 
College; commissioned Ensign in 5th Md. Regiment, Militia, 
1809 ; served with the Baltimore United Volunteers through 
the War of 1812, being present at Bladensburg and North 
Point, at the latter of which he distinguished himself and was 
mentioned in General Orders ; appointed Adjutant General of 
Maryland, 10 March, 1856; died at Annapolis, 4 March, 1858. 

His funeral services were conducted in the hall of the House 
of Delegates and were attended by the Governor, the State of- 
ficials, and members of the General Assembly. The State 
House flag was half masted in his honor by direction of the 


Winder, Charles S. 

Brevet 2d Lieutenant 4th Artillery, 1 July, 1850 ; 2d Lieu- 
tenant 3d Artillery, 21 July, 1851; 1st Lieutenant, 5 April, 
1854; Captain, 9th Infantry, 3 March, 1855 ; resigned, 1 April, 

The thanks of the General Assembly for his courageous and 
gallant bearing on the occasion of the wreck of the San Fran- 
cisco. [Resolution No. 9, Acts of 1854.] See Stouffer. 

Winder, William A. 

2d Lieutenant 3d Artillery, 24 March, 1848 ; 1st Lieutenant, 
22 August, 1853 ; Captain, 14 May 1861 ; resigned, 18 October. 

The thanks of the General Assembly for his courageous and 
gallant bearing on the occasion of the wreck of the San Fran- 
cisco. [Eesolution No. 9, Acts of 1854.] See Stouffer. 



" To hold of Us, our heirs and successors, Kings of England, 
as of our Castle of Windsor, in our Country of Berks, in free 
and common Soccage, by Fealty only for all services, and not 
in Capite, nor by Knights service, Yielding therefore, unto Us, 
our heirs and successors Two Indian Arrows of those parts, to 
be delivered at the said Castle of Windsor, every year, on Tues- 
day in Easter week; and also the fifth part of all Cold and 
Silver Ore which shall happen from time to time to be found 
within the aforesaid limits." 

The Maryland Historical Society has recently secured by 
purchase a receipt taken in 1780 by Henry Harford for a pay- 
ment of two Indian Arrows yielded by him as rental for the 
province of Maryland. Although at this date Harford's au- 
thority was not recognized in Maryland, it is evident that as 


a matter of precaution he continued the payment of his rent to 
the Crown, doubtless intending to enter his receipt as evidence 
in the Chancery proceedings which later he instituted for reim- 
bursement by the Crown for damages which his estate had 
suffered through his loyalty during the War of the Revolution. 
This receipt of 1780 is given below, together with the calendar 
numbers of thirty-eight receipts for a similar payment made by 
the several Lords Proprietary between the years 1633 and 
1765, all of which are to be found among the Calvert Papers. 
As far as is known, these are the only existing receipts, but as 
the Harford receipt was purchased only a year ago, it is pos- 
sible that others may be discovered from time to time. At any 
rate those presented here are sufficient evidence that neither the 
Lords Proprietary nor the officers of the Crown regarded the 
nominal rental named in the Charter as a meaningless legal 
form. The rent was paid regularly, and one of the receipts 
given in full below is for four arrows, two of which represented 
the unpaid rent of the year before, which happened to be the 
year 1654 when Lord Baltimore's government in Maryland was 
overthrown by the Puritans of Annapolis. 

Whether each year two new arrows were sent over from Mary- 
land for the payment of the rental, or whether Brother Peasely 
and Caecilius the Secretary and others kept in their London 
offices two stock arrows which they presented regularly every 
year at Windsor and which were as regularly returned to them, 
the form having been complied with, is a question difficult of 
decision. To " touch and remit " was an ancient custom in all 
lands in certain cases of tribute payment, and it is probable 
that some such procedure was followed for many years when 
my lord's agent journeyed to Windsor and solemnly presented 
to the Governor of the Castle, or to the keeper of his majesty's 
wardrobe or even to the gunner the two Indian arrows from 
Maryland. We can be sure that the first year's payment, care- 
fully noted by Caecilius, consisted of two of the best and newest 
arrows which he could procure. 

An interesting circumstance in the history of the proprietary 


provinces of America, particularly of Maryland, is the survival 
in their charters of feudal customs of land tenure. Theoreti- 
cally the title to all land was derived from the sovereign, who 
parcelled it among certain lords. In their turn, these made 
further divisions and the process continued until the smallest 
landholders were reached in the descending scale. Each land- 
holder owed his overlord some form of rental, either in kind or 
in service, or in both, and the service thus paid was the basis 
of the labor system and military establishment of the country. 
Kilty has an interesting summary of Blackstone's discussion 
of the nature of these services and of the principles of feudal 
tenure in general. The following extract is from the Land- 
Holders Assistant, page 24 : 

" These services in respect to their quality were either free 
or base services; in respect to their quantity and the time of 
exacting them were either certain or uncertain. ... ' The 
certain services whether free or base, were such as were stinted 
m quantity, and could not be exceeded on any pretence; as to 
pay a stated annual rent, or to plough such a field for three 
days: The uncertain depended upon unknown contingencies; 
as, to do a military service in person or pay an assessment in 
lieu of it when called upon; or to wind a horn whenever the 
Scots invaded the realm, which are free services, or to do what- 
ever the Lord should command, which is a base or villein 

" Tenure is a stipulated condition under which (among other 
things) real property is held: The person holding Land under 
feudal tenure is called a tenant, and the property itself a tene- 
ment. Of tenements there were two kinds, frank tenement and 
Villeinage : Of the former some were held freely, in considera- 
tion of homage or Knight service; others in free socage with the 
service of fealty only. ... Of the two kinds comprehended in 
Frank tenement the tenure by Knights service, or in Chivalry, 
was the most universal and esteemed the most honorable species, 
but drew after it certain fruits and consequences so burthensome 
as to make it less desirable than that of common socage, and was 


attended by the particular disadvantage of uncertainty, at least 
in respect to time, in the services to be performed. The services 
by free socage were like the others free and honourable in their 
nature, and had the advantage of being reduced to an absolute 
certainty. It is by this tenure, to wit, free and common socage, 
by fealty only for all services, that Lord Baltimore held the 
grant of Maryland, and under the same his grants were made to 
the settlers." 

The following definition given in Bouvier's Law Dictionary 
supplies a satisfactory derivation of the word socage or soccage : 
" This word, according to the earlier common law writers, 
originally signified a service rendered by a tenant to his lord, by 
the soke or ploughshare ; but Mr. Sommer's etymology, referred 
to by Blackstone, seems more apposite, who derives it from the 
Saxon word soc, which signifies liberty or privilege, denoting 
thereby a free or privileged tenure." 

The rental of lands held under socage tenure has taken many 
curious forms. There is record of an estate held by a tenant 
whose overlord was to receive from him annually a rose, and of 
another the rental of which was a pair of gilt spurs, but the most 
common rents under socage tenure were payments in kind, such 
as a pair of capons or a bushel of corn. The manors held in 
Maryland of the Lords Proprietary were under socage tenure 
and their rental was generally in kind. These rentals in kind 
are easily understood, but for an explanation of such unusual 
payments as a pair of spurs or two arrows, it is necessary again 
to refer to an extract from the erudite Kilty, who writes as 
follows : 

u To close our explanation of socage tenure, it is to be 
observed that this is deemed to include under it all other meth- 
ods of holding free lands by certain invariable rents and 
duties: — Among these is Petit Sergeanty, which, as defined by 
Littleton, ' consists in holding lands of the King by the service 
of rendering to him annually some small implement of war, as a 
bow, a sword, a lance, an arrow, or the like.' It is possibly under 
this custom that Lord Baltimore was bound in acknowledgment 


lor his grant of Maryland to deliver annually at the King's 
Uastle of Windsor ' two Indian arrows of those parts.' Services 
md rents are very much confounded with each other in all 
tccounts of feudal customs, but as Lord Baltimore held by 
! ealty in lieu of all other services, and as the payment of two 
irrows is not a personal service, the render or ' Yielding ' of 
hese implements ought probably to be considered as an annual 

There was a continuous struggle from the earliest days of 
eudalism on the parts of landholders to force the landlords 
o commute their rentals from the "uncertain" military or per- 
onal service to the more satisfactory if less glorious "certain" 
ervice represented by a fixed rental. "Free and common 
ocage " was the goal toward which they aimed, and gradually 
n the English documents these words began to displace the 
Id term, "by Knights service." The change was accomplished 
'ery slowly, however, and as late as the year 1623, we find 
hat the tenure of Lord Baltimore's province of Avalon was 
' in capite by Knights service, and yielding therefor to us our 
leirs and successors, a white horse whensoever and as often 
s it shall happen that wee, our heirs or successors shall come 
ato the said Territory or Region." Under the circumstances 
bis service could never have become onerous, but as a matter 
f principle the tenure of Maryland by common socage was a 
lore satisfactory form for the Proprietary from many stand- 
points. In this matter of its form of tenure the Avalon grant 
ras anachronistic, for the first charter of Virginia, granted 
a 1606, provided that the tenure of that territory should 
e by " free and common socage," and in the first year after 
ae restoration of Charles II, the Act of Tenure of Parlia- 
lent abolished once for all the tenure of land " by Knights 
3rvice," and practically all existing forms of tenure were 
lerged into that by socage. Feudalism was brought to an end 
i England by the passage of the Act of Tenure of 1660. 

The Harford receipt is accompanied by Speed's Map of Vir- 
inia, taken from his "Prospect of the most famous parts of the 


World. London, 1676." On the back of the map is a Descrip- 
tion of Maryland, in which occurs the paragraph from the 
Charter, concerning the annual rental of the two arrows. The 
text of the receipt is as follows: 

28 March 1780. 

Kecd: this 28th day of March 1780, being Tuesday in 
Easter Week at this his Majesty's Castel of Windsor from 
Henry Harford Esq r Lord Proprietary of the Province of 
Maryland in America, by the Hands of Hugh Hamersley, Esq r 
Secretary of the Same Province Two Indian Arrows of Those 

I say E-ecd. in the Absence of General Phillips Deputy 
Governour of Windsor Castle. 

p. me William Jarman, Gunner. 

The receipts from the a Calvert Papers" follow, the first 
being number 841 : 

Coppy of my letter to the Deputy Constable of Windsor 
Castle when I sent my first rent of 2 Indian Arrowes for Mary- 
land, by John Langford. 

By a late grant of a Territory or continent of land called 
Maryland in America, passed vnto me under the greate seal 
of England I am to pay his Ma tie every yeare on the Tuesday 
in Easter weeke at his castle of Windsor two Indian arrowes: 
as a yearlie rent for the said Territory. W tel1 Arrowes I have 
accordingly sent by this bearer my servant to be payd accord- 
ingly and I desire yo r acquittance for the receipt of them so 
I rest 

Yo r loving friend 

23 April 1633. 

No. 842 Tuesday the 23rd day of Aprill 1633 in the Ninth 
yeare of the raigne of o r Soveraigne Lord Kinge Charles. 

Memorand. that the day and yeare above said the right 
Honorable Cecill Lord Baltimore hath tendered and left by 
the handes of his servant John Langford at and w th in the 


Castle of Windsor in the Countie of Berk Two Indian Arrowes 
for one yeares rent due to the Kinges Ma tie this present day 
for a Territory or continent of land called Maryland in Amer- 
ica granted by his Ma tie vnder the great Seale of England 
to the said Lord Baltimore vnder the yearlie rent aforesaid. 
In testimonie whereof we have herevnto subscribed the day 
and yeare abovesaid. 

W. Thomas, keeper of his M ties Wardrobe 
James Furleigh. 
George Starkey. 

Endorsed: A certificate of the tendring of my rent to the 

king at Windsor Castle for Maryland: by the hands of John 


W. 843. Aprill 8th 1634. Signed by George Starkey; arrows 

delivered by John Langford. 
No. 844. Aprill 19, 1636. Signed by W. Thomas; arrows 

delivered by Langford. 
No. 845. April 1637. Signed by Wm. Thomas. 
No. 846. March 27, 1638. Signed by George Starkey; 

arrows delivered by Langford. 
No. 847. Aprill 7, 1640. Signed by George Starkey. 
No. 848. Aprill 27, 1641. Signed by George Starkey; arrows 

delivered by Richard Dudley. 
No. 849. Aprill 12, 1642. Signed by W. Thomas. 
No. 850. Aprill 4, 1643. Signed by George Starkey ; arrows 

delivered by Richard Eludd. 
No. 851. Endorsed: Copy of y e acquittance for 4 Indian 

Arrows payd then at Windsor Castle by me John Lang- 
Tuesday in Easter Week, the 17 of Aprill 1655. 
M d . The day and yeare above written the Right Honble 
Cecill Lord Baltemore by his servant John Langford gent hath 
left, tendered and delivered at the Castle of Windsor in the 
County of Berks to the use of his highness the Lord protector 
of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland and 


the Dominions therto belonging, two Indian Arrowes for one 
yeares rent for the said Province ending the day of the date 
hereof and also two more of the like arrowes for another yeares 
rent for the sayd Province w c h was due for one yeare ended 
on Easter Tuesday last past 1654. I say received to the use 
of his said Highness as aforesaid by mee. 

No. 852. Aprill 8, 1656. Signed by Xpr. Whichcote, Gover- 
nour of the Castle under his highness ; arrows delivered by 
No. 853. March 31, 1657. Signed by Xpr. Whichcote; ar- 
rows delivered by Langford. 
No. 854. Aprill 13, 1658. Signed by Cpr. Whichcote; ar- 
rows delivered by Langford. 
No. 855. Aprill 24, 1660. Signed by K d . Winter; arrows 

delivered by Langford. 
No. 856. Tuesday in Easter Week, the 16th of April 1661. 
The Castle of Windsor. Memorand m the day and yeare 
above written the Eight )Ilond ble Cecill Lord Baltimore did 
personally pay unto his Ma tie within the Castle of Windsor in 
the County of Berks to the use of his Ma tie for the Province 
of Maryland in America, a yeares Bentt due this day two 
Indian Arrows of those parts ffor the Receipt whereof by his 
Ma tie8 Command I John Lord Viscount Mordaunt as Con- 
stable of the said Castle Do give the said Lord Baltimore this 

Mordaunt. — * 

No. 857. Aprill 1, 1662. Signed, Hartgett, Baron; arrows 
delivered by George Starkey. 

No. 858. Aprill 21, 1663. Signed, Mordaunt; arrows de- 
livered by William Talbott. 

No. 859. Aprill 25, 1671. Signed by Trevor Wheler; ar- 
rows delivered by " Mr. Edward Wise, keeper of his Ma ties 
stores in Windsor Castle." 

* John, 1st baron Mordaunt, 1627-1675, appointed Constable of Windsor 
Castle in 1660. 


Nos. 860-865. 1672-1677. Signed by Charles Potts; ar- 
rows delivered by Edward Wise. 

No. 866. April 27, 1736. Signed by Jno. Olivier; arrows 
delivered by William Thorp. 

No. 867. Aprill 4, 1738. Signed by Jno. Olivier; arrows 
delivered by Thorp. 

No. 868. Aprill 24, 1737. Signed by Thos. Rowland, Mas- 
ter Gnnner; arrows delivered by Thorp. 

No. 869. Aprill 8, 1740. Signed by Jno. Olivier; arrows 
delivered by Thorp. 

Nos. 870-878. 1743-1751. Signed by Jno. Olivier; arrows 
delivered by John Browning. 

No. 879. April 9, 1765. Signed by Will m Jarman, Gunner ; 
arrows delivered by Hon. Caecilius Calvert, the provincial 


(Continued from Vol. XII, p. 163.) 

Wednesday the 8 th - of May 1776. 
The Committee met according to Adjournment all the Mem- 
bers present as on Yesterday except Capt n Hughes, Capt n Hog- 
myer, and Capt n Cellar appeared M r John Rench. 

Ordered that the sundry Persons do pay the Sums annexed 
to their Names in one Month from the Date hereof, and deliver 
up their fire Arms immediately, if they have any, except Pis- 
tols, to the several Persons appointed to receive the same viz. 
Christian Newcomer to pay 7.. 10 Common Money To Capt n 
Jam s Wallen. 

Jacob Warner to pay 5.. 00 D° 
Jacob Martin to pay 7.. 10 D° 



Henry Avey to pay 

2.. 00 D° 

Geo. Whitmyer to pay 

5.. 00 D° 

HenF Hoover to pay 

2.. 00 D° 

John Hoover to pay 

2.. 00 D° 

Jacob Hoover Jun r D° 

2.. 00 D° 

W m Eussell Do 

2.. 00 D° 

Jos. Bowman D° 

5.. 00 D° a Gun to be delivered 

Jacob Eoot D° 

5.. 00 D° and delivered his fire Arms 

to D° 

Sam 1 Funk D° 

5.. 00 D° 

Hen? Funk D° 

5.. 00 D° 

Hen? Knave D° 

5.. 00 D° 

Jacob Stover D° 

5.. 00 Do 

Adam Shoop D° 

3.. 00 D° 

Conrad Hertzog D° 

2.. 00 paid to Capt n Linck 

David Funk to pay 

7.. 00 Common Money to Cap* Peter 


Jos. Funk D° 

7.. 00 Do 

Peter Stay an invalid 

a Gun to be delivered to d° 

Christian Troxel D° 

3.. 00 D° Do paid to Doct r Schnebley 

Michael Cagay D° 

7.. 00 D° 

Jacob Grove D° 

3.. 00 D° 

Chris 11 Koogle D° 

3.. 00 Do 

Jos. Byerly D° 

5.. 00 

Adam Koogle an invalid 

5.. 00 a Gun delivered to the Com- 

mittee N° 3 

Chris 11 Koogle J r D° 

4.. 00 D° 

Jacob Lesher D° 

4.. 00 Do 

Morris Deale invalid 

Geo. Hoover 5 y rs 

a Gun to D° 

John Hoover 

2.. 00 paid to Capt n Linck 

Jacob Look Jun r 

5.. 00 

John Waggoner 

enroll'd and has not Associated 

Jacob Rowland 50 y rs 

Heny Rowland 

7.. 10 D° 

David Rowland 

7.. 00 D° 



Christian Eversole 
John Muskberger 

Martin Muskberger an invalid 

50 years 
2.. 00 a Gun delivered to the Com- 
mittee N° 1 
a Gun deliv d to D° E"° 2 
Jos. Avery to pay 3.. 00 Common Money to Cap* Bazil 


Christ 11 Miller 50 y rs 

a Gun to D° 

Ab m Miller 

5.. 00 

John Kernhart 

3.. 00 

Sam 1 Blecher 

not worth £30 

Sam 1 Mayer 50 y rs 

To Cap* Michael Fockler 

Chris 11 Eorar to pay 

5.. 00* 

a Gun to D° paid Cap* Linck 


John Funk D° 

7.. 10 


Benj n Xoll D° 

5.. 00 


Hen^ Funk Jun r 

7.. 00 

D° a Gun deliver'd to D° N° 4 

Sam 1 Bachel Sen r 

a Minister a Gun to D° 

Sam 1 Bachel Jun 1 : 

7.. 00 


Isaac Bachel D° 

7.. 00 


Jos. Kench 50 y rs 

a Gun to D° 

Herman Clappler 

Invalid — a Gun to D° 

Adam Piper to pay 

8.. 00 

Common Money to Capt n 
Martin Kershner 

Michael Boovey 

2.. 00 
£ s 

D° paid to Doct r Schnebley 

Jacob Broombaugh Sen r 

50 y rs a Gun to Capt n Jn° 


Jacob Broombaugh Jun 1 

" 3.. 00 

Common Money to pay to D° 

John Broombaugh 

3.. 00 


Ab m Gansinger D° 

5.. 00 


Herman Clappler D° 

not worth 30£ 

Chris 11 Shank D° 

5.. 00 


Jacob Coughinour D° 

5.. 00 


Michael Shank D° 

5.. 00 


Ab m Lidey D° 

5.. 00 


Jn° Miller Dunkard D° 

5.. 00 



Daniel Switzer D° 3.. 00 D° 

Martin Bachel D° 7.. 10 D° 

And w Postator D° 5.. 00 D° 

Dealman Wafhabaugh 50 y rs 

John Wafhabaugh to pay 7.. 00 Common Money to Capt n Cel- 

Jacob Huffer D° 7.. 10 D° a Gun to D° Kern 1 * 2.. 10 

Jacob Studebaker D° 5.. 00 D° 

John Bowman D° 5.. 00 D° 

David Miller D° 7.. 00 D° 

John Newswanger Invalid and will not Associate 

Philip Jacob Miller 50 y rs to D° 

John Long upwards of 50 y rs D° 

John Clapper 2.. 00 D° 

David M. Philips Sen r 5.. 00 

The Committee adjourns for an Hour, 

The Committee met according to Adjournment. 

And continued to assess the non-associators and non-enrollers 
as aforesaid. 

£ s 
Peter Hick to pay 5.. 00 to Capt n Sam 1 Hughes 

John Huntzaker D° 5.. 00 

Nicholas Huntzaker D° 5.. 00 
Jacob Shockey D° 5.. 00 

Chris 11 Hyple D° 4.. 00 a Gun to be deliver' d to D° 

Philip Smith D° not worth 30£ 

Jacob Good 

Ab m Good D° 5.. 00 

Christopher Good to pay 5.. 00 to Capt n Sam 1 Hughes 
John Hoover Jun. D° 
Peter Newcomer D° 
Nich 1 Myer 50 y rs 
Leonard Baugh 
Philip Stambaugh to pay 







not worth 30£ 



to Capt n 




6.. 00 
3.. 00 


And w Kephart D° 3„ 00 

John Hoover above 50 y rs 

Oulerich Hoover to pay 

John Vanswanger D° 

Michael Baugh D° 

Adam Hann D° 

John Darby D° 

And w Hoover D° 50 y rs 

Christian Thorns D° 

Jacob Thorns Sen r D° 

Jacob Thorns Jnn r D° 

Martin Funk D° 

Jacob Miller D° 

John Good D° 

Christian Hoover D° 

Mich 1 Menser D° 

John Rorer D° 

Jacob Rorer to pay 

Martin Rorer D° 

Jacob Bear D° 

Paul Rhode D° 

Rhodes Sen. D° 


not worth 30£ 

5.. 00 

5.. 00 a Gun to be delivered 

5.. 00 

5.. 00 

6.. 00 

5.. 00 

5.. 00 

will not associate 
10.. 00 

10.. 00 to Capt n Hogmyer 
10.. 00 D° 

2.. 00 

8.. 00 

5.. 00 

This Day Col n John Stull acknowledged to this Committee 
that he received from the Treasurer, Thomas Harwood by order 
of the Council of Safety 37 £ .. 9 s .. 6 d Curr* Money it being the 
Sum due for fifty one Blankets purchased by this Committee 
for the Use of the Province by order of the Council of Safety. 

Ordered that Capt n James Wallen, Peter Reed, Bazil Wil- 
liams, Michael Fockler, Martin Kershner, John Cellars, Sam- 
uel Hughes, Conrad Hogmyer be impowered by Warrant to 
receive the Sundry Sums of Money heretofore Assessed by this 
Committee against the several Persons as per Lists to be made 
and annexed thereto who have not enrolled, and the fire Arms 
they may have from those who have not associated agreeable to 


the Resolves of the Convention in December Last, within each 
of their districts, to be made out in manner and form following. 

You are hereby authorized or impowered to receive from the 
sundry persons the sums of Money, annexed to each or their 
several names as per the List hereunto annexed at the End of 
one Month from the Date hereof and such fire Arms immedi- 
ately, except Pistols, that are or may be in their Possession, or 
otherways may be their or either of their Properties wherever 
found, and make Return thereof to the Committee of Observa- 
tion that shall sit next after the time aforesaid, being the Sums 
levied or Assessed on them and each of them for not enrolling 
and associating agreeable to the Directions of the Convention 
of December last, and this shall be your Authority, given under 
my Hand this 8 th day of May 1776 by order of the Committee. 

The above Warrants with the seperate Lists of Names and 
Sums annexed to them being Copied and transmitted to the 
several Gentlemen appointed for that Purpose to be by them 
collected agreeable to the order of the Committee. 

The Comittee adjourns till the first Tuesday in June 1776. 

The Committee Mett According to Adjournment members 

Coll Samuel Beall Jn r In the Chair 
Coll Joseph Smith Joseph Chapline 

Maj r Henry Shriock Capt n James Smith 

Maj r Christian OrandorfT Capt n John Cellar 

Coll Andrew Rentch John Rentch 

Cap* Michel Fockler Jam 3 Clark continued as Ok 

Cap* William Hizer Capt n Sam. Hughes 

Christian Lance Capt n Conrad Hogmire 

George Swinglve 

On Application being made by the sundry Persons hereafter 
mentioned that they are distressed, and unable to pay the sev- 
eral fines assessed against them as non-Enrollers by this Com- 
mittee on the 8 th day of May last and after considering the 


Reasons offered by them, in Support thereof, this Committee 
have thought fit to remit viz : 

£ s 
To John Clapper ... 2.. 00 
To Chris 11 Koogle . . . 1.. 00 
Daniel Switzer remitted 3.. 00 because enrolled with Cap* 

The Committee adjourns for an Hour. 

The Committee met according to Adjournment. 

This day Capt n Michael Fockler acknowledged to this Com- 
mittee that he received from Heligess the Treasurer for the 
Continental Congress the sum of 524 £ .. 12 s .. 10 d Current 
Money, it being the amount of the list of Sundries furnished 
Capt n John Nelsons Company in the Continental Service as per 
Letter to John Hancock Esq r heretofore entered, except the 
Discount of 9 £ .. 15 s part of Henry Tootwilers Account dis- 
allowed — which Sum he engages to pay to the several Claim- 

Ordered that the Clerk advertise that all Claims against the 
Publick for sundries furnished for the Continental Service, be 
made and laid before the Committee on the first Tuesday of 

The following Persons are in an Additional Return made by 
Capt n John Cellars, who will not enroll and Associate, and are 
fined or assessed as is annexed to their names viz. 

Chris. Wheetmore to pay 4.. 00 

Jacob Herr 2.. 00 

Henry Calglesser 3.. 00 

D° by Capt n James Smith 

Samuel Volgamet to pay 5.. 00 

Jacob Tugg 4.. 00 p d to And w Lynch 

Christian Weldey p d 3.. 00 

John Weldey 3.. 00 

Jacob Weldey 2.. 00 paid to Doct r Schnebley 


Capt n Samuel Hughes returns the Warrant directed to him 
for the Collecting of Sundry fines assessed on the sundry per- 
sons, therein mentioned unexecuted, giving Reasons satisfac- 
tory, and Admitted by the Committee, ordered that the War- 
rant be renewed and directed to Ensign Matthias Hickman. 

Also Capt n Conrad Hogmire's to D° 

And likewise Capt n John Celler's directed to John Miller 

D° Capt n Michael Fodder's To Lieu* John Shryock. 

Ordered that the Guns given in by the sundry persons be 
appraised, and that Capt n Isaac Baker and Capt n John Rey- 
nolds be sworn and qualified for that purpose, who were sworn 
and qualified before Samuel Beall viz. 

You and each of you make Oath that you will well and truly 
appraise and Value the Gun or Guns now shewed you according 
to the best of your abilities and Judgment in the common Cir- 
culating Currency according to the Resolves of the Convention 
in July last, so help you God. 

£ s 
a Gun E~° 1 valued to 1.. 5 C^ from John Musberger 
Do no 2 D° 2.. from Martin Muskberger 

D° N° 3 D° 1.. 10 Adam Koogle 

Do No 4 D° 1.. 5 Henry Funk Receipt pass'd 

D° N° 5 D° 1.. 10 Christ. Troxal Receipt pass'd 

Do No e D° Rifle 1.. 00 Joseph Rentch Receipt pass'd 

Do N° 7 D° 1.. 15 Herrman Clapper Receipt 


Maj r Henry Shryock hath furnished the Commitee with two 
Quires of Paper. 

Ordered that the Sundry persons residing on the Maryland 
Side of the old Line commonly called the temporary Line, 
adjoining to Capt n Isaac Bakers District, do enroll, exercise 
and muster under his Command. 

The Committee adjourns 'till to morrow Morning at 8 


Wednesday June 5 th 1776 The Committee met according to 
adjournment all Members present as on yesterday, except Capt n 
Hughes Capt n Hogmire & M r Lentz. 

Maj r Henry Shryock produced Receipts to this Committee 
for the Sum of 292 £ .. 18 s .. 3 d paid to sundry persons for Rifle 
Guns and other Articles furnished Capt n Michael Cressops 
Compy it being the full amount of the Money paid into his 
hands by Daniel Heester per Order of the Committee except 
£4.. 10 for W m English and £2.. 12.. 6 for Matthias Ott as 
£1.. 00.. 3 was disallowed, on the payment of the whole Account 
semt by Daniel Heester. 

Ordered that Warrants be made out and sent to Capt ns John 
Reynolds, Joseph Chapline, Henry Butter, Isaac Baker, John 
Bonnet and Lieu ts Robert Smith and Capt n Casper Keller to 
summons Non-enrollers and non-associators to attend at Elisa- 
beth Town the first Tuesday in July next to shew cause if any 
they have why they shall not be fined according to the Resolves 
of the Convention in July last. 

Ordered that notice be given to Capt ns James Wallen, Peter 
Reed, Bazil Williams, Martin Kershner, Michael Fockler to 
make a Return of their Warrants for collecting the fines assess'd 
on sundry persons within their Districts on the first Tuesday in 
July next at Elisebeth Town. 

Christian Wheetmore appeared, and says he is upward of 
fifty Years of Age his fine of £4 is therefore remitted. 

The Committee adjourns for an Hour. 

The Committee met according to Adjournment. 

Capt n Joseph Chapline and Capt n Henry Butler brought in 
and delivered to the Committee each an Enrollment of a Sur- 
plus Company of Militia, which were accepted and approved of. 

We whose names are Subscribed do hereby enroll ourselves 
into a Company of Militia agreeable to the Resolution of the 
Provincial Convention held at Annapolis the 26 th day of July 
1775. And we do promise and engage that we will respectively 



march to such places within this Province, and at such times 
as we shall be commanded by the Convention, or the Council 
of Safety of this Province or by our Officers in pursuance of 
the Orders of the said Convention of Council, and there with 
our whole power fight against whomsoever we shall be com- 
manded by the Authority aforesaid. Witness our Hands this 
6 th day of January 1776. 

Joseph Chapline 
James Chapline 
Thomas Crampton 
Jam 8 Stuart 
John Duncan 
Rob* Cockburn 
John Banks 
W m Eoberts 
W m McGathy 
Fred k Waitenberger 
W ta Oodd 
Adam Deeds 
John Hill 
Hosias Crampton 
W m Eason 
John Grimes 
James Dean 
Massam Dean 
Hugh Cain 
Eich d King 
John Shirley 
W m Gilson 
Tho 8 Maddors 
Isaac Keepers 
Clement Pearce 
Jam 8 McKey Jun r 
Henry Hann 
John Berger 
Tho 8 Leonard 

Bich d Moor 
Peter Burrel 
Benj n Burrel 
Tho 8 Dean 
Tho 8 Wiles Jun r 
Edward Power 
Francis Adams 
David Meek 
Rob* McNutt 
Jam 8 McNutt 
Joseph Morrison 
Barnet McNutt 
Charles Mager 
Robert Work 
W m Patterson 
Tho 8 Stuart 
John McKey 
David Burcham 
Peter Grabel 
W m Newel 
Joseph Newel 
Jn° O'Donald Jun r 
W m Patrick 
Mich 1 Marker 
Jn° Wllkins 
Tho 8 Shepherd 
Nich 1 Inna's 
Jam 8 Martin 
Jam 8 Graham 



Tho 8 Newel 
Jacob Shuff 
Jam 8 Black 
W m Renwicks 
Jolin Grub 
Jesse Burns 
George Myers 
W m Mercer Smith 
And w Boort 
Mich 1 Gardener 
And w Crummy 
Rob* McNamee 
Jeremiah Chapline 
Sam 1 Dean 

Alex r McNutt Jun r 
W m Hamor 
David Miller 
Tho s Murrow 
Tho s Night 
And w Flick 
Sam 1 Donaldson 
Rob* Huffman 
Jacob Tussy 
Peter Wise 
Philip Strider 
Mich 1 Fox 
Philip Grove 

We whose names are subscribed do hereby enroll ourselves 
into a Company of Militia, agreeable to the Resolution of the 
Provincial Convention held at Annapolis the 26 th day of July 
1775 and we do promise and engage that we will respectively 
march to such places within this Province, and at such times 
as we shall be commanded by the Convention or the Council 
of Safety of this Province, or by our officers in pursuance of the 
Orders of the said Convention or Council and there with our 
whole Power fight against whomsoever we shall be commanded 
by the Authority aforesaid Witness our hands this 9 th Day of 
March, A. D. 1776. 

Henry Butler 
Tho 8 Odel 
John Nichol 
Bartin Philpot 
Daniel Givens 
Archibald Nichols 
Flayl Pain 
Charles Wolverton 
Jam 8 Austin 
Jam 8 Allen 

HenF Musgrove 
Bartin Garret 
Flayl Nichols 
Jam 8 Hase 
Charles McLaughlin 
Posthumus Claget 
John McAllister 
Arch d McAllister 
Tho 8 McColl 
Sam 1 Prather 



Geo. Warters 
Mich 1 George 
Jn° Deboy 
Adam Boot 
Hugh McCoy 
HenF Ault 
HenF Bowyer 
Wm Blair 
Leonard Ludwick 
Leonard Garner 
W m Ault 
Francis Worldley 
John Ault 
Tho s Austin 
Charles Philpot 
Jeremiah Resley 
Alex 1 * Grinim 
Mich 1 Hany 

Tho s Owens 
HenF Edward Butler 
W m Nichols 
Pat k Norris 
Jacob Grime 
Nath 1 Dickson 
Jeremiah Fulsom 
Dan 1 Mulhoney 
Ab m Richards 
W m Sabator 
W m Booth 
John Newey 
Tho s Hagison 
John B-inkar 
George Lewis 
W 1 " Gladhill 
Rob* Booth 

Ordered that the originall Enrollments be enclosed and sent 
to the Council of Safety, that Commissions may be made and 
sent for officers thereto. 

On hearing a Matter of Dispute between Capt n John Rey- 
nold and Capt n Joseph Chapline relative to the men heretofore 
enroll' d by Joseph Chapline and Capt n Christian Orindolp, 
ordered that the following Men be deemed and taken to be 
Capt n John Reynolds for the future as <P List entered on the 
opposite side. 

Ordered that Capt n W m Heyser is ordered by Letter to for- 
bear levying the fine Assess' d on Youst Wand untill farther 

John Flick 
John Bovill 
W m Widmire 
Francis Reynolds 
John Heimes 

John Lorr 
Peter Lorr 
David Jackson 
George Heyser 
Killian Strider 



Peter Ham 

Mich 1 Lorr 

Ab m Hybarger 

Benedick Eigenor 

Tho s Bissett Jun r 

Geo. Adam Weigle 

Joseph Reynold 

Hen^ Eigenor 

Werner Hedrick 

Oswald Dubes 

Ludwick Kretsinger 

Philip Suder 

Ludwick Michael 

Philip Deal 

John Kephart 

Peter Hill 

John Eigenor 

Jacob Hosier 

Jacob Walter 

Jn° Mauhgeman 

Jacob Piper 

Leonard Spang 

Jn° George Painter 

Adam Myer 

Tho s Fowler 

Nicholas Saums 

Moses Hobbins 

John Bark 

John Groves 

Matthias Kovnee 

Philip Smith 

Valentine Ritter 

George Deal 

Ludwick Heding 

Fred k Fox 

Nicholas Weirick 

David Grove 

Geo. Boahrer 

George Smith 

John Deanor 

Deater Wise 

Jacob Brunner 

And ws Heims 

Adam Money 

Peter Myers 

Jacob Long 

Nicholas Walter 

Jacob Kephart 

Peter Shelley 

W ta Hank 

Joseph Reynolds 

Geo. Lingenfelter 

Alex r Rodgers 

John Mittlecalf 

Conrad Hybarger 

Chris 11 Orindorf 

John Norris 

Chris 11 Weirich 

Received of the Committee of Observation of the upper dis- 
trict of Frederick County, seven Guns (to wit) N° 1, N° 2, N° 3, 
N° 4, N° 5, N° 6, N° 7 and do hereby oblige Ourselves to return 
said Guns when calPd for by the Committee, in as good order 
as they now are. 

By us Mahal Fockler 

June 5 th 1776 W m Heyser 


The Committee adjourns to the first Tuesday in July next, 
at Maj r Shryocks. 

The Committee call'd Met at Elisabeth Town on Tuesday 
the 18 th June 1776. Members present. 

Col n John Stull in the Chair Cap* Mich 1 Fockler 

Maj r Henry Shryock M r W m Beard 

Maj r Charles Sweringer M r George Swingle 

Col n And w Rentch M r John Rentch 

Capt n John Cellar James Clark Clk 

Capt n W m Heyser M r Christian Lentz appear' d 

On Motion resolved that every person or persons residing in 
the upper District in Fred k County that have already purchased 
any Salt or otherwise intrusted therewith or may at any time 
from the Date hereof purchase any Salt, for Publick Sale, shall 
not dispose of the same at any Rate higher, than four Shillings 
and six pence common money per bushel above the purchase or 
prime Cost thereof and that he she or they shall produce a 
Certificate of the Prime Cost thereof, on Oath (if required) to 
this Committee. 

On Motion resolved that Maj rs Henry Shryock, Charles 
Sweringen and Capt n W m Heyser be and are appointed imme- 
diately to go to the several Persons residing in the District 
afores d that may be suspected to have purchased Salt, or other- 
wise intrusted therewith, for publick Sale and take a Just and 
true List of the quantity of Salt by them possess'd, and make 
Return thereof to this Committee, next Session, and also to 
inform them of the Rates of Salt by this Committee limited, 
and that if they refuse making Sale thereof agreeable to said 
Rates, that the above-mentioned persons are Appointed to take 
the same and dispose thereof agreeable to the above Resolve. 

Ordered that the Clerk do immediately publish the proceed- 
ing Resolves, by issuing Advertisements. 

The Committee adjourns to the first Tuesday in July next at 
Maj r Shryock's the time & place appointed the proceeding 


■ The Committee call'd, met at Elisabeth Town on Tuesday 
the 25 th of June 1776. Members present. 

Capt n Samuel Hughes in the Chair 
Col n Andrew Eentch Cap n Mich 1 Fockler 

Maj r Henry Shryock M r Chris 11 Lentz 

Capt. Conrad Hogmire M r John Eentch 

Cap* John Cellar Jam* Clark Oik 

Capt n W m Heyser 

On Motion resolved that the Proceedings of the last Con- 
vention be taken into Consideration, which was accordingly 

Resolved unanimously that the said Proceedings as far as 
Relates to the Resolve of the Hon ble Continental Congress of 
the 15 th of May last, and to Gov r Eden, is unsatisfactory. 

Resolved that the same be laid before the good People of this 
District for their Consideration when they meet in Battalion on 
Friday and Saturday next. 

Ordered that M r Hogmire, M r Shyrock, M r Fockler & M r 
Hughes prepare a set of Resolves for the Consideration of the 
good People of this District on Friday next, but previous there- 
to, to be examined by this Committee at their next Meeting, on 
Friday Morning next at 7 O' Clock. 

Complaint was made against Fred k Rorer that he has vio- 
lated the Resolves of this Committee, respecting the Sale of 
Salt, on hearing the Matter, it is ordered that the said Rorer 
return the sum of Is. <P Bushel to the different Purchasers 
of 19% Bushels which he has already sold out of the Quantity 
of 30 Bushels purchased from Daniel Bander, provided the 
same be call'd for, and that he sell the remaining Quantity 
of the said 30 Bushels at 17s. per Bushel. 

The Committee adjourns to friday Morning next at 7 O' Clock 
at M r Ignatius Sims. 



(Continued from Vol. XII, p. 187.) 

[William Deards to Charles Carroll Sr.] 

Friday Afternoon 29 Sept r [121] 

M r Carroll (jour son) having rec d some letters from M r L. 
D — 1 — y which in part he has communicated to me & tho I 
acknowledge the honour he does me, it is a most embarrassing 
circumstance to me — M r Carroll thinks & I believe any one of 
common spirit would think so too, that they are not to be put 
up with — & has determined to give L: D: the oppertunity of 
meeting him to morrow morning — which Event I am also privy 
too — and he has desired me to go with him — Refuse him, I 
cannot — But you may depend on it, I will do every thing I 
can to prevent Bloodshed & will this night take my measures — 
The Laws of honour will condemn this step in me — but where 
a Father & a wife are concerned I hope the Laws of humanity 
will acquit me — You will pardon me Sir, for the Hint, but I 
cannot help wishing your presence here as soon as your own 
judgment will Direct you & am Sir with great Respect 

in Haste Your Hum e Serv* 

Will Deards 

P. S. It is with great Caution I write this & am now going 
to seek a messenger — 

[William Deards to Charles Carroll Sr.] 

Friday night 9 o' Clock 

You will see by the inclosed how much I then thought it 
necessary you should be acquainted w th what was essential to 
the Happiness of yourself & family — 


A Letter that M r Carroll has since rec d from M r L. D — 1 — y 
which he has communicated to me, convinces me that we shall 
get over the morning without danger which I did not think 
when I sent you the inclosed. 

The messenger will tell you how it happened that you did 
not receive my first Letter as I intended—all I can say Sir I 
mean to do right, but am unfortunate in the means — I am Sir 
most faithfully 

Y r obliged & Hum 1 Serv* 

Will Deards 

[Lloyd Dulany to Charles Carroll of Carrollton] 

Annapolis Sept. 29, 1769 

Yours of the 28 th & 29 Instant was put into my hand by 
M r Deards ^ve minutes after one at the Coffee house, I must 
repeat to you, that your rediculous Affection of contemning 
me is really too exquisitely farcical to merit a stricture, when 
you cannot possibly be ignorant of your circumstances, inde- 
pendantly of the intelligence which I have given you — though 
I have some more secrets yet to whisper to you — which you 
shall hear at a convenient season, But as for that monster of 
Vice & profligacy, your father, I will still Echo the universal 
Voice of his Country, That he is the deep stain of the times, 
& that the Laws have long scandalously slept, in not Dragging 
him forth, as a sacrifice to public justice, & that even you may 
not suspect that these are the emanations & rancour & prejudice, 
I shall shortly publish to the World, an authenticated copy of 
a Record of one of his precious Deeds ; You may affect to think 
that a hint of perjury is rather an extreme procedure, but 
wait only for a little time. You inform me that you shall ride 
out to morrow as usual & (stealing the words of a late celebrat- 
ed scoundrel, whom you well remember to have seen exposed 
to public scorn by a friend of mine) & that you have a Brace 
of Pistoles ready for me, If I come in your way — thence pro- 


eeeding to Desire me to take notice that you are not afraid 
concluding the whole with a sermon to God & man, now sir 
I will frankly confess to you, that I do discern violent struggles 
in your Breast but they are betwixt your unparralled & das- 
tardly fears & your highly attenuated Yenom. Tell me prithee, 
whither shall I fly to Kiss your hands in a private place, either 
alone or attended by a friend, The choice of Weapons shall be 
yours at all adventures, I wave all advantages & every Punctilio, 
Tell me, do you wait for my making such palpable overtures 
as will render me the aggressor — and that you will take no 
legal steps— but will be punctual to an appointed meeting in 
a private place. Why you silly little Puppy, how can you 
be such a' fool as to insinuate that a certain person is afraid & — 
afraid of whom ? I will not tell his son out of regard to your 
Bones. I had a months mind to have read your curious 
Epistle, (Bloody minded I had like to have said) to a few at 
the Coffee house;, You little dirty Rascal — would you propose 
even what you do — was it not impossible from the excessive 
Polly of it, that any measure could be taken on your Plan, If I 
do intend to chastise you, I shall certainly make choice of my 
own Time & manner — provided I cannot compel you to a 
proper issue, How far you may be justified to God & man, 
as you gravely & sagely remark I cannot say, but if mortals 
may presume to form any Idea of the divine rule of judging 
the Ears of both you & your father ought to have [been] nailed 
upon a Pillory when you attempted to depreciate the sacred 
Character of a Yertuous, wise & good man — The cause of whose 
memory shall shortly be that of the Public, As for your Hint 
of my acting for another it is a Lie, spick & span from your 
Jesuitical forge — 

LI— D— 

1ST : B : I am now writing to your father an Ace* of your inter- 
ception of his Letter, & do you be sensible of my Condescen- 
sion in putting myself upon a level with you either oome to 
the Point, or pester me no more, with your foolish impertinence 


Copy of my letter to Lloyd Dulany dated friday 29 th Sep* 

S r 

Your language & your character are alike contemptible; I 
heartily despite both: your bravadoes do not intimidate me in 
the least. I look upon you as a bravo egged on by another too 
dastardly to appear in defence of his own character. I shall 
ride out as usual to my quarter near town as business or pleas- 
ure may lead me. Tomorrow morning, if weather permits, I 
shall ride out at 6 o'clock, & I shall then be prepared to give 
you a proper reception if you come in my way, as I shall be 
provided with pistols. M r Deards will accompany me ; his 
evidence may be necessary on a future occasion — 

C: C of C— 

Substance of a Postscript to the above — 

mentions that the above was wrote the preceeding day, that is 
on thursday last: But dated on friday — that on the receipt of 
his letter of thursday evening, I had thought proper to add, 
that I should ride out at the time, on the day & to the place 
above mentioned with pistols as the only arms w h could put 
us on an equal footing: But considering the unprovoked attack 
of my character, I could not be considered, as the aggressor; 
and that I hoped I should be justified before God & man I 
will leave you to judge from the above letters of our conduct 
I would not send a direct chalenge, because, I did not know 
what a Jury might Judge of that matter — for as our common 
people have not very nice notions of honour, they might think 
the challenger, however great the Provocation, the aggressor — 
had Lloyd a stomach to fighting, he might have met me on the 
road,, once could have retired to a proper place without a formal 
challenge in writing given by either — I do not send you Lloyd's 
original letters for fear they may be lossed on the road — I 
shall take no further notice of Lloyd: but shall go prepared to 
blow out his brains, if he should oifer any insult to my per- 


son: as to his language & abuse, that I hope will be chastised 
in its proper place — but of this more when we meet — I am 

Y r affectionate Son 
Ch: Carroll of Carrollton 
P. S. send down the beef the 18 th instead of the 21 of October 

[William Deards to Charles Carroll Sr.] 

Saturday night 30 Sept. 1769 

1 think we may safely say that everything is as it should 
be. of which I presume M r Carroll has fully informed you — 
The Boy Sam bro* your Letter about noon to Day, & I was 
honoured with yours at ab* 7 this Evening by Prew — Sam is 
particularly ordered to get off 2 Hours before Day with what 
you ordered Viz — 121b of shot — tho' not all of the exact sort, 
having no more than what I have sent, but have supply' d its 
place with 81b of the next in Size — 1 p re Double Channell 
pumps & your Stretchers — Billy was out in his Assertion — 
the shoes that was in the Closet & had been on the Stretchers 
some months were a Pair of your thinshoes — I thought this 
necessary to tell you, as the shoes I send are a Pair of the last 
imported — I have sent M r Darnalls Pistol — Please to remem- 
ber tis charged — I have sent a Pair of large scissors for M rs 
Darnall — I shall not be unmindful of your order about the 
Pistols — but doubt the Possibility of getting such as are called 
Pocket Pistols — having so lately had dealings in this Article 
I can guess a little ab* them — Macubbin has 2 or 3 Pair of 
riding Pistols under a foot long to sell — I shall be Careful to 
pay M r W m Stewart the money if he survives this nights ad- 
venture, the last news I heard of this Gentleman ab* an hour 
ago was that between South Biver Ferry & this City, he was 
seen at full length extended in the Centre of the Highway & 
near being run over by 2 Ladies in a Chaize — We hav reason 
to suppose that his stomach was neither overcharged with 
Bonny Clabber nor Scotch Cale, but rather with some of M r 
Dick's Claret to which he had paid very great respect 


If I have merited your Approbation in the manner I acted 
in an affair of some Delicacy I shall think myself happy & am 
Sir most respectfully your faithful & obliged Serv* 

Will Deards 

Saturday % hour after 12— 
D r Papa 

Sam is just now arrived: I observe what you say about the 
letters inclosed in yours — I gave D D' s letter but a cursory 
reading and yet discovered it to be a most silly impudent & 
trifling letter — he is engaged too deep to retreat with honor — 
He thought to have slipped his neck out of the collar by engag- 
ing his brother Lloyd in the quarrel; but he has to deal with 
men not to be caught by such paltry artifices. As to that 
abusive scoundrel Lloyd, I would not have you take the least 
notice of his letter any otherwise than by a suit at law for 
scandal & defamation. Upon my return from riding out this 
morning I found M r Deards had dispatched a messenger to 
you on the subject of what I really thought must have inevit- 
ably happened before this — the inclosed copy of Lloyd's last 
letter to me, & of mine to him will sufficiently disclose the 
issue — I do not now believe he has true spirit — I carried 
Deards out with me to prevent any unfair advantage, w h from 
his strength he might have taken of me, & I was more over 
desirous in case I had killed him to have an unexceptionable 
witness to the manner in which he fell — 

Molly is but indifferent: she is now acquainted with Lloyds 
& my difference: her anxiety at the issue, & apprehensions of 
some future meeting have greatly discomposed her spirits — 
I am not very well myself, for the uneasiness I have felt on 
your's & her account for some days, least in case of an accident 
to me, has hurt my rest. 

Molly desires a beef may be sent down the 21 of next 

month. All our flower is out; I was obliged to purchase a 

barrel of the barrister — I can not possibly tell when Buddy 

will finish the cart wheels : there is no dependance to be placed 



on his word — Pray send down the wagon with flower the week 
before the races — If the wheels are finished before that time, 
I will send up the little cart and you may send down the 
flower in it — there was no flower sent by the wagon last time, 
altho Molly says she wrote for flower I suppose the want of 
water prevented its being ground — 

Sunday evening y 2 hour after 6 — 
D r Papa 

Doc* Stewart has just sent me word that he intends to call 
upon you on his way to Frederick w h affords me an oppor- 
tunity of sending the inclosed letters — M r Harding left us last 
friday. I forgot to forward his letter by Sam — 

I wish you would come down a' little sooner than you pro- 
posed — instead of coming the 17 th as you first intended, I 
should be glad to see you here the 10 th instant. Molly is better ; 
we both join in our love to you & M rs Darnall I am 

D r P Y r affectionate Son 

C : C of Carrollton 
1 st Octb r 1769— 

P. S. I have heard no more from M r Lloyd — I think the 
scurrilous rascal should be exposed to public shame by a suit 
at law — I can not conceive what deed of yours he alludes to, 
when he hints at perjury — it is some thing he has taken up 
upon trust from that oracle of truth his Brother Daniel — Pray 
does not Ned Lully remember under what circumstances old 
Dulany came into this Province? I would procure Lully's 
affidavit to prove the fact beyond contradition — their silly 
pride is mortified at this humiliating circumstance : they would, 
& yet with all their assurance they cannot deny their Father 
was an indented serv* 

A ship from Stewart & Campbell with convicts is just arrived 
in 6 weeks from London — I have heard no news, except that 
she sailed from the Downs in compy with Jordan, who may be 
hourly expected. 


1769 Sep* 29 & Octo r 2 d 

2 d October 1769 
D r Papa/ 

Hearing you say you wanted a gardiner, I have purchased 
the bearer Alexander Brodie ; who says he has served a regular 
apprenticeship to the business: he is to serve two years & % 
from this day. I gave eleven pounds sterling for him: he is 
22 years old & appears healthy & vigorous, and from his being 
a scot; I believe he will behave himself in an orderly manner. 

I really want to see you to advise & consult what can be 
done ag* Lloyd. If such outrageous abuse should go unpunish- 
ed, if the grossest insinuations are permitted to be thrown out 
ag* a gentleman's character by such scoundrels with impunity, 
there is an end of civil society. Every sturdy insolent fellow 
confiding in his strength might insult a worthy honest man 
who might be weaker — But the weaker may challenge to fight 
with pistols: to vindicate his honor — but how unequal & hard 
is the injured man's fate, to be under a necessity of exposing 
his life to emminent danger, or submitting to the shame of be- 
ing deemed a coward if he does not shew a proper spirit — Be- 
sides the injured person may engage under great disadvantages 
— in the late instance had I been killed what dear connections 
should I have left behind me! & who would have grieved at 
Lloyd's death? I do not believe a single tear would have been 
shed on the occasion. I hope Brodie will please, if he does not 
understand the business well, he may work under Joseph — 
Molly desires her love to you — I am 

Y r affectionate Son C : C of C— 

Monday October 30 th 1769. [122] 
b r "Papa/ 

. . . The fences on your Plantation near town are strangely 
out of repair unless I can buy fence logs, or procure them from 
Magaty at a cheaper rate, it will be absolutely necessary to 
send down a couple of stout hands to assist in mauling fence 


The getting fence logs from G-adsby's range is very precarious 
& I must not depend entirely on a supply from that quarter. 

Be pleased to return me the copy of Tho s Johnson's opinion 
— will it not be necessary to prove the account of rents due 
from the executor of John Pearce before we can sue for them % 
I apprehend the account must be proved. 

Pray desire M rs Darnall to have a search made in the differ- 
ent chests of drawers for a coat or waistcoat of mine — One of 
my best Cloth coats is missing — it is of a light brown colour- — 
If not at Elk-ridge, I fear it is stolen or lost. 

In looking over the blotter I found your agree* with Rumsey 
to sell Deerhill for £50 Pen a currency — 

. . . The last flower we had from Elkridge is excessively 
badly ground — this is not the fault of the wheat ; for the flower 
before, wh was from this year's wheat, was very good — the 
badness of the present, is entirely owing to the miller's negli- 
gence in not cleaning the stones after grinding rya: the taste 
of which is very perceptible in the bread — I wish you would 
order him a good whipping — there is nothing I detest more than 
bad bread: it is a shame to spoil good wheat by mere negli- 
gence. . . . 

1 st November 

You have along with this Joshua Beall's letter & Plots of 
our land on the Western branch — By the location of those 
lands from Conner's & Robinson's Cases, the former of w h calls 
for the beginning tree of Concord at the end of the second 
course, & the latter for a tree in the given line of Concord, 
I am induced to think, the beginning tree of Concord stands 
or ought to stand at C — Frazier & Nichols were probably mis- 
informed, and ignorantly proved the beginning tree at a place 
where it never stood — should you be of this opinion on reconsid- 
ering the above circumstances, it will be needless to enter into 
arbitrations bonds with Josia Beall: I never would, & I am 
sure you would not chuse to dispute a clear point or contend 
for what of right does not belong to you. Josua Beall advises 
a commission to be taken out to ^.x the beginning of Rover's 


content — You observe that if the beginning tree of Concord 
should be fixed at C. a great part of the resurvey thereof, or 
properly of Darnall's good will, will lay foul of Offet's land, 
& a considerable quantity of vacant land be left out. Will it 
not be proper to obtain a warrant to take up that vacant land ? 
If the bounds of the Hog pen cannot be found. I presume that 
tract may be affected by the warrant of resurvey & included 
as vacant land in our resurvey — I think you told me there was 
some land warrant due to you — How can I know, or to whom 
must I apply to know, how much warrant is due to you — Pray 
consider the plots well, & advise what had best be done — 

Nov r 5 th 

I have both yours of the first and second instant before me — 
I observe the contents. I have wrote to M r O'Neill for 2000 
bushels of corn — I have spoke to M r Rah: Neale to enquire & 
let me know on what terms I can purchase 4000 in S* Mary's — 
I have desired M r Tilghman, who set off to day for S* Mary's 
to demand their answers. 

... I believe my new overseer will do well — the negroes at 
the quarter were at first very refractory : two of them have been 
well whipped, & Will shall have a severe whipping tomorrow — 
they are now quite quelled — our Island wheat is landed at 
Bait. Town I have M r Brown's receipt for 550 bushels — the 
negroe's shoes last sent are very badly made — the overseer's 
expression was this, it is only leather spoiled : they are so badly 

If you remove Henny from the Island, a good house wench 
must be sent there in her stead — I really wish, we never had 
sent for a priest : they are troublesome animals in a family — & 
occasion many chops & changes — I suppose, Sears is too fond 
of Henny : the crime of adultery is certainly great, the removal 
of Henry will not prevent it. Deorum injurie dis cure. 1 — We 
do want Henny in our family. 

I have read your letter to D D — I approve of it in general : 
some few alterations I would recommend. I think you are too 

1 Deorum injurias dis curae (scripsit) Tiberius. 


prolix on the affair of the R. C. Assembly, to that part of 
his letter I would give the following answer without descending 
to particulars. — were the proceedings of the Assembly ag* the 
Rom : Oath : just or not ? if just, I acknowledge myself blame- 
able in censuring so boldly those proceedings: if unjust they 
merited the censure: are not the proceedings of a much more 
august Senate frequently arraigned by individuals with greater 
vehemence & more notoriety? individuals have a right under 
an English gover* to censure the conduct of their rulers & rep- 
resentatives : individuals oppressed & injured have still a better 
& stronger right to complain of the injury & oppression. . . . 
I do not return yours to T> D by this opportunity; it shall 
be returned by M rs Ireland. You have herewith the News- 
papers. I am 

Y r affectionate Son 

C. Carroll of Carrollton 

P. S. You have inclosed a copy of the Pope's letter to the 
King of France w h I received by the last post. 

1769 Nov r 13 th [123] 
D r Charley/ 

I have realy had a laborious task to Answer D: D: s letter, 
not so much by the Bulk of my Answer which I could not well 
Contract & Answer fully at the same time, as by this art, w h 
on a Close attention to His Letter, you will see to be great, & 
w h obliged me frequently to Have Recourse to all the letters 
which past between us, w h was very troublesome & took up 
much time — you will see particularly in Page 19 of my An- 
swer at the mark C C th* I had shortly Answer' d what He said 
about His desire to sit in the Cause between me & my Nephew, 
But in reading His letter a second time Page 18 at the end of 
it, & Page 19 at the Top I observe such shuffling perplexity & 
art th* I thought it necessary to Expose it by 3 Pages which 
are to Come in at the letters C C in page 19 of my letter. I 
Have as you desired set forth the Distinction between an 
Illegall & Immorall Act & I hope to y r Satisfaction — I Have 


added y r thought to what I said about the Assembly, But I 
Could not Curtail what I said on th* subject as there are stings 
in it w h He Cannot but take to Himself & w h are Connected 
with other Parts of my letter to Him. I Cannot take the 
trouble to Copy it, therefore Pray desire M r Deards to do me 
that favour — I send a letter to D D acquainting Him I should 
do so, let Both the letters bare the same date & do not forget 
this. When M r Deards Has made out a Copy to be sent to 
D: D: desire Him to make a fair one for me. I submit my 
letter to D D, to y r Correction in Point of Stile and thought, 
But take Care not to Alter facts. When my long letter is 
Copyed send it w th the short one to D : D : . . . 

. . . Take an opportunity to let Do r Steuart know th* I 
wanted an Answer to myne only in Case of Mortality, th* by 
my letter to D D He may see I did not doubt He would vouch 
what He said, & th* I did not intend to shew the letter. A Beef 
shall be sent downe as Molly desires — If Gent n think you ought 
Deliver up the Cheese or any thing Else do it, But let them 
know th* the Cheese was sent by a long standing order as you 
will see by looking Back into the Letter Book. Molly is more 
Particular to Rachell about y r disorder than you are, she says 
y r tooth is out & th* you still Have a feavour, But Her letter 
is not dated, M rs Ireland tells me you was much better w h I 
hope is true. You feel nothing D r Charley, But what makes me 
feel very sensibly for you, therefore be airways Particular God 
grant you Health. My love & Blessing to you both 

I am D r Charley 

Y r Mo: Aff* Father 

Cha: Carroll 

20 th Nov r 1769 

[William Graves to Charles Carroll] 

Inner Temple 14 Jan. 1770. [124] 

My absence from London & a dangerous illness wherein I 
was given over by my physician, must excuse my being so late 


in acknowleging the receipt of the letter with which you honour- 
ed me in the spring of the last year. Your civility was indeed 
a surprize, as I have allways been hitherto, & am likely to 
remain, utterly unknown both to yourself & to the country 
which you inhabit, & am moreover from my present situation 
not quite at liberty to enter upon a particular correspondence 
relative to the main purport of your letter. A true state of 
facts is what we most want. The several charters are in every 
bodys possession, & few are ignorant of the course of govern- 
ment which has hitherto prevailed in the colonies. With re- 
spect to the rights resulting from these charters, & from that 
usage of government, they are a matter of dispute & argument, 
& liable to various reasonings. In this controversy, each party 
lays down principles which the other denies. In reality, upon 
the ground you go, the British parliament have no power or 
controll in or over America, & every man who leaves this coun- 
try to settle there is a subject lost to Great Britain as much 
as if he trnasplanted himself to Hanover. He acknowledges the 
same king, but not the same government. He disclaims the 
being amenable to our laws, or legislature; notwithstanding 
several of the charters expressly reserve the power of parlia- 
ment & are specially worded with a view to its controll. In- 
deed, by your way of writing upon the subject of government, 
George the 3 d is what James the 2 d only attempted to be, our 
monarch & not merely the executive hand of the state. He 
is by you considered as having the whole sovereignty in himself, 
like Cromwell with an army of 40,000 men, & the parliament 
obliged to follow his directions & only at liberty to deliberate 
upon the means of carrying his will into effect. I ask your 
pardon for being so idle as to utter a syllable upon those end- 
less topics of dispute & declamation, the rights of a mother 
country & the powers of an English king ; I will never be guilty 
of the like error again, I give you my word & honor. 

Permit me however to say that we are not unacquainted 
with any of the positions you are pleased to make relative to 
luxury, places, taxes, trade, manufactures & military force. 
We know too that the reason why you do not manufacture is 


because it is not worth your while. The price of labor is so 
high in America that the inhabitants find it cheaper to buy 
European wares than to make them. What they can they will 
smuggle from the Dutch or French, Spaniards or Danes during 
the present animosities, altho they pay a little dearer for some 
particulars than what they might procure them for from us; 
& what they cannot obtain through those channels, they will 
take care to leave out of the articles associated against. But 
in the present condition of the country, the planters would be 
ruined by manufacturing. Whenever the people become num- 
erous, & hands are not needed for agriculture, they will natural- 
ly turn to manufactures because labor will be cheap. It is 
not affection to any another country that induces a planter to 
purchase her commodities ; it is either force or interest ; & wise 
governments will endeavor to 'bring about their end by the 
latter motive as much as possible. A penny difference in a 
shilling would carry any trader from his brother to a foreigner 
or to the devil, were he secure from violence & had no counter- 
interest to restrain him. Profit & Loss are the two objects that 
a merchant looks at & by which he directs himself intirely. 
Let laws be made, unless they can be enforced, he will in spite 
of them deal with an enemy, a foreigner or a' smuggler, if he 
can buy cheaper of them than of the open trader his country- 
man friend or relative. The ties of blood, religion or Patriot- 
ism will not avail against self-interest. A single person may 
be swayed by such motives, but not the bulk of mankind; no 
nor one out of an hundred, let the ablest orator or the most 
powerful preacher say what he will. Passion & resentment will 
not hold out against interest, indeed if a man can get the same 
commodity equally cheap in two places, he will then indulge 
humor, caprice, affection, in preferring one to the other. And 
yet I admit all your general maxims about trade & the danger 
of driving it into other channels, insomuch as it requires time 
& management to create & establish any branch of commerce or 
to bring it back when once diverted. 

With respect to ourselves ; we have become wealthy by trade, 


& wealth will every where beget vice & Luxury. We have like- 
wise had many wars & they occasion taxes, & these again by 
raising the prices of the commodities & necessaries of life lay 
the artisan under a necessity of inhancing the price of his labor 
& perhaps enable the foreigner to undersell us &c &c &c. The 
same will be the fate of America centuries hence, when tax- 
gathers & placemen will arise, & their offices be the objects & 
subjects of party-contests & party-writings as at present among 
us. Nevertheless Great Britain never enjoyed so much liberty 
as now which the daily virulent licentious & abandoned decla- 
mations of newswriters & pamphleteers against the king & 
ministry demonstrate beyond the possibility of contradiction. 
I do not by this however mean to approve of our policy which 
in many national concerns as well foreign & colonial & domes- 
tic, has been, in my humble opinion illadvised & illconducted. 
But I do not take for granted what every popular writer thinks 
fit for his own purposes to assert, or on the otherside suppose 
that all who differ from me about public matters are either 
fools or scoundrels. Truth frequently is found in the middle 
between two contending parties. And the only rule which I 
lay down to myself is to give implicit credit to no man in his 
own cause. Hardy assertion & violent declamation make very 
little impression upon me, for they seldom are accompanied 
with proof or argument. The mob or popular cry is very 
rarely founded. And general maxims conclude but little as 
to particular cases. 

I am very happy in finding you so thoroughly approve your 
sons choice. He deserves to be happy & stands a great chance 
to be so by having the evenest & best temper I ever met with 
which is not only a principal ingredient towards human felicity 
but a main contributor to long life & good health. And yet 
his frame was so delicate that I used frequently to fear his 
falling into a consumption. It is therefore with singular pleas- 
ure I hear of his becoming stronger & stouter. Your saying 
" they cannot want, if they are tolerable economists " will 
perhaps procure me pardon for remarking on this point that 


the only matter I used to caution your son against was too 
much economy. In truth the only quarter in which I wished 
to new mould his mind was the prudential part. The love of 
money comes upon all men as they advance in years, & nature 
seems to have been so framed for the purpose of making us 
provide for those we bring into this world. It is therefore in a 
degree right for a father to be careful & saving, but not for the 
batchelor or childless, & less in a new country than an old one, 
because the mere course of things will render his possessions 
more valuable as every acre of land with you in twenty years 
will at least double its value I do not mean that a man should 
consume every shilling of his present income in his table, clothes 
& equipage. He may very well employ a part in planting, 
inclosing & building, in the encouragement of new arts & manu- 
factures & in trying experiments which are too expensive for 
the ordinary man. Such expenses would make ample returns, 
in the long run. Why is not the affair of making wine tried 
to the utmost, by drawing able & skilful vignerons from France ? 
The American would be sure of the English custom in that 
great article. Our climate will not do for it & we can have 
no clashing interest to struggle with. But to return to the 
point of money, I should wish your son to spend the whole of 
his present income among his tenants manufacturers & neigh- 
bors by doing principally what none but a man of affluence can 
do. The advantage will finally redound to himself. His en- 
deavor need not be to lay by money, but to render whatever 
land he hath of more value, which cannot -be effected without 
the improvement & aggrandizement of his country. His own 
attention to works that tend to such improvement will busy 
both his mind & body, & the greater inducements he has to be 
without doors the better health & spirits he will enjoy. The 
more delicate a mans frame is the more studious he should be 
to find out amusements which require bodily exercise in a 
moderate degree. It requires a strong habit of body to lead 
a sedentary life without disorder. But the motion of a horse 
will keep almost any man alive that is not totally worn out ; & 


where ones possessions are large the very works that are going 
forward in different parts of the estate, the supervision of ones 
tenants & distant farms, & the common & necessary visiting & 
intercourse of friends will furnish occasions enough of being 
on horseback without using it merely as phsyic & a portion or 
task of exercise independent of any object or end to be attained. 
I know your son well enough to be sure that he will never spend 
your fortune; my only fear is that he will be too sollicitous 
about the increase of it. He is very well turned for accounts 
& I dont know aught that is of more use & satisfaction ; he has 
a good understanding & an inclination to study; all of which 
will ever prevent the hours of a rainy day from hanging heavy 
upon his hands. In short, you have great reason to be content, 
nay to be happy & delighted with him. But I must close with 
repeting that he ought to guard against a timid & penurious 
economy by being large in his views, expenses & conduct, & 
by all means to beware of encouraging a desire of money for 
the sake of laying out so much more at interest & not for the 
purposes of pushing on any vein of trade or new project of 
bettering or ornamenting his estate, improving roads, erecting 
farmhouses or of beautifying his own habitation in building, 
walks, gardens, plantations pleasure grounds &c &c. Having 
thus got to the end of my paper I must finish with praying you 
will excuse the wordiness desultoriness of a man who never 
transcribes but is Sir without form or ceremony very much 

Your obed* humble Serv* 

W. Graves 
P. S. 

I cannot fold up without observing that America begins in 
IT 54 (by the printed paper of D r Franklyn addressed to Gov 1 " 
Shirley) with professing a subjection & submission to all par- 
liamentary duties upon goods to be imported or exported, talks 
of them as secondary & external taxes which a colony or deri- 
vative country must allow, for the good of the whole, & objects 
to nothing but internal taxation for the sake of raising a reve- 
nue. Finding no ill consequences or coertion in maintaining 


this doctrine, She then proceeds in 1764 to deny the power of 
parliament to lay either internal or external tax or duty, dis- 
avows any obedience to parliament & claims to hold of the King 
alone independent of any controll from the British legislature. 
She expressly disclames the force of English Acts in laying 
additional duties upon their own commodities when imported 
into America; & by a parity of reason she may & must (after 
a while) refuse to pay all the old standing duties as being im- 
posed by an undue authority, however long the same may have 
been acquiesced under. She likewise must contend that with 
the assent of the king she can make war or peace & treaties 
offensive or defensive without the participation of or even 
against Great Britain, which she calls however out of civility 
the mother country. In a word she it totally exempt from 
British jurisdiction civil or criminal & not coercible in any 
respect by our legislature, but happens to have the same king; 
altho she must deny that this arises from the British act of 
settlement upon the present family, & there is no other law for 
it: . . . However, so it is, & America is no part of the British 
dominions, any more than Hanover. She may & will refuse by 
& bye " to take any thing from us which by any means may be 
had cheaper from any other quarter " as you now very fully 
speak out. And, being no subject, she will like the Dutch trade 
with us upon an equal footing, that is, where her interest ren- 
ders it expedient & not otherwise. She is an Ally only & can- 
not be guilty of rebellion by opposing the laws we submit to & 
are governed by. They are our laws, not hers. She never 
assented to them & may therefore oppose with arms those who 
would enforce them against her as authors of violence. E"ay 
her alliance with us being grounded on no express compact, nor 
her submission to the present regal family established by any 
Act of Assembly (which is no longer to be considered as a 
subordinate but as the supreme legislature) Nothing but tacit 
acquiescence can be pleaded for either, & on a fit occasion both 
may therefore be fairly controverted & denied. " She is (in- 
deed sensible it is not yet time for her to have recourse to the 
ultima ratio." 


Aprill 10 th 1770 [125] 
D r Charley, 

I have y r two letters from Aprill the 2 d to the 9 th inclusive. 
It is Right to Charge M r Johnson with the Ball e yon mention 
due from Tho s Jennings If you have His Consent to do so. 
Johnson has not informed me the quantity of Land He has 
added, I told him if He Could obtain D: Dulany's Consent, 
He should Have it upon the same Rent in proportion as Jen- 
ings payed, with a lease for the whole for the Remainder of the 
Term, He has neglected this matter & He may Chance to 
Repent it, shew him what I write & it may prompt him to be 
C'arefull. Should D: D: refuse to Grant it to him, upon the 
Terms y r other part was Leased to L. Jenings, I think He 
Cannot Refuse it to him at the Rate of £6 ster. a lot I mean 
the Measure of the Lots in Bloomsbery Square or at th* Rate 
we now lease th* Land. To prevent mistakes make a M n of 
this in y r Blotter, & if M r Johnson desires it give him a Copy 
of what I now write to you. 

Inclosed you Have Joseph Elgart Ace* If in y r Books you 
Have an open Ace* w th M rs Margaret Cumming, Close it by 
the following Entry. By the sum p r C a settled with you by 
my Father. 

I am not surprised at y r Resolution to take 1000 Dollars 
out of the office, not only as you told me you intended to do so, 
But as I am sensible you will want it, unless Payments be made 
to you, But it seems strange you should let money to the Law7 s 
unless you have sufficient to Pay for the Corn when Called on : 
you know L: Lawson must be p d in silver Dollars. 

I shall Answer what you write about Igna s Digges in a 
separate letter. 

The weather has been very Severe, no Appearance as yet 
of Spring & Consequently nothing Can be or is Hurt but my 
Cucumbers Raised under glasses in hot Beds, & they are 

Whether the Revenue Acts be, or be not Repealed you need 
not fear the want of Ships to Carry away all the tobo. made, 


tob° gives the Merchants to large a Credit & they in Generall 
stand so much in need of Credit th* they must import to bo 
to obtain it. Has not M* West a' good Stock of Assurance to 
offer His Service, if He will get His uncle Hall to Endorse His 
Bills I will sell to Him. He has been in our Parts, But has 
not favoured me w th His Company. 

I had a letter from C : Brooke telling me I might depend 
on the Pork, I have wrote to know whether it be Come & when 
it is Expected. 

Did the Dutch Butcher Ery deliver my letter to you & the 
Beefs Tongues w h He promised me. 

I send you y r letter by w h you will see you said you sent me 
£18: 5: 0. 

Has Cap n Carroll, had His Health last winter & how did He 
look when He was with you ? 

Do not give y r self the Trouble of sending me an Extract of 
y r Cash Ace*, it will answer no Purpose, Examine the Acc ts you 
Have paid, & How the Claims arose I do not Recollect such 
large demands on us in so short a time, if upon a serious Con- 
sideration, you find any unnecessary Expence, Endeavour to 
avoid it hereafter. 

Have you Heared from M r Harding about the sugar I wrote 
for by M r Francis? if not write again. 

I Have shewn M rs Darnall everything you wrote Relating to 
Hawkins & Her money. 

I Return you Coll Youngs letter w h Pray put up w th W : D s 
Papers, I also send a letter Coll Young w h forward after take- 
ing a Copy of it. 

I will prove Jonas Greens Bond whenever a Magistrate falls 
in my way w 11 is seldom. 

It is so Cold & dry th* nothing growes. Our wheat in Gen- 
erall looks shockingly most of it speared out of the ground so 
is the Red Clover, a great deal of the last with Roots 5 & 6 
long is speared out, frequent frosts & thaws & Rains have 
made the winter most unseasonable for small grain it is a 
Generall Complaint not only here but among the Back farmers. 


I sowed some wheat & Oates in my Garden the 30 th past in 
Beds well dunged & at the writing of this on the 12 th of Apr ill, 
I Cannot perceive a Blade of either. My Cattle look better 
than Could be Expected, most of my Hogs I suppose to be dead, 
for I see very few of them in my Bides. We are well & wish 
you & Molly to be so, my love & Blessing to you & Her. I am 
D r Charley Y r Mo : Aff* Father 

Cha: Carroll 
P. S. Aprill 13 th , is there any Confirmation th* the ministry 
is Changed ? What is Become of Carcaud ? I suppose Yelding 
did not see Cap n Covall, or th* He is not yet Returned. 

Inclosed you have Otteys letter, Answer the Queries at the 
Bottom of it, to Enable me to transact the Business with him. 

Have you seen Jos a Beal? Has He discharged His Bond? 
are there any Warr ts in the Surveyors hands Affecting the 
lands Contiguous to Concord & Outlet % 

If it be not too inconvenient to M r Tho s Johnson I desier 
He would Remove one of His Houses which stands as I think 
in one of the Cross streets of Bloomesbery Square & I would 
have His Lot bind on th* street. 

Aprill 13 th I mistook the Day of the month, what is in the 
above Postscript was wrote on the 12 th . This is a fine warm 
day But we want a Sober warm Rain to make the grass grow & 
to help the wheat & to bring up the Oates &c. 

Vol. XII DECEMBER, 1917 No. 4 










hi 1 iiniiiiiniiiiiiiiiiii 

"An ideal soldier should be well bred, 
well fed, and well read. The Govern- 
ment will attend to the first two; let us 
look after the third." 

Send all of your spare books to the 
Peabody Institute for distribution to 
the camps. 



^Published Toy authority of the State 


This volume is now ready for distribution and is a continuation 
of the Proceedings of the General Assembly. It includes the Journals 
and Acts of the sessions held from May, 1730 to August, 1732, and 
is edited by Bernard C. Steiner, Ph. D. The recent recovery of the 
manuscript volumes of Laws from 1711 to 1776, enables the editor 
to print, for the first time, the private laws passed at these sessions. 
The printed Session Laws included only the public laws. A few 
miscellaneous documents relating to the period covered by the vol- 
ume are printed as an appendix. The two indices formerly compiled 
have been replaced by a consolidated one, which makes search for 
any subject easier. The early part of this volume covers the latter 
part of the gubernatorial administration of that pathetic scholar, 
Benedict Leonard Calvert, brother of Charles, fifth Lord Baltimore; 
and the latter portion of the book treats of the beginning of the 
long governorship of Samuel Ogle. The tobacco industry was in a 
languishing condition and considerable attention was given it, in 
the hope of securing better prices for Maryland tobacco. The long- 
drawn-out discussion over the proper form of the oath to be taken 
by judges finally resulted in a compromise between Proprietary and 
Provincials as to such wording. The condition and treatment of 
insolvent debtors continued to be a blot upon the record of the 
Province and a considerable number of private acts were passed for 
the relief of some of these unfortunate men. An assize bill, regu- 
lating proceedings of the County Courts, was passed. A long-stand- 
ing attempt to authorize the issue of bills of credit finally succeeded 
and the paper money was guarded by such a sinking fund as to be 
fully redeemed when it was due. Manufactures of iron and linen 
were encouraged. An unsuccessful effort was made to have the 
militia receive more efficient training. Several towns, among them 
Salisbury, were incorporated, and the Church for St. Paul's Parish 
in Baltimore County was removed from Colgate's Creek to Baltimore 
Town. Defects in the title of certain tracts of land were cured and 
the " preservation of the breed of wild deer " received attention from 
the legislators. Especial features of interest are the Journal of the 
Committee of Accounts for 1730, showing the details of the Provin- 
cial expenses, and the yea and nay votes recorded in the Proceedings 
of the Session of 1732, from which we learn how the members of the 
Lower House voted in any division upon questions coming before 
them for determination. 

The attention of members of the Society who do not now receive the 
Archives is called to the liberal provision made by the Legislature, 
which permits the Society to furnish to its own members copies of 
the volumes, as they are published from year to year, at the mere 
cost of paper, press work and binding. This cost is at present fixed 
at one dollar, at which price members of the Society may obtain one 
copy of each volume published during the period of their membership. 
For additional copies, and for volumes published before they became 
members, the regular price of three dollars is charged. 









Corresponding Seoretary, 


Recording Secretary* 





The General Officers 




1866. GEORGE PEARODY, Gift, . 


ISAAC F. NICHOLSON, .... Gift, . 







Gift of the H. Irvine Keyser Memorial Building. 

"I give and bequeath to The Maryland Historical Society the 
sum of dollars." 



The Library Company op Baltimore, 297 

Professional Publicity, 311 

Proceedings of the Committee of Observation for Elizabeth 
Town District [Washington County], From mss. in Pos-> 

session of the Society, 324 

Extracts from the Carroll Papers. From mss. in Possession of 

the Society, 347 

Correspondence of Governor Sharpe. From Transcripts in the 

Library of Congress, -------- 370 

Men of Maryland Specially Honored by the State or the 

United States. [Additions and Corrections], - - 383 

Bible Records. Contributed by Sarah Elizabeth Stuart, - - 386 

Proceedings of the iSociety, ------- 392 

Notes, 394 

The War Libraries, 395 

Committee on Publications 

SAMUEL K. DENNIS, Chairman. 



Vol. XII. DECEMBEK, 1917. No. 4. 


[The Library Company of Baltimore was organized in 1795 and 
was merged with the Maryland Historical Society in 1854. During 
the fifty-eight years of its existence its roster included the names of 
the foremost citizens of Baltimore. It was called into being by the 
Archbishop of Baltimore, the Rector of Old St. Paul's and the 
Pastor of the First Presbyterian Church. 

There may be no direct connection of the following " Forum 
letters " with the foundation and organization of the Library, 
though they doubtless influenced the minds of many in that direc- 
tion; and it is interesting to learn from them that an attempt to 
form a library had been made even before 1793. 

The Minute books and other records came into the possession of 
the Society at the time of the merger and from these it appears 
that the first formal meeting of the association was held on Decem- 
ber 20, 1795; that the meeting for actual organization was held on 
January 20, 1796, when Archbishop Carroll was elected President, 
Mr. George "W. Field, Secretary, and Mr. John Price, Jr., Treas- 
urer. Frequent meetings were held during the year, lists of desid- 
erata prepared, exchange purchased and sent abroad ; but it was not 
until the first Monday in September, 1796, that a room was rented 
in the house of Mr. Benj. Williams, in Lemmon St., (now Holliday 
St.) and that Mr. John Mondesir was elected Librarian. Further 
detailed accounts of the activities of the Board of Directors, will 
later appear.] 

For The Baltimore Daily Repository. 
Mr. Editor, 

It is a circumstance to be regretted, that a town like this, 
containing upwards of fifteen thousand inhabitants, does not 



afford a circulating library; possibly, a number not sufficient 
to support one. The advantages that would accrue towards the 
mental accomplishments, from an institution of this nature, 
and the disadvantages arising from the want of one, are too 
obvious to need a recital. 

Suppose, for instance, a certain number of ladies and gen- 
tlemen were to form a " Eeading Society/' and each to sub- 
scribe one guinea per year towards the support of it; the sub- 
scribers to order such books as they think proper, in rotation, 
for the use of such society, provided they are approved by a 
committee, which with a secretary and treasurer, should be 
chosen out of the subscribers; the committee to meet once a 
month to transact such business as should be deemed requisite ; 
no person to have two books at one time ; every person keeping 
a book longer than the time allotted by the committee, to be 
fined accordingly; any person damaging a book to pay for the 
same ; the books, after having been perused six or twelve months, 
to be sold, and the money appropriated to the purchase of new 
books, &c, &c. 

I do not pretend to lay down rules ; only, if the hint should 
be improved, it will be a satisfaction to 

Baltimore, January 29, 1793. 

Mr. Graham, 

Observing in your paper of to-day a piece, signed Philonaus, 
calling the attention of the Citizens to the Establishment of 
a Circulating Library, I was pleased to find myself anticipated ; 
yet, as I differ from that gentleman in the plan, suffer me to 
propose the adoption of one similar to that of the Philadelphia 
Library Company, established by Dr. Franklin, many years 
ago, which, from its extensive utility, is too notorious to re- 
quire a particular recital. — The value of a share, in that com- 
pany, is ten pounds, and surely, there are many hundred in 
this town who would contribute an equal sum to provide a 
permanent fund for the establishment of an institution so de- 


serving of public patronage. — The advantages resulting to 
society from an institution which has for its object the informa- 
tion of the inquisitive, the entertainment of the superficial, and 
the general improvement of the human mind, must strike the 
most unlettered observer. 

Is it not therefore astonishing that a town respectable for 
its number, respectable for its commerce, should have continued 
so long inattentive to the advancement of science, the belles 
lettres, and the real ornaments of life? Without reflecting on 
the vacancy of ideas, and predominating passions of the ladies 
for dissipation, let us endeavor to remove the evil by afford- 
ing them the means of cultivation, and stimulate them to a 
love of literature by publicly avowing that we are friends to 
science. — I reprobate the idea of selling the books at the end 
of every six or twelve months, as I contemplate a period not 
far distant when it may be proper to obtain the sanction of 
government, by an act of incorporation, in order that posterity 
may derive some benefit from our exertions. — If this plan is 
adopted, it will be cheaper than that proposed by Philonaus, 
which supposes the necessity of a renewal every year; but as 
I am not tenacious of my opinion, I shall chearfully acquiesce 
in any plan which will most effectually produce the desired 
object. A Citizex. 

Baltimore. Januarv 31, 1793. 

3Ir. Graham, 

If Philonaus and A Citizen unite and digest a regular plan 
for the establishment of a public library, they will merit, and 
receive, the thanks of every enlightened individual. — The idea 
thrown out by the former, is not suited to the meridian of 
Baltimore; it seems rather calculated to provide a fund of en- 
tertainment for the wealthy society of some populous village 
in Britain, and to feast them, once a month, upon political 
pamphlets: but here, an increasing, useful collection is neces- 
sary, such as may both amuse and enlarge the understanding. 
A Citizens allusion to Dr. Franklin's plan is far better, and 


equally as practical here as at Philadelphia : but his cynical 
severity towards the fair sex was unjust; and he may be told, 
that the predominating passions for dissipation, and a vacancy 
of ideas, are misfortunes not exclusively attached to the ladies. 
The remark was illiberal, and by no means connected with 
the formation of so useful, so noble an institution as that of 
a Public Library. 

Another Citizen. 
Baltimore, February 1, 1793. 

Mr. Graham, 

I would chearfully unite with Philonaus, or any other re- 
spectable citizen, in digesting a Plan for the Establishment of 
a Public Library, but that I think the one already 'proposed 
best suited to the meridian of Baltimore, and am happy to 
find my ideas meet the approbation of Another Citizen. Al- 
though he has accused me of illiberality in my remarks upon 
the " vacancy of ideas in the fair sex," which I wished to 
attribute rather to the contracted means of improvement than 
the imbecility of nature, and chearfully acknowledge that the 
predominant passion for dissipation is, among the evils of 
society, not " exclusively " confined to the ladies — It can alone 
be remedied by the introduction of literature, as a necessary 
qualification to distinction and merit. 

As many of your readers may be as ignorant of the plan I 
allude to as Another Citizen, it may not be improper to premise 
the outlines — 

Let the number of shares be indefinite, and the subscription 
continue open ad infinitum — Each share be equal to ten 
pounds — Every subscriber be obliged to pay for each share sub- 
scribed, ten shillings annually, in addition to the original sub- 
scriptions, as a fund to defray the wages of a Librarian, who 
should be a man of letters, rent of a room and contingent ex- 
penses — The subscribers to choose twelve directors, a treasurer 
and secretary, annually, from their own body, vesting the di- 
rectors with authority to constitute such bye-laws as they may 


judge useful for the internal government of the institution, 
and a discretionary power to order and select such books as 
they best approve of, regard being had to the value of the 
funds — The shares to be assignable, and the subscriber to have 
the privilege of transferring his right to another, for a limited 
time — Every person taking out a book, to oblige himself, under 
a fixed penalty, to return it in good order, and within a limited 
time, subject to a stipulated fine, in proportion as that time may 
be exceeded — Those not entitled by subscription, to deposite 
double the value of the book loaned, or set to which it may be- 
long, paying therefor a certain hire per week or month — The 
fines and hire of the books would, generally, be more than ade- 
quate to the expenses of the institution. 

By this mode the stranger and citizen, not capable of sub- 
scribing, may be accommodated with food and entertainment 
at a much cheaper rate than any other I can suppose feasible, 
and it is my sincere wish the subject may claim the attention 
of the public. 

A Citizen. 
Baltimore, February 2, 1793. 

Mr. Graham, 

I am well pleased to find, through the channel of your Ee- 
pository, an improvement made on the hint I offered to the 
public, for which I thank your correspondents.- — We have 
heretofore been witnesses of unsuccessful attempts to establish 
a public library, by which motive I was prompted to offer the 
plan in my former, intended for no other than a select society, 
and as such, I am persuaded, it would have proved cheap and 

But when I contemplate the rapid progress and improve- 
ments this place is daily making in wealth, commerce, and the 
increasing number of inhabitants, I acknowledge Dr. Frank- 
lin's plan merits the preference, as best calculated to answer 
the desired object; and since your correspondents agree as to 
the propriety of establishing such plan, I have to assure them 


it meets my most hearty concurrence, and I unite with A Citi- 
zen in recommending it to the attention of your courteous read- 
ers. Let us no longer leave vacancy for a supposition that we 
are an unenlightened people, nor hesitate to use our efforts to 
establish and cultivate a plan so evidently advantageous to the 
community, and productive of the most pleasing embellishments 
of life. 

Baltimore, February 4, 1793. 


About the 20 th of December 1795, some Gentlemen in Bal- 
timore Town, impressed with a sense of the benefits resulting 
from a Public Library, & concerned that there was no Institu- 
tion of the kind; in this Town, drew up some Constitutional 
outlines of one, which they submitted to several, who they 
supposed would patronize so Laudable an Institution. In a 
very few days, fifty nine persons Subscribed these outlines. A 
meeting of the Subscribers, was then called, and the following 
proceedings ensued — 

Baltimore, Dec r 23 rd 1795. 

At a Meeting of the Subscribers, for establishing a Public 
Library in Baltimore, The Eight Rev d D r Jn° Carroll, was 
called to the Chair, & M r Bich d Caton was made Clerk to the 

After some conversation on the subject, which had brought 
them together; it was, 

Resolved, That the Right Rev d D r Jn° Carroll DD. The 
Rev* Patrick Allison, DD. The Rev d Jos h G. J. Bend M. A. 
D r Geo: Browne & George W. Field, should be a Committee 
to draught, and report to the Subscribers, at a Meeting to be 
held on Friday, the 8 th of January 1796 or sooner, if they 
should be ready, a Constitution for carrying into effect, the 
object, which they contemplated. 


Resolved, that M r Cat on & M r Poultney be a committee, to 
procure additional Subscribers. The Subscribers then adjourn- 
ed to meet at Brydens Inn, on the day aforesaid at 6 o'clock in 
the Evening. 

Baltimore 8 th Jan r y 1796. 

The Subscribers for Establishing a Public Library in Bal- 
timore, met pursuant to adjournment; and the Bight Rev d D r 
Carroll was called to the Chair. 

The Rev d M r Bend, of the Committee, appointed to draught 
a Constitution, reported the plan of one, which was ordered 
to be read, and read accordingly. 

It was afterwards read, a second time, by Paragraphs, and 
having received several amendments, it was then agreed to, and 
ordered to be transcribed into a book for Subscription, at the 
next meeting; at which time it was generally understood, that 
they should proceed to the choice of officers. 

Adjourned to Meet at Brydens Inn, on Wednesday the 13th, 
Inst, at Six o'clock, P.M. 

Baltimore 13 th Jtm r J 1796. 

The Subscribers for establishing a Public Library in Bal- 
timore, met pursuant to adjournment, and called The Right 
Rev d D r John Carroll to the Chair, and made M r George W. 
Field their Clerk, The Constitution agreed to, at their last 
meeting, was then read, & afterwards Subscribed to by the 
Persons present & is as it appears in Pages 9, 10, 11, 12, 13 
& 14. The Constitutional number for -choosing Officers being 
present they proceeded to choose, agreeably to the constitution 
Twelve Directors; and the following Gentlemen, having the 
greatest number of Votes, were declared to be duly Elected: 
Viz— The R* Rev d D r Jn° Carroll, The Rev d M r Bend, M r 
Richard Caton, M r Thomas Poultney, M r James Carroll, M r 
George W. Field, The Rev d D r Allison, D r George Brown, M r 
Rob* Gilmor, M r James Casey, M r Nicholas Brice, & M r 
David Harris. 

The Company then adjourned Sine die — 

304 maryland historical magazine. 

Constitution of the 
Library Company of Baltimore. 

Being fully convinced, that in proportion to the diffusion of 
useful knowledge the Interest of Virtue will be promoted, and 
the prosperity of a community augmented ; considering the Es- 
tablishment of a Public Library to which an easy, but regulated 
access may be had, essential to the accomplishment of these ends ; 
and confirmed in this opinion by the happy effects, which have 
flowed from similar Institutions in other places; We the Sub- 
scribers, have associated for the purpose of establishing a Pub- 
lic Library, in Baltimore. Sensible also, that wholesome regu- 
lations are absolutely necessary to the beneficial, and orderly 
management of such an Institution, We bind ourselves, to con- 
form to the following Constitution, as it is now decreed, and as 
it may be hereafter lawfully modified, and to all laws regularly 
flowing from the same. And we pledge ourselves, if it shall 
be hereafter deemed practicable, and usefull to apply to the 
legislature, for an Act of Incorporation, for the purpose of 
giving greater stability and effect to the Institution. 

Article* 7t 

The style & title of the Institr aon, shall be, " The Library 
Company of Baltimore." 

Article 2 nd 

There shall be no definite number of Shares ; but every Per- 
son may be entitled to a Share, who shall be regularly admitted 
a Member of the Company. The price of a share shall be 
Twenty Dollars ; an<L every Member shall annually contribute, 
Four Dollars, for every share which he may lawfully possess. 

Article 3 rd 

The Books, and other Effects of the Company, shall be their 
joint Property: and ~y member shall be at liberty to Trans- 
fer his share by salt iuest, or right, or in any other way 


in which other property may be alienated, but in every case of 
Transfer except by will or descent, the person in whose favor 
it is intended to be made, shall be first approved of by a board 
of directors, hereafter to be appointed ; and all Transfers shall 
be made according to some mode prescribed by the directors. 

Article Jf. th 

No person shall be allowed to Subscribe for more than one 
share in the Library, or to increase this number in any other 
way, than by legacy or inheritance. And if any Member shall 
at any time become regularly possessed of a plurality of shares, 
he shall not thereby be entitled to more than one vote or to 
any other extraordinary privilege whatever. 

Article 5 th 

There shall be a stated meeting of the Company on the 
fourth Monday in April in every year: At which time the 
Members present, being not less than Twenty, shall proceed to 
elect from among the Company, Twelve Directors. The Direc- 
tors shall choose out of their own body, a President and shall 
appoint from among the Com 1, any a Secretary and Treasurer ; 
and the President and Secrete of the Directors shall be Presi- 
dent & Secretary at all general Meetings of the Company. 
These shall continue in office, ± r one year or untill the next 
Election. The place of Election shall be determined by the 
Directors, for the Time being, Lxid publickly advertised for 
twenty days at least before the Election, which shall be made 
by ballot, and those having a majority of Votes, shall be deemed 
duly Elected. And if it shall be found expedient, that the first 
Election under this Constitution should be held before the 
fourth Monday in April next, the persons elected shall continue 
in office till the fourth Monday in April 1797. If there shall 
not be twenty members present on the stated day of election, 
then the same may be held on any other Dav, appointed by the 
directors, of which at least five days notic ±sl\1 be given. 


Article 6 th 

It shall be the duty of the President, at all general Meetings, 
of the Company, to keep order, and to do all other things gen- 
erally appertaining to the office of a President. The Secretary 
shall collect the ballots at elections, shall keep in a Book to be 
provided for the purpose, a fair transcript of the proceedings, 
of the company, and shall from time to time, give public notice, 
of all stated and special meetings of the company; which spe- 
cial Meetings shall be called by the President whenever the 
board of Directors, or Twenty Members of the Company shall 
signify their desire to this effect. The Treasurer shall keep 
the accounts of the Company, in books proper for the purpose; 
he shall keep their monies, subject to the order of the Direc- 
tors ; and shall be ready whenever called upon, with a warning 
of Ten days, to give a regular statement of his accounts to the 
Directors. He shall be removable at the pleasure of the Di- 
rectors; and shall on entrance upon office, and as often as the 
Directors may require, give such security, for the faithful dis- 
charge of his duties, as they may deem adequate. The Board 
of directors shall meet once a Month, and shall have the choice 
and direction of a Librarian, and of all other Officers, not 
chosen by the company, who may be necessary to the ends of 
this Institution whom they may supersede, as often as they shall 
think proper. They shall have the disposal of all monies be- 
longing to the Company, shall provide a proper depository for 
the books, and shall make all such regulations as may be nec- 
essary to the useful and economical circulation of the books. 
They shall elect new members, shall settle the accounts of the 
company's Treasurer, shall fix all saleries and compensations, 
which may be created, or made, and order the payment of all 
incidental expenses of the Company. They shall choose the 
books, to be bought for the use of the Library (but every mem- 
ber shall be at liberty to recommend to them any book, by put- 
ting into a box to be kept, for the purpose, in the Library, the 
title, with his name subscribed). They shall at every stated 
meeting, report to the Company, a state of their affairs; and 


they are hereby invested with the power of doing all things 
(not excepted in this Constitution, or which may not hereafter 
he prohibited by the Company) which may be conducive to 
their interest. Whenever they have to dispose of any of the 
monies of the Company, or to admit new Members, eight at 
least shall be present, of whom three fourths shall be necessary 
to constitute a Majority; but for all other purposes, five shall 
be a sufficient Quorum, and a majority of their voices give 
validity to their Acts. 

The Members of the Company, may have recourse to their 
Journals, as also to the Treasurer's accounts, and all other 
papers and books belonging to the Company; of which, with 
the consent of the Directors, they may take copies. 

Article 7 th 

In case of a Vacancy in the Office of President, Secretary or 
Treasurer, or in the board of Directors, the same shall be fill- 
ed by the board, at some meeting especially held for the pur- 
pose, of which public Notice shall be given. And vacancies in 
these Offices, shall be deemed to be created, by Death, Resigna- 
tion, absence from the United States, or confirmed inability to 
attend to their respective duties. 

Article 8 th 

All Persons hereafter admitted members of this Company, 
whether as Transferees, or purchasers of new Shares ; shall be 
nominated to the board of Directors, at some one of their 
Monthly Meetings ; and if they shall at a subsequent Meeting, 
be approved of by the board, as directed in the Sixth Article 
they shall then be deemed duly elected. 

No person, not a Transferee shall be considered a member 
of this Company untill he shall have paid to the Treasurer the 
price of his share. He shall then receive a certificate signed 
by him, containing his name, the sum paid by him, the use, 
for which it was paid, and the time of Payment; all which 


particulars, shall be recorded in the company's Books: And 
this certificate shall entitle the possessor, to the priviledges, of 
a Member of the Company. The Price of a Share shall be en- 
creased, at such times, and in such proportion, as to the com- 
pany may seem fit ; but this augmentation, shall not be deemed 
to affect those who were members at the time of its being made. 

Article 9 th 

The Librarian shall give security for the faithful discharge 
of the Duties committed to him in such sum as the Directors 
may determine. 

Article 10 th 

The Directors shall prevent the lending out of the Library, 
even to members, of particularly scarce Books, or other effects 
of great Value, the loss of which it would be difficult to repair, 
but every reasonable convenience, and facility, shall be pro- 
vided, for allowing the use of, or transcripts from them within 
the Library. 

Article 11 th 

A member may be expelled, for any Misconduct, disgraceful 
to the Institution, and likely to impair its utility, but the Meet- 
ing for this purpose, shall consist of at least Three fifths of the 
company, a Majority of whose Votes shall be conclusive. In 
case of the expulsion of a member he shall be paid the price 
of his share, or shares according to the price established in 
this Constitution. 

Article 12 th 

Every Person, who shall neglect to make the Annual pay- 
ment, which shall be on the second Monday in May, in every 
year, or within Ten days thereafter, shall pay for the use of 
the Library, one Cent, for every Day he shall neglect said pay- 
ment. And whenever his Fines, and deficient contributions, 
amount to the Value of a share, such share, shall be forfeited. 
In like manner, if he possesses a plurality of shares. 



Article 18 th 

Whenever an alteration of this Constitution, shall he medi- 
tated, a Meeting of the Company shall he called, by the Direc- 
tors, who shall give Ten Days public notice of the Time and 
place of such meeting: And the members attending in conse- 
quence of such notice shall proceed to act upon any alterations 
which may be proposed. If they shall be assented to, by a 
majority of those attending They shall be published for con- 
sideration ; and another meeting of the company shall be called, 
of which Ten days public notice shall be given, and if a ma- 
jority of the Members attending the second Meeting confirm the 
alterations before assented to, they shall then be deemed a part 
of this Constitution. 

Agreed to in Baltimore the 8 th day of January ? Anno 
Domini 1796. 

Members names 

J. Carroll 
Joseph G. J. Bend 
George Grundy 
David Harris 
J. Johnson 
James Carroll 
Rich d Caton 
D. Williamson 
Jn° M c Kim J r 
Geo. Presstman 
K Brice 
Ja s M c Elhiney 
Henry Browne 
Tho s Poultney 
Lawrence Somers 
Geo. W. Field 
John S. Webster 
Peter Prick 
Thomas Pisher J r 

J. E. Howard 
James Usher 
W m Goodwin 
Gerrard Hopkins 
James Steuart 
Tho s Donaldson 
Tho s Smith 
Geo. Buchanan D r 
John B. Barnabew 
John Hollins 
S. Smith 
Arch d Campbell 
Nicholas Slubey 
John Purviance 
Nat 1 Andrews 
Ja s Priestley 
W m Singleton 
C. Davis 
George Sears 



Fred. Pratt 
Elias Elliott 
James Carey 
John Brice J r 
James Abernethy 
James Barry 
HemT Mcols 
Patrick Allison 
Ja s Dall 
W m Lowry 
David Stewart 
Kich d Moncreiff 
Robert Dorsey 
W m Patterson 
Robert Oliver 
Hen. Thompson 
W m liOrman 
J. A. Buchanan 
Jacob P. Levy 
Sam 1 Butler 
George Brown 
A. Macdonald 
Thos. Hollingsworth 
Sam 1 Hollingsworth 
James M c Elhiney 
John Nicholson 
John M c Fadon 
W m Ross 
Jonas Clapham 
James M c Cormick 
R d Moale 
Lloyd Buchanan 
Alex r Pur nival 
Sam 1 wings 
E. Johnson 
Francis Johonnet 

Robert Wilson 
William Cole 
Moor Falls 
Thomas Tenant 
Nat 1 Morton 
Will. Duman 
John Hacket 
Jos. Young 
Peter Garts 
John Garts 
R. C. Boulandry 
Hy Messonnier 
William Robb 
Ja 9 H. M c Culloch 
Sol n Birckhead 
Tho. Butter J r 
And w Wallace 
George M c Candless 
W. Winchester 
James Ogleby 
Jacob Fite 
Abraham Falconar 
Beal Owings of R d 
Arch d Stewart 
John Gordon 
Jn° Anderson 
Geo. W. Blackiston 
Govert Haskins 
W m Grahame 
James Nicols 
Ashbel Welles 
Philip Rogers 
Geo. S. Johonnet 
W m Taylor 
David Plopkins 
H. Wilkens 


Benjamin Williams Arch ld Robinson 

John Sherlock Cha. Carroll of Carroll tn 

W m MacCreery pr. Rich Caton 

Jos a Seney Nicholas Rogers 

Phil. Moore Ja s Priestly 

Eben r Mackie James Law 

Jn° Merryman 

These signatures were affixed to the Constitution at different 
periods and represent but a small percentage of the membership 
of the institution. 

[To be continued] 


[The following advertisements reproduced from The Baltimore 
Daily Repository of 1792-93 give interesting side lights on the 
social life of the period. The first group confirms the statement 
of Dr. Elisha J. Hall, made in 1788, that the physicians of the 
period were " surrounded by a swarm of quacks/' 

The educational offerings may be of service to the future his- 
torian of the private schools of the city; the political appeal of the 
colored brother desirous of legislative honors apparently fell upon 
deaf ears, as his name does not appear in the canvas of the subse- 
quent election.] 

The subscriber, living on Howard's Hill,, next door to Mr. 
George Grub, Joiner, informs the Public, that he practices 
Surgery, performs The Botanical {Herb) Whey Cures, Pre- 
pared by him, and ready for use every morning during the 
summer season; and has furnished a Room conveniently, for 
Cupping. The room will be opened the first of May, and due 
attendance given every Tuesday and Friday, from morning till 

He also has deviced, an approved Plaster, for sale, to take 
away Corns and Warts quickly, and without any pains. — The 
Public may rest assured of the abilities of their humble servant, 

John Philip Swarzauer. 

312 maryland historical magazine. 

Henry Seivert, 

Educated at Frankfort, and lately arrived from Germany, served 
as a Surgeon in the Swedish Army and in the Hospitals, 

Kespectfully acquaints his friends and the public in general, 
that he has commenced the Practice of Physic and Chymistry, 
in Gay-street, between Mr. Delaport's and Griffith's Bridge. He 
will undertake all disorders incident to the human frame, with 
the greatest tenderness, propriety, and, if required, with secrecy, 
and has been peculiarly fortunate in relieving those who em- 
ployed him. He is well skilled in Surgery, and has erected a 
Chymical Apparatus, for the different medicines necessary in 
that line. As he is well acquainted with the French, German 
and English languages, he is the more capable of administering 
remedies to their several complaints, and is furnished with 
medicines of the newest and best sort. — He earnestly entreats 
the patronage of the Public, engaging that his attendance shall 
be as constant and his medicines as effectual and as cheap as 
possible. He will always employ his best abilities for the wel- 
fare of his patients, and shall ever entertain a grateful sense of 
the candor of those who please to encourage a stranger. 

The poor shall be cured gratis, except the prime cost of the 

Some small choice packages of Family Medicines for sale, at 
the most reasonable terms, for cash. 

He has resided one year with Doctor Anthony Mann. 

Baltimore, October 24, 1792. 

Animal Electricity and Magnetism, 

Taught and practised in its Purity by Dr. Kobinson, from 

This science, which has long excited the wonder and attention 
of all Europe, on account of the many remarkable cures it has 
performed, though veiled in obscurity by the ancients, is now 
stript of the superstitious clothes with which it was covered, and 


is reduced to a regular system agreeable to the rules of modern 
philosophy, as practised by Mr. Messmer in Germany, Mr. De 
Loutherberg in London, and Doctor Bell from France. 

It is unnecessary to enumerate the many diseases and afflicted 
persons that have been cured by this truly wonderful and sur- 
prising science, where the efforts of the ablest Physicians, in the 
common modes of practice have proved abortive. 

The Doctor exhibits no medicine whatever, but can operate 
upon a subject at the greatest distance from him as well as those 
that make personal application. This science may seem wonder- 
ful to many, but wonderful as it may seem, its operation upon 
the human subject is so powerful, that the operator can raise 
the leg or arm of any person from off a table without touching, 
with other surprising performances. 

The Doctor teaches the modes of communicating the magneti- 
cal virtues to steel, although he considers the use of them in this 
science by some practitioners as an imposition upon the good 
sense of the public, as instead of assisting the operation, it re- 
tards it : the Doctor so far from following the mode of some, of 
only teaching the illiterate for fear of exposure, that he invites 
the wise and scientific of all descriptions. To the curious, a 
science of this nature must be the most pleasing and instructive, 
as it opens the door to a fine variegated landscape, where the 
sons of wisdom may exercise their faculties. 

He will teach the whole course of lectures on this science for 
no less than fifty guineas ; yet he will teach the modes of remov- 
ing diseases, used by the common practitioners, for eight dol- 
lars, and will co mmu nicate more knowledge for so small a sum, 
than any other practitioner on the continent of America can. 
One guinea will be required of those of the first rank, for the 
first advice and first treatment ; half a guinea from those of less 
rank, and so on till it descends so low as one dollar. 

The Doctor can infallibly cure the following diseases, viz. 
Apoplexy, asthma, cholera, all sorts of colds and coughs, dropsy, 
dyspepsia, epistaxis, fevers of all sorts, kingsevil, gangrenes, 
sphacelus and mortifications, hypochondriasis, hysteria, hysteri- 



tis, cramps, inflammations of all sorts, dead, contracted and cold 
limbs, lock-jaw, mersorrhea, peripneumony, pleurisy, &c in 
rheumatalgia, rheumatism and hysterical cases, let the violence 
be ever so great, he has always succeeded, even to a miracle ; he 
also cures schirrous, scrofulous and ulcerous tumors, consump- 
tions, spasmodic affections and nervous disorders, strains, 
bruises, burns, scalds and sores of all kinds, &c. &c. — The poor, 
to any number, he will treat gratis ; and hopes they will not, by 
too great a degree of modesty on their part, deprive themselves 
of the benefit, which those of more affluent circumstances are 
about to receive, at this happy season of the year, when the wind 
was so favorable as to blow so many Magnetists to Baltimore. 

As to preparing bar and horse-shoe magnets, the Doctor can 
easily do it, but as these things are of no use in this science, he 
thinks it altogether unnecessary. — Does any person imagine that 
the gentlemen and ladies of Baltimore wish to turn black- 
smiths? — The Doctor would not recommend the aged and dis- 
eased to learn this science, as nevertheless they may for the pres- 
ent ease pain, yet they may communicate their own disorders to 
their patients — the younger and healthier the practitioner is, 
the better. 

Terms of admission may be known by applying to the Doctor 
at Mr. Thomas Stapleton's, in Frederick-street, near Messieurs 
Yates and Campbell's Vendue-Store, and opposite Mr. David 
Shields' Hat manufactory. 

To the virtuous, free, and independent Electors of Baltimore 


As the illuminative rays of Liberty have burst with such 
floods of glory over this highly favored land, whereby all unjust 
and arbitrary distinctions are laid aside, and being fully con- 
vinced that the citizens of this place possess catholic spirits, and 
liberal sentiments in an eminent degree, I am emboldened, with 
an humble reliance on their discernment and candor, to offer 


myself a candidate for your suffrages at the ensuing election, 
for a Representative for the Town of Baltimore. 

I conceive that justice and equity will excite you to choose 
one Man of Color to represent so many hundreds of poor Blacks 
as inhabit this Town, as well as several thousands in the differ- 
ent parts of this state. 

I have never deserted my country's interest in the time of 
danger and distress ; but have been a zealous patriot in the cause 
of liberty during the late struggle for freedom and independ- 
ence, not fearing prison or death for my country's cause; and 
thanks to the Author of Life and Liberty, it is now established 
in spite of all internal as well as external Foes. 

I have already been honored with public offices and places of 
trust, which I have faithfully discharged according to law and 
the directions of the officers who appointed me, and I hope to 
the general satisfaction of my fellow citizens. 

Should I be so happy as to be the object of your choice, I 
promise to have all Tories and Antits turned out of office, until 
they shew evident signs of repentance, and attachment to the 
new government ; for the corpulency of my body shall be no clog 
to the exercise of my genius, and agility of my limbs, which 
shall be kept in perpetual motion for the good of the state. 

I have the honor to be, Gentlemen, 

Your devoted humble servant, 

Thomas Brown. 
Baltimore, September 24, 1792. 


The subscriber being obliged to visit New England shortly, 
and remain absent a few weeks, is under the necessity of dis- 
continuing his Schools for Sacred Vocal Music, in town and on 
the point ; which, however, he intends to open again soon after 
his return. Truly grateful for the countenance that has been 
shewn him heretofore, he hopes to receive, as it will be his un- 


wearied endeavors to deserve the same kind patronage, upon his 
resuming the same employment. 

Thomas H. Attwill. 
Baltimore, Sept. 25, 1792. 

1ST. B. The Scholars belonging to his Schools will perform 
publicly, next Wednesday Evening in the Presbyterian Church, 
when the company of all persons will be acceptable, who may 
chuse to attend. 

Musical Entertainment. 

Bayner Taylor. 

Music Professor, 

Begs leave to inform the Ladies and Gentlemen of Baltimore, 
that he means to perform a second Musical Entertainment, To- 
Morrow Evening, at Mr. Starck's Tavern, the Sign of the In- 
dian Queen ; the Music of which will be original, his own Com- 
position, entirely different from the former Performance, and 
in which Miss Huntley will sing many favorite Songs, in the 
serious, comic, and pastoral Style. — To begin at 7 o'clock. 

Ladies and Gentlemen desirous of Beceiving Instructions for 
the Piano Forte, Harpsichord, &c are requested to send their 
Commands addressed to B. Taylor, at Miss Young's, Calvert St. 

Baltimore, October 18, 1792. 

Portrait Painting. 

The Subscriber has collected most of the Pictures he painted 
last year, and with them formed an Exhibition Boom, for the 
Amusement of Ladies and Gentlemen, at the Corner of Fred- 
erick and Water-streets, which will be kept open every Day, 
Sundays excepted. — With the utmost Gratitude, he acknowl- 
edges the Encouragement given him, since his Besidence in this 
Town ; and respectfully solicits the further Patronage of a gen- 
erous Public. 

Charles Peale Polk. 


"N, B. Portraits of the President of the United States, and 
the late Doctor Benjamin Franklin, may be had of C. P. P. 

Baltimore, April 15, 1793. 

The subscriber, wishing to assist poor, but honest persons, 
who are afflicted with large families of children, offers himself 
to take 3 or 4 White Boys, from 8 to 10 years of age, to be bound 
to him for the Chimney Siveeping Business, until they come to 
the age of fifteen years; after that period he will put them to 
any trade, for which they should incline, in order that they may 
be able to obtain a further livelihood, and be useful to the com- 
munity at large. He requests that none but good-natured and 
honest boys may apply. 

John Conrad Zollikoffer. 

Baltimore, December 22, 1792. 

The English Academy. 

By Mr. Workman, late Professor of Mathematics in the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania. 

Is now opened in that elegant and spacious room in Bank- 
street, lately occupied as a Ball-room by Mr. Curley ; Where are 
taught, the English language grammatically, Writing, Arithe- 
metic, Book-keeping, Geography, and the use of the Globes, Sur- 
veying, Gauging, Navigation, including the Lunar Observa- 
tions, and the other practical branches ; also Euclid's Elements, 
Astronomy, Algebra, Fluxions, &e. 

A Portion of Time will be set apart each Week, for Rhetoric 
and Oratory, and occasional Exhibitions of public Speaking will 
be observed. 

All the Pupils of this Academy will have the Advantage of 
hearing Mr. Workman's lectures on Natural Philosophy, with 
out any additional Charge. 

~N. B. Mr. Sweeny will continue to teach writing in the Sem- 


inary. — The Terms and Plan may be known by applying to Mr. 
Workman, any time during the hours of Tuition. 

The American Accountant, being a new System of Arith- 
metic, and the Elements of Geography, both written by Mr. 
Workman, and lately published in Philadelphia, may be had by 
Application to the Author. 

Baltimore, April 20, 1792. 

French School. 

Peter Leflet returns his most grateful thanks to those who 
have favored him with their patronage, and informs the Public 
it is his intention to open School next Monday, at Mrs. Phillip's, 
Bank-street ; and in order to suit himself to his scholar's leisure, 
he proposes to divide them in three different classes; the first 
from 3 o'clock in the afternoon till 5 ; the second from 5 to 7; 
and 7 to 9. 

Baltimore, May 3, 1792. 

The subscriber respectfully informs the public, that he has 
begun Morning School at his house on Howard's Hill, where he 
will teach young Ladies and Gentlemen the French Language 
grammatically, Writing and Arithmetic, &c. on very easy Terms. 
The most regular Attendance will be given from 6 to 8 o'clock 
by their most obedient Servant, 

William Graham. 

Baltimore, May 11, 1792. 

Mr. Dick's Public School, 

Is removed five doors below Luther Martin's Esquire, on 
Charles-street, which is clean and paved to the door; where he 
humbly solicits the patronage and encouragement of the respect- 
able public, to whom he returns his most grateful thanks. 

Baltimore, May 12, 1792. 

N. B. It is the same place where Mr. Hogan taught. 

professional publicity. 319 

Me. Black 

Respectfully informs the Public, that he has opened his Acad- 
emy in Gay-street, in the House where Mr. Sweeny lately 
taught. He has two spacious Blooms, entirely adapted to the 
Reception of Children, and attended with every necessary Con- 

Youth, &c will he taught English, French, Spanish, Low- 
Dutch, and Italian grammatically, Writing, Arithmetic, Book- 
keeping, Mensuration, Surveying, Navigation, Euclid's Ele- 
ments, Algebra, &c, &c. 

JN\ B. Mr. Black returns his most grateful Thanks to the 
Public, for the Encouragement he has already met with — begs 
Leave to acquaint them, that he will have a Sufficiency of Teach- 
ers, and they may rely upon his most assiduous Attention, both 
to the Morals and the Improvement of their Children. 

A Lecture upon English Grammar every Saturday. 

Baltimore, May 15, 1792. 

To the Inhabitants of Baltimore-Town, &c. 

The subscriber, for some time past, having had to reflect on the 
advantage which might arise from a well regulated School being 
established in this Town, for the instruction of Black Children 
and Children of Color, in the several branches of useful learn- 
ing — and having met with considerable encouragement from, 
several respectable gentlemen, who, from motives of humanity 
and philanthropy, manifest a desire for the improvement of the 
morals of the African race, and to give learning to some who are 
in their families (though at present in a state of slavery) — he 
has concluded to open a School for the purpose, on the 23rd. 
instant, in a commodious room in the west end of James Jaf- 
f ray's brick warehouse, near the Centre-Market, for the recep- 
tion of such children as he may be entrusted with. 

He therefore flatters himself, from a consideration of the in- 
stitution, and the strict attention which will be paid to the 
morals and school-learning of such youth as may be placed 


under his care, to merit the countenance and patronage of an 
enlightened Public. 

Jonathan Coates. 1 

JN". B. The aforesaid School will be under the care and direc- 
tion of a Committee appointed for the purpose, and the terms 
of schooling will be made known on application to the sub- 
scriber. J. C. 

Baltimore, 7th Mo. (July) 18, 1792. 

Mrs. Simson. 
Late of Philadelphia, 

Takes this public method, to inform the Ladies and Gentle- 
men of Baltimore, that she has opened a school for the reception 
of young ladies, at the house of Mr. Brown, opposite Messrs. 
Goddard and Angell's printing office, Market-street, where she 
intends teaching all kinds of Needle J work in silk and worsted, 
Crownmg, Drawing, and plain Work, in the neatest manner — 
She also teaches Tambouring, with the art and elegance of shad- 
ing, and taste in the arrangement of patterns. She designs the 
work and executes the drawing herself, without any additional 
expense to the ladies. Those ladies who may choose to favor her 
with the tuition of their children, may rely on the strictest atten- 
tion being paid to their conduct by her who wishes to cultivate 
their young minds, as well as form their manners. She natters 
herself that she has given satisfaction to the parents of those 
whom she has already had the honor to instruct, and gained the 
love of her pupils. 

Mrs. Simson esteems herself happy in giving this public tes- 
timony of her unfeigned acknowledgments and gratitude to the 
ladies of Philadelphia and South Carolina, who, when she was a 

1 The name of Jonathan Coates appears in the Directory for 1796, as 
" Schoolmaster, dwelling 60 N. Frederick St., schoolroom Triplet's Alley " ; 
in 1799 (Coats), "schoolmaster, 31 N. Gay St."; in 1804, "gentleman, 
31 N. Gay St.," and 1807 (Coats), "Gentleman, 23 Fayette St." 


stranger, regarded her with an eye of complaisance, and encour- 
aged and assisted her in her arduous undertaking. She makes 
no doubt, by steady perseverance in her duty, to acquire the 
friendship of the ladies of this state, and that of a generous 

She teaches Beading and Spelling with propriety. 
1ST. B. Ladies' Gowns, Scarfs, Shawls, Muffs, and Fancy Trim- 
mings, done in Gold, Silver and Silk: Also Gentlemen s Vest- 
Patterns, equal to any imported. 

Her terms of tuition — Four Dollars per quarter, and Ten 
Shillings entrance. 

Baltimore, Oct. 5, 1792. 

Branches of Literature. 

Taught by the Subscriber, at a convenient School-House, paved 
to the Door, on Charles-street, five doors belovJ Luther Martin 
Esqr's, viz. 

Reading with proper Punctuation, Accent and Cadence, with 
English Grammar ; Writing, Round Text, Engrossing and Ital- 
ian Hands ; Arithmetic, Vulgar and Decimal Fractions ; Book- 
keeping ; the Latin and Greek Languages, the former of which 
he speaks fluently ; Surveying by the common Way, and Calcu- 
lation of Latitude and Departure, according to Mr. Norwood's 
excellent and accurate Plan ; Navigation by Theory, Logarithms 
and Lunar Observations ; Mensuration of Solids, Superfices and 
Guaging with the Rod. 

A Conveyancing and Scrivener's Office is kept at the same 
Place, and all Kinds of Writings performed, with Accuracy and 
Despatch, at the most reasonable Prices, accompanied with the 
sincerest and most respectful Acknowledgments of their humble 

William Dick. 

He would gladly undertake to teach any Gentleman's Family 
any of the above Branches, in the evenings, and attend at their 


Houses, if in the vicinity of Tripolet's-alley, where the Teacher 

Baltimore, Nov. 10, 1792. 

Night School. 

The Subscriber very respectfully informs the Public, that he 
will immediately commence an Evening School, for teaching 
Beading, Writing, Arithmetic, Short-Hand Writing, &c. 

Scholars may depend upon the strictest attention being paid 
to their improvement, particularly in. the English Grammar, 
and Beading, which shall be taught them grammatically, grace- 
fully and properly. 

Application made to the Subscriber, at Mr. William Miller's, 
next door to this Printing Office, shall be duly attended to, and 
Terms made known. 

George Holland. 
Tuesday, October 2, 1792. 

Mr. O'Shea 
Has opened School, in a very commodious room, in Rogers' 
Alley, a few doors from Mr. Graham's printing office, where 
youth may be taught English Grammar, Reading, Writing, 
Arithmetic in all its parts, Bookkeeping after the true Italian 
form, and Greek and Latin, if required. 

Mr. O'Shea can produce attestations both of his moral and 
literary abilities from Gentlemen of Eminence and Character 
in the United States. Baltimore, Nov. 30th, 1792. 

1ST. B. — He will also teach a Night-School, Terms told at 

Mrs. Williams 
(From London) 

Presents herself respectfully to the Families of Baltimore, and 
solicits permission to inform them, that she proposes, as early 


as she can obtain a convenient Situation, to open a School for 
the Instruction of young Ladies. The French and English 
Languages will be taught grammatically — The Rudiments of 
Geography — Also, useful and variegated Needle Work; Speci- 
mens of which, by the late Pupils, may be viewed at Mrs. 
Mickles. The Patronage of a generous and enlightened Peo- 
ple cannot be doubted, so long as her Conduct may continue to 
deserve it. 

Baltimore, Dec. 22, 1792. 

Me. Freeman 

Respectfully acquaints the Public, that he has opened an Eng- 
lish and Mathematical School, in a convenient Room, opposite 
the Presbyterian Church; where he proposes to receive under 
his Care, 30 Pupils, and instruct them in Reading, Writing, 
Accounts, and Mathematics. All the Mathematical Pupils 
(and such of the Others whose Parents may think proper) shall 
be taught the Principles of Astronomy, Geography, and the Use 
of the Globes. 

Young Gentlemen may be taught privately between School 
Hours; or, a Private Class can be attended at any convenient 
Time and Place, which they may think proper to appoint. 

Mr. Freeman is furnished with Globes, Charts, Maps, and 
Nautical Instruments, and may be seen at Mr. Philbin's, in 
Gay-street, opposite the Bank. 

Baltimore, March 26, 1793. 

The Rev. Mr. Ralph presents his compliments to the parents 
of those children who are and have been under his care, and 
respectfully informs them, that (having been inducted into St. 
Stephen's and Shrewsbury parishes) he, with much gratitude 
for past favors, declines the further superintendence of a school 
in Baltimore. 

Gay-street, April 8, 1793. 



(Continued from Vol. XII, p. 275.) 

Tuesday, June 28, 1776. 

The Committee met according to Adjournment. Members 

Col n Sam 1 Beall Jun r in the Chair 
Capt n Mich 1 Fackler M r John Rentch 

Maj r Charles Swearingen Col n And w Rentch 

Col n Jos. Smith Capt n W m Hejser 

Maj r Christ 11 Orindorff Capt n Jos. Chapline 

Capt n Conrad Hogmire Capt n Sam 1 Hughes 

Maj r Henry Shryock 

The Gentlemen appointed by the last Committee to draw up 
a set of Resolutions, to be offered to the good People of this 
District brought in the same, which (with some Alterations) is 
ordered to be offered to the People. 

Leonard Belmire & Martin Belmire were accused before this 
Committee of expressing Sentiments inimical to the Liberties 
of America and Advising Capt n Keller's Company to lay down 
their Arms. 

Upon hearing the Evidence the Committee were of the 
Opinion they ought to be discharged, on promising good Be- 
haviour for the future. 

Peter Tressler was also accused to the same Purpose and 
Capt n Keller enter' d Security for his good Behaviour for the 

Ordered that the Resolutions entered into this Day by Col n 
Smith's Battalion be immediately published. 

The Committee adjourns till Tuesday next. 


Tuesday, July 2 d 1776. 

The Committee met according to adjournment. Members 

Capt n Sam 1 Hughes in the Chair 
Col n Jos. Smith M r John Rentch 

Col n Andw Rentch M r Geo. Swingley 

Capt n John Cellar Maj r Christ 11 Orindorff 

Capt n W m Heyser Col n Sam 1 Beall Jun r 

Capt n Conrad Hogmire Capt n Jam 8 Smith 

Maj r Henry Shryock Capt n Joseph Chapline 

Maj r Charles Swearingen Jam 8 Clark Clk 

Capt n Mich 1 Tackier 

A List of non-enrollers and non-Associators were return' d by 
Capt n John Reynolds, and are as f olloweth, Yiz. 

Matthias Shangler, invalid non effective, has sign'd the 

Michael Thomas fined £4. 0. a Gun to be del d . 
John Middlecoff, non effective, has Sign'd the Association. 

Likewise a List of non enrollers & non Associators residing in 
Capt n Kellers District were by him returned and are as fol- 

iz. George Trice not fin'd 

£ S 

Abraham Houser fin'd 

5.. 00 

Mich 1 Garber D° 

2.. 00 

Matthias Staufler D° 

2.. 00 

Jacob Lein D° 

5.. 00 paid to Capt n Lynch 

Jacob Thomas fined 

£ 4.. 0. paid 

Christ 11 Hess fin'd 

4.. 0.0 

Jacob Hess D° 

7. 0.0 

Sam 1 Baker D° 

4. 0.0 

Henry Geedy D° 

3. 0.0 

Jn° Baumberger, fined 

£ 5. 0. 

Jn° Geo. Kneble I> 

2. 0.0 

Peter Barkman IP 




Matthias Grove fined 

Sam 1 Rhorer 
Fredk Rhorer 
Jacob Rhorer 
Jacob Lentz 
Peter Thomas 


4. 0.0 

7. 0. 

3. 0. p d to Doct r Shnebly 

3. 0. p d to Doct r Shnebly 

3. 0. p d toDoet r Schnebley 

4. 0. paid to Capt n Linck 

Geo. Adam Geedy Clergyman 

Jacob Klamm fin'd 2. 0. 

Martin Rhorer 7. 0. 

Benjamin Bowman fin'd 3. 0. 

The Committee adjourns for an hour. 

The Committee met according to Adjournment. 

On application being made by the Sundry persons hereafter 
mentioned that they are distressed and unable to pay the several 
Fines assess' d against them as non enr oilers by this Committee 
on the 8 th day of May last, and after considering the Reasons 
offered by them in Support thereof, this Committee have 
thought fit to remit viz. 

To John Washabaugh 
To Jacob Coughinour 
To David Miller 
To Benjamin Noll 
Henry Funk Jun r 
Abraham Gansinger 

Capt n Peter Reed returned his Warrant issued to him to col- 
lect the fine assess'd on non-enrollers and non associators resid- 
ing in his District, and said Warrant is directed to Lieu* 
Ezekiel Spires to execute the same, Capt n Reed having agreed 
to be his Security for the faithful Execution thereof. 

The Committee adjourns till to Morrow at 5 O'Clock ante 

The Committee met according to Adjournment all Members 
present as yesterday except M r Swingley. 





To Jacob Thomas Sen r 

£ 5 



To Christ 11 Thomas Jun r 

£ 2 



To Christ 11 Thomas 

£ 2 



To Philip Oster 

£ 3 



To Geo. Whitmyer 

£ 2 

£ 2., 



Ordered, that the following form of a Warrant be used, for 
collecting fines assess'd on persons in Militia Companies for non 
Attendance at Muster. 

Whereas Complaint is made by Capt n that a 

certain refused to obey orders, or do duty as a 

Militia Man several Times, who was regularly heard, tried and 
fined the sum of by his officers, this is therefore to em- 
power you on Receipt hereof to levy the said Sum of by 

distress on the Goods and Effects of the said and 

sell and dispose thereof agreeable to the order of Convention in 
last, to the value of for the use of the Com- 
pany commanded by the said Capt n and this shall be your 

Authority given under my hand the day of by 

order of the Committee. 

The Committee adjourns for an Hour. 

The Committee met according to Adjournment. 

A Warrant was granted against John Bond of Capt n Wal- 
len's Company, for refusing to pay the fines assess'd on him by 
his officers, for not attending Muster. 

A List of non-enrollers and non Associators residing in 
Capt n Baker's District were by him returned and are as fol- 
ioweth viz. 

Jacob Teeter fin'd £ 2.. 0.. 

Isaac Teeter D° £ 2.. 0.. 

Stephen Ottlery Jun r D° 3.. 0.. 

Jacob Shively D° 3.. 0.. 

George Butterbaugh 5.. 0., paid to Doct r Schnably 

a Gun to be delivered 
Stephen Ottlery Sen 1 " above 50 y rs a Gun to be delivered 

Peter Wyland D° 3.. 0.. 

Geo. Helser, remitted a Gun to be delivered 

Henry Angle 5.. 0.. a Gun D° 

Jacob Butterbaugh 2.. 0.. paid to Doct r Schnebley 

Jacob Myers above 50 y rs 


David Stutzman £ 4.. 0.. 

Philip Heldebrand 2.. 0.. 

Jacob Leare Jun r 2.. 0.. 
M r Kowland at Jn° Gripes 

old Place 3.. 0.. 

John Koons fin'd £3. 0. for not enrolling & associating re- 
turned by Capt n Cellar. 

A Petition from the Menonists & German Baptists was laid 
before the Committee praying their Interposition with the Con- 
vention that they may be indulged with giving Produce instead 
of Cash for their fines. 

Ordered that Col n Beall & Capt n Chapline form a Letter to 
that Purpose. Col n Beall & Capt n Chapline brought in the fol- 
lowing Letter 

Upper District of Fred k County 3 d July 1776. 
Hon We Sir 

Whereas the inclosed petition was laid before the Committee 
of this District praying their Confirmation of the facts therein 
recited, & their interposition with your Honb le house, the Com- 
mittee has therefore taken the Liberty (being truly sensible of 
the Justness thereof) to recommend the Prayer to your Consid- 
eration & that you will take order therein, and grant such relief 
as your Hon ble house may think proper I am with due Bespect 

Your most obed* Servant 
Signed by order of the Comittee 
Sam 1 Hughes Chairman 
which is accordingly to be sent to the Convention. 

Capt n Jam 8 Wallen, John Miller & Matthias Hickman have 
returned their Warrants for collecting the several fines assessed 
on non-enrollers & non-associators residing in their seperate 

Maj r Shryock, this day, furnish'd the Committee with one 
Quire of Paper 22 d Decern 1 " furnish'd another Quire furnish'd 


The Resolutions entered into the 28 th & 29 th of June last by 
the two Battalions of this District were this day sent to the 
press, and are as followeth Viz. 

Upper District of Fred k County 29 th June 1776. 

Whereas legislative, Executive & Judicial powers in this pro- 
vince are at present exercised by the same body of Men, the 
Administration of Justice confused and unfixed, places of the 
most important trust held by persons disaffected to the common 
cause of America, the Transactions of the Convention carried 
on in a secret manner and such parts only published as they 
may think proper, the Recommendations of the Hon ble Con- 
tinental Congress unregarded & Propositions of the utmost im- 
portance determined without consulting the People, an adula- 
tory address presented to Governor Eden supplicating his inter- 
position with a people that has hitherto treated our Just Peti- 
tions with the greatest Contempt, all which matters has very 
much alarm'd the good people of this District and filled their 
minds with deep Concern for the Honour and Welfare of this 
Province in particular and the united Colonies in general, and 
induced them to publish the following Resolutions entered into 
by the two Battalions of this District & many other respectable 
Inhabitants thereof on the 28 th & 29 th of June 1776 & which 
are as follows 

Resolved unanimously, that the present mode of Government 
in this Province is incompetent to the Exigencies thereof & 
dangerous to our Liberties. 

Resolved unanimously, that we are of opinion that the pres- 
ent Convention ought to be immediately dissolved & a new one 
elected for the express purpose of carrying the Resolves of the 
Continental Congress of the 15 th May into Execution. 

Resolved unanimously that we will support the union of the 
Colonies with our Lives and fortunes. 

The Comittee adjourns to the first Tuesday in August next, 
at Sharpsburgh. 


By Special order, the Committee met at Elisabeth Town 
July 7 th 1776. Members present 

Capt n Sam 1 Hughes in the Chair 
Col n John Stull Capt n Mich 1 Tackier 

Col n Andrew Eentch M r John Rentch 

Maj r Henry Shryock M r Geo. Swingley 

Capt n W m Keyser James Clark Clk 

Capt n Conrad Hogmire 

Joshua Testill of the middle District was brought before this 
Committee as an Enemy to the Liberty of America, upon hear- 
ing the matter order' d that the said Testill be sent under Guard 
to the Committee of the middle District with the Letter fol- 

Hager's Town 7 th July 1776. 

The Committee of this District have thought proper to appre- 
hend Joshua Testill, as a person unfriendly to America, he 
came here for Tho 8 French's papers; as your Committee can 
be better informed in this Matter, the Committee of this Dis- 
trict thinks it best to send him with the Papers under Guard 
for your Examination and expect you take such order therein, 
as will be for the publick good. 

The Committee adjourns till Saturday next at Hager's Town. 

By special order the Committee met at Elisabeth Town July 
11 th 1776 Members present 

Sam 1 Beall Jun in the Chair 
Col. John Stull Capt n William Hyser ■ 

Maj. Charles Swerringen Capt n John Cellar 

Maj. Henry Shriock Capt n Christian Lentz 

M r W m Beard M r John Eench 

Capt n Mich 1 Felkler Jam 8 Clark Clk 

The chairman laid before the committee a letter July 8 th 
1776 from John Hanson Jun r Esq r Chairmen of the middle 
district of Fred^ County directed to Sam 1 Hughes Esq r Chair- 


man requiring that two members of this committee attend at 
Fred 1 * Town on Fryday the 12 th Instant, to assist in recom- 
mending Officers to take the command of two Companys of 
Germans, and one company of Eyflemen to be raised for the 
continental Service by order of the convention. 

Ordered that Col n Sam 1 Beall Jnn r and Capt n Mich 1 Fackler 
attend accordingly. 

A Letter from Charles Carrol V. P. laid before the Com- 
mittee directing that they appoint persons to take the number 
of Inhabitants within the upper district of Fred k County, both 
whites and Blacks distinguishing respectively the Age and Sex 
of each, to be transmitted to the Council of Safety immediately 
on Oath, who will pay the Expence thereof. 

Ordered, that the following Persons are empowered accord- 

John Miller for Elisabeth Hundred, Delashmut Wallen for 

Sam 1 Swearingen for Marsh Hundred, Upper Anteitem 

Peter Shalley for lower Anteitem D° Jacob Mills Constable 

Jam s M c Laughlin for Canecocheague D° for fort Frederick D° 
David Wolgamet for Salisbury 
W m Bradford for Sharpsburgh 

Ordered, that if any of the Gentlemen appointed to execute 
the following Orders shall refuse to do the same, any Member 
or Members of this Committee may appoint another in his or 
their Boom. 

S r 

Whereas, we are required by the Council of Safety to have a 
compleat List of the number of Inhabitants of this District 
taken, both whites and Blacks, and sent to them without loss of 
time, distinguishing therein respectively the Age and Sex of 
each, and that they will pay the expence thereof, the Committee 
therefore direct and empower you to perform this Duty on 
Oath, which they expect may be convenient for you to do im- 
mediately, not doubting but every Master or Mistress of Family 


will assist in a Matter so strenuously requested by the Congress. 

Y r Humble Serv* 

The Committee adjourns to the first Tuesday in August next. 

By special order the Committee met at Elisabeth Town on 
Thursday the 25 th July 1776 Members present 

Col n John Stull in the Chair 
Col. And w Eentch M r John Kentch 

Capt n Conrad Hogmire M r George Swingley 

Capt n Mich 1 Fackler James Clark Clk 

M r W m Baird Capt n John Cellar 

Whereas Maj r George Woltz made Application to the Com- 
mittee for their Recommendation to the Hble the Council of 
Safety, to be appointed Maj r of a Battalion in the flying Camp 
in the Room of Maj r HenF Shryock. 

Ordered, that he be recommended Accordingly, and that the 
Council of Safety be requested to send by him Cash to purchase 
Firelocks, Blankets &c &c for the use of the Flying Camp. 

The Committee adjourns for an Hour. 

The Committee met according to Adjournment. 

Receiv'd of Rudolph Roof a Gun, Price £1.. 10 for the use 
of the flying Camp. 

Rec d of John Rape a Gun, Price £2 for D°. 

Rec d of Matthias Need a musket Price £2.. 10. 

Ordered that Maj r Henry Shryock be empowered to agree 
for what number of Guns he possibly can procure for the use 
of the flying Camp, and pass Receipts for the same. 

Rec d of Jacob Shryock a Rifle Gun, Price £5 for the flying 

Rec d of John Bilmore a Gun, Price £2.. 5. 
Receiv'd of Col n John Stull a Rifle Gun, Price £4.. 10. 
Receiv'd of Frances Waggoner 2 Rifles & a Gun, Price £13. 
Receiv'd of Maj r Henry Shryock a Gun, Price £1.. 15. 


On Motion resolved, that all Apprentices enlisted under 
Capt n W m Heyser shall not be continued in the Service without 
the Consent of their Masters, agreeable to the Eesolves of Con- 

The Committee adjourn to the day in Course being the first 
Tuesday in August. 

The Committee met according to Adjournment, at Sharps- 
burgh. Members present 

Col n Joseph Smith in the Chair 

Col n Samuel Beall Jun r 

Col n Andrew Rentch 

Maj r Charles Swearingen 

Capt n John Cellars 

M r John Eentch 

Capt n Joseph Chapline 

Samuel Rohrer complained to the Committee that he is an 
Invalid, on which Complaint his fine is therefore remitted. 

A List of Accounts belonging to sundry Persons for neces- 
saries furnished Capt n John Reynolds Company in the fiying 
Camp, belonging to the Maryland Service Viz. 

£ S. D. 
John Kersley &c FT 16.. 16.. 

Walter Wilson N° 2 64.. 10.. 

Frederick Hyskill ]ST° 3 13.. 1.. 

James M c Cormick E" 4 1.. 11.. 6 

JohnRagan E"° 5 33.. 17.. 

William Bradford N° 6 3.. 1.. 10% 

Christian Eversole E"° 7 18.. 19.. 4% 

Ignatius Simms N° 8 3.. 6.. 4 

George Kiffer E"° 9 8.. 1,. 6 

The Committee adjourns to the first Tuesday in September. 

By Special Order the Committee met at Elisabeth Town on 
Saturday the 17 th August 1776 Members present 


William Baird Esq r in the Chair 
Maj r Charles Swearingen 
Col n Andrew Renteh 
Capt n Michael Facklor 
Capt n John Cellar 
M r George Swingley 
M r Christian Lentz 
M r John Renteh 
James Clark Clk 

Capt n Jacob Kern and Henry Warrel being accused before 
this Committee of expressing Sentiments inimical to the Liber- 
ties of America, upon examining the evidences relative thereto, 
and having maturely considered the whole Matter, do Judge, 
determine and order that the said Kern and Warrel be severely 
reprimanded by the Chairman, that they publickly acknowledge 
their faults, sign a Recantation thereof, and pay all expences 
accruing on their Apprehensions, and Guard during the Time 
of their Confinement, and thereupon be discharged. 

Said Kern and Warrel being calPd, and on hearing the pro- 
ceeding Judgment read, fully complyed therewith and signed 
the following Recantation. 

We Jacob Kern and Henry Warrel, do hereby acknowledge 
to all friends of American Liberty, that we have used Express- 
ions inimical to the Liberties of America, that we do hereby 
publickly acknowledge our Faults, expressing our sincere Sorrow 
for our evil and malicious Conduct, and do promise, engage and 
pledge our Honours, to conduct ourselves in a regular Manner 
for the future, never acting saying or doing, or to our knowledge 
suffering or permitting anything to be said or done prejudicial 
or inimical to American Liberty, but will forthwith, with the 
utmost of our Power oppose every enemy thereof. 

Given under our hands this 17 th day of August 1776. 

Upon the Society of Menonists and German Baptists pre- 
fering their Petition of the 3 d of July last to the Hble the Con- 
vention of Maryland the Hble Convention entered into the fol- 
lowing Resolve. 


In Convention Annapolis 6 th July 1776. 
On reading a Petition of the Society of Menonists and Ger- 
man Baptists 

Resolved, that the several Committees of Observation may in 
their Discretion prolong the Time, or take security for the pay- 
ment of any Fine, by them imposed, for not enrolling in the 
Militia, and may remit the whole, or any part of the fines by 
them assessed ; and it is recommended to the Committee to pay 
particular attention and to make a Difference, between such 
Persons as may refuse from religious Principles or other 

Extract from the Minutes 
G. Duvall Clk 

The Committee adjourns to the first Tuesday in September 

Tuesday the 3 d of September Members not meeting according 
to adjournment the Committee adjourns till Tuesday 17 th Day 
of this instant. 

Tuesday 17 th Septm r the Committee met according to ad- 

Washington County Sep 1 " 17 th 1776. 

Came Henry Yare before me one of the Proprietary Justices 
of the Peace for said County and made Oath on the Holy Evan- 
gelist of Almighty God that he Delivered unto Coll Henry 
Shriock fifty nine Musketts with Iron ramrods and Wipers and 
thirteen boyenetts for the use of the flying Camp. 

Sworn before John Stull 

Washington County Sep 1 ' 17 th 1776. 
Came Frances Wagoner and Euness Deets before me one of 
the Proprietarys Justices of the Peace for said County and 
made Oath on the Holy Evangelist of Almighty God that they 
Delivered unto Coll Henry Shriock thirty one Musketts and 


thirty Bonyenetts all with Iron ramrods for the use of the Fly- 
ing Camp and made for John Uncel 

Sworn before John Stull 

At the same time came Nicholas Hockey and made Oath that he 
Delivered unto Coll Henry Shriock seven Musketts with Iron 
ramrods for the use of the flying camp made and Delivered for 
John Uncel 

Sworn before John Stull 

Received Sep r the 6 th 1776 of John Uncel the Quantity of 
Sixteen Musketts and Bonyonetts with Wipers for the German 
Batalion I say received by me. 

$ William Hyser 
Sept r 17 th 1776. 

Present the above day 
M r W m Baird in the Chair 
Cap* Fackler 
M r Jn° Bench 

M r G. Swingler Aded to the Committee 

Major C. Swearingin for Licence of Suits 

Coll J. Stull in Lew of Coll Henry 

Capt. T. Sellers Shryock and Capt 

Coll Andrew Bench W m Hyser 

M r Lodowick Young 
M r John Shryock 

The Committee Adjorns to the 27 th of this Instant being on 

the Committee Did not appeir according to adjornment But 
met on Monday the 30 Day following Present William Baird 
in the Chair Coll John Stull Conrad Hogmire Cap* John Celler 
Capt: Michael Fockler John Rentch Coll: Andrew Bentch. 
the Committee Did Purches arms and Blankets for Captain 
Clapsadles Company for the flying Camp to the first of Decem- 
ber to the vallue of Seven Hundred and one pounds fourteen 
shillings and three pence which account was Send to the Con- 
vention by Coll John Stull. 


Michael ott Delivered to Cap t Clapsadles Company Eighteen 
Tomyhocks at 2 2/6 each. 

Frederick Heisnil Delivered to Cap* Clapsadles Company 
thirty two Tomyhocks with handles at 3 shilling each. 

The Committee adjourns to the Last Saturday in November 

The Committee Called on the 10 of October 1776 

Present Charles Sweringen in the Cheair 

Conrad Hogmire John Schryock 

Cap* M 1 Fockler Co 11 Andrew Eentch 

George Swengle 

The account from George Styer aginst Capt. John Nelson 
for £9:0:0 was approved and Delivered to him. The Com- 
mittee met Saterday the ninth day of Nov r 

present W m Baird in the Chair — 
Cap* Fakler George Swingler 

Jn° Bench Lodwick Young 

Jn° Cellar 

Jacob Hurler Complained his fine was too high the Committee 
took the same into consideration & made abatement of 2..10..0 

Cap* Cellar 8 Fakler T Lersner and Clapsadles Lievtenant 

Apply to Committee for authority to Enable them to Collect 
the fines of such in their Respective Companies as have Neglect- 
ed to attend musters on which the Committee allows such fines 
to be Collected according to Resolve of Convention the Com- 
mittee adjourns till the thursday the 28 th D of this instant. 

the Committee being Called on the 16 Day of November 
1776 CoU: John Stull in the Chaire Coll: Joseph Smith Coll: 
Andrew Rentch John Rentch John Celler Ludwick Young 
John Schryock Conrad Hogmire George Swengle an order was 
Given to Sundry persons to the Honerable Congress to get three 


The Committee was call d on the 24 day of Nov r 1776 — 

Sam 1 Hughes in the Chair 

Col 1 Stull John Shriock 

W m Baird Ludwick Young 

Christian Lance John Cellars 

Col 1 Eench Joseph Smith 

John Eench Jam s Clark Clk 

Sam 1 Finley was fined £10 for his non enrolling & for ne- 
glecting & refusing to sign the Association, & order' d to deliver 
up his fire arms agreeable to the resolves of the Convention. 
The said Finley was also charged of altering the Public news 
paper by mak& the number of the American army in an attack 
upon their right wing appear to loose 5000 men instead of 500. 

Ordered that the said Samuel Finley do give Bond with 
good Security in the Penalty of one thousand pounds payable 
to the Hon ble Matthew Tilghman Esq r president of the Con- 
vention, that he shall well and truly appear before the next gen- 
eral Committee, held for Washington County, to answer the 
aforesaid Charge, otherwise he shall be sent under safe Guard 
to the Log Goal in Frederick, to continue untill the meeting 
of the general Assembly, also that he pay the officer of the 
Guard 5/ and each private 3/9 per day, during his being kept 
under Guard. 

The Committee adjourns to the 18 th day of December next 
at Elizabeth Town. 

Agreeable to an Election held on the 25 of Eov r 1776 for 
a Committee of Observation the following Gentlemen were 
chosen viz — ■ 

Col 1 Beall Christian Lantz 

Col 1 Stull Joseph Sprigg 

Col 1 Smith Sam 1 Hughes 

Christian Orendorff Dan 1 Hughes 

W m Baird Doct r Hart 

John Cellar Mich 1 Fackler 


Peter Beall John Kershner 

Ludwick Young Andrew Bench 

Doc r Shnebly Nich 1 Smith 

& on the 18 December 1776 The Committee met, present 

Col 1 Beall Doct r Hart 

Doct r Shnebly Nich 1 Smith 

Dan 1 Hughes Peter Beall 

Sam 1 Hughes Lud: Young 

Joseph Sprigg Jam s Clark Clk. 

Christ. Lantz 

Col 1 Beall was Elected Chairman 

A letter was rec d from Gen 1 Jonston desiring this Committee 
wo d give notice to such Captains of the Militia in this County 
as are not join d in Battalion to hold themselves in readiness 
to March to Philad a Ordered that a Copy of the same be sent 
to Cap* Joseph Chaplain. 

Cap* Sam 1 Finley was bro* before this Com* by his Bail 
agreeable to the orders of the last Committee. Order'd that the 
said Sam 1 Finley be committed to the Tory Goal in Frederick 
Town until he give Bond in the Penalty of One Thousand 
Pounds Current money payable to the Honb 1 Mathew Tilgh- 
man Esq r Condition d that he shall behave himself peaceably 
& quietly durS the present Contest with Great Britain & that 
he will not say nor do any thing that may operate against the 
welfare of the United States of America — 

On Complaint being made by Col 1 Davis against Christian 
Eversole for express^ sentiments inimical to the Safety of the 
United States — 

Order'd that a Warrant issue Directed to Cap* Spires to 
have the said Eversole before the Committee at their next meets 
to answer to the said Complaint. 

On receiving a Letter from General Johnston, this Committee 
do unanimously resolve that they will exert their utmost in- 
fluence in preparing the Militia of this County, to march on 
the earliest notice to Join General Washington, in his opposing 
the British Army under Lord Howe — 


The Committee adjourns to friday next at 9 o'clock Ante 

The Committee met according to Adjournment. Members 

Co 11 Sam 1 Beall Chairman M r Christ 11 Lentz 

Capt n Sam 1 Hughes Capt n Mich 1 Eackler 

Doct r Noah Hart Col. John Stnll 

Doct r Hen7 Schnebley Capt n Peter Beall 

M r Dan 1 Hughes Col n And w Bentch 

M r Joseph Sprigg Capt n John Cellar 

Maj r Christ 11 Orindorf William Beard Esq 1 " 

M r Ludwick Young James Clark Clk. 
M r John Kershner 

The Committee proceeded to nominate seven Gentlemen out 
of their Body, as a Committee for Licening Suits, who were 
appointed Accordingly — viz. 

Col n Samuel Beall Capt n Michael Fackler 

Col n John Stull Col n Andrew Eentch 

Doct r Noah Hart M r Ludowick Young 

Capt n Peter Beall 

The Committee adjourns for half an hour. The Committee 
met according to Adjournment. M r Joseph Sprigg was elected 
Chairman. On an Information being made to the Committee 
on Oath by Frances Blackwell that David Meek on the 10 th day 
of December 1776 expressed Sentiments in his Presence, and 
in the Presence of Walter Wilson, inimical to the United States 
of America — 

Thereupon it is ordered that a Power be sent to Col n Joseph 
Smith to apprehend the said David Meek, and to summons 
Walter Wilson, and bring them before the Committee at Hagers 
Town, on Tuesday the 24 th Instant, to answer and support the 
said Charge. 

On Motion of Daniel Hughes, that a Petition be preferred to 
the Council of Safety, by this Committee, to call together im- 
mediately, the General Assembly in order that a speedy Estab- 


lishment of the new Government may take place, for the sup- 
port and Maintenance of Peace, and Good order in this State, 
in which the Committee Accurred, and M r Jos. Sprigg Cap* 
Sam 1 Hughes and Doct r Noah Hart were appointed to draw up 
the same, Who bring it in, and deivered the same to the Chair- 
man, when the Clerk was ordered to read it — was approved of, 
and Signed by the Committee unanimously. 

On Motion resolved, that the Dunkards and Menonists be 
advertised, to pay their respective fines, to the Committee, on 
Tuesday next, otherwise, they may depend, that rigorous Meas- 
ures will be immediately taken to Compel Payment. 

The Committee adjourns to Tuesday next at nine o'Clock 
A. M. 

The Committee being call d on extraordinary business met on 
Saturday 22 d December 1776. Present 

Joseph Sprigg in the Chair 
William Baird Doct r Hart 

Dav. Hughes Sam 1 Hughes 

Col 1 Kench Nicholas Smith 

Cap* Sellars Cap* Foglar 

A letter from the Committee of Frederick County inclosing 
a Resolve of Congress requesting the assistance of the Militia, 
was read & it was thereupon order' d That a Copy of the same 
be sent to Col 1 Smith requesting his most earnest Attention 
thereto, & that he will send the same to Cap* Joseph Chaplain 
& Cap* Butler— 

On motion of Col 1 Rench & seconded by J Hughes Resolved 
Unanimously that such of the young Dunkards and Menonists 
as have not enroll'd nor associated, shall immediately be re- 
quested to march with the Militia, in order to give their As- 
sistance in intrenching and helping the sick and all such as 
will turn out voluntarily agreeably to the above Request, shall 
have their fines remitted. 

It is further unanimously resolved, that on the marching of 
the Militia from this County, that all they that are well affected 


to this State and not capable of marching with the Militia, shall 
be formed into Companies, with proper Officers for the Pro- 
tection and relief of such families, as shall be left without As- 
sistance and that the officers of the Companies so formed shall 
divide the Settlement into certain Circuits and ride round such 
Circuits as shall be assigned them once a fortnight, and make 
particular enquiry into the Distresses of the Inhabitants, and 
order them such relief, as thej shall think necessary, and 
should their Companies not be sufficient for giving such Re- 
lief ; in that Case, they are required to apply to the Dunkards 
and Menonists residing nearest to give their Assistance, and 
in Case of Refusal or neglect they shall take down their names, 
and return them to the Committee, on the Return of the Militia, 
that proper notice be taken thereof. 

Whereas, there is no place of Security in this County, for 
confining persons disaffected to this State, and the Tory Goal 
Frederick Town at present much crowded, it is therefore Re- 
solved That the Stone Stable on Oapt n Hager's Lot, by permis- 
sion of M r Heester, shall be immediately fitted up in a good 
& substantial Manner, for the Reception of Tories, and that 
Tho 8 Simms Esq r shall take Charge thereof, as being elected 
Sheriff of this County, altho not yet commissioned, and that 
he shall be allowed such reasonable Fees for his Trouble as 
this Committee shall hereafter direct — 

The Committee adjourns till Tuesday next. Tuesday De- 
cember 24 th 1776. 

The Committee met according to Adjournment. Members 

M r Joseph Sprigg in the Chair 
Col n Sam 1 Beall M r John Kershner 

Col n John Stull M r Nich s Smith 

Col n And w Rentch M r W m Baird 

Capt n Sam 1 Hughes M r Ludwick Young 

Maj r Christ 11 Orindorf M r Dan 1 Hughes 

M r Christ 11 Lentz Capt n Mich 1 Fackler 


Doct r K Hart Jam 8 Clark Clk. 

Doct r HenJ Schnebley 

On Motion resolved that Col n Stull and Col n Kentch M r 
Baird and M r Lentz be a Committee to receive the several 
Fines from the Dunkards and Menonists, and any one of said 
Members are empowered to pass Receipts for the same — 

David Meek was brought before the Committee agreeable to 
their order, and upon his voluntarily taking the Oath of Fideli- 
ty to this State, was discharged upon paying Cost. 

On motion resolved, that Col n John Stull be appointed pub- 
lick Treasurer in the Room of Col n Samuel Beall. 

Whereas the Congress have required the Militia of this 
County to march to Camp immediately, and as there is no 
Provision therefor — Resolved that the Money in the hands 
of the Treasurer for this County be apply' d to the above Pur- 
pose, and also to defray the Expenses arising for apprehending 
Tories, and repairing a house for a Tory Goal — 

The Committee for receiving Fines from the Dunkards and 
Menonists, report that they have received the sum of Two hun- 
dred and six pounds ten Shillings which is paid into the hands 
of Col n Stull who has been appaointed Treasurer in the Room 
of Col n Beall. 

Ordered that Col n Stull pay Michael Divelbiss the Sum of 
two pounds sixteen Shillings and Eight Pence as a Compen- 
sation for the Delivery of Samuel Finley, to the Keeper of the 
Tory Goal in Fred 1 * Town. 

Ordered, that Coll. Shryock have Thomas Fowler (a poor 
Soldier) interred, in a decent Manner, and bring his Account 
into this Committee, at the next Meeting. 

The Committee adjourns to Friday next at 9 o'clock A. M. 

Friday the 27 th December 1776. The Committee met ac- 
cording to Adjournment. Members present 
Joseph Sprigg in the Chair 
Coll. Stull Doct r Schnebley 

Coll. Rentch M r Dan 1 Hughes 


W m Baird Esq r John Kershner 

M r Young Capt n Cellar 

M r Smith Doct r Hart 

Capt n Hughes James Clark Clk. 

On Motion Resolved, that the five thousand Dollars sent to 
the Committee of this County, be put into the Hands of Col 1 
Stull Treasurer, and to he apply'd as the said Committee shall 

27th December 1776 Reseived of the Committee of Washing- 
ton County, five thousand Dollars, to be apply'd as the said 
Committee shall direct. 

John Stull 

Richard Denison being brought before this Committee and 
charged with Drinking the Kings health, and expressing Senti- 
ments against the Good of this States — Ordered that the said 
Denison remain under Guard untill the next meeting of this 
Committee — Ordered that Coll. Stull appropriate two thousand 
Dollars, to the use of the Battalion under his command. Order- 
ed that Coll. Stull pay Nicholas Hackey fifteen pounds Cur- 
rency, in part, for seven Muskets received by Coll. Henry 
Shryock, by order of Committee, for the use of this State, as 
appears by a Receipt from under Coll. Shryocks hand, which 
sum shall be refunded to this Committee, when received from 
the Council of Safety. 

On Motion ordered, that M r George Cellar, Doct r Schnebley 
M r Conrad Hogmire, George Shaver, Charles Swearingen, 
Capt n James Wallen, Delashmet Wallem Stophel Burket, Chris- 
tian Lentz, Maj r Christ 11 Orindorf be impowered to collect from 
the Dunkards and Menonists, or from any other Person, all 
the Waggon Cloaths, that can be got, and make Return thereof 
to this Committee, who will appraise them and pay for the 
same — ■ 

Ordered that Coll. Stull pay John Miller one Dollar for his 
Service in riding Express to Coll. Jos. Smith — 

The Committee adjourns to Monday next at 9 o' Clock. 


Monday 30 th December 1776. The Committee met Accord- 
ing to Adjournment. Members present 

M r Joseph Sprigg in the Chair 

Coll. John Stull Capt n Fackler 

Coll. And w Kentch M r Young 

Doct r Noah Hart M r MT. Smith 

M r W m Baird M r Christ 11 Lentz 

Capt n John Cellar Doct r Hen? Schnebley 

Capt n Peter Bell John Kershner 

Capt n Hughes James Clark Clk. 

Ordered that M r W m Baird and Capt n Mich 1 Tackier ap- 
praise the several Waggon Cloths and Blankets, that may be 
brought to Town this day, for the use of Coll. Stulls Battalion, 
and give orders upon Coll. Stull for the Payment, who is hereby 
directed to pay for the same. 

Ordered that the following Persons immediately collect all 
the People who may be left (after the Militia have marched) 
and form themselves into Companies, and choose their own Of- 
ficers, for purpose of relieving the Distress of the Inhabitants, 
and also to compel the Dunkards and Menonists to give their 
Assistance, if they should refuse upon Application. 

And w Lynch W m Baker 

John Kentch Devalt Anchony 

Fred k Stydinger Jacob Ritter 

Jacob Graves Peter Shees 

Hen? Ridenour - W m Downy 

Matthias Neid W m Douglas 

Simon Bowman Christ 11 Shank 

Matthias Ridenour Jacob Cellar 

Solomon Miller Tho s Swearengen 

John Bilmore John Swisher 

Christ 11 Duss Peter Leisher 

Hen^ Stertzman Ludwick Cammerer 

Peter Ridenour John Adam 

Mch s Ridenour * - Peter White 


John Adair Wendal Sites 

Tho s Long Geo. Coaler 

Jacob Miller Fred k Gyzer 

Pat 12 McCardal Geo. Lambert 

Ab m Knave Peter Frigate 

Christ 11 Kore John Webb 

Godfreit Stemple Mch s Mong 

Stophel Burket Joseph Perry 

Martin Hany Stephen MeCloskey 

Matthias Sailer Mich 1 Roof 

Geo. Kershner - John Gabby 

Geo. Swingley George Galaspy 

Geo. Shaver Cap* Isaac Baker 

Ordered that all persons belonging to Coll. Stull's Battalion 
who complain that they are invalids apply to Doct r Hart for 
Certificates representing the same — 

Resolved that the Militia of Washington Connty be requested 
to march to the Assistance of General Washington to continue 
'till the 15 th day of March next, unless sooner discharged. 

Richard Denison being brought before the Committee agree- 
able to Order, acknowledged the Charge against him therefore 
ordered that the said Denison be confined under Guard, untill 
he shall give Bond with Security in the Penalty of one thous- 
and pound payable to the Honble. Matthew Tilghman and 
conditioned that he shall not say nor do any thing to the Preju- 
dice of the Independent States of America, or untill he shall 
tak the oath of Allegiance to this State, as prescribed by the 
last Convention and pay the expence of the Guard. 

Information being lodged against Peter Gensberger and 
Angel Gensberger for speaking words against the common 
Cause, it is ordered that Capt n John Cellar send a strong Guard 
for the said Gensbergers and have them before this Committee 
on thursday next, to answer said Complaint. 

Ordered that Capt n Fackler receive the Lead from Doct r 
Schnebley and render an Account thereof to this Committee. 

Ordered that Coll. Smith and Maj r Orindorf appraise the 


Waggon Cloths that may be collected for the use of Coll. Smith's 
Battalion, and make Return thereof to this Committee. 

Ordered that the Guard take Richard Denison to the House 
of M r John Parks, and him there in safety keep untill the 
meeting of the next Committee. 

Also ordered that the said Guard apprehend John Parks and 
him safe keep, so that they have him before the Committee at 
their next meeting. 

The Committee adjourns 'till Wednesday next at 9 o' Clock 
A. M. 


(Continued from Vol. XII, p. 296.) 

Aprill 13 th 1770 [126] 

D r Charley 

I have y rs wherein you tell me that C sn Dan 1 Carroll told you 
th* He had good Reason to Believe M r Digges would be glad to 
settle His Claim ag* me, upon Condition I would Pay Cliftons 
Bond & the In* thereon. If the Reason of His Belief be good, 
I cannot see why the Proposal should not be Directly from M r 
Digges If He thinks it a Condescension unbecoming him we 
differ widely in opinion; indeed it might be an avowall of His 
precipate & Preposterous Behaviour ; But I will not Enlarge on 
this head, His is an ill state of Health w h I Commiserate & am 
sorry for & which prevents my Repeating what I have often told 
you relating to it: Beside giving it for granted th* He is en- 
titled to the Principall & Int* due on th* Bond (which he is 
not, as I Can shew it was my nephew & nieces money w 11 I lent 
to Clifton) is there not a deduction to be made for the In* 
due on my disbursements for my nephew and nieces, are there 
not Commissions due to me. In strictness ought not the loss 
to fall on my nephew & nieces jointly. But I wave these 
things, I Cannot Resent my poor unhappy nephews Behaviour 


as it was directed by the advice of others: My niece El ns Be- 
haviour was always dutifull & Affectionate, if Molly has Be- 
haved indiscreetly much may be said to Excuse Her. I am 
therefore willing if you do not think it too great a sacrifice 
to Pay M r Digges Cliftons Bond & the Interest thereon provided 
M r Digges will Pay me all Costs & Charges I have sustained by 
His sute ag* me in which I do not include money fees to our 
Lawyers ; I insist on this, that M r Digges may at least acknowl- 
edge His Behaviour was too precipate. You will not feel the 
loss of the sacrifice I am willing to make & it may be some 
Comfort to M r Digges in His present Condition. 

If you approve of what I wrote to you, you may shew it to 
C sn Daniell, if not keep it to y r self. I am D r Charley 

Y r Mo: Aff* Father 

Chas: Carroll 

Aprill 20 th 1770 [127] 
D r Charley 

I have yr s of the 17 th & 18 th There is a law (If you will 
look into the Book of Virginia Laws) Regulating the Rate of 
silver by the ounce & Penny weight, & at the Rate every one 
in Virginia is obliged to take it, you may weigh a Dollar & if 
you find by the weight th* a Dollar is worth more than 5/9 d 
at the Rate you must pass them, other ways you must submit 
to what Hunter & Lawson may Claim, unless Lawson by His 
letters Engages to furnish it at the Rate of 12/6 Maryland 
Currency, & I Have some notion He did so. However it is 
well we get it at any Rate, Considering our distress; it is so 
great in this neighborhood, th* what with the loss of stock, loss 
of time in fetching & getting Corn & the High price of it, the 
People will not Recover the Damages they Have & will sustain 
in less than 4 or five years. Insted of Repining we are in duty 
Bound to thank God th* we are so well able to bear any loss 
we Have or may sustain — 

I am very glad to Hear th* Lewellins Proceedings were 
quashed, & Hope their being Quashed will procure you Peace. 


I suppose y r Evidences proved their Attendance, get the Bill 
of Costs & demand th m Immediately — 

I am very sorry you Cannot without fatigue go thro the 
Business you must transact, the way to do it with ease is to do 
only one thing at a time & to do it so & so deliberately as if you 
had nothing Else to do, for want of doing Business so, you 
will be very apt to Commit mistakes, as an illustration I send 
you Otteys letter on the Back of W h you say His originall Bond 
was for £103 :0 :0 whereas it was for £203 :0 :0 should you make 
such mistakes in y r Books, they would be very important to y r 
self or to those who owe us money — I am glad Ridgate did not 
Accept y r offer. I think tob° must sell at least at 22/6 & 4 p r c*, 
Pray write my opinion to M r Ridgate, it will shew th* in my 
opinion you was too Condescending. I think His offer now & 
hereafter of Giving the Highest Bill of Exch a price too un- 
certain, But we will Consider this at leisure. 

It was Needless to send me the Extract of the Cash Ace* 
Consider it y r self, & if you are satisfied no unnecessary Ex- 
pences have been incurred I am satisfyed. You made House- 
hold Expenses & tradesmens Bills Amount to £400:14:9% 
If I Remember Right the Cash you Received in th* time 
Amounted to nigh £700, what become of Ballance? not th* 
I want to know what is become of it but I want you to Consider 
& to Reflect whether such large disbursements may not in future 
be Curtailed — 

M r Calder Brought me y r letter & I Helped Him out with 
Provisions. Inclosed you Have the distance from Annapolis 
Gate to our gate Between the Stable & Corn House which you 
will find, at the Rate of 320p s to the mile, to be 32 miles % & 
34p sl 

1 To Caleb Dorsey's 1389 

To Mr Warfield's 1105 

To Mr Dannolds 358 

Gambrils Lane 874 

The old House 699 

To Douglass 337 

To Chs Carroll's Esqt... 5592 

Perchs 10350 


I thank you for the Communication or M r Cookes letter 
It is Realy well wrote & Entertaining. I Return it to you 
thinking the Printer will be glad to Print it, I think the Pub- 
lick ought not to be deprived of it, Besides Billy seems to permit 
it & I think it will Redound to His Credit & give him Repu- 
tation. Has M r Hepburn answered my letter to Him as securi- 
ty for Jo : Cooke ? if not Pray write to him & tell Him you are 
directed by me to put th* Bond in suit unless He will promise 
to Discharge it at farthest by the last of Sep*. M r Cookes Be- 
haviour has been such as to justify this step — 

Has Dorsey as security for Sligh satisfyed th* Debt? If 
Watkins has not payed the Compound Interest willingly & 
settled the matter take the legall steps, their Behaviour Re- 
quires it. 

The Small Pox is all Round us, which Has determined me 
to Innoculate all our young negroes there will be about 120 
send the medicines mentioned in the Inclosed 2 to prepare them 
for Innooulation, the Quantity of Plaster must be Proportion- 
ed to the number, Rather more than less, I suppose Diapalma 
or Diaculan will do, But Tootle will tell you I applyed to 
Howard who would not Innoculate them under 20/ a head. 
I am therefore determined to trust to M r Ireland, who suc- 
ceeded very well Heretofore & I doubt not will do so again. 
He has the directions He formerly followed — I want these 
things, th* is Medicine by the Boy to prepare the Children & 
when the Cart Carries y r flower, I shall want 350 11 of Mus- 
covado Sugar & 50 11 of Coffee to Give the sick. I hope you 
Have not forgot to write to M r Harding about the sugar. 

It seems Plain to me th* the Revenue Acts will be Repealed — 
When did Carcaud & Colson leave London? They are said 
to Have had but 7 weeks Passage, But th* is Vague unless the 
Place of their Departure be knowne — My love & Blessing to 

2 4 ounces of rhubarb 
4 Do of Ialap 
2 Do of Ipicacuanha 
4 Do of Cenitive Elecsuary 
'Some Common Plaister as it is called in the shop — 


you & Molly, I pray to God to Grant you Health & I am D r 

Flo: Afft Father 

Chas: Carroll 

P. S. I have begun to Plant the Vineyard (which is in- 
closed) with 4 sorts of Vines, each sort in a separate Bed 
Vzt — Renish Virginia grape, Claret & Burgundy — The weather 
is fine & has produced some grass & in Consequence of it we 
had this day a Plate of very good yellow Butter. I do not 
think the stone Cutters will finish my Porch before the mid- 
dle of May. The Stones for the Bases & Capitalls are not all 
got only 4 of them, it is dificult to raise them so thick as the 
stone is jointy, Steps may be easier Raised, The Stone Cut- 
ters wish to Have a draft of the Bases & Capitalls, they Could 
rough the stones to that draft, & save a great deal of Carriage 
for a stone 2 feet square, & such solid stone, is very Heavy. 
I hope the Business is pretty well over & that you are in 
better spirits in Consequences of ease & of course in Better 

Aprill 25 th 1770 [128] 

D r Charley, 

The hands accompany this who are to tend the Brick makers, 
if you want another there is a large Girl at Pete Tuckers. M r 
Ireland has the memorandums & suppose the things will be 
sent with the Flour, the Cart wheels for' the Island Expected, 
which I Believe are not tier'd, & if they be tier'd, they Cannot 
be sent now, being too Heavy. 

Get the legall Costs in the Povinciall & St. Marys made out 
ag* Lewellin let Neale demand them & if not Immediately Paid, 
get an Execution — tob° is high now & may not be so next year. 

Pray let M r Ridgate know th* I did not approve of the offer 
you made him of our tob° Indeed I wonder you made it, as 
wee heard tob° was Rising in London, & as you must be sensi- 
ble the Crop to be shipt is a short one. 


Pray send up some of the sugar th* Came from M r Harding, 
we shall want a great deal of it if Clayed sugar does not Come 
in before the strawberry season. 

The Rhubarb was necessary to Prepare the negroes for in- 
noculation, According to Do r Heberdens Directions w h M r 
Ireland formerly followed. If we & Tootle Had it not, you 
might Have got it some where in Towne. But as you did not 
send it, as the Danger of the negroes taking it in the Naturall 
way presses, & as M r Ireland is threatened with a fit of the 
Gout in th* Case may not be able to Attend th m I have agreed 
to Give Do r Howard 5/ a head for Physick & advice, w h I 
Reckon so much out of Pocket, I am also to give M r Baker $20 
for Attending th m this is no Expense as I intended to Give th* 
sum to M r Ireland. I expect to begin to Innoculate tomorrow. 

I think you are wrong to Have the Capitalls &c finished there, 
they may be defaced in the Carriage, w h Danger would be 
avoided if only roughed out there, But Please y r self . The Man 
will do them well, But it will take time for the stone is very 
Hard. They will doe a great deal in a day, when they get to 
work, on the Severn Stone. K r Brooke will let you know th* 
y r Pork is not Ready & the Reason of it, I can Employ them, 
the Stone Cutters until you are prepared for them Here. They 
will not only Carry their Tools, But they Can set th m up & 
Repair them. You Have a Bellows anvill &c in the store which 
they will want when over Severn. 

I suppose you Have upbraided Young with His Knavery & 
Lazyness, let Him know before Evidence th* you will Charge 
Him 2/ a day for every day you can prove Him to be absent 
from the Plantation without y r leave, this may Have a good 
Effect, Especially if you season it with Hopes of Continuing 
with you, if by His summers Work He shews th* He deserves 
to be Continued. I will look out forage to serve you. 

I advise you to let to Man all the lot not Promised to Bryan, 
let Him Have the Rents of Satler &c under Covenant to Build 
in a limited time, of such dimensions as you think proper, the 


Kent £20 p r An m the Term of 40 years. I thank you for the 
Phamphlet w 11 1 Return — If yon have any others worth pernsall 
pray send th m D r Charley to 

Y r Mo: Aff: Father 

Cha: Carroll 

Aprill 27 th 1770 [128] 

D r Charley 

Myne of the 25 th was in answer to y rs of 21 st and 22 d in- 
stant. The wheels for the Island are shod But want Boxes, 
it is M r Brookes fault, He was long since desired to send th m 
I shall send th m as low as Douglas's with a Carriage, that is 
upon an Axel tree & Young must get th m to you from thence 
for Considering the Cartage of my Corn & wheat & the weak- 
ness of my Teams for the want of Corn & the Ploughing & 
preparing for the Crop in hand I cannot Doe more 

Pray send me 2 11 of the Course Gunpowder to Blow the 
lime stone, 2 Dz n of Spirit & 4 or 5 Dz n & of Claret this last 
I suppose you may well spare as you expect a supply, as you 
will not have much Company this summer, as I shall have a 
good deal & a good deal of y rs in Particular — 

Inclosed you Have Goudys Ace* which settle in y r Books — I 
think I sent you Elgars ace*. You do not acknowledge the 
Receipt of it, If I did not send it, let me know it, & it shall be 
sent, my memory fails me, it therefore Behooves you to an- 
swer particularly my letters. I suppose Coll Sharpe does not 
want any more Burnet seed I therefore sowed what I had 
Reserved for him. I have settled with Malvell, the Fuller, my 
advance to him, was £228 :13 :8% for which & the 10 acres of 
land to His Mill, you will Receive an Annual Rent of £30 
which is laying out money to good advantage. I have scared 
Tim into sobriety, if He Continues so, He will do very well 
as He has a prospect of Great & increasing Business. I Have 
not yet finished the Tanyard, or settled the Tanners Ace* But 
I suppose His Rent will Amount to nigh $20 p r Annum. Thus 
you see in these two Articles a pretty little Annual Estate 


Raised, & th* every shilling I lay out, is layed out to profit. 
My dry well, will be compleated by the 20 tl1 of next month & 
I hope will answer the Intention of it. Pray let me know the 
whole of the Corn w^ Lawson, Hunter & Coolidge are to sup- 
ply & part of it they Have supplyed. I suppose 2000 Bushels 
Have been delivered at the works or are to be delivered there, 
500 at Annapolis, there will Remain for Elk Ridge (if as I 
apprehend 600 Bushells were Engaged) 3500 which will do, or 
Even, 500 Bushells less if the Contractors should fall short in 
their supply — I am pleased with the Stone Cutters, they are 
sober diligent & good workmen, Guthing in the Easter Holydays 
made out of the lime stone a mortar for M r Ireland as good as 
y r Marble one, He can I think do almost anything in stone 
work. Let me know the day you set out for the Eastern shore 
& when you intend to Return. I shall not send to Annapolis 
in y r Absence without necessity. The weather continues dry, 
no grass or any thing Else growes. Yesterday morning we 
had Ice. But I do not think the fruit Hurt, it has been Cold 
for two or 3 days past, last Sunday & Monday Exceeding Hot 
& Gusts Back of us, But no Rain Here — My love & Blessing 
to you & Molly. God grant you, Both Health & Happiness — 
I am D r Charley 

Y r Mo: Aff* Father 

Cha. Carroll 

Friday one o'Clock — It is now Cloudy the wind at S. I 
hope we shall Have a Sober settled Warme Rain, w h is much 

April 26 & 27 1770 
[Piece of a letter] 

The Wagon was to Have gone to Towne this morning but 
the flour was not quite Ready, she will be with you on Monday, 
& I send my letters before Her, th* Her Load may be ready for 
Her. Yesterday 110 negroes, the Eldest not Exceeding 10 
y r8 were innoculated, Baker lodges with me to Attend them. 
M r Ashton was Innoculated last Wednesday. Mr. Ireland is 


layed up w th the Gout. Pray order Everything to be prepared 
for the Wagon th* it may be dispatched as soon as possible, order 
the Horses to be well fed while with you, & give th m Corn to 
feed th m on their Keturn. 

I suppose you Have not seen Jos ,a Beale as you do not men- 
tion, Concord &c — I suppose Christie has brought some im- 
portant news, as I Hear He left London the 1 st of March. It 
Rained a little yesterday Evening, & but a little & this High 
& Cold wind will soon dry the Ground again. I wish you & 
Molly a Pleasant Voyage, fair winds & fair weather & th* you 
may both Return in good Health — I am D r Charley 

Y rs &c 

Cha: Carroll 

May 4 th 1770 [129] 
Dr Charley 

Inclosed you Have M r Graves letter to you, I am glad to 
find by His to me, th* He seems to be in much better temper 
than when He last wrote to you, for you know I did not by 
myne intend to give Him any Offence. The only dispute Be- 
tween us & England is whether England can take our money 
from us without our Consent, & I Cannot see th* He shews the 
shadow of an argument to prove this — I see by the English 
Papers you sent me Cha s York Cut His throat. Timothy 
was very Penitent. He came to me knelt downe begged my 
Pardon, promised never to behave so again I forgave him 
(& told Him I should forget his fault provided He Behaved 
well for the future, w h He promised. He was much scared 
& I believe will keep His promise — As to y r molds, Robert is 
not Clear, nor Could Timothy make the Matter plain to Him. 
If you Intend 4 Pillars it is Plain the Bases Capitalls & 
Astracals must be all alike for each Pillar, But if you intend 
only 2 Pillars, in front & Pillasters adjoining to the House, 
then the Bases Capitalls & Astraeales to the Pillasters will 
only be % work, the way to Satisfy Robert is to draw & send 
a plan of y r Pillars with the Bases &c. Robert says you had 


better Have y r Pillars in stone, if you Eesolve on this, yon 
must Hier the Cartage of them to Towne for I Can neither 
spare nor will my Horses be able to Carry downe the Stone 

I Believe you will be Pleased with the Pavement of my 
Porch next the Garden w h will be finished about the middle 
of the week after next. I wish you would send two leathern 
Aprons for the Stone Cutters, the stone Rubs out their Britches 
& Cloaths. 

How do you like the two hgd s of Claret ? what did they cost 
freight and all Charges included ? I was glad to see Young, & 
Chapterd Him pretty Eoundly; He wanted to know my in- 
former, w h I Refused He says He was Certain it must be 
one who wanted His Place. I told Him, His Crop would 
shew whether He deserved to keep it. He sayed it should & 
seemed to be much scared — If Lawson supplys two thousand 
Bushells of Corn, which I think He will I shall Have Corn 
enough to Carry me into Harvest & then I must feed on Rye. 
But th* will oblige us to use new Corn too soon, w h is a great 
waste & May occasion a want of Corn, next year Especially, 
if this summer should prove unseasonable. Inclosed you Have 
my State of the Corn, let me know if it be right— I am Ex- 
treamly Glad you are at ease about Molly, She is realy a good 
Girl, a little time & Experience will I doubt not wean Her 
from the little Levities you dislike & produce that sollidity 
which I expect from Her good sense and judgement — I did not 
let Her Mother know a word of what you wrote to me. D r 
Charley you cannot in any thing give me so much Pleasure as 
in taking Care of y r Health, I pray dayly for it, it is what I 
wish most next to my Salvation. Ride out as often as the 
weather will permit you — Davidge Has been twice to speak 
with Howard, He could not find Him at Home, He is always 
from Home — Fox Hunting, or Pleasure Hunting, Davidge 
will do what He Can & follow my Directions— What you said 
to Jordan about y r lots was Judicious & I am glad you Had 
so good an Opening. D:D will endeavour to thwart you, But 
I think to no Purpose as I suppose the Gov* will Discounte- 


nance Him. Molly writes to Her Mama th* she felt the little 
one 4 weeks past, tell Her I think Her a perverse Girl for not 
letting me know it sooner — Pray keep shoemaker Jim with 
you nntill He is killed or Cured He is a valuable Man, & 
should not be neglected, Give my service to Do r Tootle & tell 
Him I desire He will Exert His Abilities & give Him due 
Attendance to Kestore His Health, from Do r Howards long 
tryall, I think He did not understand James's disorder — We 
had last Monday & Tuesday night's pretty sharp frosts, Ice on 
Tuesday & Wednesday mornings as thick as a Dollar, our 
fruit is Hurt but I think without other frosts we shall have 
a Tollerable Plenty of all Sorts. We had a little Eain yester- 
day evening it has been drisling all this day (I write this at 

4 o'clock P. M.) it is Cold. We very much want a warmer 
soaking Rain, for excepting the snow which fell the 1 st & 2 d of 
Aprill & which did not soake the Ground, we have had but 
one Pain, & th* did not Penetrate an inch ; all, but a little for- 
ward Wheat, looks sadly. My Oats looked better 10 days past 
than it does now, no vegitation & Consequently little or no 
grass. I never knew so late & so disagreeable a Spring, I hope 
for more favourable summer. M r Croxall supplyed me with 32 
Bushells of Potatoes (all He Could spare) they do not Plant 

5 Acres so th* by Experience of friend th* an Acre instead of 
4 takes upwards of 6 Bushells of Potatoes, & Could I have 
been supplyed I would Have Planted 8 Bushells of Potatoes to 
the Acre. I hope what I have Planted. will produce well as 
they are Planted in good ground & shall be well attended 

By the last Acct. I had from Mr. Croxwell, which was on 
the 20 th Past, He Continues to Have His fits. I Begin to de- 
spair of His Recovery: I intend if nothing prevents me, to 
goe to see Him next tuesday I Have a great Regard for Him, 
Pray say something obliging of Him in answer to this, I will 
shew it to him & I am Certain it will please & Comfort him, 

6 is it not a duty to give such a man, what Pleasure & Comfort 
we Can. M r Ashton has His feavour & tomorrow or next day 
I expect the Pock will shew itself. Some of our little ones 
Have it, the Doctor uses the Coffee. He did not Care to Ask 


for it, as He thought I might think it too Expensive the Molas- 
ses is very agreeable to them very proper & a great Help as 
food, it is spread on their Bread I doubt not they will all doe 
well — If you Have alter d y r time of going to the E. shore let 
me know it. I hear Chamier of Baltimore Towne ha,s Brought 
word from Annapolis th* the Revenue Accts are Repealed, if 
this news be true, by what ship Have you Received it. My love 
& Blessing to you & Molly wishing you both perfect Health & 
Happiness I am D r Charley — 

Y r Mo: Afft Father 

Cha: Carroll 

May 7 th [130] 
D r Charley 

I have y rs by Sam. Rob* understands the draft or Plan of 
y r Pillars & Pilasters for y r Porch & will get the Capitalls &c & 
I hope be able to finish by the middle of June. 

By the inclosed which I desier you will Return to me by the 
Bearer you will see that Coolidge insted of 2000, only sent 1420 
Bushells of Corn. That Lawson falls short 900 Bushells & 
th* you owe 346% Bushells to the Works. 

I see th* Sam 11 Lane by the last Maryland Paper advertises 
1000 Bushells of Corn to be delivered at Pigg Point. Pray 
write to Coolidge & send an Express to him to Engage the Corn 
& to send it up as soon as Possible. If we Can get the Corn 
it will make good y r Supply to the works & with the Remainder 
Can make a shift untill new Corn is fit to be gathered, without 
it, I must keep wheat & Eat it. I shall Speak to you, about 
Plater when I see you. I Cannot suppose you will give £200 
Virginia Currency for a Pair of Horses, I would walk rather 
than do it. My love & Blessing to you & Molly. I suppose 
you will Return from the E: Shore by the 25 th at farthest. 
We are well, Rachell gives Her love to you & Molly. I am 
D r Charley Y r Mo : Aff * Father 

Cha : Carroll 


You may let Coolidge know th* His, Hunters, & Lawsons 
falling short 1727 Bushells of the Quantity promised, obliges 
you to press him to Engage Lanes Corn, or the like Quantity 
any where. 

May 22: 1770 [131] 

D r Charley, 

I have y rs of the 5 th 8 th & 9 th before me & I now Answer 
what is Materiall to be answered. In Y rs of the 5 th you say 
M r Ogle Expects two pair of Horses from M r Beverley: Bev- 
erly Asks £200 Virg a Currency for each Pair. M r Ogle Has 
offered to let me have a pair of them if I like them. 

In y rs of the 8 th you say, I Cannot Conceive How you took 
it into y r Head th* I had any thoughts of giving £200 Virginia 
Currency for a Pair of Horses. What Passage in my letter 
Could induce you to think so ? The quotation from y r letter of 
the 5 th is a Clear Answer to this Question, & I must desier you 
to Read over all y r letters to others, if they any ways Relate to 
Business, for fear you should say to them, what you do not 
intend to say. N"ever do any thing in a Hurry, thought & 
Reflection ought to Accompany the most trifling transactions, 
when they are omitted, it is an indication, that application & 
Business is very Disagreeable. I would not Humor Plater at 
the Expence of y r Purse. Conscious as you are that He acted 
Contrary to y r orders or Request: Here is another lesson, which 
I wish you, would observe, th* is to Give y r instructions in all 
such Cases under y r Hand & to keep a Copy of them. Baker 
will informe you what was the Result of y r letter to Coolidge 
& of the subsequent transactions & of the letter He has at 
my Request wrote to Coolidge. Beside Gathering the growing 
Crop of Corn or Part of it before Ripe for my People, I shall 
be other ways much distressed if you Cannot procure me an 
Additionall Supply of Corn: 1000 Bushells will make good 
what you are deficient at the works & the Remainder will En- 
able me to make a Tollerable shift Here. I advise you not to 
Build y r new Stable before next Spring, do not do it then unless 
you Have every Article in Place. But more of this when I 


see you. I have not Heared from nor Have I any opportunity 
of writing to Houston about the Shingles. I shall not neglect 
to instruct Davidge when I see Him. 

May 24 th We are in great want of Rain, since the 19 th of 
March the Day I left Annapolis to this day we have not had 
a Kain to wet the ground one Inch deep. We had a snow the 
1 st of Aprill about 4 Inches deep, But th* upon a thaw aforded 
but little moisture: What vegetation we have had is from the 
winter Rains, My Garden and Pastures are all most Burnt up. 
Our Corn is Come up Beyond Expectation, yet a great deal is 
missing w h we have Replanted. The Plants in our upland 
Beds are greatly Hurt by the Flye, But we have Plenty in our 
low Beds, But they as every thing Else want Rain, Our Wheat 
particularly which Cannot stool or Branch ; If we had been so 
happy as to have had the Rains you had the 8 th & 9 th instant, 
it would have been greatly Helped. Our fruit was not very 
much Hurt by the late frosts, the Pears Excepted, of which, we 
shall have but few. My Vineyard seems to suffer most by the 
want of Rain. We have a great shew of Grapes in the Garden. 
My dry well will be Covered & fit for use next week. The 
Stone Cutters have been at work upon y r Bases & Capitalls 
since the 12 th instant, I do not think they Can Compleat them 
by the 15 th of June they are good & Diligent Workmen, so is 
the wheel wright, they all Behave well, so does Timothy. Our 
Plantation Work, is pretty forward we are in a good way for a 
Crop if it will Please God to Bless us with favourable Rains 
& weather. I have Planted thirty two Bushells of Potatoes, 
which have only taken up 5 Acres & a half. If you Have not 
Received a Supply of Clayed Sugar, I shall want most of the 
Sugar which Came from Philadelphia at the Approaching 
Strawberry Season. We must send to Philadelphia for Leather 
at the same time write for more sugar & some dyeing Drugs 
for Malwell, and Ace* of the Leather & dyeing drugs I will give 
you when you Come Hither I have Heard th* the Lands Ensor 
Proposes to Mortgage with Corn by Chance &c. are Entailed 
you will Enquire into His Title to those Lands Before you take 
a Mortgage of them. If the ace* of L d Baltimores Death be 


true the Gov r must know it, let me know whether He has had 
any advice of it. M r Curry has wrote to Her Mother th* Curry 
has payed you M r Ireland desiers to know whether it be so. 
W m Logsdowne & Rich d Wells paid me the 8 th instant £27 :0 :0 
Curr* BaU a : due from th m on th* day is £13 :19 :5% M r Ottey 
p d me the 18 th Ins* £212 Chiefly in Dollars which I will Deliver 
to you. All the People innoculated are well, it was very favor- 
able to all, But we had like to Have lost Stephen the Brick- 
layer, He was very well had but few Eruptions & they were 
drying away, when Heating Himself by Exercise perhaps drink- 
ing Cold Water, if not Rum, He was seized last Sunday over- 
night with a Delirium & Continued out of His Senses for 10 
or 12 days. He is now allmost perfectly sensible, without any 
feavour & Begins to work about, negroes & their Nurses are 
so Stupid th* they Cannot be kept in order, nor Can they be 
prevailed on to follow directions: I did not Innoculate the 
sucking Children, & ordered their mothers not to Visit their 
Innoculated Children, they did not observe those orders & I 
am apprehensive some of the sucking Children Have taken the 
Pock from their mothers. I went to see Air. Croxall the 8 th 
& Returned the 12 th He read th* part of y r letter Relating to 
Him it affected Him much, He expressed a great deal of Grati- 
tude & thanks for y r good opinion & Concern for Him, said 
th* nothing He Could say Could Come up to the sense He had 
of y r kindness & Esteem for Him, & desiered me to let you 
know it & in a Manner He said I was more Capable of Express- 
ing than He was, & desiered His Compliments to you & Bid 
me tell you He most sincerely wished you perfect Health & 
Happyness. His senses are perfect But He is so Relaxed & 
His Constitution so Broken, th* Altho He may linger may be 
some years, I see little or no Hopes of His Recovery to a 
perfect State of Health. M r Ireland Had but a slight fit of 
the Gout, He is now well & desiers His Complim ts to you. 

I Have Here at the Landing 1342 Bushells of wheat for sale 
it would Have been 1594 if my People Had not eat 252 Bush- 
ells. The whole Crop last year was 1853%, Ton wheat 179 
Bush ls Totall 2032i/ 2 . 25 th May 12 a clock. We had a Re- 


freshing shower this morning at 6 o'clock, & it has Continued 
Cloudy & misting since, it now looks as if it would Clear up. 
This Rain will be of great Service to all our small grain & Corn 
& tob° Plants, But how far it is short of what we want you 
will Judge when I tell you that I looked this moment under a 
Dark leaf & found the ground as dry as if a drop of Rain had 
not fallen, the Rain has no where Penetrated above an inch. It 
took at this Plantation & Suckeys above 3 Bushells to Replant 
our Corn, it seems the Pissants eat a great deal of Corn in the 
ground & Cut off a great deal which had Come up well & looked 
finely, owing to the dry weather. There are such Quantities of 
ground wormes, th* I am afraid it will be difficult to get our tob° 
Plants to stand when favoured with a Season. Seal myne to M r 
Johnson, the inclosed to you, Came in a Packet of News Papers 
& Magazines w h M r Deards sent me, they Came by Carcaud. 
M r Deards writes me you Came Home last Sunday night, y r 
Hay was much shorter than I expected, what visits did you Pay % 
was y r Voyage agreeable to you & Molly ? How do you both do 
after it ? I long to see you Both, When shall I have th* Pleasure 
& Satisfaction % My love & Blessing to you & Molly. I am D r 
Charley Y r Mo : Aff* Father 

Cha: Carroll 

I am in Hopes Tob° will sell well this summer as I Hear the 
Planters Have Received very great Acct 8 of sale. M r Howard 
Has nigh £12 Round for Eight Hgds., one of which was greatly 

If you have any Mares at the Annapolis Quarter to be 
Horsed, it is time to send them. 

July 16: 1770 [132] 

D r Charley, 

I have y rs by Clem & Both y rs by M r Deards. I cannot pos- 
sibly send you the Rye untill the Hurry of my Harvest of Grain 
& Hay is over nor Have I any one to send with Timothy as 
yet I wish I Could Hier 15 hands for a fortnight & some 
Ploughs. We Have a good prospect of Corn & tob° But it is 


Exceeding hard work to keep them Clean. M r Harding has 
Bought 1001b. of Sugar which is I Believe at M r Brownes, th* 
with the things for the Fuller Amounts to £26 :8 :11% f° r 
w h sum give M r Harding an order on M r Moylan, Harding 
writes for the money. I Have not Heard from Davidge. If 
He or Johnson is going to Virginia next Thursday, if so I 
hope you will Come up with M r Eden. I write by Candle 
light & should not send downe if it was not to oblige Coll 
Sharpe who writes to Annapolis. I am D r Charley 

Y r Mo : Aff* Eather 

Cha: Carroll 

P. S. I do not expect any Ace* from Davidge untill I see 
Him Have Patience. 

July 31 st 1770 [133] 
D r Charley, 

This morning I Received y rs of yesterday by Will. I am 
very glad to Hear Molly was not much fatigued & th* she was 
yesterday in good spirits present my love & Blessing to Her. I 
find myself quite well, two good nights Best, very little wine 
& ease has put me to rights. You need not be uneasy about 
our tob° untill the Price is fixed & Quantities are sold, the 
Purchasers will keep off as long as they Can. I wish you 
Could learn How much less th n last year Comes to the follow- 
ing Inspections, Head of Severn, Queen Anns, Marlbro, Pigg 
Point, Bladensburgh & Rock Creek. I shall know from M r 
Carroll whether S r W. I) : attempted A Reconciliation between 
Him & D D^ if He did, I think He did not succeed — All my 
Jobbers, shoemakers, Smiths, Carpenters, Coopers, Brick- 
layers &c Have Been employed in my Harvest & to keep my 
Corn & tob° Clean my Hay Harvest is now on Hand, I Have 
6 hands at Hansons to help him. I Hierd to Help Becraft, I 
Have not begun to make Bricks & I must try to make 100000 
thousand this season, from this you may judge it is not in 
my Power to send you a Laborour But I advise you to Hier 


one or two able diligent & working Hands if such Can be met 
with, the Job you are ingaged in is great & Requires dispatch. 
Dispatch will be a saving if you Can get good Hands at 45/ or 
50/ a month, if you Hear of two good spadesmen, Recommend 
them to me I want to get the inclosed Part of my Vineyard 
ready for Planting next spring. Jos: Cannot be spared from 
the Garden. I do not Hear th* the Leather &c you last wrote 
for to M r Harding are Come. Malwels things & some Sugar 
is Come as you will see by M r Hardings letter inclosed. M rs 
Darnall had not time to be sick when we Had Company, ever 
since she has Complained of the Cholick, & not without Reason. 
She is poorly & desiers Her love to you & Molly — Do not leave 
Molly in Her present Condition. I promised Her to write to 
you not leave Her & to Come downe sometime this month. If 
I Can, I shall then Give you my opinion of the Men, you 
enquire after. Wishing you & Molly Health & Happiness 
I am D r Charley. 

Y r Mo: Afft Father 

Cha: Carroll 

M rs Curry says she left the letters you sent by Her Behind 
Her, as Will did not bring th m I suppose she Has lost th m 
I understand there was one for Coll Sharpe & my Pensilvania 
news Papers. Pray Ask Curry for them for I Have not seen 
the two last Phi a Papers. 

M r Hen: Browne is with me. I desired Him to send 1 
loaves of sugar, if the Package Could be Conveniently opened, 
if not to send it all Here, there are 13 Loaves Weighing 105 lbs. 
Inclosed you Have an Ace* of all the Corn Bought and How 
disposed of, & of wheat sold. Enter it in your Blotter for y r 
satisfaction. Our whole Crop of Tob° Here Rent included, 
Amounts only to 22 hdgs of w h two are Rent, I expect another 
hgd from Rich. Simpson. I Believe tob° at E: R. Landing 
will be at 25/ ster P r C* some hgds as I am informed sold 
so yesterday. 


Aug. 1 st 1770 [134] 
D r Charley, 

M r Hen: Browne says th* M r Moylan at Phil a Had little 
or no Connections with His Brother at Cadiz & th* He will not 
be Hurt by His failure. I wish it may be so — 

Aug. 2 d I this day Hear a good deal of tob° was sold yester- 
day at E : R. Landing at 25/ 23/ & none under 22/6 ster p r 
C* The Planters stand out for 25/ in Generall. 

Aug* 3 d M rs Darnall is so unwell as not to go with me to 
morrow to the Baristers, I shall therefore put off my journey 
untill Monday. 

I Have two pair of Woven Cloath Coloured silk Britches 
pray send th m by the Bearer & order my Cloaths to be Air'd 
& Wigs Combed and Buckled. 

As Coll Sharp has not Called, I suppose He is Returned to 
Annapolis. Pray make my Compliments to Him & tell Him 
I shall send downe the things He left Here the 11 th ins* with 
the Boy Sam to Exercise & to Help to dress His Horses. On 
the same day I shall send the Wagon, let M r Deards know this 
th* He may prepare a load. 

Pray make my Compliments to all Enquiring Eriends. My 
love to Molly, God grant you Health. I am D? Charley — 

Y r Mo : An 2 * Father 

Cha: Carroll 

Aug. 9 th 1770 [135] 
D r Charley, 

Molly writes to Her Mama th* you was so fatigued with 
Business th* you Could not write to me by the last Opportunity, 
& I wish she had not wrote th* M r Calvert & D: Carroll in- 
tended last Monday to Pay me a Visit, as I have not had the 
Pleasure of their Company & as the Expectation of it, prevent- 
ed my Paying the Barister a Visit last Saturday. I propose 
thither next Saturday. But I Believe M rs Darnall Cannot 
Accompany me as she is far from Being well. I Have ordered 


Sam to go downe with the Wagon to wait on Coll Sharpe with 
what things He left Here, Concluding the Coll is gone Home, 
as I Have Heard nothing of Him. We had a fine Rain last 
Monday night, it Began at 9 & lasted about an Hour, it was of 
great Service to the Corn & I suppose to the tob° altho tob° 
does not shew or promise nigh so well as the Corn, it in Gen- 
erall Growes spindling & looks yellow, new 2 d & 3 d years 
Ground all Alike, & this is the Condition as I Hear of all the 
tob° Round us, if it is so in other Parts of the Country, the 
growin Crop will fall vastly short of what was expected. The 
weather Has been I think seasonable & I Cannot Ace* for the 
mean Appearance of Tobo. The tob° in the new Cleared 
Meadows at Valentines & Sams is very large & Promising, if 
the spot keeps from it, it will be fine tob Q Peters new ground 
at the folly makes a poor Appearance, it is not the fault of the 
ground it being Exceeding good, nor Can I think it owing to 
the want of Rain, as the weather has been more than Commonly 
seasonable. Our Corn in Generall looks well, Here all the 
Fields are very Clean. You Remember M r W: Dulany gave 
you some Ears of Indian Corn. I have Planted Here & at 
Suckys no other, it is in my opinion a very Valuable Corn, 
it is now allmost all short, Many Ears on a stalk & very large 
the other Corn is now only Beginning to shoot: I noted some 
of W : D 8 Corn shooting the 8 th of July, by being so f arward it 
will not be Subject to be frost bitten, the Fodder will Escape 
the same Evill, w h things alone should Induce all in these parts 
especially, to Cultivate it. Our Hay Harvest Here is over it 
is a great Crop, more than Double to what we had last year & 
very good. The Rivers & Springs are very low & without a 
Heavy & lasting Rain My Mills will not be able to Grind for 
my People. As soon as we Have a Flush of Water I Have 
ordered Flour to be ground for you & let me know when you 
will want it. Pray go with Timothy to M r Ridouts study, & 
desire the favour of M r Ridout to shew Him How His stove is 
Constructed to try to make Timothy understand it, so th* He 
may build such in my new Work House & Else where. When 


will you Have done with Timothy ? How do the Stone Cutters 
go on ? Upon Reflection I Cannot go to the Baristers on Satur- 
day, Having appointed Jos: Johnson to be Here the 13 th I 
Hope all our Friends in Towne are well my Compliments to all 
who Enquire after me. My love & Blessing to you & Molly, 
God grant you Both Health & Happiness — I am D r Charley. 

Y r Mo : Afft Father 

Cha: Carroll 

P. S. Pray do not forget to send me my woven Cloath 
Coloured silk Britches. 

Ask M r Johnson whether He Has obtained a Judgement ag* 
Jos. Hall in the County Court, if not when I may Expect it — 

Aug. 12 th 1770 [136] 
D r Charley, 

I Have y rs of yesterday by M r Currie with the News Papers, 
Tob° sels Here as I wrote to you from 22/6 to 25/ ster. p r C* 
I am told the Merchants from Portobacco to Geo : Towne inclu- 
sive Entered into an agreement not to give the 4 p r C* upon 
w h the Planters appointed a Meeting at Bladensburgh & signed 
an Association not to sell without the 4 p C r & Refused a 
Guinea. M r Macgill gave me this Ace* this day & says He had 
it from a Gent n from Bladensburgh & th* upwards of 200 
Planters signed the Association. He also told me Cap n Rich- 
ardson had Given at the Head of Severn 22/6 & 5/ ster for 
Cask for 120 odd hgds. I do not approve of the Susquehanna 
stone for the wall in the water, it is true it will at 1 st be 
Cheaper & the work will be sooner finished, But I am morally 
Certain you will Have it to do Over again, no point you Can 
make with th* stone will prevent the Earths washing through 
it, so th* I am afraid you will be Penny wise & Pound foolish. 
I had if necessary rather be 10 years a doing it than not do 
it well & I am persuaded it Cannot be well done without stones 
squared as we Proposed. I shall send you flour as soon as we 
have water to grind it. Pray tell John the Barber I Have 


sent Him 6 Razors by M r Currie with the Napkin w h Cover'd 
my Britches. I propose to waite on M r Carroll on Tuesday if 
I Can dispatch Johnson on Monday. I still propose to see yon 
about the last of the month. Rachell is not well she presents 
Her love to you & Molly so do I with my Blessing wishing you 
Both Health & Happiness I am D r Charley. 

Yr Mo: Afft Father 

Cha: Carroll 

P. S. We want Rain for our Corn tob° & Pastures, the last 
begin to Burn, a good Rain, in a few days would make me a 
great Crop of Corn. 

Aug. 17 th 1770 [137] 
D r Charley, 

This is in Answer to y rs of the 12 th & 15th ins* The follow- 
ing will Answer the Shop note you wrote for — July 4: 1770 
Bought for Cha: Carroll Esq r By M r Harding of Dennis 

13 loaves of Double refined Sugar 105 lbs. at 1/6%, £7 :14 : 7% 

Sundry dying Drugs 17 : 9 : 4 

Commissions 5 p r C* 1 : 5 : 

26: 3:11% 

I am not as much Surprised at what Shuttleworth told you 
as I was at His baring to be Called a Rascall. My Jobbers 
are not my strongest Hands. I send you two, Turky Tom Has 
been used to Raising stone. By sparing these I Believe I 
must defer Brick Making & I shall want Bricks early in the 
Spring. Pray defer y r Stable, Bricking in y r Garden or any 
other Jobs untill you Have Compleated the stone Wall at the 
Bottom of y r Garden, it is imprudent to Have Many Irons 
in the fire at once some must Burn. I Cannot spare Adam 
Scot from Ditching without Backwarding my meadow schemes. 
I allow Him 2/6 a day. I can not get Hierlings, tho I have 


spoken to many to look out for them. I will give Coll Sharpes 
Gardener £3 p r mo: Computing 26 working days to the month 
& I will allow the man who works with Him 40/ p r mo : if He 
be a good spades man & I will Employ them untill the frost 
will Prevent their working. As you did not know what Kout 
Squires took I wish you had as I advised sent also downe the 
Bay & th* by the same opportunities you had sent fresh adver- 
tisement 8 after Benj a Daniell unless you know He took snip- 
ing for Europe. I suppose you did not Care to take the 
trouble to do it. M r Ireland will send y r Advertisements to 
Cary tomorrow, the Runs are so high this day th* there is no 
passing them. There was a Heavy Rain Here last Tuesday w h 
thoroughly soaked the Ground, it Rained Here the Best part 
of last night & very Hard this morning from 6 untill ten 
o'Clock, the Elood was by Ace* very great & Has Hurt us 
much it has by Report Carryed away a great Deal of the Dam 
along the stone Mill Race, it Has Hurt my tob° & Meadow at 
Valentines very much & I am afraid it has Drowned my meadow 
tob° at Sams ford, I speak by Report as I Have not seen the 
Damage done nor Can I see it well for the Water. Had this 
Rain not happened, you would Have Had y r Flower next Tues- 
day, as it is you shall Have it as soon as possible. I Hope 
Molly is Better, Pray let me know by M r Johnson He will 
set off for Frederick I suppose early on Sunday morning, write 
to morrow night or Early on Sunday morning, as I send a Boy 
& Horse to Frederick I Cannot send one to Annapolis. Send 
the News Papers by M r Johnson. God Bless you both. I am 
D r Charley 

Y r Mo: Aff* Father 

Cha: Carroll 

Friday Evening. M r Ireland is just Returned from the 
Mill. He says He thinks the Damage may be Repaired by all 
my Hands in two days, if so my Corn will Receive more Benefit 
by the Rain, than the Amount of the Damage done to my 
Mill Race. 



[From transcripts in the Library of Congress.] 

St. James's October 19 th 1763. 
Horatio Sharpe Esq r 
Deputy Governor of Maryland 


The King having observed upon Perusal of the Dispatches 
lately received from Sir JefTery Amherst, that upon His Appli- 
cation to you to make some Provision for the Defence of the 
Frontiers of Maryland against the Depredations of the hostile 
Indians, you had immediately furnished a Body of the Militia 
with Arms, and ordered them on Service, not only to protect 
the Lives & Properties of the Back Settlers, but also to act 
offensively against the said Indians, I have His Majesty's Com- 
mands to signify to you His gracious Approbation of the zeal 
and Alacrity with which you promoted the Good of His 
Majesty's Service upon this occasion. 

It is with great Satisfaction that I acquaint you with this 
His Majesty's gracious Acceptance of your Services; being &c' a . 

Dunk Halifax. 

Endorsed October 19 th 1763/ To Horatio Sharpe Esq r / 
Deputy Governor of Maryland. 

A Rout from Annapolis in Maryland to the several Parts of 
that Province where it might be proper to settle Post-Offices. 

From Annapolis (where a Post Office is already "1 

kept) across the Bay of Cheseapeak to the Ferry ^12 Miles 

House on Kent Island J 

From the Ferry House on Kent Island to Queen's 1 „., 
Town in Queen Ann County 



Thence down the Peninsula or Eastern Part of 
Maryland to Talbot County Court House 

Thence to a small Town called Vienna on Nanti- 
coke River & in Dorchester County 

Thence to Princess Ann Town in Somerset County 

Thence to Snow Hill a little Town in Worcester 
County which is the most southern Part of Mary- 
land & joins Accomack County in Virginia 

And from Queens Town abovementioned North- 
wards to Chester Town in Kent County 

Thence to Frederick Town in Cecil County thro 
which lies the Road to Newcastle on Delaware 

In that Part of Maryland which lies on the West 
side of Cheseapeak Bay Post Offices may be kept at 
the following Places viz. 

At Baltimore Town which lies Northward of An- 
napolis on the high Road to York in Pennsylvania 
& also to Philadelphia being distant from An- 

From Baltimore to Bush Town on the same Road 

Thence to Charles Town at the Head of Cheseapeak 1 
Bay & in the Road to Philadelphia J 

And from Annapolis southwestward to Upper Marl- 
bro in Prince Georges County 

Thence Eastward to Lower Marlbro in Calvert 

And from Upper Marlbro southward to Port To- 
bacco in Charles County 

Thence south Eastward to Leonard Town in St. 
Mary's County 

20 Miles 

30 Miles 
26 Miles 

24 Miles 

23 Miles 
18 Miles 

30 Miles 

26 Miles 
19 Miles 

22 Miles 

15 Miles 

30 Miles 

35 Miles 


And from Upper Marlbro Westward to George 1 

Town which is on Potowmack River opposite to r 26 Miles 

Alexandria in Virginia J 

Thence Northwestward to Frederick Town in Fred- 3 

erick County thro which lies the Road to Fort Cum- r 45 Miles 

land & Pittsburg J 

Endorsed In Dep*y Gov r Sharpe's of the/20 th Oct r 1764/- 

Oct. 26, 1764 

An Account of All Instruments made use of in Publick Trans- 
actions Law Proceedings, Grants Conveyances securities of 
Land or Money within the Province of Maryland. 

Commissions granted by the Lord Proprietary under the 
Great Seal of the Province appointing the following Judicial 
Officers viz — The Chancellor, Provincial Justices or Judges of 
the Provincial Court, Judge of the Court of Vice Admiralty 
by Commissary General or Judge of the Prerogative Court Jus- 
tices of the Peace & Judge of His Lordships Land Office. 

Commissions granted by The Lord Proprietary or His Lieu- 
tenant Governor under the Great Seal appointing the following 
Ministerial Officers viz — The Secretary, Two Treasurers, At- 
torney General, Sheriffs of the Fourteen Counties & Coroners. 

Commissions granted by The Lord Proprietary or His Lieu- 
tenant Governor (not under the Great Seal) appointing a Sur- 
veyor General & five Naval Officers. Commissions from the 
Secretary appointing a Register of the Chancery & Clerk of the 
Provincial Court, Clerks of the several County Courts & No- 
taries Publick. Commissions from the Judge of the Vice Ad- 
miralty Court appointing a Register & Marshall. 

Deputations from the Commissary General appointing a 
Register of his Office & Deputy Commissaries in the several 

Deputations from the Surveyor General appointing a Land 
Surveyor in each County. 


Inductions from the Lord Proprietary or his Lieutenant 
Governor to the Hectors of Parishes — Marriage Lycences, War- 
rants from the Lieutenant Governor appointing Inspectors of 
Tobacco in different parts of the Province. Bonds conditioned 
for the just & faithful performance of their Duty given by the 
several Ministerial Officers & their Deputies or Clerks. 

Registers granted for Ships & other Vessels, Charter Parties, 
Bills of Sale, Protests & other Notarial Acts. 

The Method of Conveying Land in this Province is by Let- 
ters Patent from the Lord Proprietary under the Great Seal 
& afterwards from One Party to another by the same Deeds 
made use of in England by Writs of Covenant, Writs of Entry 
sur Disseisin en le Past issued out of the Court of Chancery 
& made returnable before the Provincial Court, whereon Fines 
are levied & Common Recoveries are suffered with proper Deeds 
(if required & necessary) declaring the uses of such Fines & 
Recoveries, by Deeds of Feoffment, of Bargain & Sale, of 
Leases, Lease & Release, Exchange, Surrender, Confirmation & 
Grant, but the most common Deeds in use are Those of Bargain 
& Sale & Lease & Release; Mortgages of Lands & Chattels & 
Deeds containing all sorts of Covenants & Conditions, Powers of 
Attorney, Bonds, Penal & single Bills, Orders for Payment of 
Money, Promissory Notes. As to the Proceedings in our sev- 
eral Courts they are founded upon the Laws of England & are 
similar to those of the English Courts of a like Nature with 
them. Our Courts are — 

The Chancery Court, The Provincial Court, The County 
Courts, The Court of Appeals, The Prerogative or Commissary 
Court, & the Court of Vice Admiralty. 

The Chancery Court exercises the same power in Matters of 
an Equitable Nature in Maryland as the Chancery Court in 
England does in Cases of the like Nature there, & our Mode of 
Proceeding is by Way of Bill, Subpoena, Answer, Pleas, Repli- 
cation & Rejoinder where necessary. It grants Commissions 
to Commissioners to take Depositions of Witnesses. It makes 
Decrees final or Interlocutory & executes those Decrees by At- 
tachment or Sequestration. It issues Injunctions to stay Waste, 


to stay Execution on Judgments when Bond & Security are 
lodged. It issues Proclamations of Rebellion & sequestrations ; 
This Court issues all Original Writs where the Practice of 
Courts or the Laws of the Province have not taken them away, 
& there is no Writ in the Register of Writs but what if neces- 
sary to be sued out might be sued out in some or other of the 
Courts in this Province. 

The Provincial Court holds Pleas in all Actions by Original 
Writ issued by their Clerks out of his Office called the Pro- 
vincial Office for all Sums of Money & Tobacco above Twenty 
pounds sterling or Five Thousand Pounds of Tobacco. It holds 
pleas of Land by Way of Droitural or Possessory Actions & 
punishes all Offences against the Publick Peace. The Proceed- 
ing in Civil Actions is by Writ of Capias ad Respondendum, 
Declarations, Pleas in Abatement or Bar, Replications & Re- 
joinders Surrejoinders, Rebutters & surrebutters & Demurrers; 
The Court gives Judgments final or Interlocutory, which it ex- 
ecutes by Capias ad satisfaciendum, fieri Facias against the 
Chatties, & in case they are not sold a Venditioni exponas is- 
sues. Its Interlocutory Judgments are made final by Writ of 
Enquiry & Judgments are revived by scire Eacias. From this 
Court also issue Writs of Habeas Corpus & Certiorari for sums 
of Money above Eifty Pounds sterling or Ten Thousand Pounds 
of Tobacco an Appeal lies from the Judgment of this Court to 
the Court of Appeals. The Clerk makes an Entry of the Pro- 
ceedings & Records them in his Books of Office. In Criminal 
Matters the Proceeding is by Way of Presentment Indictment 
& Information. The County Courts have the same Power & 
make use of the same Modes of Proceeding as the Provincial 
Court in all Actions above Fifty shillings Current Money, or 
six hundred Pounds of Tobacco, & under One hundred pounds 
sterling & Thirty thousand Pounds of Tobacco. Their Judg- 
ment in all Actions above six pounds sterling & Twelve hundred 
pounds of Tobacco are subject to Examination in the Provincial 
Court by Way of Appeal or Writ of Error. 

The Court of Appeals (consisting of the Governor & Council) 
has a power of examining into & correcting the Errors of the 


provincial Court for sums of Money above Fifty Pounds ster- 
ling or Ten Thousand Pounds of Tobacco; & also of the De- 
crees of the Court of Chancery — 

The Prerogative or Commissary's Court being a Court pe- 
culiarly appointed by Law to prove Wills grant Letters Testa- 
mentary & of Administration has a power of calling Executors 
& Administrators before it, in order to make up the Accounts of 
Deceased Persons Estates, & also to compel Distributions & 
oblige Executors to assent to Legacies. The Mode of Proceed- 
ing is by Libel, Citation, Answer, Replication, Commission to 
examine Witnesses. It gives sentence & makes Orders which 
are executed by Way of Attachment. From the sentence of 
the Commissary an Appeal lies to the Governor who might 
himself determine the Matter or appoint a Court of Delegates 
to determine it. 

The Court of Vice Admiralty has Conusance of all Matters of 
a Marine Nature & in that Court seizures of ships & Goods are 
determined. The proceeding is by Way of Libel or Informa- 
tion Warrant Answer & Republication, Commission to examine 
Witnesses if necessary, sentence which is executed by the 

In our Courts Law Attachments are issued against the Ef- 
fects of Defendants where two Writs have been returned Non 
Est. The Attachment is founded on the Judgment of the 
Court on the Plaintiffs Cause of Action & if the Defendant does 
not appear at the Return of the Attachment & contest the Merits 
of the action. The Goods attached are sold for the use of the 
Plaintiff & where a Debtor lives out of the Province the Plain- 
tiff issues a Writ against him, together with a short Note ex- 
pressing the Cause of Action which is left with the Defendant's 
Attorney in fact (if he has one) or at his last place of Abode, 
& on Return of that Writ Eon Est The Court gives Judgment 
on the Cause of Action for an Attachment, on which there is 
the same Mode pursued as before mentioned. 

By Act of Assembly of this Province Encouragement is given 
to build Water Mills & erect Iron Works & in order to secure 


Lands convenient for that Purpose the Person inclined to build 
sues out of the Court of Chancery a Writ of Ad Quod Damnum 
directed to the sheriff of the County where such Land lies re- 
quiring him to summon a jury & return an Inquisition, upon 
which if there is no Objection & the Owner of the Land refuses 
to build, the Court of Chancery will grant a Lease to the Party 
applying for the same, upon his giving Bond with condition 
that he shall build within a limited time. Bonds are also taken 
& lodged in the Court of Chancery upon issuing an Injunction 
to stay Execution on a Judgment, likewise in Writs of Re- 
plevin & on granting Appeals & Writs of Error. 

In order to make the Proceedings of one Court Evidence 
in Another it is necessary to have a Certificate of the Pro- 
ceedings signed by the Clerk of the Court & under the Court's 
Seal. And to make the Proceedings of our Courts Evidence 
in other Countries it is necessary to have the Certificate of the 
Governor with the Great Seal of the Province affixed. 

St. James's June 8 th 1765 
Horatio Sharpe Esq r 
Depy Governor of 


The Lords Commissioners of his Majesty's Treasury, having 
communicated to me the Extract of a Letter received by the 
Commissioners of the Customs from M r Heron, Collector of 
Pocomoke in the Province of Maryland, I herewith transmit 
for your Information, a Copy of the said Extract, & am to ex- 
press to you His Majesty's Expectation that upon this & every 
other Occasion you will zealously exert every lawful Means in 
your Power for the Protection of Officers of the Revenue. 

I am &c a 

Dunk Halifax 

Endorsed June 8 th 1765 | To Horatio Sharpe Esq r | Dep^ 
Governor of | Maryland. 


[Kobert Lloyd 1 to Charles Garth 2 ] 

Maryland 24 June 1768 
S r 

The House of Delegates of this Province impressed with a 
just sense of their natural Rights and considering attentively 
the fatal Consequences that may hereafter flow from the Op- 
eration of the late Acts of Parliament imposing Taxes on the 
People of America for the Sole Purpose of raising a Revenue, 
have thought it absolutely necessary to Petition the Throne; 
and for that Purpose have prepared a Petition to be presented 
to his Majesty on Behalf of the Province. 

The high Opinion they entertain of your Integrity, and of 
your regard to the Rights of America left them no Room to 
hesitate in directing me to transmit to you the Petition. 

I now enclose it to you and in their Name request that you 
will take the most proper Steps to have it presented. 

As our Committee of Correspondence write you on this, as 
well as on other Matters, I beg leave to refer to their Letter 
and am with much Esteem 

S r Your most H ble Serv* 

Rob* Lloyd, Speaker 

Endorsed, Maryland 24 th June 1768 M r Rob* Lloyd Speak- 
er of the House of Burgesses. 

A Petition to the King's most excellent 
Most gracious Sovereign, 

Your Majesty's most dutiful and loyal Subjects the Repre- 
sentatives of the Freemen of your Province of Maryland, happy 
in their Allegiance to the best of Kings, and warm in Affection 

1 Robert Lloyd, 1712-1770; Justice for A. A. Co., 1740-45, 1747-51, 1754- 
55, and Presiding Justice from 1749; Member of Assembly for Talbot Co., 
1738-51 and for A. A. Co., 1754-60, 1762-70, and Speaker of the House, 
1765-1770. See Md. Hist. Mag., vxi, 427. 

2 See Md. Hist. Mag., vi, 282. 



and Attachment to your sacred person and Government; with 
all Humility beg Leave to approach the Throne and supplicate 
your Majesty, ever graciously inclined to hear the just Com- 
plaints of your most remote Subjects. 

Your Majesty's People of this Province, conceive it a fixed 
and unalterable Principle in the Nature of Things and a part 
of the very Idea of Property; That whatever a man hath 
honestly acquired, cannot be taken from him without his Con- 
sent: this immutable Principle, they humbly apprehend, is 
happily ingrafted as a Fundamental into the English Consti- 
tution, and is fully declared by Magna Charta and by the Pe- 
tition and Bill of Rights. Hence it is that your Majesty's most 
distant Subjects, are justly entitled to all the Rights, Liberties, 
Privileges and Immunities, of your Subjects born within the 
Kingdom of England. Under this Idea, your Majesty's Royal 
Predecessor King Charles the first, by his Charter of this 
Province did grant as follows, " We will also, and of our more 
abundant Grace, for us, our Heirs and Successors, do firmly 
charge, constitute, ordain and command, that the said Province 
•be of our Allegiance ; and that all and singular the Subjects and 
Liege Men of us, our Heirs and Successors, transplanted, or here- 
after to be transplanted into the province aforesaid, and the 
Children of them, and of others their Descendants whether al- 
ready born there, or hereafter to be born, be and shall be natives 
and Liege Men of us, our Heirs and Successors, of our Kingdom 
of England and Ireland ; and in all Things shall be held ; treat- 
ed, reputed and esteemed as the faithful Liege Men of us, and 
our Heirs and Successors born within our Kingdom of England ; 
also Lands, Tenements, Revenues, Services, and other Heredi- 
taments whatsoever, within our Kingdom of England, and 
other our Dominions, to inherit, or otherwise purchase, receive, 
take, have, hold, buy and possess, and the same to use and en- 
joy, and the same to give, sell, alien and bequeath; and like- 
wise all Privileges, Franchises and Liberties of this our King- 
dom of England, freely, quietly and peaceably to have and 
possess, and the same may use and enjoy in the same Manner 


as our Liege-Men born, or to be born within our said King- 
dom of England without Impediment, Molestation, Vexation, 
Impeachment or Grievance of us or any of our Heirs or Suc- 
cessors; any Statute, Act, Ordinance or Provision to the Con- 
trary thereof notwithstanding." 

" And further we will, and do, by these presents for us, our 
Heirs and Successors, covenant and grant to, and with the 
aforesaid now Baron of Baltimore, his Heirs and Assigns, 
that we, our Heirs and Successors, at no Time hereafter, will 
impose, or make or cause to be imposed, any Impositions, 
Customs or other Taxations Quotas or Contributions whatso- 
ever, in or upon the Residents or Inhabitants of the Province 
aforesaid for their Goods, Lands or Tenements within the 
same Province, or upon any Tenements, Lands, Goods or 
Chattels, within the Province aforesaid, or in or upon any 
Goods or Merchandizes within the province aforesaid, or with- 
in the Ports or Harbours of the said Province, to be laden or 
unladen: And we will, and do, for us, our Heirs and Suc- 
cessors, enjoin and command that this our Declaration shall, 
from Time to Time, be received and allowed in all our Courts 
and Pretorian Judicatories, and before all the Judges whatso- 
ever of us, our Heirs and Successors, for a sufficient and law- 
ful Discharge, Payment, and Acquittance thereof charging all 
and singular the Officers and Ministers of us, our Heirs and 
Successors, and enjoining them, under our heavy Displeasure, 
that they do not at any Time presume to attempt any Thing to 
the Contrary of the Premisses, or that may in any wise con- 
travene the same, but that they, at all Times as is fitting, do 
aid and assist the aforesaid now Baron of Baltimore, and his 
Heirs, and the aforesaid Inhabitants and Merchants of the 
Province of Maryland aforesaid, and their Servants and Min- 
isters, Factors and Assigns, in the fullest Use and Enjoyment 
of this our Charter." 

Our Ancestors firmly relying on the Royal Promise, and upon 
these plain and express Declarations, of their inherent, natural 
and constitutional Rights, at the Hazard of their Lives and 


Fortunes, transported themselves and Families to this Country, 
then scarcely known, and inhabited only by Savages : the Pros- 
pect of a full and peaceable Enjoyment of their Liberties and 
Properties softened their Toils and strengthened them to over- 
come innumerable Difficulties. 

Heaven prospered their Endeavours, and has given to your 
Majesty, a considerable Increase of faithful Subjects, improv- 
ed the Trade, and added Riches to the Mother-Country. Thus 
happy in the Enjoyment of the Eights and Privileges of 
natural-born Subjects, have they and their Posterity lived, and 
been treated as Freemen ; and thus hath the great fundamental 
Principle of the Constitution, that no man shall be taxed but 
with his own consent, given by himself, or by his Representa- 
tive, been ever extended, and preserved inviolate in this remote 
Part of your Majesty's Dominion, until questioned lately by 
your Parliament. 

It is therefore with the deepest Sorrow, may it please your 
most excellent Majesty, that we now approach the Throne on 
Behalf of your faithful Subjects of this Province, with all 
Humility to represent to your Majesty, That by several statutes 
lately enacted in the Parliament of Great Britain, by which 
sundry Rates and Duties are to be raised and collected within 
your Majesty's Colonies in America, for the sole and express 
purpose of raising a Revenue; this great fundamental Princi- 
ple of the Constitution, is in our Apprehension infringed. The 
People of this Province, Royal Sire, are not in any manner, 
nor can they ever possibly be effectually represented in the 
British Parliament; while therefore your Majesty's Commons 
of Great Britain, continue to give and grant the property of 
the People in America, your faithful Subjects, of this and 
every other Colony, must be deprived of the most invaluable 
Privilege, the power of granting their own money ; and of every 
Opportunity of manifesting by chearful Aids, their Attach- 
ment to their King and zeal for his Service, they must be cut 
off from all Intercourse with their Sovereign and expect not to 
hear of the Royal Approbation, they must submit to the Power 


of the Commons of Great Britain, and precluded the Blessings, 
shall scarcely retain the name of Freedom. 

May we then most gracions Sovereign, he permitted, hum- 
bly to implore your tender Consideration of this unhappy Cir- 
cumstance of your American People : May we pray that your 
Majesty will extend, to your faithful People of Maryland, 
that paternal Kegard which your Majesty hath so invariably 
shewn to the just Eights of all your Subjects; and be graciously 
pleased to grant them such Relief as to your Majesty's Wisdom 
and Justice shall seem meet. 

On Behalf and by Order of the House of Delegates. 

Rob* Lloyd, Speaker 
sent home 
24 June 1768 

Endorsed, Petition to His Majesty/ from the Assembly of 
Maryland/ (R. 28 th September) G./ W./ K/ 

Devizes Oct. 1 st 1768 
My Lord, 

A Letter this morning received from M r Montagu, of whom 
I beg'd the Favour to deliver to your Lordship a Petition to 
His Majesty from the House of Delegates of Maryland which 
had been transmitted to me by their Speaker, occasions my 
troubling your Lordship with this Letter to acquaint your Lord- 
ship that having been nominated by the House of Delegates 
their Agent to conduct before his Majesty in Council a Dis- 
pute subsisting between the Lord Proprietary & People of the 
Province of Maryland, and also to endeavor the procuring Relief 
at Home against the Oppression of repeated Refusals to Bills 
sent up to the Upper House for the Appointment of an Agent 
in Great Britain I have in that Character for some time past 
corresponded with the House of Delegates. A Bill for the Ap- 
pointment of a publick Agent was sent up this last Sessions 
and again refus'd, that the Province of Maryland have now no 
established publick Agent. 


A Letter from the Speaker to me accompanied the Petition 
which I enclose for your Lordships Perusal as a Mark of the 
Authenticity of the Petition; in Complyance with the Request 
therein I desir'd my Friend M r Montagu w d wait upon your 
Lordship with the Petition apprehending it a proper step for 
me to take that the same may be presented to His Majesty, it 
not being in my Power at that time to attend in Person upon 
your Lordship. 

I have the Honour to be 
My Lord, 
Your Lordship's 

Most obedient 
& most humble Serv* 

Cha s Garth 
Endorsed Be Vizes Oct 1 * 1 st , 1768 M r Garth Maryland 

Gentlemen of the Lower House of Assembly — 

The King Our most gracious Sovereign having been informed 
that a Circular Letter a Copy of which hath been communicated 
to His Ministers, was in February last sent by the Speaker of 
the House of Representatives of the Colony of Massachusetts 
to the Speakers of other Houses of Assembly in North America, 
hath been pleased to order it to be signified to me, that He con- 
siders such Measure to be of a most dangerous & factious 
Tendency calculated to inflame the Minds of his good Subjects 
in the Colonies, to promote an unwarrantable Combination to 
excite & encourage an open Opposition to & Denial of the Au- 
thority of Parliament & to subvert the true Principles of the 
Constitution; but while I notify to you His Majestys Senti- 
ments with respect to this matter, I am also to tell you that the 
repeated Proofs which have been given by the Assembly of 
this Province, of their Reverence & Respect for the Laws, & 
of their faithful Attachment to the Constitution, leave little 
Room for His Majesty to doubt of their shewing a proper Re- 
sentment of such unjustifiable Attempt to revive those Distrac- 
tions which have operated so fatally to the prejudice of both the 


Colonies & the Mother Country ; & I natter myself that in case 
such Letter has been addressed to the Speaker of Your 
House/ You will confirm the favourable Opinion His Majesty 
at present entertains of His Maryland Subjects by taking no 
notice of such Letter which will be treating it with the Contempt 
it deserves — 

Hor° Sharpe 
June 20, 1768 

Endorsed Governor Sharpe's Message/ to the Lower House 
of Assembly/ of Maryland, 20 June 1768 In his Letter (K° 5) 
of 22 nd June 1768. 


[Additions and Corrections.] 

Stephen Decatur, 1779-1820. 

The reference to Loubat, on page 214, should read, plate 
xxvin, text 163. 

The following honors conferred on Decatur are worthy of be- 
ing included here as a matter of record : 

The citizens of Philadelphia, among whom he spent the most 
of his early years, in 1813, presented him with an elegant sword 
of solid gold. It is about thirty-six inches in length, weighs 21 
oz. 10 pwt. and was made by Philip Hartman for $700. It is 
superbly wrought and is enriched with various emblematick 
figures in reference to the United States of America ; the burn- 
ing of the frigate, Philadelphia, in the harbour of Tripoli ; and 
the conquering of his Brittanick majesty's frigate, Macedonia. 
On the hilt is this inscription: 

Our Children 
Are our country's Property. 


on the blade: 

Presented by the City of 


to Stephen Decatur. 

The legislature of Virginia complimented him with a valuable 
sword in testimony of regard for his talents and the essential 
service he rendered his country by that brilliant conquest. 

The commonwealth of Pennsylvania granted a similar token 
of esteem for her distinguished citizen. It is a gold mounted 
sword of American manufacture, made, with exquisite taste, 
under the direction of Liberty Browne. On one side of the 
blade is a representation of the frigates United States and 
Macedonia, in action, the arms of Pennsylvania, and Fame 
crowning her hero with a wreath of laurel. On the reverse is 
the following inscription : 

Presented by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. 

Simon Snyder, Gov. 


The corporation of New York presented him with the free- 
dom of the city, accompanied with a golden box, on which were 
suitable and elegant engravings. 

John Trippe, c. 1784-1810. 

[Supplementing record on page 250.] 
John Trippe, son of William Trippe and Mary [Noel] 
Trippe, was born in Dorchester county, Maryland, about 1784. 
What is known of him comes almost entirely from the records 
of the Navy Department: Warranted Midshipman, April 15, 
1799 ; entered service on board the frigate United States, April 
16, 1799 ; appointed Sailing Master of the schooner Vixen, then 
building at Baltimore, May 6, 1803; appointed First Lieuten- 
ant of the Vixen, May 15, 1804; in command of gunboat No. 6, 
in the attack on the Tripolitan gunboats and forts, August 23, 
1804; commissioned Lieutenant, Jan. 9, 1807; ordered to the 
command of the Enterprise, Jan. 23, 1809 ; ordered to the com- 


mand of the Vixen, April 26, 1810; died of yellow fever off 
Havana, where he had been sent to protect American commerce 
against French and English cruisers and the pirates that in- 
fested the Gulf of Mexico, July 9, 1810. 

Congress voted him one of the gold medals struck for Com- 
modore Preble and his officers, which is described and illustrat- 
ed in Lovbat, pi. xxiv, text 135. This medal is now in the 
possession of Gen. Andrew C. Trippe. 

Under date of September 18th, 1804, Commodore Preble 
reported to the Secretary of the Navy : 

" Lieutenant Trippe, of the Vixen, in [gunboat] No. 6, ran 
alongside of one of the enemy's large boats, which he boarded 
with only Midshipman John Henley and nine men, his boat 
falling off before any more could get on board; thus was he 
left, compelled to conquer or perish, with the odds thirty-six to 
eleven. The Turks could not withstand the ardor of this brave 
officer and his assistants; in a few minutes the decks were 
cleared, and her colors hauled down. On board of this boat 
fourteen of the enemy were killed, and twenty-two made prison- 
ers, seven of which were badly wounded. The rest of their 
boats retreated within the rocks. Lieutenant Trippe received 
eleven sabre wounds, some of which are very severe ; he speaks 
in the highest terms of Mr. Henley, and those who followed 
him." This fight took place on August 3d. In the Commodore's 
diary of September 2d, he says: ". . . Lieutenant Trippe, 
having nearly recovered from his wounds, resumed the com- 
mand of No. 6, which he so gallantly conducted the 3d ultimo." 

The legislative assembly of Maryland (by resolution, Nov. 
10, 1806) gave him an elegant gold mounted sword, which is 
enriched with the following inscription : 

The State of Maryland 


John Trippe 

Navy U. S. Ill Jan. MDCCCVII 


Grateful Recollection 


His Patriotism and bravery 





Contributed by Sarah Elizabeth Stuart. 

Harrison Family of Caroline County 
Bible m possession of Mrs. George W. Smith, Chest ertown, Md. 


Mary Harrison Daughter of Kobert Harrison and Sarah his 
wife was Born 5 th - Dec. 1799 — Ann Letittah Harrison Daug* 
of Robert Harrison and Sarah his Wife was Born 24 th April 
1801 — Benjamin Harrison Son of Robt Harrison and Sarah 
his Wife was born ll tn Sept 1804 — Edmond T. Harrison 
son of Robt Harrison and Sarah his wife was Born 26 th Feby 
1808 — Katie K. Harrison was born 21 st Day of March 1867 
W. S. E. Harrison was born March 8 tn 1869 Robert Harrison 
Son of Robt Harrison and Esther his wife was Born 23 rd 
November 1811 William Henry Harrison Son of Robt Harri- 
son and Easther his wife was Born 28 th day of February 1814 

Mary H. Harrison daughter of Robert Harrison and Easther 
his wife was Born 7( ?) day of October 1815 

Turbet K. Slauter Son of Noah Slauter and Easther his wife 
Born 27 June 1804 

William Henry Harreson son of William Henry Harrison 
and Margaret Ann his wife was born April 29 1840 

Robert Harrison and Sarah his Wife was Married 22 d day 
of Febuary in the year of our Lord One Thousand Seven Hund e 
and ninety-Eight 

Rob* Harrison and Esther his wife was married 3 rd January 

Wesley Clements and Mary Hester Harrison was married 
April 12 th A. D. 1836 William Henry Harrison and Margaret 
Ann Clements was married June 25 1839 Henry B. Slaughter 
and Margaret Ann Harrison was Married April 6th 1841 W. 


H. Harrison and L. A. (Louisa) Williamson ware married June 
12th 1866 


Mary Harrison daughter of Robert Harrison and Sarah his 
Wife Departed this life 17 th Nov e 1800 

Age d 11 mo & 12 days 

Sarah Harrison Wife of Robert Harrison Dept this life 2 d 
Day March 1808 Agd 27 years & 6 Months. 

Edmond T. Harrison Son of Robert Harrison & Sarah his 
Wife departed this life 4th March 1808 Aged 7 Days old. 

Robert Harrison Departed this life 6 Day of november 1815 
Aged 41 years. 

H. Esther Harrison departed this Life November the 23 rd 
1831 about nine Oc 1 P. M. Aged Fifty-one years. 

Nathan Keirns, son of Nathan Cen r died 3 July 1829 Aged 

Mary Hester Clements wife of Wesley Clements departed 
this life December 21 st 1836 

William Henry Harrison departed this life June 8 1840 age 
26 years 3 month 10 days 

William Henry Harrison son of William Henry and Mar- 
garet Ann his wife died febuary 2" 1877 age 36" 9 months 3 

Rachel Rogester departed this life July 14th 1867 

Clements Family of Caroline County 
Bible in possession of Mrs. George W. Smith, Ghestertown, Md. 

Joel Clements Son of James Clements & Elizabeth his wife 
was born July 27 th 1781 — Elizabeth Clements Daughter of 
Nathan Keirn and Ann his Wife was Born Febury 24 in the 
year of our Lord 1782 


Joel Clements & Margaret Roe was married Nov 7 th 1802 
Mary Clements daughter of Joel Clements & Margaret his 
wife was born feb 7th 1804 


Keubin Clements Son of Joel Clements & Margaret his wife 
was born Oct. 24 — 1805 

James Roe Clements Son of Joel Clements & Margaret his 
wife was born March 8 th 1808 

Joel Clements Son of Joel Clements & Margaret his wife was 
born Au* 20 th 1809 

Kittemeria Clements daughter of Joel Clements & Margaret 
his wife was born april 6 — 1811 

Wesley Clements Son of Joel Clements & Margaret his wife 
was born no v 19th 1813 

David Clements son of Joel Clements & Margaret his wife 
born October 21 st 1817 

Margaret Ann Clements daughter of Joel Clements and Mar- 
garet his wife was born Sep* 20 1820 


Departed this life oct 5 th 1820 Margaret Clements wife of 
Joel Clements aged thirty nine years one month twenty five 

Departed this life Augth 6" 1837 Keubin Clements Son of 
Joel Clements & Margaret in Florida of Polmonery deseas aged 
thirty one years nine months & 18 days 

Departed this life January 15 tlr 1854 Wesley Clements son 
of Joel Clements and Margreat his Wife aged 40 years one 
month and 25 days 

Departed this Life octob r 28 1865 Elizabeth Clements Wife 
of Joel Clements and Daughter of Nathan and Ann Kiern aged 
Eighty three years Eight Month and four days. 

Joel Clements Departed this life December 11 th 1865 age 84 
years 4 mo 15 Days 


Joel Clements & Elizabeth Keirn was married June 11 th 

Joshua — Richard Clements Son of Joel Clements & Eliza- 
beth his wife was born May 8 th 1823 


John Eleather Clements Son of Joel Clements & Elizabeth 
his wife was born Sept second in the year 1806 

Margaret Ann Baggs Daughter of Sylvester Baggs & Ann his 
wife was Born September 26 in the year 1829 


Departed this Life Aug* 27 th 1860 Elizabeth Jump Widdow 
of John Jump Dest Daughter of James Clements and Elizabeth, 
his wife, aged 59 years ten months and twelve days. 

Joshua Bichard Clements Departed this life June 3" 1878 
age 55 years 25 days. 

Joel Clements departed this life June 3" 1882 age 72 years 
11 months 17 days 

James Boe Clements departed this life September 1893 

Mary Clements departed this life December 29 th 1893 

Departed this life Eeb 10 th 1903 Margaret Ann Slaughter, 
wife of Henry B. Slaughter and daughter of Joel & Margaret 

A True and perfect account of the marage of James Clements 
& Elizabeth his wife and the Children's ages, James Clements 
& Elizabeth Baggs his wife was married 18 th day of October 
1778 our daughter Martha was born Aug h 7 th 1779 our Son 
Joel was born July 27 th 1781 our Son Bichard was born march 
18 th 1783 our Son John was born march 30 th 1785 our Son 
James was born Jany 31 st 1787 our Son Thomas was born 
October 23 rd 1788 our Son Isaac was born October 31 1790 our 
Son Caleb was born June 29 th 1792 & our Son Joshua was born 
August 6 th 1795 our daughter Mary was born Sept 19th 1797 
our daughter Elizabeth was born October 15 th 1801 

True Transcript of the original 
Joel Clements 
Febeury 1 st 1848 

Beuben Clements red the old Testament through in one day 
less than three weaks and examined Clark's notes on the most 
important Texes and red but little after sun down also Bed the 
new Testament through in one weak commencing in January 


and finishing the twelfth day of February 1836 it the winter 
that one so much indesposed writen by Reuben Clements 

Reuben Clements 

Notes on Stewarts of Kent County 

Edward Stewart (or Stuart) came to America from Scotland 
and lived near Millington, Kent County, Maryland. 

He was born before 1763 and died after 1792. In 1784, 
Sept. 9, he leased a parcel of land called Partnership, for a term 
of seven years. This was near Millington, Md. 

July 17, 1776 he enlisted in the Revolutionary War, under 
Capt. Isaac Perkins. (See Archives of Md. Vol, 18, p. 63.) 
Later, under acts of 1780 and 1781 he was drafted from Kent 
County. (War Department record.) 

He married Sarah Evans, daughter of Jonathan Evans, of 
Queen Anne's County, and had four sons: 1st, William, wife 
unknown ; sons were Edward and William Alexander ; 2nd son, 

Henry, who married Buchanan and their children were 

Henry Jr., and Rachel and Sarah Ann. Of these two lines 
there appear to be no living descendants. 3rd son, Edward Jr., 
born Mar 14, 1790, died Oct. 20, 1854. He lived in Easton, 
Md., and is buried there. It is said that Edward Jr. married 
three times, the 1st and second wives were sisters, named Davids, 
the third Morrison. By the 1st wife there was one child, Ellen, 
who married Jas. Wooters of Centreville, Md., and by the 2nd 
wife a daughter Sadie, who married Rev. Wm. H. D. Harper, a 
Southern Methodist minister who died Jan 23, 1917. Mrs. 
Harper was living in 1914 in Roanoke, Va., 528 Church ave. 

4th son of Edward and Sarah Stewart was John Evans 
Stuart, born 1793, died Jan 1st, 1846. Dec. 3, 1815 he married 
Elizabeth Rochester who was born 1796, died 1857. Their 
children were, 

I b. 1816 John Evans Stuart, Jr. d. 1859. Married 1st 
wife 1844. Susan Brown, b. d. 1858. 

2nd wife Emily D. Wright d— 


II b. 1819 Francis Thomas, d. 1845 m. 1844 Sarah Ham- 

Ill b. 1823 Mary Elizabeth, d. 1900. Married Sam'l Black- 

IV b. 1828 Wm. Henry d. Married Josephine 

Newnam and they went to Terre Haute, Ind. 
V b. 1831 Horace Montgomery Stuart, d. 1899. Married 
Martha Ellen Walraven in 1867. 

VI b. 1833 George Washington Stuart, d. 1875. 
VII b. 1836 Martha Ann, d. 1899. Married Thos. Price 
in 1864. 

Of the descendants of Edward Stewart there is no one of the 
name living east of Ind. except Frances Ellen & Sarah Elisa- 
beth Stuart, daughters of Horace Montgomery & Ellen Wal- 
raven Stuart. There are, however, a number of sons and their 
children, (children and grandchildren, etc.) of Wm. Henry 
Stuart, and his wife Josephine JSTewnam. They (Wm. Henry & 
Josephine) had a large family and they are scattered from Terre 
Haute to China. 

In my father's young manhood the males of the family all 
changed the spelling of their names from Stewart to Stuart, 
because one member of the family claimed connection with the 
Royal Family of Scotland. The proof of this has been lost, but 
they must have had some good reason for the stand they took, 
to have made the change at all, as they were very plain and 
unassuming people. The women of the family refused to make 
the change, so in the cemetery and in the Bible record, both 
ways are found, side by side. Mrs. Harper, of Roanoke, Va., 
tells me, under date of Sept. 1, 1914, that she remembers the 
family tree and the old Bible, having seen it in her childhood, 
but no records can now be found, except the Bible of my grand- 
father's, — John Evans Stuart. 

Sarah Elisabeth Stuart. 
Apr. 5, 1917. 



Meeting of October 8, 1917. — The regular meeting of the 
Society for the month of October was held at the home of the 
Society, with President Warfield in the chair. 

After reading the lists of donations to the library and cabinet, 
the following resolution, offered by Mr. Spencer, was adopted: 

" 'Resolved, That the thanks of this Society be given to Mrs. 
George C. Jenkins for her generous act in having restored the 
Darnall portraits, which were in a very bad condition." 

Dr. Bernard C. Steiner reported for the Committee on Publi- 
cations and exhibited Volume 37 of the Maryland Archives and 
made a few remarks thereon. 

The Necrology was then read as follows : 

On May 20, 1917, Mr. Charles W. Field died at Union Prot- 
estant Infirmary, aged 59 years. He was elected a member of 
this Society March 10, 1902. 

On June 1, 1917, Mr. John H. Wight died at his home at 
Wildwood, Garrison Forest, Baltimore County, Maryland, aged 
68 years. He was elected a member December 14, 1914. 

On June 20, 1917, Mr. William B. Hurst died at Johns Hop- 
kins Hospital, aged 58 years. He was elected a member Jan- 
uary 10, 1916. 

On July 7, 1917, Bev. Dr. S. B. Treadway died at his home, 
3034 Guilford avenue, aged 71 years. He was elected a mem- 
ber April 11, 1892. 

On July 7, 1917, Mr. William H. Grafflin died at the Cutty- 
hunk Club, on Cuttyhunk Island, off the Coast of Massachu- 
setts, aged 69 years. He was elected a member March 14, 1892. 

On August 5, 1917, Mr. Philemon H. Tuck died at Buena 
Vista, Calvert County, Maryland, aged 63 years. He was 
elected a member November 9, 1914. 


On September 26, 1917, Mr. J. V. McNeal died at his resi- 
dence, 729 Calvert street. He was elected a member May 11, 

Under the head of Miscellaneous Business, the President 
stated that the Society was compelled to borrow some money in 
order to meet current expenses, but not as much as in previous 

The following resolution was then adopted : 

'' Resolved, That the Maryland Historical Society be and it 
is authorized to borrow not exceeding One Thousand Dollars 
($1,000) to meet the current expenses of said Society for the 
balance of the year 1917, and that the President or a Vice- 
President and its Treasurer is hereby authorized to execute a 
promissory note for said amount." 

Mr. Harris then read two letters bearing on the subject of 
the Tax Lists at the Custom House. The hour for the reading 
of the paper having arrived, his remarks on the subject were 
deferred until after the reading of said article. 

A paper was read by Mr. John E. Semmes, Sr., entitled 
" John H. B. Latrobe and Some of His Contemporaries." 

Mr. Semmes read from the advance sheets of his Life of 
Latrobe, which will soon come from the press. 

Mr. Trippe made a few remarks of appreciation and moved 
that a vote of thanks be given Mr. Semmes for his interesting 
biography of the man who had taken such an active interest in 
the affairs of our Society. 

Mr. Harris then took the floor and spoke as follows : 

" The documents referred to in the letters that were read are 
stored in the Custom House and are in the keeping of the Col- 
lector of Customs. They consist of tax lists and list of carriages 
in the State, about 100 documents. It was claimed that the 
documents were the property of the Government of the United 
States. The Society had hoped that Major Benny, who was in 
Congress at that time, would introduce a bill to obtain them, but 


the bill was not introduced. Mr. Trippe thought the Society- 
should make a direct request to Congress for the surrender of 
these papers and documents, and suggested that Mr. Hayden 
be appointed for this purpose. 

The following resolution was adopted: 

" Resolved, That the Chairman of the Committee on Gene- 
alogy and Heraldry (Mr. William M. Hayden) be and he is 
hereby authorized and empowered on behalf of this Society, to 
take such steps as he shall deem judicious to secure certain 
books and lists of returns of taxables, agreement for out-fitting 
Conqueror for privateering, &c, which are reported to be in 
the possession of the United States Government and which this 
Society has been advised may be obtained by it." 

The Society then adjourned. 


John H. B. Latrobe and His Times, 1803-1891, by John E. 
Semmes. Norman, Eemington Co., Baltimore, 1917. 
Pp. 601. 

No biography hitherto published in this State can rival in 
interest that of the versatile former President of the Maryland 
Historical Society, just received from the press. Our fellow 
member, Mr. John E. Semmes, is to be congratulated on the 
success of his labor of love, although he had a most unusual 
subject to work upon and was aided by many autobiographical 
notes. Probably no other Marylander had such an interesting 
career in the most progressive period of our country's mar- 
vellous development, save perhaps Mr. Latrobe's friend and 
contemporary, John Pendleton Kennedy, who passed away in 
1870, and who was not so happy in his biographer. 

As the book has been competently reviewed in the daily jour- 
nals, it is only necessary to say here that it is a work that every 
member of this Society should own, and one wherein the pub- 
lishers have made the setting worthy of the subject. 


The Early Life of Professor Elliott, by George C. Keidel, 
Ph.D. Washington, D. C, 1917. Privately printed. 
Pp. 10. 

This brochure was read by Dr. Keidel before the Eomance 
Club of the Johns Hopkins University on October 12, 1916, 
and covers the years of Dr. A. Marshall Elliott's life, prior to 
his connection with the University, where he was the Professor 
of Eomance from 1876-1910. It is in no sense a formal bio- 
graphy, but, as its title indicates, is a sketch of the adolescence 
of a great scholar. 


The American Library Association has organized for auxil- 
iary war work by providing fully equipped libraries for the 
thirty-two cantonments distributed throughout the United 
States, and has raised nearly two million dollars to carry on 
the work. More than ten thousand dollars has been contributed 
locally; but as the cost of carrying on the work behind the 
trenches " Over There " will be very great, the money in hand 
is being expended most conservatively, so that the greater part 
of the fund may be spent where it is most needed. To this end 
we are asking for contributions of books and magazines for the 
use of the home cantonments, where they will be circulated 
through every available medium, such as the Y. M. C. A., the 
K. of C, the Y. M. H. A., and the Post Exchanges. 

Our readers are earnestly requested to send all spare reading 
matter to the State Headquarters, at the Peabody Institute, 
where it will be made ready for distribution to our boys. 
Do It Now ! 


The Index will be issued 
with the March Number